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White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as

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White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Sep 2019, 05:24
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White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as a result of a recessive trait that rarely occurs in the wild. In the 1950s many zoos deliberately and indiscriminately bred white tigers, but more recently, concerns about the desirability of preserving a trait that presumably hinders tigers` to survive in the wild, and recognition that inbreeding could lead to genetic defects, have caused most zoos to such practices. However, some zoo managers argue that the popularity of white tigers provides income important to the survival of zoo sponsored scientific and conservation programs. They also point out that most of the white tigers captured in the wild were adults, proving that their coloration does not hinder their survival ability.

Opponents of white-tiger breeding programs argue that white tigers are merely Indian tigers-a subspecies well represented in both zoos and the wild-and that zoos should focus their tiger management efforts on preserving subspecies whose existence is threatened, thus preventing the Chinese and Indochinese tiger subspecies from joining the Javan, Balinese, and Caspian subspecies in extinction. Alternatively, zoos could mingle the subspecies and manage all tigers in captivity as one species. Although subspecies differences would be lost, this strategy would be advantageous because fewer animals would be necessary to maintain the genetic diversity of tigers in captivity, making scarce zoo resources available for housing other endangered felines.

Q1 The passage suggests that, compared with other tiger subspecies, the Indian tiger is

A less threatened by extinction
B less readily bred in captivity less
C likely to survive in the wild
D more likely to be bred indiscriminately
E more popular with 200 visitors


Q2 The "Opponents of white-tiger breeding programs" mentioned in the highlighted text advocate that zoos use their resources to

A promote public awareness of environmental threats to tiger habitats
B allow zoos to house enough tigers to ensure genetic diversity among Indian tigers
C study ways to increase the survival rates of white tigers in the wild
D investigate ways of maintaining the white tigers already in zoos
E preserve tiger subspecies that may be endangered


Q3 The author of the passage suggests that if all tigers in captivity were managed as one species, then zoos would be able to

A use their resources to preserve a variety of other felines
B increase public interest in tigers and thus attract more visitors and income
C provide better habitats for tigers than they currently do
D prevent the extinction of existing tiger subspecies
E continue breeding white tigers


Q4 Which of the following best describes the function of the last sentence in the first paragraph of the passage (see highlighted text)?

A To emphasize the importance of white tigers as source of zoo income
B To point out the advantages to white tigers of living in the wild
C To provide evidence counter to an argument against the breeding of white tigers
D To suggest that white tigers living in the wild are less to face extinction than tigers fiving in zoos
E To suggest that white tigers are not endangered


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Originally posted by Tridhipal on 30 Mar 2018, 01:03.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 09 Sep 2019, 05:24, edited 4 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (485).
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 07:05
5
vasuca10 wrote:
Hi dave13 Please explain Q4 why not the answer is Option E?



vasuca10 hi there :)


the first para of the passage BRIEFLY: many zoos deliberately and indiscriminately bred white tigers. this practice raised concern that doing so will endanger the tigers` surving skills in the wilde jungle :) BUT zoo managers claim that it is is not true by providing evidence - and this evidence is that they caught adult tigers in the wild - which means that tigers surving skills were not impared by deliberate and indiscriminate breeding. Hence highlighted potion provides evidence counter to an argument against the breeding of white tigers.



E is not correct, because they are NOT suggesting, BUT they are providing E V I D E N C E :)




'White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as a result of a recessive trait that rarely occurs in the wild. In the 1950s many zoos deliberately and indiscriminately bred white tigers, but more recently, concerns about the desirability of preserving a trait that presumably hinders tigers` to survive in the wild, and recognition that inbreeding could lead to genetic defects, have caused most zoos to such practices. However, some zoo managers argue that the popularity of white tigers provides income important to the survival of zoo sponsored scientific and conservation programs. They also point out that most of the white tigers captured in the wild were adults, proving that their coloration does not hinder their survival ability."


let me know if it helps or not :)

cheers
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 05:07
Hi dave13 Please explain Q4 why not the answer is Option E?
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 10:15
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vasuca10

SOLVING BY LOGIC

Quote:
Q4 Which of the following best describes the function of the last sentence in the first paragraph of the passage (see highlighted text)?

