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There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered

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There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2015, 03:43
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There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered in tin foil. There are exactly 128 cubes that are not touching any tin foil on any of their sides. If the width of the figure created by these 128 cubes is twice the length and twice the height, what is the measure in inches of the width of the foil covered prism?

A. 4
B. 6
C. 8
D. 9
E. 10


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Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2015, 10:13
1
The inner Cuboid's details are given as Length = L, Widht = 2L, and Height = L.
Thus, L * 2L * L = 128 (since each single cube has a vol of 1)
=> L^3 = 64 => L =4.
Now, inner cuboid's width becomes = 2L = 8.
Outer Cuboid covered with prism has one more outer layer over it, so width will increase by adding 2 cubes on each side ie, adding 2 to the width => Final width = 10.
And E.

Word problems are confusing! I kept confusing myself with the inner cuboid and outer cuboid and took a lot of time before I realized my mistake.

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Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2015, 09:31
1
If the width is w, then length and height would be w/2.
So, w*w/2*w/2 = 128 => w^3 = (2^3)*64 = (2^3) * (4^3)
=> w = 2*4 = 8 in.

Along the width of the cuboid, 8 cubes don't touch the tin foil. So the actual width will be non-touching cubes + touching cubes
= 8 +2 =10

Ans E.
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Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2015, 22:19
Given volume of unfoiled prism \(=\,128\)

Let \(2x\) be the width of the un-foiled rectangular prism
Then
\(length\,*\,width\,*\,height\,=\,x\,*\,2x\,*\,x\,=\,128\)
\(2x^3\,=\,128\)
\(x\,=\,4\)
Width \(2x\,=\,8\)

Width of the foiled prism \(= 10\) \((\,2x\,+\,\)two foiled cubes on each side of the width\(\,=\,8\,+\,2)\)

Answer E
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There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2015, 04:53
Bunuel wrote:
There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered in tin foil. There are exactly 128 cubes that are not touching any tin foil on any of their sides. If the width of the figure created by these 128 cubes is twice the length and twice the height, what is the measure in inches of the width of the foil covered prism?

A. 4
B. 6
C. 8
D. 9
E. 10


Kudos for a correct solution.


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION

1) Don’t give up before you start!

I can feel your skin crawling as fear sets in, but believe in yourself! Let’s start working like we do with any other problem. This problem is at the end for a reason. You should have finished everything else already so all you need to focus on is this problem. Don’t worry about the time at this point. You will waste more time worrying than you have to spare. Start working! And start with what you know!

2) Start with what you know

We know: 1 in cubes is the same as inches cubed (volume in inches cubed is essentially a measure of how many cubes that are 1in x 1in 1in that can fit in a 3D shape). We also know that the 128 cubes are completely covered by other cubes so that none of their sides touch the outside. This means that there is essentially a bigger prism completely covering a smaller prism. Its like when you used to play with blocks (I know you did!) and you would completely enclose a block in other blocks to make an exact replica only bigger. So we have a rectangular prism that is 128 inches cubed. Finally, we also know that one side is twice as big as the other two.

3) Draw a picture (if possible)

Let’s try to draw what this might look like. If we had a cube that was 2 x 2 inches cubed, one side would look like this:
Attachment:
Ex1.jpg
Ex1.jpg [ 1.44 KiB | Viewed 1750 times ]

In order to cover it completely on all sides we would have to have a cube that had one more cube on each side. So the new face would look like this
Attachment:
Ex2.jpg
Ex2.jpg [ 3.04 KiB | Viewed 1753 times ]

So we essentially know that the final figure will have sides that are two greater than the sides of the interior structure, (again, this would enclose a smaller rectangular prism). Huzzah! We are getting somewhere.

4) Use general equations to get specific answers

Using the equation of a rectangular prism and the information that our smaller prism has a length that is two times the width and height we can start writing equations:

L x W x H = Area of a rectangular prism

Let’s make L = x That would mean that H = x also and W = 2x and we can plug that into our equation to get:

(x)(2x) (x) = 160 or (2x^3) = 128 —-> x = 4

5) ANSWER THE QUESTION

We are SO close to the end, but we need to answer the question being asked. Now the length and height of the smaller prism is 4 in (which is an answer choice) but that is NOT what the question asks. The width of our smaller prism is twice the length or 8 in. This is also NOT what the question asks! We know from our previous calculations that all the measurements of the final figure are two greater than the smaller so the dimensions of the larger prism would have to be L= (x+2), H= (x+2) and W = (2x+2). Thus our final answer is 2(4) + 2 = 10. WOOHOOO we DID IT!!
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: There is a rectangular prism made of 1 in cubes that has been covered  [#permalink]

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