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V30-02

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V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2018, 06:02
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

40% (02:15) correct 60% (03:34) wrong based on 10 sessions

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The existence of West Berlin, a conspicuously capitalist city deep within communist East Germany, "stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat," as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put it. The Russians began maneuvering to drive the United States, Britain and France out of the city for good. In 1948, a Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city. Instead of retreating, however, the United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift, lasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and other goods to West Berlin. The Soviets called off the blockade in 1949. After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958. For the next three years, the Soviets emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers) blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted. Summits, conferences and other negotiations came and went without resolution. Meanwhile, the flood of refugees continued. In June 1961, some 19,000 people left the GDR through Berlin. The following month, 30,000 fled. In the first 11 days of August, 16,000 East Germans crossed the border into West Berlin, and on August 12 some 2,400 followed the largest number of defectors ever to leave East Germany in a single day.

Which of the following is supported by the passage?

A. Around 300,000 people on average left East Germany annually in the decade following the blockade
B. August 1961 recorded the largest number of monthly defectors to have left East Germany in a month
C. There was no hostility in West Berlin between 1949 and 1958
D. Doctors, teachers, and engineers wanted to defect because there were more opportunities for young skilled workers in the west in 1959-61
E. The Berlin Airlift forced the Soviets to call off their blockade in 1949

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Re V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2018, 06:02
Official Solution:

The existence of West Berlin, a conspicuously capitalist city deep within communist East Germany, "stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat," as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put it. The Russians began maneuvering to drive the United States, Britain and France out of the city for good. In 1948, a Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city. Instead of retreating, however, the United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift, lasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and other goods to West Berlin. The Soviets called off the blockade in 1949. After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958. For the next three years, the Soviets emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west (nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers) blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted. Summits, conferences and other negotiations came and went without resolution. Meanwhile, the flood of refugees continued. In June 1961, some 19,000 people left the GDR through Berlin. The following month, 30,000 fled. In the first 11 days of August, 16,000 East Germans crossed the border into West Berlin, and on August 12 some 2,400 followed the largest number of defectors ever to leave East Germany in a single day.

Which of the following is supported by the passage?

A. Around 300,000 people on average left East Germany annually in the decade following the blockade
B. August 1961 recorded the largest number of monthly defectors to have left East Germany in a month
C. There was no hostility in West Berlin between 1949 and 1958
D. Doctors, teachers, and engineers wanted to defect because there were more opportunities for young skilled workers in the west in 1959-61
E. The Berlin Airlift forced the Soviets to call off their blockade in 1949

The passage states "nearly 3 million in the decade since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers" - this means about 300,000 people left every year on an average during the decade after the blockade.

Answer: A
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Re: V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2018, 17:04
Hi,

Just a little confused as the option mentioned 3mn people annually, however the passage says over 3 years.

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Re: V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2018, 00:35
3 million is 3,000,000 and not 300,000. Pl explain why option A is correct ...
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Re: V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 20:38
The passage has it 'nearly 3 million in the decade'. Decade is 10 years. 3 million/10 years equals 300 000 people on average annually.
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Re: V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2018, 09:16
Why not C???? Calm and tension can be presumed to mean no hostility!
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Re: V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2018, 09:20
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bhatiabhavya wrote:
Why not C???? Calm and tension can be presumed to mean no hostility!


Hi, I guess you missed the very important word.

The passage says - After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958.

Essentially, it means that the decade was RELATIVELY calm as compared to the earlier blockade period. Now this does not mean that there was no hostility in west Berlin between 1949 to 1958

Hope it's clear.
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Re: V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2019, 01:18
what is wrong with E?
The Berlin Airlift forced the Soviets to call off their blockade in 1949
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Re: V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2019, 12:04
Shrattitude wrote:
what is wrong with E?
The Berlin Airlift forced the Soviets to call off their blockade in 1949


In RC, the correct answer should be 100% correct.
Option E and C are one of the best trap answers playing with the language, comprehension, and attention-to-detail.

Option E:
    Excerpt from the passage:
      This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift, lasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and other goods to West Berlin. The Soviets called off the blockade in 1949.

    The passage suggests only the order of events.
      X: The Berlin airlift happened
      Y: The Soviets called off the blockade
      Just because X happened before Y does NOT imply that X ----causes---> Y

Option C:
    Excerpt from the passage:
      After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in 1958.

    Essentially, it means that the decade was RELATIVELY calm as compared to the earlier blockade period.
    Relative calmness does NOT imply that there was no hostility. It states that the situation was relatively smoother/calmer than before.

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Re V30-02  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2019, 13:13
I think this is a high-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. 3 million is 30,00,000 and not 3,00,000
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Re V30-02   [#permalink] 17 May 2019, 13:13
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