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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55263
What is the area of the quadrilateral ABCD shown in the diagram below?  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   35% (medium)

Question Stats: 79% (01:21) correct 21% (02:14) wrong based on 38 sessions

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What is the area of the quadrilateral ABCD shown in the diagram below? (1) AB = AD = 6.

(2) ∠ADC = 60◦.

Attachment: 2017-07-24_1029.png [ 3.94 KiB | Viewed 2607 times ]

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Manager  P
Joined: 14 Oct 2015
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GPA: 3.57
What is the area of the quadrilateral ABCD shown in the diagram below?  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
What is the area of the quadrilateral ABCD shown in the diagram below? (1) AB = AD = 6.

(2) ∠ADC = 60◦.

Attachment:
2017-07-24_1029.png

It should be C

Statement 1: Insufficient

We can measure of area of triangular region $$\triangle ABD$$ but we have no idea of the position of $$C$$, and thus no measure of the other $$\triangle BCD$$.

Statement 1: Insufficient

We do not know any length

Statement 1 + 2: Sufficient

Let us consider two triangles $$\triangle ABD$$ and $$\triangle BCD$$. Let us calculate their areas separately.

$$\triangle ABD$$:
From 1, we can calculate the area as well as the length $$BD$$ using Pythagoras theorem knowing $$ABD$$ is a right triangle. We also know the $$\angle ABD$$ and $$\angle BDA$$ are $$45$$ given two sides $$AB$$ and $$AD$$ are equal.

$$\triangle BDC$$:
From 2, we know $$\angle ADC$$ is $$60$$ degrees. We just calculated $$\angle BDA$$ at $$45$$. Thus,

$$\angle BDC = \angle ADC - \angle BDA = 60 - 45 = 15$$.

$$\angle B$$ is $$90$$ (given) but its sub angle $$\angle ABD$$ is $$45$$. Thus we can safely say second sub angle of B i.e. $$\angle DBC$$ is $$90 - 45 = 45$$.

Knowing 2 angles and 1 side, we can accurately measure the remaining two sides and subsequently the area using Heron's formula.

$$Area = \sqrt{P(P-BD)(P-DC)(P-CB)}$$ where P is half of perimeter of the $$\triangle BDC$$.
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Intern  B
Joined: 06 Feb 2016
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Concentration: Finance, Accounting
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Re: What is the area of the quadrilateral ABCD shown in the diagram below?  [#permalink]

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I think we can easily find the sides DC and BC using the 'sine rule'. Is it ok to apply trigonometry to GMAT quant problems?
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Re: What is the area of the quadrilateral ABCD shown in the diagram below?  [#permalink]

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Devbek wrote:
I think we can easily find the sides DC and BC using the 'sine rule'. Is it ok to apply trigonometry to GMAT quant problems?

in DS problems, all you need to tell is whether it is possible to do it which should allow you to use any mathematical rule to reach that conclusion.
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There is one fix to every problem, working harder! Re: What is the area of the quadrilateral ABCD shown in the diagram below?   [#permalink] 25 Jul 2017, 01:26
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# What is the area of the quadrilateral ABCD shown in the diagram below?

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