A To emphasize the importance of white tigers as source of zoo income
B To point out the advantages to white tigers of living in the wild
C To provide evidence counter to an argument against the breeding of white tigers
D To suggest that white tigers living in the wild are less to face extinction than tigers fiving in zoos
E To suggest that white tigers are not endangered


Quote:
In the 1950s many zoos deliberately and indiscriminately bred white tigers,

Zoos deliberately bred white tigers earlier (no reason is given for older times) BUT now they breed because of 2 reasons:
1. concerns about the desirability of preserving a trait that presumably hinders tigers` to survive in the wild -- according to the zoo officials "being white" causes the tigers to NOT survive in the wild
2. recognition that inbreeding could lead to genetic defects -- interbreeding could cause genetic defects so they want to confine them

Quote:
However,

Remember that the 'Tone' is changing.

Quote:
some zoo managers argue that

1. the popularity of white tigers provides income -- A new reason for keeping white tigers in zoo
2. most of the white tigers captured in the wild were adults, proving that their coloration does not hinder their survival ability -- they are contradicting the point #1 above. That means we can they are contradicting the previously mentioned reasons for keeping tigers in zoo -- interbreeding one.

Thus C is out answer.


SOLVING BY POE

Q4 Which of the following best describes the function of the last sentence in the first paragraph of the passage (see highlighted text)?

A To emphasize the importance of white tigers as source of zoo income - This is one of the reasons for keeping white tigers in zoo. The highlighted text is NOT related to this
B To point out the advantages to white tigers of living in the wild - The text is not an advantage. It is just a statement that "the captured white tigers are adults SO THEY CAN SURVIVE".
C To provide evidence counter to an argument against the breeding of white tigers - Looks good. Hold
D To suggest that white tigers living in the wild are less to face extinction than tigers fiving in zoos - There is no such comparison
E To suggest that white tigers are not endangered - point about "endangered" is in para #2. The last line refutes an assumption present in the 1st para itself.

Hence, answer must be C
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2018, 17:25
faltan - Please refer following lines in P2.

white tigers are merely Indian tigers-a subspecies well represented in both zoos and the wild-and that zoos should focus their tiger management efforts on preserving subspecies whose existence is threatened.
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2019, 22:05
1
Could not understand the 2nd question.

The "Opponents of white-tiger breeding programs" mentioned in the highlighted text advocate that zoos use their resources to

A promote public awareness of environmental threats to tiger habitats
B allow zoos to house enough tigers to ensure genetic diversity among Indian tigers
C study ways to increase the survival rates of white tigers in the wild
D investigate ways of maintaining the white tigers already in zoos
E preserve tiger subspecies that may be endangered

How can E be the answer? Don't the zoos use their resources to maintain the white tigers already in the zoo?

Someone pls explain

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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2019, 22:05
"Q1 The passage suggests that, compared with other tiger subspecies, the Indian tiger is

A less threatened by extinction
B less readily bred in captivity less
C likely to survive in the wild
D more likely to be bred indiscriminately
E more popular with 200 visitors"

Can some one explain What is the difference between Option A and Option C ?
Less threatened by extinction Vs Likely to survive in the wild?

Indian tigers-a subspecies well represented in both zoos and the wild-and that zoos should focus their tiger management efforts on preserving subspecies whose existence is threatened


It was given that zoos must focus on subspecies whose existence is threatened.From that I can infer that sub species (Indian tiger) is more likely to be threatened.So the remaining option is C that is Likely to survive in the wild.
on top of that It was mentioned that Indian tiger a sub species is well represented in both zoo and wild.
Please resolve my issue.
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2019, 16:49
1
devavrat wrote:
Could not understand the 2nd question.

The "Opponents of white-tiger breeding programs" mentioned in the highlighted text advocate that zoos use their resources to

A promote public awareness of environmental threats to tiger habitats
B allow zoos to house enough tigers to ensure genetic diversity among Indian tigers
C study ways to increase the survival rates of white tigers in the wild
D investigate ways of maintaining the white tigers already in zoos
E preserve tiger subspecies that may be endangered

How can E be the answer? Don't the zoos use their resources to maintain the white tigers already in the zoo?

Someone pls explain

Posted from my mobile device

The question asks what opponents of white-tiger breeding are advocating.

