GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 18 Jan 2020, 16:17

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Understanding Parallelism

Author Message
Intern
Joined: 14 Dec 2018
Posts: 14

### Show Tags

Updated on: 10 Dec 2019, 07:15
Hello Everyone,
I was reading a book on parallelism to understand it better as I got a very poor score in SC and wanted to improve it.
In the book I came across two sentences:

Ralph likes BOTH THOSE WHO are popular AND WHO are not. (Wrong)
Ralph likes BOTH THOSE WHO are popular AND THOSE WHO are not. (Right)

I don't understand why the first sentence is not parallel.
First I thought it was because Ralph likes WHO are not is not a complete sentence but Ralph likes THOSE WHO are not is also not a complete sentence.
The explanation given by the book is that the first one does not make sense.

It would be extremely helpful if someone can help me understand this concept.

Regards,
Deeksha

Originally posted by deekshajuneja on 10 Dec 2019, 05:32.
Last edited by deekshajuneja on 10 Dec 2019, 07:15, edited 1 time in total.
SVP
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1632
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2019, 21:17
deekshajuneja wrote:
Ralph likes THOSE WHO are not is also not a complete sentence.

Hi Deeksha, thought I will mention that the above sentence actually means:

Ralph likes those who are not (popular).
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT-99th Percentile, MBA - ISB Hyderabad
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Intern
Joined: 14 Dec 2018
Posts: 14

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2019, 23:56
EducationAisle wrote:
deekshajuneja wrote:
Ralph likes THOSE WHO are not is also not a complete sentence.

Hi Deeksha, thought I will mention that the above sentence actually means:

Ralph likes those who are not (popular).

I think the same can be applied to the first sentence.
It doesn't really solve my problem but thank you so much for your response.

Posted from my mobile device
CrackVerbal Representative
Joined: 02 Mar 2019
Posts: 41

### Show Tags

11 Dec 2019, 02:00
1
Hi Deeksha

When assessing parallelism, it helps to think in terms of opening and closing brackets, much like a mathematical expression, to check if all parts make sense.

Let me label the sentences as follows:

(A) Ralph likes BOTH THOSE WHO are popular AND WHO are not. (Wrong)
(B) Ralph likes BOTH THOSE WHO are popular AND THOSE WHO are not. (Right)

In (B), the brackets are applied after the word "both", which is to say, it reads as below:

Ralph likes BOTH (THOSE WHO are popular AND THOSE WHO are not).

Here, clearly, the individual items inside the brackets (which form the list) are parallel ("those who X" and "those who Y") in terms of logic as well as grammatical construction.

In order to achieve the same effect in (A1), I must apply the brackets after "those" and not "both", since if I apply the brackets after "both", the items of the list inside the bracket are not parallel. This is illustrated below:

(A1) Ralph likes BOTH THOSE (WHO are popular AND WHO are not). Items of the list are parallel - "who X" and "who Y"
(A2) Ralph likes BOTH (THOSE WHO are popular AND WHO are not). Items of the list are not parallel - "those who X" and "who Y"

(A1) is the only construction which satisfies parallelism. However, the construct "Ralph likes both those" is incorrect as it must be followed by a plural noun and not by the "X and Y" construct as in (A1).

eg: Both these boys are good football players.

Hope this clarifies.
_________________
Understanding Parallelism   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2019, 02:00
Display posts from previous: Sort by