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The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 02:39
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A
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C
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The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life expectancy, education, as well as income per person.


A. into account life expectancy, education, as well as income per person

B. life expectancy, education, as well as income per person into account

C. into account life expectancy and education, as well as income per person

D. into account life expectancy, and education, and income per person

E. life expectancy, education, and income per person in its account

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The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 01:42
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Bunuel wrote:
The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life expectancy, education, as well as income per person.


A. into account life expectancy[,][and] education, as well as income per person
The phrase as well as is not necessarily wrong. Two constructions are possible.
- (A) must use either
(1) X and Y, as well as Z
OR
(2) X, Y, and Z
-- If (1), then (A) fails to insert the word "and" between life expectancy and education, and INcorrectly inserts a comma after expectancy

-- If (2), then (A) should use AND rather than as well as
-- In a list of three with no "and" between the first two, the third item should be preceded by COMMA + AND

B. [takes] life expectancy, education, as well as income per person into account
Same list problem as that in A.

C. into account life expectancy and education, as well as income per person

D. into account life expectancy, and education, and income per person
In a list, only the last item takes a COMMA + AND. Item #2 should not have an "and" before it.

E. life expectancy, education, and income per person in its account
"In its account" is unidiomatic


Major concepts
• "Take into account": idiom structure
• The use of "as well as" occasionally is correct, as is the case in this question.

• "Take into account" is an idiomatic phrase that means
"to consider carefully when you are making a decision" or
"to allow for when planning"

Idiomatic constructions either
(1) keep all three words together, this way:
To coordinate flights effectively, airlines must take into account cyclical weather such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and monsoons.
or
(2) insert a subject, X, this way: take X "into account" (to take something/someone into account):
If we take weather into account when we estimate schedules, we will manage passengers' expectations.

• AND and AS WELL AS in the same sentence

--We are allowed to use AND and AS WELL AS in the same sentence that contains a list of more than two items.
Many writers and editors do not use the construction, but that choice is one of style.
The construction is equivalent to saying "X and Y on the one hand, as well as Z on the other hand..."

Whatever comes before the phrase "as well as" typically is more important than whatever follows "as well as," but I have never seen a GMAT question force a test-taker to decide whether what follows as well as is less important. I mention the guideline to help with conceptual clarity.

-- We may use "as well as" to connect two different rhetorical or syntactic "ranks."

A balanced diet consists of fruits, vegetables, protein, and whole grains, as well as small amounts of healthy fats.

On one hand, then, a balanced diet
• consists of four very important elements: fruits, vegetables, protein, and whole grains (these four things are the greater part of the diet), and
• to a lesser extent, on the other hand, a balanced diet consists of small amounts of healthy fats

"As well as" usually signals that whatever comes after it is a less important member of the list.

Split #1: In a list of more than two items, the correct construction is
• P, Q, and R

• P and Q, as well as R
or

• P, Q, and R, as well as S


Option A incorrectly states: P, Q, as well as R
Correct: P and Q, as well as R

Just as is the case in Option A,
Option B needs to say P and Q before "as well as"

Option D adds an extra (comma + and) to the second item in the list.
Incorrect.

Eliminate options A, B, and D

Split #2: "Take into account"

Option E uses "in its account"
The idiom is strict. It should be "take into account."

Eliminate E

By POE, option (C) is correct.

Check:
The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life expectancy and education, as well as income per person.
X and Y, as well as Z
That works.
In this problem, because we can eliminate options on other grounds,
we do not need to know whether "income per person" is less important than the other two items in the list.

Takeaway: do not dismiss "as well as" for lists.
(And while we are talking about urban myths, do not automatically discard "and also," either. :) )

Answer C
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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 04:00
Bunuel wrote:
The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life expectancy, education, as well as income per person.


A. into account life expectancy, education, as well as income per person

B. life expectancy, education, as well as income per person into account

C. into account life expectancy and education, as well as income per person

D. into account life expectancy, and education, and income per person

E. life expectancy, education, and income per person in its account



A. into account life expectancy, education, as well as income per person ( as well as should not be used as a replacement for "and", the list is not parallel )

B. life expectancy, education, as well as income per person into account

C. into account life expectancy and education, as well as income per person ( I guess this is the right choice )

D. into account life expectancy, and education, and income per person

E. life expectancy, education, and income per person in its account

IMO, C
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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 06:21
I would Go for option A.

A. into account life expectancy, education, as well as income per person -- OKay for me.

B. life expectancy, education, as well as income per person into account - "Into account" takes everything everything, not just income per person. Placement of into account is wrong. Although I spent a lot of time to reject this.

C. into account life expectancy and education, as well as income per person- Not parallel

D. into account life expectancy, and education, and income per person-Not Parallel

E. life expectancy, education, and income per person in its account - In what's account?

Awaiting OA.
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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 14:11
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IMO C

A: three entities in parallel: need 'and'.

B and E: Meaning non-sensical; "Index takes life expectancy"

D: 'and' + comma before middle entity is redundant. Only one of the two should be used.

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 15:27
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AS WELL AS cannot be used like AND to connect a list of more than 2 things. As well as can connect max of 2 elements with first one having higher importance than second. These 2 elements can be individual lists that can be connected by AND internally which is correctly shown in choice C.
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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 01:46
GMATNinja could you please provide an explanation for the OA
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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 01:51
In my opinion all are wrong

Takes into account life expectancy,education and income per person - this will be right


But if need to choose than I will go with c

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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 15:20
In option E, the use of a comma before "and" is not correct. We need to use a comma if there is an IC.

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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 11:32
Hi Eperts,

As its is a possessive pronoun so it can be used for possessive nouns. then why option E is wrong?
Please throw some light on this as this is confusing whole concepts of mine.
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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 11:41
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kanthaliya wrote:
Hi Eperts,

As its is a possessive pronoun so it can be used for possessive nouns. then why option E is wrong?
Please throw some light on this as this is confusing whole concepts of mine.


Yeah, good question. Think about the logic behind "its account" though - if you take "its" to mean "the index," does it really actively take the three things into a physical account? Like I could say "I have stocks, bonds, and mutual funds in my E-trade account" because I have a physical account with E-trade and that account can logically have those types of investments in it. But here "takes" is an active verb and "its account" would be something physical if it's possessive, and that just logically doesn't make sense. (How do you take life expectancy in your account?)
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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 06:02
A – ‘as well as’ should not be used as a replacement for ‘and’.
B – Here ‘into account’ becomes a part of ‘as well as income per person’, changing the meaning.
C – Right choice, no errors
D – ‘and’ does not need to be used with a comma, before ‘education’
E – Same as B, meaning not clear.

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Re: The United Nations’ Human Development Index takes into account life ex   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2019, 06:02
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