The purpose of paragraph 2 in the passage is to explain what these opponents argue and advocate for. And our answer to the question lies here:

Quote:
Opponents of white-tiger breeding programs argue that white tigers are merely Indian tigers — a subspecies well represented in both zoos and the wild — and that zoos should focus their tiger management efforts on preserving subspecies whose existence is threatened, thus preventing the Chinese and Indochinese tiger subspecies from joining the Javan, Balinese, and Caspian subspecies in extinction.

The endangered subspecies that opponents advocate for are not the white tigers, but the Chinese and Indochinese tiger subspecies. I hope this clarifies why (E) is a good answer choice!
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2019, 07:07
SonGoku wrote:
"Q1 The passage suggests that, compared with other tiger subspecies, the Indian tiger is

A less threatened by extinction
B less readily bred in captivity less
C likely to survive in the wild
D more likely to be bred indiscriminately
E more popular with 200 visitors"

Can some one explain What is the difference between Option A and Option C ?
Less threatened by extinction Vs Likely to survive in the wild?

Indian tigers-a subspecies well represented in both zoos and the wild-and that zoos should focus their tiger management efforts on preserving subspecies whose existence is threatened

It was given that zoos must focus on subspecies whose existence is threatened.From that I can infer that sub species (Indian tiger) is more likely to be threatened.So the remaining option is C that is Likely to survive in the wild.
on top of that It was mentioned that Indian tiger a sub species is well represented in both zoo and wild.
Please resolve my issue.

Sorry, I'm not sure that I follow your reasoning here.

Here is the full text of the statement that you've bolded:

Quote:
Opponents of white-tiger breeding programs argue that white tigers are merely Indian tigers — a subspecies well represented in both zoos and the wild — and that zoos should focus their tiger management efforts on preserving subspecies whose existence is threatened, thus preventing the Chinese and Indochinese tiger subspecies from joining the Javan, Balinese, and Caspian subspecies in extinction.

In this statement, the opponents are NOT arguing that Indian tigers are more likely to be threatened. They point out that Indian tigers are well represented in order to call attention to other subspecies (Chinese and Indochinese tigers) that are at greater risk of extinction.

This is why choice (A) is worth keeping; by presenting the opponents' arguments, the passage suggests that the Indian tiger is less threatened by extinction than other subspecies (namely, Chinese and Indochinese tigers).

Now let's consider choice (C):

    The passage suggests that, compared with other subspecies, the Indian tiger is (C) likely to survive in the wild.

This one's shaky. The passage definitely suggests that Indian tigers are "well represented" in the wild, but "well represented" is a current measurement of the quantity (whether absolute or proportional) of Indian tigers. This is NOT the same a prediction of whether Indian tigers are going to continue to be well represented in the future, or that they're more likely to survive in comparison to other subspecies. It's entirely possible that Indian tigers are equally or less likely to survive than other subspecies, even if there are many more of them in the wild at the moment.

Now, in paragraph 1, the author does cite an opinion held by zoo managers, that the coloration of Indian tigers does not hinder their survival ability. But doesn't suggest anything about the likelihood of survival when compared with other subspecies — and that comparison of subspecies is what the question is asking us to check within the passage.

(A) is much more of a direct reflection of the passage than (C), and that's why it's our best choice.
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2019, 19:43
SonGoku wrote:
"Q1 The passage suggests that, compared with other tiger subspecies, the Indian tiger is

A less threatened by extinction
B less readily bred in captivity less
C likely to survive in the wild
D more likely to be bred indiscriminately
E more popular with 200 visitors"

Can some one explain What is the difference between Option A and Option C ?
Less threatened by extinction Vs Likely to survive in the wild?

Indian tigers-a subspecies well represented in both zoos and the wild-and that zoos should focus their tiger management efforts on preserving subspecies whose existence is threatened


It was given that zoos must focus on subspecies whose existence is threatened.From that I can infer that sub species (Indian tiger) is more likely to be threatened.So the remaining option is C that is Likely to survive in the wild.
on top of that It was mentioned that Indian tiger a sub species is well represented in both zoo and wild.
Please resolve my issue.
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The very next segment of the line you shared in your comment is ".., thus preventing the Chinese and Indochinese tiger subspecies from joining the Javan, Balinese, and Caspian subspecies in extinction." This implies that the sub-species listed in this segment are the ones under more threat in comparison to the Indian Tiger.

Hence, the answer (A).

Hope this helps.
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Re: White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as   [#permalink] 03 Nov 2019, 19:43

White tigers are neither a species nor a subspecies, but appear as

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