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Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely

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Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Jul 2017, 20:00
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Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely regarded as America‘s first internationally renowned author, Washington Irving‘s sometimes enigmatic tendencies and techniques have left literary critiques and academics to ponder his motives more than 140 years after his death. One such trait that raises the proverbial eyebrow of the community of readers and critiques is Irving‘s repeated, and varied, use of pseudonyms throughout his career.

One of the most well-known female writers to adopt a pen name was George Sand, born Aurore Dupin in 1804, who became one of the most prolific and admired French authors – female or male – during the nineteenth century. The true identity of George Sand did not remain a secret for long, for after 1830 the author used this name in her everydaylife, and close friends commonly referred to her as ―George

Most portraits of the author as an adult are entitled simply George Sand and make no reference to her given name. Her son, too, adopted this new last name even though association with his famous authormother did not bring him any obvious benefits, other than to indicate that his relationship with his mother was closer than that of his sister. Given that the name ―George Sand‖ is radically different from Aurore Dupin‘s birth name, many readers have wondered how the author formulated her masculine pen name.

At least two possible answers spring to mind. The first, as indicated in Curtis Cate‘s biography George Sand, is that the idea for this pseudonym arose from a collaboration with her first lover, Jules Sandeau, with whom she co-authored several articles as well as a full-length novel entitled Rose et Blanche. Since her own literary output was a great success in the 1830s-1850s, she quickly became known by this name, and began to use her pen-name on a daily basis.

By continuing to use the name initially assigned to collaborative writings with her lover, perhaps Aurore hoped to maintain her connection to Sandeau. Perhaps she fondly remembered their time together and wished to have a permanent reminder of their relationship. Or perhaps she simply realized that it would be much more expedient to continue to write under a name which was already familiar to her audience thanks to the joint works she and Sandeau had published.

Given that George Sand began writing under this masculine name at around the same time as she began to roam around Paris in pants and a jacket – typically male clothing – it is not hard to understand why she chose a masculine pseudonym, since, like her choice of clothes, this male identity gave her more freedom of expression, both literally and figuratively. Writing under a false name allowed her to distance parts of her character – her roles as wife, mother, and lover – from the creative and literary parts that formed the basis for her role as an author. Using a male name set her apart and added to her persona as an unusual and fascinating woman. And in the end, the reason why she chose this particular pen-name is not nearly as important as the vast quantity of writing – articles, letters, novels, plays – that forms her legacy to the field of French literature.
1. The author‘s attitude towards the use of male pseudonyms by female authors as noted in the passage can best be described as:

A. skeptical of the usefulness of pseudonyms.
B. critical of the women‘s adoption of a male name.
C. appreciative of female authors‘ efforts to be published at any cost.
D. intrigued by the creation of a pseudonym.
E. disillusionment at the idea of discrimination against women



2. According to the passage, the following were all possible reasons for George Sand to create a pseudonym EXCEPT:

A. she began publishing collaborative works with Jules Sandeau.
B. her new name reflected important parts of her life.
C. she was not able to publish any works under her own given name.
D. the works published under her pen name sold well.
E. the male identity gave her greater freedom of expression



3. What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. to criticise females writers who use male names
B. to discuss why some female writers use male names
C. to applaud female writers for using male names
D. to encourage female writers to use their own names
E. to suggest that male writers should use females names



4. With which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?

A. Aurore Dupin should have written works under her own name once the secret of her pseudonym was revealed.

B. By writing under a pseudonym, George Sand created for herself a new identity which allowed her to transcend the limitations of society.

C. George Sand owed her early success to her partner, Jules Sandeau.

D. The choice of a masculine pseudonym was restrictive for George Sand and forced her to live as a man throughout her life.

E. The use of pseudonyms in general by authors of both the sexes should be avoided



Originally posted by satsurfs on 19 Jul 2017, 15:08.
Last edited by broall on 19 Jul 2017, 20:00, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 18:46
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New post 11 Oct 2018, 19:26
Took 7 mins 12 seconds all correct. I think the passage length is very much like the one people encounter on GMAT. Answer were pretty straightforward. Will post my explanations for all 4 here.
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Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 19:33
1
Throughout the passage author wants us to explain about why most female authors used masculine names.

