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Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the fli

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Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the fli  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 04:39
1
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (02:01) correct 27% (02:06) wrong based on 296 sessions

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Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, is the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.”

(A) Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, is the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.”

(B) The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds,” the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall.

(C) The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds,” the flightless bird Titanis walleri weighed more than 300 pounds, stood over 2 meters tall, having lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey.

(D) Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.”

(E) The flightless bird Titanis walleri, which weighed more than 300 pounds and stood over 2 meters tall, lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.”

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


When the sentence is completely underlined, it can be difficult to find splits in the answer choices. A better strategy might be to look in the original sentence and in choice B for errors, particularly of modifiers and parallelism (since these issues allow for wholesale rearrangement of sentence parts). After all, either A or B (or both) must be wrong.

In fact, the original sentence has no errors! The subject of the sentence is the flightless bird Titanis walleri. This subject is surrounded by two big modifiers ( Weighing… tall and which… prey). Finally, the main verb of the sentence is is, which is followed by the rest of the predicate ( the most fearsome representative…).

(A) CORRECT.

(B) This choice is a sentence fragment: there is no main verb. The original predicate has been turned into an opening modifier ( The most fearsome representative…). The subject is followed by two modifiers, but weighing… does not qualify as a main verb.

(C) This choice violates parallelism. The list in the middle of the sentence seems to be weighed…, stood…, having lived… and may have evolved. The third element (having lived) is definitely not parallel to the first two past-tense verbs.
 
(D) This choice has a poorly positioned modifier. At the very end of the sentence, the phrase the most fearsome representative… seems to be modifying struggling prey, rather than the Titanis bird.

(E) This choice has the same problem as choice D: the modifier at the end of the sentence seems to be modifying the wrong noun.
 
The correct answer is A.

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Re: Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the fli  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 04:47
(A) Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, is the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.”

(B) The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds,” the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall. --> NO Main Verb.

(C) The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds,” the flightless bird Titanis walleri weighed more than 300 pounds, stood over 2 meters tall, having lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey. --> Change in tense implies they are either under weight or are over weight . This is not the intended meaning.

(D) Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.” --> This is modifying the prey. This should modify the bird.

(E) The flightless bird Titanis walleri, which weighed more than 300 pounds and stood over 2 meters tall, lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.” --> Errors of Choice C and E both.
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Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the fli  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 21:17
abhimahna wrote:
(A) Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, is the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.”

(B) The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds,” the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall. --> NO Main Verb.

(C) The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds,” the flightless bird Titanis walleri weighed more than 300 pounds, stood over 2 meters tall, having lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey. --> Change in tense implies they are either under weight or are over weight . This is not the intended meaning.

(D) Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.” --> This is modifying the prey. This should modify the bird.

(E) The flightless bird Titanis walleri, which weighed more than 300 pounds and stood over 2 meters tall, lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.” --> Errors of Choice C and E both.

abhimahna daagh Sir ..Can you please throw some more light on why B & C options are wrong.. Thanks in advance
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Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the fli  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 23:32
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mynamegoeson wrote:
abhimahna daagh Sir ..Can you please throw some more light on why B & C options are wrong.. Thanks in advance


Hi,

If you look at option B, we donot have any main verb. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb. But option B does not have any verb. Hence, Incorrect.

"The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds" is as modifier modifying the subject "the flightless bird Titanis walleri".

"which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey" is also modifying the subject "the flightless bird Titanis walleri".

"weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall." is modifying the prey.

Hence, if you see this sentence is full of Modifiers and one subject. We don't have any main verb.

Now, If you look at option C, we are saying the bird "weighed ". What does that mean? Why are we changing the tense? Does using the past tense convey the birds do not weigh that much or what?

We are not clear. As per the original meaning, they currently weigh more than 300 pounds.

But option C is changing the meaning. There are other issues with C as well.

But since I found one, I don't need to bother about others. I can directly reject this option.

I hope that makes sense. :)
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Re: Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the fli  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2019, 12:03
Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, is the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.”

(A) Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, is the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.” - Correct

(B) The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds,” the flightless bird Titanis walleri, which lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall. - Not even a complete sentence - no verb

(C) The most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds,” the flightless bird Titanis walleri weighed more than 300 pounds, stood over 2 meters tall, having lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey. - parallelism issue
The flightless bird Titanis walleri
-weighed more than 300 pounds
-stood over 2 meters tall
-having lived in Florida about 2 million years ago
-may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey
"Having" doesn't match the grammatical structure of the other list items, so our list doesn't have correct parallelism

(D) Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the flightless bird Titanis walleri lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.” - modifier issue at the end- this sentence describes the Titanis walleri's prey as the most fearsome "terror bird". This doesn't make sense - we want to describe the Titanis walleri as the most fearsome "terror bird", not the things it eats

(E) The flightless bird Titanis walleri, which weighed more than 300 pounds and stood over 2 meters tall, lived in Florida about 2 million years ago and may have evolved opposable thumbs to subdue struggling prey, the most fearsome representative of the aptly named “terror birds.” - same as D

Answer A
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Re: Weighing more than 300 pounds and standing over 2 meters tall, the fli   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2019, 12:03
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