GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 31 Mar 2020, 09:44

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1343
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User
Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 21 Aug 2019, 02:18
4
18
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 889 sessions

42% (03:15) correct 58% (03:32) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 866 sessions

88% (00:56) correct 12% (01:19) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 877 sessions

69% (01:10) correct 31% (01:15) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 850 sessions

85% (01:16) correct 15% (01:31) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 871 sessions

50% (00:58) correct 50% (01:02) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood.  However, theory and limited research suggest that the process through which such plans emerge may play a part.  In particular, top management decision sharing—consensus-oriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.

However, the relationship between top management decision-sharing and adherence to plans may be affected by a firm’s strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits). At one end of the strategic mission continuum, “build” strategies are pursued when a firm desires to increase its market share and is willing to sacrifice short-term profits to do so. At the other end, “harvest” strategies are used when a firm is willing to sacrifice marked share for short-term profitability and cash-flow maximization. Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies.  In a study of strategic practices in several large firms, managers in harvest strategy scenarios were more able to adhere to their business plans. As one of the managers in the study explained it, this is partly because “Typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year.” Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies; it may therefore be easier to reach agreement on a particular course of action through decision-sharing, which will in turn tend to promote adherence to plans. Conversely, in a “build” strategy scenario, individual leadership, rather than decision-sharing, may promote adherence to plans. Build strategies—which typically require leaders with strong personal visions for a firm’s future, rather than the negotiated compromise of the team-based decision—may be most closely adhered to when implemented in the context of a clear strategic vision of an individual leader, rather than through the practice of decision-sharing.


VRC000400-01
1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence (lines 17-24) of the second paragraph of the passage?

(A) To answer a question posed in the first sentence of the passage about why firms adopt particular strategic missions
(B) To refute an argument made in the first paragraph about how top management decision-making affects whether firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(C) To provide evidence supporting a theory introduced in the first paragraph about what makes firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plants
(D) To qualify an assertion made in the preceding sentence about how top management decision-making affects the likelihood that firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(E) To explain a distinction relied on in the second paragraph regarding two different kinds of strategic missions



VRC000400-03
2. It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following firms would be most likely to adhere to it strategic plans?

(A) One that is pursuing a build strategy and whose strategic plans were developed through the process of decision-sharing
(B) One that is pursuing a harvest strategy and whose strategic plans were developed through the process of decision-sharing
(C) One that is pursuing a harvest strategy and whose strategic-plans were developed by an individual leader with a strong personal vision for the firm's future
(D) One that does not fluctuate between build and harvest strategies
(E) One that has a long-established practice of top-management decision-sharing



VRC000400-04
3. The author includes the quotation in lines 44-47 [“Typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year.”] of the passage most probably in order to

(A) lend support to the claim that firms utilizing harvest strategies may be more likely to adhere to their strategic plans
(B) suggest a reason that many managers of large firm prefer harvest strategies to build strategies
(C) provide an example of a firm that adhered to its strategic plan because of the degree of its managers’ commitment
(D) demonstrate that managers implementing harvest strategies generally have better strategic options than do managers implementing build strategies
(E) give an example of a large firm that successfully implemented a harvest strategy



VRC000400-06
4. According to the theory and research discussed in the first paragraph of the passage, which of the following may be true of firms that use teams to develop their strategic plans?

(A) They are more to pursue build strategies rather than harvest strategies.
(B) They are less likely to have a well-defined strategic mission than are firms with individual leaders.
(C) They are less to deviate from their strategic plans because team members may be more committed to the plans.
(D) They generally follow a similar pattern in alternating efforts to increase revenues and market share with efforts to generate short-term profits.
(E) They are less likely to adhere to their strategic plans because they tend to lack a clear strategic vision.



VRC000400-07
5. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) identify some of the obstacles that make it difficult for firms to adhere to their strategic business plans
(B) compare two different theories concerning why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans
(C) evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method of implementing the strategic mission of a business
(D) discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages of build and harvest strategies among several large firms
(E) examine some of the factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their strategic plans


_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/

Originally posted by hazelnut on 03 Jul 2017, 05:24.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 21 Aug 2019, 02:18, edited 1 time in total.
Updated - Complete topic (228).
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutors
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 3235
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2017, 19:46
7
2
The OA has been updated for question #5 (E).

