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While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools

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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question no. 141

While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland is one percent higher this academic year than last academic year, the number of teachers there increased by three percent. Thus, the Sondland Education Commission's prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the claim that the prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded?

A. Funding for public elementary schools in Sondland is expected to increase over the next ten years.

B. Average salaries for Sondland’s teachers increased at the rate of inflation from last academic year to this academic year.

C. A new law has mandated that there be ten percent more teachers per pupil in Sondland’s public schools next academic year than there were this academic year.

D. In the past, increases in enrollments in public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland have generally been smaller than increases in the number of teachers.

E. Because of reductions in funding, the number of students enrolling in teacher-training programs in Sondland is expected to decline beginning in the next academic year.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 21:26
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Critical Reasoning
Question no. 141

While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland is one percent higher this academic year than last academic year, the number of teachers there increased by three percent. Thus, the Sondland Education Commission's prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the claim that the prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded?
A. Funding for public elementary schools in Sondland is expected to increase over the next ten years.
B. Average salaries for Sondland’s teachers increased at the rate of inflation from last academic year to this academic year.
C. A new law has mandated that there be ten percent more teachers per pupil in Sondland’s public schools next academic year than there were this academic year.
D. In the past, increases in enrollments in public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland have generally been smaller than increases in the number of teachers.
E. Because of reductions in funding, the number of students enrolling in teacher-training programs in Sondland is expected to decline beginning in the next academic year.


A---funding --teacher shortage - no connection ..
B--Increased Avg sal -- teacher shortage , no connection
C--- new law next year ---10% more teacher mandated , so there could be shortage next yr
D---kind of weakener
E--no evidence that there will be shortage ..or more teacher is required

C is the answer

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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 09:34
Imo C

Premise 1:While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland is one percent higher this academic year than last academic year
Premise 2:the number of teachers there increased by three percent

Conclusion :Thus, the Sondland Education Commission's prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded.

This is weaken the conclusion so we have to show that the conclusion is drawn is due to some other reason or find some fault in the argument .
Here the assumption is that the increase in percentage of students is lesser than the increase in the percentage of teachers .
But here is the catch if the increase in percentage is less but we can have a large number of students .
C is saying this .
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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 14:39
Could anyone please explain to me why C is the right answer? I thought C was strengthening the conclusion instead?

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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 02:20
csaluja wrote:
Could anyone please explain to me why C is the right answer? I thought C was strengthening the conclusion instead?



The "new law" puts a definition on what would mean shortage, i.e there should be 10% more teachers for every pupil.

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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 12:50
While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland is one percent higher this academic year than last academic year, the number of teachers there increased by three percent. Thus, the Sondland Education Commission's prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded.

Type - weaken

A. Funding for public elementary schools in Sondland is expected to increase over the next ten years. - Irrelevant
B. Average salaries for Sondland’s teachers increased at the rate of inflation from last academic year to this academic year. - Irrelevant
C. A new law has mandated that there be ten percent more teachers per pupil in Sondland’s public schools next academic year than there were this academic year.- Correct
D. In the past, increases in enrollments in public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland have generally been smaller than increases in the number of teachers.- - Irrelevant- this was true for the current year too but does not say anything about next year's shortage
E. Because of reductions in funding, the number of students enrolling in teacher-training programs in Sondland is expected to decline beginning in the next academic year. -Irrelevant - this tells that number of students is likely to decrease and does not say anything about next year's shortage

Answer C
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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 13:00
While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland is one percent higher this academic year than last academic year, the number of teachers there increased by three percent. Thus, the Sondland Education Commission's prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the claim that the prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded?

A. Funding for public elementary schools in Sondland is expected to increase over the next ten years.
We are not worried about the funding.

B. Average salaries for Sondland’s teachers increased at the rate of inflation from last academic year to this academic year.
We are not worried about the salaries

C. A new law has mandated that there be ten percent more teachers per pupil in Sondland’s public schools next academic year than there were this academic year.
Correct. If per student 10% more teachers will be required, then there will be shortage.

D. In the past, increases in enrollments in public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland have generally been smaller than increases in the number of teachers.
Not worried about the proportion of students w.r.t. teachers

E. Because of reductions in funding, the number of students enrolling in teacher-training programs in Sondland is expected to decline beginning in the next academic year.
We are worried about the teachers and not about the teachers to be.

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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2017, 08:18
While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland is one percent higher this academic year than last academic year, the number of teachers there increased by three percent. Thus, the Sondland Education Commission's prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the claim that the prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded?

C: A new law has mandated that there be ten percent more teachers per pupil in Sondland’s public schools next academic year than there were this academic year.

I'm little confused with the option C.

IMO, this option newly introduces the teachers/pupil ratio, since this has not featured in the argument if I assume that there already exists ratio(teacher/pupil) of >10%, then there is no shortage and this makes option C a strengthening one.

Kindly explain.

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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 06:13
While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland is one percent higher this academic year than last academic year, the number of teachers there increased by three percent. Thus, the Sondland Education Commission's prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the claim that the prediction of a teacher shortage as early as next academic year is unfounded?

A. Funding for public elementary schools in Sondland is expected to increase over the next ten years.
- Even if this were the case, who says funding is directly related to the number of teachers? could go to new technology for the school system, book materials, etc.

B. Average salaries for Sondland’s teachers increased at the rate of inflation from last academic year to this academic year.
- Does not give us any future prediction/evidence. What happened last year and this year are irrelevant, we care more about predicting the future

C. A new law has mandated that there be ten percent more teachers per pupil in Sondland’s public schools next academic year than there were this academic year.
- Why would SEC predict a shortage when a law requires more teachers/pupil be substantially higher than this year?

D. In the past, increases in enrollments in public elementary and secondary schools in Sondland have generally been smaller than increases in the number of teachers.
- Same issue as B. Does not give us any prediction about what is coming in the future

E. Because of reductions in funding, the number of students enrolling in teacher-training programs in Sondland is expected to decline beginning in the next academic year.
- out of scope. what are teacher-training programs? we don't care about whatever that is, we only care about total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools.


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Re: While the total enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools   [#permalink] 07 Sep 2017, 06:13
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