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# Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election

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Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2003
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Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2003, 10:48
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0% (00:00) correct 100% (02:13) wrong based on 1 sessions

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Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election and voters blame the scandal on all parties about equally, virtually all incumbents, from whatever party, seeking reelection are returned to office. However, when voters blame such a scandal on only one party, incumbents from that party are likely to be defeated by challengers from other parties. The proportion of incumbents who seek reelection is high and remarkably constant from election to election.

If the voters' reactions are guided by a principle, which one of the following principles would best account for the contrast in reactions described above?

(A) Whenever one incumbent is responsible for one major political scandal and another incumbent is responsible for another, the consequences for the two incumbents should be the same.

(B) When a major political scandal is blamed on incumbents from all parties, that judgment is more accurate than any judgment that incumbents from only on party are to blame.

(C) Incumbents who are rightly blamed for a major political scandal should not seek reelection, but if they do, they should not be returned to office.

(D) Major political scandals can practically always be blamed on incumbents, but whether those incumbents should be voted out of office depends on who their challengers are.

(E) When major political scandals are less the responsibility of individual incumbents than of the parties to which they belong, whatever party was responsible must be penalized when possible.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 05 May 2003
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17 Dec 2003, 11:29
Is it A

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Director
Joined: 13 Nov 2003
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17 Dec 2003, 12:30
A

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SVP
Joined: 03 Feb 2003
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18 Dec 2003, 04:55
REACTION: The proportion of incumbents who seek reelection is high and remarkably constant from election to election.

We have to contrast this reaction. In other words, prove that the proportion of incumbents who seek reelection is NOT that high.

In this light, I opt for C.

Last edited by stolyar on 19 Dec 2003, 01:07, edited 2 times in total.

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Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2003
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Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 0

Location: MI

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18 Dec 2003, 07:26

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Intern
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18 Dec 2003, 07:55
asandeep wrote:
:no

Don't tell me that it is B
_________________

me

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Manager
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18 Dec 2003, 08:21
anvar wrote:
asandeep wrote:
:no

Don't tell me that it is B

not B either

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SVP
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19 Dec 2003, 01:07
stolyar wrote:
REACTION: The proportion of incumbents who seek reelection is high and remarkably constant from election to election.

We have to contrast this reaction. In other words, prove that the proportion of incumbents who seek reelection is NOT that high.

In this light, I opt for C.

I feel I misunderstood the question. Have to agree with D.

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Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2003
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19 Dec 2003, 11:07
stolyar wrote:

(A) Irrelevant

(B) Does not explain why the incumbents are not re-elected. Incumbents may be responsible but still get re-elected

(C) Goes against information in the stimulus

(D) Irrelevant

(E) Explains clearly why responsible incumbents from the SAME party are not re-elected.

Any explanations for other choices ?

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19 Dec 2003, 11:07
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# Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election

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