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# V30-02

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Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4351
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

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15 Apr 2018, 05:02
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

35% (01:04) correct 65% (01:19) wrong based on 20 sessions

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The existence of West Berlin, a conspicuously capitalist city deep within communist East Germany, "stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat," as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put it. The Russians began maneuvering to drive the United States, Britain and France out of the city for good. In 1948, a Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city. Instead of retreating, however, the United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift, lasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and other goods to West Berlin. The Soviets called off the blockade in 1949. After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958. For the next three years, the Soviets emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers) blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted. Summits, conferences and other negotiations came and went without resolution. Meanwhile, the flood of refugees continued. In June 1961, some 19,000 people left the GDR through Berlin. The following month, 30,000 fled. In the first 11 days of August, 16,000 East Germans crossed the border into West Berlin, and on August 12 some 2,400 followed the largest number of defectors ever to leave East Germany in a single day.

Which of the following is supported by the passage?

A. Around 300,000 people on average left East Germany annually in the decade following the blockade
B. August 1961 recorded the largest number of monthly defectors to have left East Germany in a month
C. There was no hostility in West Berlin between 1949 and 1958
D. Doctors, teachers, and engineers wanted to defect because there were more opportunities for young skilled workers in the west in 1959-61
E. The Berlin Airlift forced the Soviets to call off their blockade in 1949

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Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4351
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

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15 Apr 2018, 05:02
Official Solution:

The existence of West Berlin, a conspicuously capitalist city deep within communist East Germany, "stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat," as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put it. The Russians began maneuvering to drive the United States, Britain and France out of the city for good. In 1948, a Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city. Instead of retreating, however, the United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift, lasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and other goods to West Berlin. The Soviets called off the blockade in 1949. After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958. For the next three years, the Soviets emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers) blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted. Summits, conferences and other negotiations came and went without resolution. Meanwhile, the flood of refugees continued. In June 1961, some 19,000 people left the GDR through Berlin. The following month, 30,000 fled. In the first 11 days of August, 16,000 East Germans crossed the border into West Berlin, and on August 12 some 2,400 followed the largest number of defectors ever to leave East Germany in a single day.

Which of the following is supported by the passage?

A. Around 300,000 people on average left East Germany annually in the decade following the blockade
B. August 1961 recorded the largest number of monthly defectors to have left East Germany in a month
C. There was no hostility in West Berlin between 1949 and 1958
D. Doctors, teachers, and engineers wanted to defect because there were more opportunities for young skilled workers in the west in 1959-61
E. The Berlin Airlift forced the Soviets to call off their blockade in 1949

The passage states "nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers" - this means about 300,000 people left every year on an average during the decade after the blockade.

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Joined: 20 Mar 2018
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24 May 2018, 16:04
Hi,

Just a little confused as the option mentioned 3mn people annually, however the passage says over 3 years.

Thanks,
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2015
Posts: 433
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V29
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.33

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02 Jun 2018, 23:35
3 million is 3,000,000 and not 300,000. Pl explain why option A is correct ...
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Joined: 14 Dec 2017
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15 Jun 2018, 19:38
The passage has it 'nearly 3 million in the decade'. Decade is 10 years. 3 million/10 years equals 300 000 people on average annually.
Intern
Joined: 28 Jun 2018
Posts: 5

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04 Jul 2018, 08:16
Why not C???? Calm and tension can be presumed to mean no hostility!
Senior Manager
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Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 580 Q48 V22
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)

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23 Aug 2018, 08:20
1
bhatiabhavya wrote:
Why not C???? Calm and tension can be presumed to mean no hostility!

Hi, I guess you missed the very important word.

The passage says - After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958.

Essentially, it means that the decade was RELATIVELY calm as compared to the earlier blockade period. Now this does not mean that there was no hostility in west Berlin between 1949 to 1958

Hope it's clear.
Intern
Joined: 01 Jan 2019
Posts: 22

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04 Feb 2019, 00:18
what is wrong with E?
The Berlin Airlift forced the Soviets to call off their blockade in 1949
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Re: V30-02   [#permalink] 04 Feb 2019, 00:18
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# V30-02

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