GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 16 Nov 2018, 20:43

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

November 17, 2018

November 17, 2018

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Nov. 17, 7 AM PST. Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
• ### GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz # 9

November 17, 2018

November 17, 2018

09:00 AM PST

11:00 AM PST

Join the Quiz Saturday November 17th, 9 AM PST. The Quiz will last approximately 2 hours. Make sure you are on time or you will be at a disadvantage.

# There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 50619
There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Apr 2015, 03:43
5
7
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (02:36) correct 50% (02:25) wrong based on 104 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered in tin foil. There are exactly 128 cubes that are not touching any tin foil on any of their sides. If the width of the figure created by these 128 cubes is twice the length and twice the height, what is the measure in inches of the width of the foil covered prism?

A. 4
B. 6
C. 8
D. 9
E. 10

Kudos for a correct solution.

_________________
Current Student
Joined: 25 Nov 2014
Posts: 99
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Technology
GMAT 1: 680 Q47 V38
GPA: 4
Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Apr 2015, 10:13
1
The inner Cuboid's details are given as Length = L, Widht = 2L, and Height = L.
Thus, L * 2L * L = 128 (since each single cube has a vol of 1)
=> L^3 = 64 => L =4.
Now, inner cuboid's width becomes = 2L = 8.
Outer Cuboid covered with prism has one more outer layer over it, so width will increase by adding 2 cubes on each side ie, adding 2 to the width => Final width = 10.
And E.

Word problems are confusing! I kept confusing myself with the inner cuboid and outer cuboid and took a lot of time before I realized my mistake.

_________________

Kudos!!

Intern
Joined: 26 Aug 2014
Posts: 46
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GMAT 2: 650 Q49 V31
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2015, 09:31
1
If the width is w, then length and height would be w/2.
So, w*w/2*w/2 = 128 => w^3 = (2^3)*64 = (2^3) * (4^3)
=> w = 2*4 = 8 in.

Along the width of the cuboid, 8 cubes don't touch the tin foil. So the actual width will be non-touching cubes + touching cubes
= 8 +2 =10

Ans E.
Manager
Joined: 15 May 2014
Posts: 62
Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2015, 22:19
Given volume of unfoiled prism $$=\,128$$

Let $$2x$$ be the width of the un-foiled rectangular prism
Then
$$length\,*\,width\,*\,height\,=\,x\,*\,2x\,*\,x\,=\,128$$
$$2x^3\,=\,128$$
$$x\,=\,4$$
Width $$2x\,=\,8$$

Width of the foiled prism $$= 10$$ $$(\,2x\,+\,$$two foiled cubes on each side of the width$$\,=\,8\,+\,2)$$

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 50619
There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2015, 04:53
Bunuel wrote:
There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered in tin foil. There are exactly 128 cubes that are not touching any tin foil on any of their sides. If the width of the figure created by these 128 cubes is twice the length and twice the height, what is the measure in inches of the width of the foil covered prism?

A. 4
B. 6
C. 8
D. 9
E. 10

Kudos for a correct solution.

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION

1) Don’t give up before you start!

I can feel your skin crawling as fear sets in, but believe in yourself! Let’s start working like we do with any other problem. This problem is at the end for a reason. You should have finished everything else already so all you need to focus on is this problem. Don’t worry about the time at this point. You will waste more time worrying than you have to spare. Start working! And start with what you know!

We know: 1 in cubes is the same as inches cubed (volume in inches cubed is essentially a measure of how many cubes that are 1in x 1in 1in that can fit in a 3D shape). We also know that the 128 cubes are completely covered by other cubes so that none of their sides touch the outside. This means that there is essentially a bigger prism completely covering a smaller prism. Its like when you used to play with blocks (I know you did!) and you would completely enclose a block in other blocks to make an exact replica only bigger. So we have a rectangular prism that is 128 inches cubed. Finally, we also know that one side is twice as big as the other two.

3) Draw a picture (if possible)

Let’s try to draw what this might look like. If we had a cube that was 2 x 2 inches cubed, one side would look like this:
Attachment:

Ex1.jpg [ 1.44 KiB | Viewed 1750 times ]

In order to cover it completely on all sides we would have to have a cube that had one more cube on each side. So the new face would look like this
Attachment:

Ex2.jpg [ 3.04 KiB | Viewed 1753 times ]

So we essentially know that the final figure will have sides that are two greater than the sides of the interior structure, (again, this would enclose a smaller rectangular prism). Huzzah! We are getting somewhere.

4) Use general equations to get specific answers

Using the equation of a rectangular prism and the information that our smaller prism has a length that is two times the width and height we can start writing equations:

L x W x H = Area of a rectangular prism

Let’s make L = x That would mean that H = x also and W = 2x and we can plug that into our equation to get:

(x)(2x) (x) = 160 or (2x^3) = 128 —-> x = 4

We are SO close to the end, but we need to answer the question being asked. Now the length and height of the smaller prism is 4 in (which is an answer choice) but that is NOT what the question asks. The width of our smaller prism is twice the length or 8 in. This is also NOT what the question asks! We know from our previous calculations that all the measurements of the final figure are two greater than the smaller so the dimensions of the larger prism would have to be L= (x+2), H= (x+2) and W = (2x+2). Thus our final answer is 2(4) + 2 = 10. WOOHOOO we DID IT!!
_________________
Non-Human User
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 8790
Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2018, 00:45
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered &nbs [#permalink] 21 Jul 2018, 00:45
Display posts from previous: Sort by