Quote:
1. The author‘s attitude towards the use of male pseudonyms by female authors as noted in the passage can best be described as:

A. skeptical of the usefulness of pseudonyms.
Author is not skeptical. He wants to know the reason and at broader scope has not been skeptic.Incorrect.

B. critical of the women‘s adoption of a male name.
Extreme tone in context of the passage.Incorrect.

C. appreciative of female authors‘ efforts to be published at any cost.
It is nowhere mentioned that female authors wanted to get their books published at any cost. Incorrect

D. intrigued by the creation of a pseudonym.
Bingo!! Yes , the author is curious as to why writers used pseudonyms.

E. disillusionment at the idea of discrimination against women
This is certainly not the attitude of the author.Incorrect

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Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 19:38
Read the lines below:-

Quote:
Since her own literary output was a great success in the 1830s-1850s, she quickly became known by this name, and began to use her pen-name on a daily basis.


After reading the above lines one can easily deduce C as the answer. Let me know if anyone has concerns.

Quote:
2. According to the passage, the following were all possible reasons for George Sand to create a pseudonym EXCEPT:

A. she began publishing collaborative works with Jules Sandeau.
B. her new name reflected important parts of her life.
C. she was not able to publish any works under her own given name.
D. the works published under her pen name sold well.
E. the male identity gave her greater freedom of expression


IMO C.
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Re: Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 19:44
Quote:
Main Point:-
The author wants to know that why some female writers used the pen names instead of their original names. He then goes on to highlights few reasons for this.


Quote:
3. What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. to criticise females writers who use male names
Criticise--BIG NO

B. to discuss why some female writers use male names
OK. Seems good. Keep.

C. to applaud female writers for using male names
Not as per the main point. The overall motive is to find the reasons.

D. to encourage female writers to use their own names
Encourage: NO.

E. to suggest that male writers should use females names
Not at all !! Incorrect.



IMO B.
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Re: Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 19:50
Quote:
4. With which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?

A. Aurore Dupin should have written works under her own name once the secret of her pseudonym was revealed.
He has not mentioned this at all. Incorrect!!

B. By writing under a pseudonym, George Sand created for herself a new identity which allowed her to transcend the limitations of society.
Exactly. Read last paragraph. Author would agree to this.

C. George Sand owed her early success to her partner, Jules Sandeau.
Nothing is mentioned about this in passage. She was successful earlier as well when Jules Sandeau did not come into her life.

D. The choice of a masculine pseudonym was restrictive for George Sand and forced her to live as a man throughout her life.
No. Using the masculine pseudonym added to her persona as an unusual and fascinating woman, but not forced her to live as a man.
Read last paragraph again


E. The use of pseudonyms in general by authors of both the sexes should be avoided
Author has nowhere mentioned this.Irrelevant.


IMO B.
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Re: Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 20:27
Why the first question answer would not be C ?
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Re: Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 21:54
1
satsurfs wrote:
Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely regarded as America‘s first internationally renowned author, Washington Irving‘s sometimes enigmatic tendencies and techniques have left literary critiques and academics to ponder his motives more than 140 years after his death. One such trait that raises the proverbial eyebrow of the community of readers and critiques is Irving‘s repeated, and varied, use of pseudonyms throughout his career.

One of the most well-known female writers to adopt a pen name was George Sand, born Aurore Dupin in 1804, who became one of the most prolific and admired French authors – female or male – during the nineteenth century. The true identity of George Sand did not remain a secret for long, for after 1830 the author used this name in her everydaylife, and close friends commonly referred to her as ―George

Most portraits of the author as an adult are entitled simply George Sand and make no reference to her given name. Her son, too, adopted this new last name even though association with his famous authormother did not bring him any obvious benefits, other than to indicate that his relationship with his mother was closer than that of his sister. Given that the name ―George Sand‖ is radically different from Aurore Dupin‘s birth name, many readers have wondered how the author formulated her masculine pen name.

At least two possible answers spring to mind. The first, as indicated in Curtis Cate‘s biography George Sand, is that the idea for this pseudonym arose from a collaboration with her first lover, Jules Sandeau, with whom she co-authored several articles as well as a full-length novel entitled Rose et Blanche. Since her own literary output was a great success in the 1830s-1850s, she quickly became known by this name, and began to use her pen-name on a daily basis.