Quote:
5. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) identify some of the obstacles that make it difficult for firms to adhere to their strategic business plans
(B) compare two different theories concerning why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans
(C) evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method of implementing the strategic mission of a business
(D) discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages of build and harvest strategies among several large firms
(E) examine some of the factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their strategic plans

Choice (B) is tempting, but the passage does not only compare two different theories. Rather, the passage examines a few different factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their strategic plans: namely, "the process through which such plans emerge" (i.e. top management decision-sharing), a firm’s strategic mission (i.e. build vs harvest), and individual leadership (i.e. leaders with strong personal visions for a firm’s future).

These factors are shown to be inter-dependent. For example, decision-sharing might be beneficial in a harvest setting but detrimental in a build setting. The passage does not simply compare two distinct theories. Instead, the passage examines multiple factors and how they are connected. Choice (E) is the best answer.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutors @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
General Discussion
Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3560
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Sep 2017, 04:25
Hi,

I think Answer to Question 5 is wrong. It should be B because the whole passage is actually trying the answer the question raised in 1st sentence of the passage.

E cannot be the answer because its scope is limited to only 2nd paragraph.

D can NEVER be correct.

Please confirm before we update the OA.
_________________
My LinkedIn abhimahna.
My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40 | My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog
GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
Have OPT questions? - Post them here.
Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2454
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 03:18
Took 10 mins, including 3 mins to read the passage and got the last question incorrect :?


1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence (lines 17-24) of the second paragraph of the passage?

(D) To qualify an assertion made in the preceding sentence about how top management decision-making affects the likelihood that firms will adhere to their strategic plans - Correct

In particular, top management decision sharing—consensus-oriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.


2. It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following firms would be most likely to adhere to it strategic plans?

(B) One that is pursuing a harvest strategy and whose strategic plans were developed through the process of decision-sharing - Correct

- In particular, top management decision sharing—consensus-oriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans
-In a study of strategic practices in several large firms, managers in harvest strategy scenarios were more able to adhere to their business plans.

3. The author includes the quotation in lines 44-47 of the passage most probably in order to

(A) lend support to the claim that firms utilizing harvest strategies may be more likely to adhere to their strategic plans

“Typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year.” Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies


4. According to the theory and research discussed in the first paragraph of the passage, which of the following may be true of firms that use teams to develop their strategic plans?

(C) They are less to deviate from their strategic plans because team members may be more committed to the plans.
In particular, top management decision sharing—consensus-oriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.


5. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) identify some of the obstacles that make it difficult for firms to adhere to their strategic business plans - Incorrect
(B) compare two different theories concerning why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans
(C) evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method of implementing the strategic mission of a business - Incorrect - too narrow
(D) discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages of build and harvest strategies among several large firms - Incorrect - Only second paragraph discusses about build and harvest strategies
(E) examine some of the factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their strategic plans

Even I could not decide between options B and E :? As per BTG , the OA is B . hazelnut - can you please confirm ?

Below is an excerpt from a discussion on BTG .

It has to do with the topic and scope of the passage, which come in the very first sentence of this passage:

"Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood."

Do you see how the language here is replicated word for word in the second half of choice B? This first sentence tells us that the author is interested in the fact that it is poorly understood why firms adhere to or deviate from the strategic plans that they made for themselves. The second sentence of the passage begins with the important contrast keyword "however". This tells us that although we don't really know why firms choose to follow or stray from their plans, there is theory and research that "suggest" certain conclusions. So, just from the first sentence, and the first word of the second sentence, we can tell that the author's purpose is, roughly: "to discuss theory that will shed light as to why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans." (We learn later that he ends up comparing two theories but we already had enough info to answer the global question).

This analysis clearly matches choice B.

Choice E is tempting but it is a little bid too broad and not quite precise enough to match the author's intent in writing the passage. Choice E makes it sound as though the factors (that influence whether a firm adheres to or deviates from plan) are well understood; otherwise, how would he be able to "examine" them? But he said that the reason firms adhere to or deviate from are "poorly understood". (And, of course, if the factors were well known, there would be no need to turn to theory or research). So, choice E, in addition to being imprecise, also tends to contradict the author's opening sentence.
_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1189
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 07:39
Question 5's OA should be "B". It clearly takes into account the complete picture of the passage.
Nowhere the passage discusses the individual advantages and disadvantages of the 2 theories.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Feb 2014
Posts: 213
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3
WE: Project Management (Manufacturing)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 08 Sep 2017, 02:34
Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood. However, theory and limited research suggest that the process through which such plans emerge may play a part. In particular, top management decision-sharing— consensus-oriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.

