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Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un

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Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2018, 20:12
mrinalsharma1990 wrote:
Hi GMAT Ninja,

Can you explain why E is the incorrect choice in Q.1?

The second paragraph does talk about the difference in the two different kinds of strategic missions?

While I am also not completely convinced, would be helpful if you can provide an insight into this?

Here's the question again:

Quote:
1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence (lines 17-24) of the second paragraph of the passage?

In other words, why does the author say this?
Quote:
However, the relationship between top management decision-sharing and adherence to plans may be affected by a firm’s strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits).

There's one clue right off the bat: This sentence starts with the word "however." The author is immediately referring back to the a prior statement and adding some kind of qualification to what was said previously. In the first paragraph the author tells us that top management decision-sharing may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans. Then, with this sentence, the author tells us that top management decision sharing may not be the only factor when determining why a firm adheres to its plan. As I wrote earlier, the author uses this sentence to qualify the previous sentence, and this is why we keep choice (D) around.

Now let's take a look at choice (E):
Quote:
(E) To explain a distinction relied on in the second paragraph regarding two different kinds of strategic missions

Is the purpose of this sentence to explain the distinction between "build" and "harvest" strategies? Nope. Here the author names a possible second influence on a firm's adherence to strategy (the kind of strategic mission that firm is pursuing). The author uses this sentence to call into question the influence stated in paragraph 1 (top management decision sharing).

Choice (E) tells us about a thing that the author does eventually write about in paragraph 2, but it doesn't tell us why the author writes the exact sentence that is being highlighted. So it doesn't answer the question we were asked.

That's why eliminate (E) and keep (D). I hope this helps!
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Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2018, 21:57
GMATNinja
for the primary purpose : i thot the passage is examining the scope or extent of relevance of the explanation for the adherance of firms !
the i1st para gives us an explanation , the second para qualifies and further explains the scope and where actually it is useful .
so isnt the author evaluating the explanation?

why is choice C wrong? is it because of the last term "strategic mission"? DmitryFarber mikemcgarry chetan2u sayantanc2k workout GMATNinjaTwo
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Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2018, 20:28
GMATNinja
for the primary purpose : i thot the passage is examining the scope or extent of relevance of the explanation for the adherance of firms !

You're right that the passage is primarily concerned with why and how firms adhere. But adhere to what? To their strategic plans.

OK, so now we have a complete statement of what the author wants us to consider. But all we've done is identify the topic of the passage. In order to understand the purpose of this passage and eliminate answer choices, let's...

Quote:
the i1st para gives us an explanation , the second para qualifies and further explains the scope and where actually it is useful .
so isnt the author evaluating the explanation?

...ah, you're way ahead of me But as with the statement of purpose, this breakdown of the paragraphs is a bit incomplete. An explanation of what? The scope of what? Where what is useful? This is a tough, wordy passage with a giant second paragraph, so if we're going to tackle this, then let's get more precise.

• In P1 the author sets up the question: Why do firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans?
• Then the author identifies one potential reason that firms adhere to strategic plans (decision-sharing).
• In P2 the author suggests that strategic mission is another input that could influence whether firms adhere to strategic plans.
• Then the author explains two types of strategic missions (harvest and build) and describes how each type of mission relates to each type of decision-making (decision-sharing or individual leadership).

By the end of the passage, the author has presented four different factors and discussed how they all might interact to determine whether a firm adheres to its strategic plan. (E) is the best answer choice available because it reflects this precisely.

Quote:
why is choice C wrong? is it because of the last term "strategic mission"?

Quote:
(C) evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method of implementing the strategic mission of a business

(C), on the other hand, is very narrow. The purpose of the passage was not solely to evaluate the utility of a single factor. So once we see "evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing" we can already be skeptical about this one.

That said, you're right to question the use of "strategic mission." Adherence to a strategic plan is not at all the same as strategic mission. The former (adherence to strategic plan) is the outcome that this author is interested in explaining. The former (strategic mission) is an input, which can influence the outcome -- depending on what kind of mission the company pursues (harvest, build, or something in between).

I hope this helps!
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Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 23:29
Passage map:
P1: To question and consider why firms deviate or adhere to their strategic plans
P2: To explore 2 strategies adopted by firms how one strategy results in greater adherence over another

1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence (lines 17-24) of the second paragraph of the passage?

The first sentence of the second para. is a response to the previous sentence.
The previous sentence states that top-management decision making increases the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans.
The first sentence of the second para. then raises a question and almost caveats this dynamic by stating that the degree of adherence is actually affected by the strategic mission and then the para. goes on to explain 2 strategies that are used in the strategic mission: harvest and build

A is incorrect because the sentence questions something, it doesn't answer a question.
B is incorrect because nothing is refuted. To refute is to prove wrong/false.
C is incorrect because evidence isn't supported at all.
D is correct. "To Qualify" is to 'make less absolute' and this sentence does this as explained above.
E is incorrect because there is no distinction. There's just a caveat - adherence is dependent on the strategic mission.

2 is (B)
We are told that "research... suggests that" harvest strategies result in greater adherence by way of decision-sharing.

3 is (A). Before this highlighted sentence we are told that harvest strategies adopted by businesses led to greater adherence.
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Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un   [#permalink] 15 Jul 2019, 23:29

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