By continuing to use the name initially assigned to collaborative writings with her lover, perhaps Aurore hoped to maintain her connection to Sandeau. Perhaps she fondly remembered their time together and wished to have a permanent reminder of their relationship. Or perhaps she simply realized that it would be much more expedient to continue to write under a name which was already familiar to her audience thanks to the joint works she and Sandeau had published.

Given that George Sand began writing under this masculine name at around the same time as she began to roam around Paris in pants and a jacket – typically male clothing – it is not hard to understand why she chose a masculine pseudonym, since, like her choice of clothes, this male identity gave her more freedom of expression, both literally and figuratively. Writing under a false name allowed her to distance parts of her character – her roles as wife, mother, and lover – from the creative and literary parts that formed the basis for her role as an author. Using a male name set her apart and added to her persona as an unusual and fascinating woman. And in the end, the reason why she chose this particular pen-name is not nearly as important as the vast quantity of writing – articles, letters, novels, plays – that forms her legacy to the field of French literature.
1. The author‘s attitude towards the use of male pseudonyms by female authors as noted in the passage can best be described as:

A. skeptical of the usefulness of pseudonyms.
B. critical of the women‘s adoption of a male name.
C. appreciative of female authors‘ efforts to be published at any cost.
D. intrigued by the creation of a pseudonym.
E. disillusionment at the idea of discrimination against women



2. According to the passage, the following were all possible reasons for George Sand to create a pseudonym EXCEPT:

A. she began publishing collaborative works with Jules Sandeau.
B. her new name reflected important parts of her life.
C. she was not able to publish any works under her own given name.
D. the works published under her pen name sold well.
E. the male identity gave her greater freedom of expression



3. What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. to criticise females writers who use male names
B. to discuss why some female writers use male names
C. to applaud female writers for using male names
D. to encourage female writers to use their own names
E. to suggest that male writers should use females names



4. With which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?

A. Aurore Dupin should have written works under her own name once the secret of her pseudonym was revealed.

B. By writing under a pseudonym, George Sand created for herself a new identity which allowed her to transcend the limitations of society.

C. George Sand owed her early success to her partner, Jules Sandeau.

D. The choice of a masculine pseudonym was restrictive for George Sand and forced her to live as a man throughout her life.

E. The use of pseudonyms in general by authors of both the sexes should be avoided



7:23 Minutes. All correct!
Relatively easy one as far as answer choices are concerned.

1. The author‘s attitude towards the use of male pseudonyms by female authors as noted in the passage can best be described as:[/b]

A. skeptical of the usefulness of pseudonyms.-No, author was not at all skeptical for the use of pseudonyms!
B. critical of the women‘s adoption of a male name.-No, author was inquisitive not critical!
C. appreciative of female authors‘ efforts to be published at any cost.-Nopes, its no where mentioned that females authors were not getting published!
D. intrigued by the creation of a pseudonym.-Correct, Refer"Given that the name ―George Sand‖ is radically different from Aurore Dupin‘s birth name, many readers have wondered how the author formulated her masculine pen name.

At least two possible answers spring to mind. The first, as indicated in Curtis Cate‘s biography George Sand, is that the idea for this pseudonym arose from a collaboration with her first lover". this excerpt shows that author's ideology was in line with other " many readers"
E. disillusionment at the idea of discrimination against women-False no sense of disillusionment!



2. According to the passage, the following were all possible reasons for George Sand to create a pseudonym EXCEPT:

A. she began publishing collaborative works with Jules Sandeau.-Mentioned
B. her new name reflected important parts of her life.-Mentioned
C. she was not able to publish any works under her own given name.-Correct answer, False, no where mentioned!
D. the works published under her pen name sold well.-Mentioned!
E. the male identity gave her greater freedom of expression-Mentioned.



3. What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. to criticise females writers who use male names-No author didn't criticize "George"
B. to discuss why some female writers use male names-True, author was into inquisitive and answer finding mode.
C. to applaud female writers for using male names-No, no sense of applause shown by author!
D. to encourage female writers to use their own names-Nopes, author never encourages writers to use their own name!
E. to suggest that male writers should useles names-OFS.