However, the relationship between top management decision-sharing and adherence to plans may be affected by a firm’s strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits). At one end of the strategic mission continuum, “build” strategies are pursued when a firm desires to increase its market share and is willing to sacrifice short-term profits to do so. At the other end, “harvest” strategies are used when a firm is willing to sacrifice market share for short-term profitability and cash-flow maximization. Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies. In a study of strategic practices in several large firms, managers in harvest strategy scenarios were more able to adhere to their business plans. As one of the managers in the study explained it, this is partly because “typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year.” Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies; it may therefore be easier to reach agreement on a particular course of action through decision-sharing, which will in turn tend to promote adherence to plans. Conversely, in a “build” strategy scenario, individual leadership, rather than decision-sharing, may promote adherence to plans. Build strategies—which typically require leaders with strong personal visions for a firm’s future, rather than the negotiated compromise of the team-based decision—may be most closely adhered to when implemented in the context of a clear strategic vision of an individual leader, rather than through the practice of decision-sharing.


1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence of the second paragraph of the passage? (refer to highlighted text)

To answer a question posed in the first sentence of the passage about why firms adopt particular strategic missions
To refute an argument made in the first paragraph about how top management decision-making affects whether firms will adhere to their strategic plans
To provide evidence supporting a theory introduced in the first paragraph about what makes firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plants
To qualify an assertion made in the last sentence of the first paragraph about how top management decision-making affects the likelihood that firms will adhere to their strategic plans
To explain a distinction relied on in the second paragraph regarding two different kinds of strategic missions

2. The passage cites all of the following as differences between firms using build strategies and firms using harvest strategies EXCEPT

their willingness to sacrifice short term profits in order to build market share
their willingness to sacrifice building market share in order to increase short-term profitability
the number of strategic options available to their managers
the relative importance they assign to maximizing cash-flow
how likely they are to employ decision-sharing in developing strategic plans

3. The primary purpose of the passage is to

identify some of the obstacles that make it difficult for firms to adhere to their strategic business plans
compare two different theories concerning why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans
evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method of implementing the strategic mission of a business
discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages of build and harvest strategies among several large firms
examine some of the factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their strategic plans

4. The author includes the quotation in lines 44-47 of the passage most probably in order to

lend support to the claim that firms utilizing harvest strategies may be more likely to adhere to their strategic plans
suggest a reason that many managers of large firm prefer harvest strategies to build strategies
provide an example of a firm that adhered to its strategic plan because of the degree of its managers' commitment
demonstrate that managers implementing harvest strategies generally have better strategic options than do managers implementing build strategies
give an example of a large firm that successfully implemented a harvest strategy

Originally posted by GGMU on 08 Sep 2017, 00:33.
Last edited by broall on 08 Sep 2017, 02:34, edited 1 time in total.
Merged post. Please search before posting
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 16 Jan 2017
Posts: 2
Reviews Badge
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Dec 2017, 20:54
1
Hi GMATNinja,

For the below question can you please explain how option E is the correct choice.
As per my understanding :
"Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies; it may therefore be easier to reach agreement on a particular course of action through decision-sharing, which will in turn tend to promote adherence to plans." this section from the passage clearly conveys what is mentioned in option E.


2. The passage cites all of the following as differences between firms using build strategies and firms using harvest strategies EXCEPT

their willingness to sacrifice short term profits in order to build market share
their willingness to sacrifice building market share in order to increase short-term profitability
the number of strategic options available to their managers
the relative importance they assign to maximizing cash-flow
how likely they are to employ decision-sharing in developing strategic plans

Thanks
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 20 Nov 2016
Posts: 263
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Dec 2017, 11:46
AnkitJR wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,

For the below question can you please explain how option E is the correct choice.
As per my understanding :
"Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies; it may therefore be easier to reach agreement on a particular course of action through decision-sharing, which will in turn tend to promote adherence to plans." this section from the passage clearly conveys what is mentioned in option E.


