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The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the

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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 04:29
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rekha

You mean the Latin language case or the Aramaic language case? (Veritas or OG?)
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 12:38
Option C Bringing with it the latin language, modifier

Participle with pronoun noun --- that construction sounds out of the norm. Can someone please shed some light on it ?

Thanks y'all
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 00:12
I don't think option A is ruled out because of "which" reference. The explanation states that "Since the nearest antecedent is "it" and this pronoun refers back to roman empire, this option is wrong", but remember which always refers to the nearest LOGICAL antecedent and it can very well jump over the preposition and refer to the latin language (We have many such GMAT examples in which the antecendents of "which" are little far away- separated by a preposition). The same is the case here. The logical antecedent is "Latin language" which is little far away and is sepparated by a prepostion "with".

The real error in this option is verb tense. We know that the factual statements are always presented in Simple present tense. Certain languages(Romance languages) derive (originate) from certain source (Latin language) is a factual statement and hence need to be presented in Simple present tense.
Therefore C becomes the right answer.
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 08:26
The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the Mediterranean region by the beginning of the first century C.E., bringing the Latin language with it, from which were derived Romance languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian.

A.the Latin language with it, from which were derived Romance
'from which were derived Romance' modifies it ( roman empire) ; incorrect

B.the Latin language with it, and from which deriving the Romance
Not parallel ; incorrect
C.with it the Latin language, from which derive the Romance
Correct
D.with it the Latin language, from which derives Romance
SV error ; Incorrect
E.with it the Latin language, and deriving from it the Romance
meaning issue ; Incorrect
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2018, 04:59
This sentence uses a relative clause construction with inversion, starting with "from which was derived..." The relative pronoun "which" refers back to the nearest logical antecedent. In answers A and B, this is the word "it", which refers to "The Roman Empire". Since these sentences incorrectly suggest that the Romance languages were derived from the Roman Empire, they can be eliminated. Answer E uses the same pronoun "it" in two consecutive clauses. In both cases, it refers to the same antecedent "The Roman Empire". This creates the same illogical relationship seen in answers A and B. Answers C and D correctly refer the relative pronoun "which" back to "the Latin Language", but only correct answer C uses the proper plural form of the verb "derive" to match its plural subject "the Romance languages".
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Re: The Roman Empire expanded to most of southern Europe and the &nbs [#permalink] 02 Sep 2018, 04:59

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