4. With which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?

A. Aurore Dupin should have written works under her own name once the secret of her pseudonym was revealed._no author didnt agree with this!

B. By writing under a pseudonym, George Sand created for herself a new identity which allowed her to transcend the limitations of society.-True, refer"Writing under a false name allowed her to distance parts of her character – her roles as wife, mother, and lover – from the creative and literary parts that formed the basis for her role as an author. Using a male name set her apart and added to her persona as an unusual and fascinating woman."

C. George Sand owed her early success to her partner, Jules Sandeau.-No, they both were responsible for the success!

D. The choice of a masculine pseudonym was restrictive for George Sand and forced her to live as a man throughout her life.-No, cant be inferred! as it didnt "force her"

E. The use of pseudonyms in general by authors of both the sexes should be avoided-Too much derivation, OFS.

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Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 11:10
Let me try

Para1: Pseudonym, one of trait, use through Irving's career kept critics and academics ponder
Para2: Similar case with GS (George Sand), female or male but identity revealed later
Para3: GS works as pseudonym, readers wonder how GS used masculine name
Para4: Author gives 2 answers, talks of one
Para5: Talks of another reason
Para6: Author speaks on positives (express freely) of GS who kept pseudonym , also says name is not that important as the vast quantum of works GS has done is.

Q1 can be answered using above summary
Q1. The author‘s attitude towards the use of male pseudonyms by female authors as noted in the passage can best be described as:[/b]
A. skeptical of the usefulness of pseudonyms.--- he was supportive for GS case, not skeptical
B. critical of the women‘s adoption of a male name--- he never critiqued adoption of male name
C. appreciative of female authors‘ efforts to be published at any cost--appreciative of female author's but not for publishing at any cost but for able to express freely
D. intrigued by the creation of a pseudonym--Earlier author was intrigued, in 2nd para male/female, why Irvings kept pseudonym ...hence apt for an answer
E. disillusionment at the idea of discrimination against women-- discrimination nowhere in the scope of passage

Detail question: Can be accessed in Para 4 and Para 5
2. According to the passage, the following were all possible reasons for George Sand to create a pseudonym EXCEPT:

A. she began publishing collaborative works with Jules Sandeau.--- (Para 4:....as indicated in Curtis Cate‘s biography George Sand, is that the idea for this pseudonym arose from a collaboration with her first lover, Jules Sandeau,....)
B. her new name reflected important parts of her life.( Para 5: Perhaps she fondly remembered their time together and wished to have a permanent reminder of their relationship.
C. she was not able to publish any works under her own given name.---No where its mentioned in the passage and hence this is the answer
D. the works published under her pen name sold well. (Para 4: Since her own literary output was a great success in the 1830s-1850s,.....)
E. the male identity gave her greater freedom of expression (This is not found in Para 4 and Para 5 but can be found in Para 6, this is why I believe this is global detail question ( details can be found anywhere)...Para 6 excerpts......since, like her choice of clothes, this male identity gave her more freedom of expression, both literally and figuratively)

Can be answered using Paragraph summary
3. What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. to criticise females writers who use male names ----criticise writers no way...author was netural to favouring GS
B. to discuss why some female writers use male names --Yes author was constantly saying why people keep peudonym..male or female..also gives 2 reasons as not sure which one is right...
C. to applaud female writers for using male names-- Author just appreciated GS that too for taking pseudonym to express her ...Author also says pseudonym is not that important as the volume of work
D. to encourage female writers to use their own names ---- Author never says anything on encouragement to use pseudonym
E. to suggest that male writers should use females names--- Male writers to use female ...no way ...exploits our gender thoughts..real world

Again can be answered using paragraph summary...authors full expression comes out in Para 6
4. With which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?

A. Aurore Dupin should have written works under her own name once the secret of her pseudonym was revealed.---Nothing of such sort told by author

B. By writing under a pseudonym, George Sand created for herself a new identity which allowed her to transcend the limitations of society.----Great, this is paraphrase of Para 6... Writing under a false name allowed her to distance parts of her character – her roles as wife, mother, and lover – from the creative and literary parts that formed the basis for her role as an author. Using a male name set her apart and added to her persona as an unusual and fascinating woman. )

C. George Sand owed her early success to her partner, Jules Sandeau.---GS collaborated with her partner not that owed success to Jules.

