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# The World Bank has offered ethical guidance to the governments of

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Re: The World Bank has offered ethical guidance to the governments of [#permalink]
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sk7075
I have a doubt in Q.2 option A)"It potentially wastes money and diverts medical resources."
we can infer the 1st part that it wastes money. But how to infer the 2nd part i.e it diverts medical resources??

Hi sk7075,
2nd part of option A of Question 2 can be inferred from the lines: "Patients who independently finance needless treatments that create no further medical costs manifest a less problematic form of overspending, but their treatment nevertheless potentially represents economic dead weight and the diversion of limited resources that could be applied toward necessary ends."

Hope This Helps.
Thanks.
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Re: The World Bank has offered ethical guidance to the governments of [#permalink]

OA/OE for Q3 please ? I chose A whereas it is C.

Thanks,
-K
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Re: The World Bank has offered ethical guidance to the governments of [#permalink]
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mehro023

OA/OE for Q3 please ? I chose A whereas it is C.

Thanks,
-K

Official Explanation

3. Which of the following is most likely a benefit of administering medicine in a case as the one described in the highlighted text below?

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

This question requires us to determine what kind of "case" is described there. The lines refer to now-familiar excessive administration of antibiotics. But we are asked to identify a benefit of such a case--a case of overmedication that may be harmful. That might be hard to imagine, so we can simply apply ourselves to the answer choices and look for one that is consistent with the passage.

Choice (A) describes a negative outcome, so it's out.

Choice (D) is inaccurate, because the author has identified this case as especially problematic, so it's out.

Choice (B) makes a claim that has no support in the passage, and which is implausible, to boot.

Choice (C) must be true, because it's a recurring theme of the passage that patients demand these treatments and that their wants are less-informed.

Choice (E) describes the spending of public funds, which has not been equated with the case of harmful medication, so it's out.

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Re: The World Bank has offered ethical guidance to the governments of [#permalink]
SajjadAhmad can you explain question 4 and can you also share the difficulty level of other questions?
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The World Bank has offered ethical guidance to the governments of [#permalink]
aman2139
SajjadAhmad can you explain question 4 and can you also share the difficulty level of other questions?

Official Explanation

4. The author mentions brand identification in the highlighted text primarily in order to

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

This question asks us why the author mentions brand identification. Rather than focus on those two words, we should look at what is going in these lines or this paragraph, because that greater point will define the purpose of the detail contained within. The author is explaining the second point of counsel from the World Bank, which is that education of the populace is important. The mention of brand identification is a nuanced point, because the author describes it as "rational." It is, nevertheless, still inferior to being informed, since it's rational for "information limited consumers" (In second paragraph). Let's see what answer choices are consistent with these points the author is making.

Choice (A) makes too strong a statement, because we don't know that this belief is most responsible. (A) is out.

Choice (B) is out, because, as we've said, relying on brand is still not the best solution.

Choices (C) and (D) might fit, so we'll keep them in.

Choice (E) is inaccurate, because the passage states specifically that "brand identification is a rational strategy for information-limited consumers worldwide."

We must decide between (C) and (D); one of the two has an objective error. First (C): is brand identification an example of a culturally ingrained maxim? It is not, as we can tell from our understanding of the terms and from the use of the word "furthermore" (In second paragraph) to advance the latter point as distinct and different from the prior one. We know, moreover, that the practice is reasonable, and that it contributes to overspending.

Only question #1 is 600-level other all are 700-levels

Thank you.
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Re: The World Bank has offered ethical guidance to the governments of [#permalink]
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Re: The World Bank has offered ethical guidance to the governments of [#permalink]
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