2. The passage cites all of the following as differences between firms using build strategies and firms using harvest strategies EXCEPT

their willingness to sacrifice short term profits in order to build market share
their willingness to sacrifice building market share in order to increase short-term profitability
the number of strategic options available to their managers
the relative importance they assign to maximizing cash-flow
how likely they are to employ decision-sharing in developing strategic plans

Thanks

This does not appear to be one of the original questions. Please refer to the official questions in the original post.

Furthermore, choice (E) talks about the LIKELIHOOD of employing decision-sharing. The passage says that "it may be easier" for managers under harvest strategies to reach agreements using decision-sharing, but the passage does not compare the LIKELIHOOD that such firms would actually use decision-sharing. In other words, even though it might be easier, we don't know whether the managers actually take advantage of it.
_________________
Current Student
avatar
S
Joined: 25 Jul 2017
Posts: 53
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2017, 19:30
Hi all,

Please kindly explain why B is not the correct answer for question 3. Thanks a lot.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 09 Mar 2017
Posts: 479
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Organizational Behavior
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2017, 23:00
2
thingocanhnguyen wrote:
Hi all,

Please kindly explain why B is not the correct answer for question 3. Thanks a lot.


(B) suggest a reason that many managers of large firm prefer harvest strategies to build strategies
You're overlooking the word "prefer". The passage nowhere talks about the Preference of managers (what managers favor)
A single word can make an answer choice wrong in RC.

. Great passage! 11 minutes, all correct.
_________________
------------------------------
"Trust the timing of your life"
Hit Kudus if this has helped you get closer to your goal, and also to assist others save time. Tq :)
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutors
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 3235
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Dec 2017, 16:21
2
TaN1213 wrote:
thingocanhnguyen wrote:
Hi all,

Please kindly explain why B is not the correct answer for question 3. Thanks a lot.


(B) suggest a reason that many managers of large firm prefer harvest strategies to build strategies
You're overlooking the word "prefer". The passage nowhere talks about the Preference of managers (what managers favor)
A single word can make an answer choice wrong in RC.

. Great passage! 11 minutes, all correct.

Thanks TaN1213 for the explanation!

We are told that "managers in harvest strategy scenarios were more able to adhere to their business plans", but this does not necessary mean that managers prefer harvest strategies. Perhaps managers prefer build strategies even though it's harder to adhere to business plans under build strategies. In other words, we have no idea how the ease of adhering to business plans affects managers' preferences.

For example, ordering fast food is much EASIER than preparing a home-cooked meal, but that does not necessarily mean that you PREFER fast food.

Choice (A) is the best answer.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutors @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 07 May 2018
Posts: 5
Location: United States
Schools: Sloan (MIT)
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 3.69
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 05:08
GMATNinja

Hi, in Q3, from my understanding of the passage, using decision-sharing, firms with harvest are more likely to adhere to their strategic plans than do firms with build, but the passage does not compare the adherence to strategic plans of firms with harvest using decision-sharing with adherence to strategic plans of firms with build using, right? But Option A means Firms with harvest are more likely to adhere to their strategics plans [than firms with build]. Should that be wrong? Thanks!
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutors
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 3235
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 15:18
Boomshockalocka wrote:
GMATNinja

Hi, in Q3, from my understanding of the passage, using decision-sharing, firms with harvest are more likely to adhere to their strategic plans than do firms with build, but the passage does not compare the adherence to strategic plans of firms with harvest using decision-sharing with adherence to strategic plans of firms with build using, right? But Option A means Firms with harvest are more likely to adhere to their strategics plans [than firms with build]. Should that be wrong? Thanks!

I believe you made a typo in your question, but I think I know what you're asking...

The passage says that decision sharing increases odds of adhering to strategic plans. So, in terms of adhering to strategic plans, decision sharing is better than non-decision sharing.

We are then told that, within the category of decision sharing, harvest is better than build (in terms of adhering to strategic plans). But what if we compare two companies, one with decision sharing and build and another with non-decision sharing and harvest? Which is more likely to adhere to its strategic vision? I believe this is what you are asking about.

Sure, maybe it's possible that a non-decision sharing company with harvest has better odds of adhering than a decision-sharing company with build. But that's not what the passage is trying to tell us. The passage is trying to tell us that, in terms of adherence to strategic plans, decision sharing is better than non-decision sharing. Now, if we look only at companies with decision sharing, harvest is better than build.