D. The choice of a masculine pseudonym was restrictive for George Sand and forced her to live as a man throughout her life.----Para 2 just negates this... a complete 180 degree

E. The use of pseudonyms in general by authors of both the sexes should be avoided--- Both the sexes..well nothing of this sort is discussed....


satsurfs wrote:
Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely regarded as America‘s first internationally renowned author, Washington Irving‘s sometimes enigmatic tendencies and techniques have left literary critiques and academics to ponder his motives more than 140 years after his death. One such trait that raises the proverbial eyebrow of the community of readers and critiques is Irving‘s repeated, and varied, use of pseudonyms throughout his career.

One of the most well-known female writers to adopt a pen name was George Sand, born Aurore Dupin in 1804, who became one of the most prolific and admired French authors – female or male – during the nineteenth century. The true identity of George Sand did not remain a secret for long, for after 1830 the author used this name in her everydaylife, and close friends commonly referred to her as ―George

Most portraits of the author as an adult are entitled simply George Sand and make no reference to her given name. Her son, too, adopted this new last name even though association with his famous authormother did not bring him any obvious benefits, other than to indicate that his relationship with his mother was closer than that of his sister. Given that the name ―George Sand‖ is radically different from Aurore Dupin‘s birth name, many readers have wondered how the author formulated her masculine pen name.

At least two possible answers spring to mind. The first, as indicated in Curtis Cate‘s biography George Sand, is that the idea for this pseudonym arose from a collaboration with her first lover, Jules Sandeau, with whom she co-authored several articles as well as a full-length novel entitled Rose et Blanche. Since her own literary output was a great success in the 1830s-1850s, she quickly became known by this name, and began to use her pen-name on a daily basis.

By continuing to use the name initially assigned to collaborative writings with her lover, perhaps Aurore hoped to maintain her connection to Sandeau. Perhaps she fondly remembered their time together and wished to have a permanent reminder of their relationship. Or perhaps she simply realized that it would be much more expedient to continue to write under a name which was already familiar to her audience thanks to the joint works she and Sandeau had published.

Given that George Sand began writing under this masculine name at around the same time as she began to roam around Paris in pants and a jacket – typically male clothing – it is not hard to understand why she chose a masculine pseudonym, since, like her choice of clothes, this male identity gave her more freedom of expression, both literally and figuratively. Writing under a false name allowed her to distance parts of her character – her roles as wife, mother, and lover – from the creative and literary parts that formed the basis for her role as an author. Using a male name set her apart and added to her persona as an unusual and fascinating woman. And in the end, the reason why she chose this particular pen-name is not nearly as important as the vast quantity of writing – articles, letters, novels, plays – that forms her legacy to the field of French literature.
1. The author‘s attitude towards the use of male pseudonyms by female authors as noted in the passage can best be described as:

A. skeptical of the usefulness of pseudonyms.
B. critical of the women‘s adoption of a male name.
C. appreciative of female authors‘ efforts to be published at any cost.
D. intrigued by the creation of a pseudonym.
E. disillusionment at the idea of discrimination against women



2. According to the passage, the following were all possible reasons for George Sand to create a pseudonym EXCEPT:

A. she began publishing collaborative works with Jules Sandeau.
B. her new name reflected important parts of her life.
C. she was not able to publish any works under her own given name.
D. the works published under her pen name sold well.
E. the male identity gave her greater freedom of expression



3. What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. to criticise females writers who use male names
B. to discuss why some female writers use male names
C. to applaud female writers for using male names
D. to encourage female writers to use their own names
E. to suggest that male writers should use females names



4. With which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?

A. Aurore Dupin should have written works under her own name once the secret of her pseudonym was revealed.

B. By writing under a pseudonym, George Sand created for herself a new identity which allowed her to transcend the limitations of society.

C. George Sand owed her early success to her partner, Jules Sandeau.

D. The choice of a masculine pseudonym was restrictive for George Sand and forced her to live as a man throughout her life.

E. The use of pseudonyms in general by authors of both the sexes should be avoided

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Though he left us with numerous great works and, to be sure, is widely   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2018, 11:10
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