Even if the scenario described above were possible, question #3 asks us why the author included that quote. The quote was clearly intended to support the idea that harvest is better than build in terms of adherence to plans. Whether this is ALWAYS true is irrelevant. (A) is the best answer.

I hope this helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutors @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 499
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 23:08
Hey GMATNinja

Can you explain question #1?

I selected B. My reasoning is as follows: -

The last line of the first paragraph says that decision sharing by top management will eventually increase the likelihood of companies to adhere to their respective plans.

But, The first line of the second paragraph says that the "strategic mission",coupled with decision sharing, of the company is an important factor that may affect the adherence to their respective plans.

I eliminated D because I don't think it is "qualifying" an assertion made in the previous sentence. Rather it is refuting saying that decision making along with the strategic mission will affect the likelihood, and not only decision making alone will affect the likelihood. The usage of "however" as well is an indicator of change or shift or refute the previous line.

Hence I selected option B. Let me know your thoughts
_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutors
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 3235
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jun 2018, 20:39
5
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hey GMATNinja

Can you explain question #1?

I selected B. My reasoning is as follows: -

The last line of the first paragraph says that decision sharing by top management will eventually increase the likelihood of companies to adhere to their respective plans.

But, The first line of the second paragraph says that the "strategic mission",coupled with decision sharing, of the company is an important factor that may affect the adherence to their respective plans.

I eliminated D because I don't think it is "qualifying" an assertion made in the previous sentence. Rather it is refuting saying that decision making along with the strategic mission will affect the likelihood, and not only decision making alone will affect the likelihood. The usage of "however" as well is an indicator of change or shift or refute the previous line.

Hence I selected option B. Let me know your thoughts

Quote:
1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence (lines 17-24) of the second paragraph of the passage?

(A) To answer a question posed in the first sentence of the passage about why firms adopt particular strategic missions
(B) To refute an argument made in the first paragraph about how top management decision-making affects whether firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(C) To provide evidence supporting a theory introduced in the first paragraph about what makes firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plants
(D) To qualify an assertion made in the preceding sentence about how top management decision-making affects the likelihood that firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(E) To explain a distinction relied on in the second paragraph regarding two different kinds of strategic missions

The first paragraph tell us that "top management decision sharing... may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans." Refuting that statement would involve arguing that decision sharing does NOT increase the likelihood or that decision sharing DECREASES the likelihood.

Looking at the second paragraph:

Quote:
Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies.

This does NOT say that decision-sharing among firms with build strategies does NOT increase the likelihood. Instead, it tells us that, among firms using decision sharing, firms with harvest are MORE likely to adhere to plans than firms with build.

There can still be a positive relationship among firms with build strategies. However, the relationship is more positive among firms with harvest strategies. The author is not DISPUTING the idea that decision sharing increases the likelihood of adhering to plans. Instead, the author is limiting/modifying (i.e. qualifying) that idea.

It's like saying that people who play a lot of video games are, in general, more likely to develop good problem solving skills. But then you QUALIFY that statement by saying, "However, the type of video game is important... People who play strategy games are more likely to develop good problem solving skills than people who play mindless games on their phones."

Are you REFUTING the idea that playing video games leads to better problem solving skills? Nope -- you're simply limiting/modifying (i.e. qualifying) that statement.

I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutors @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 499
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jun 2018, 22:02
GMATNinja wrote:
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hey GMATNinja

Can you explain question #1?

I selected B. My reasoning is as follows: -

The last line of the first paragraph says that decision sharing by top management will eventually increase the likelihood of companies to adhere to their respective plans.

But, The first line of the second paragraph says that the "strategic mission",coupled with decision sharing, of the company is an important factor that may affect the adherence to their respective plans.

I eliminated D because I don't think it is "qualifying" an assertion made in the previous sentence. Rather it is refuting saying that decision making along with the strategic mission will affect the likelihood, and not only decision making alone will affect the likelihood. The usage of "however" as well is an indicator of change or shift or refute the previous line.

Hence I selected option B. Let me know your thoughts

Quote:
1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence (lines 17-24) of the second paragraph of the passage?

(A) To answer a question posed in the first sentence of the passage about why firms adopt particular strategic missions
(B) To refute an argument made in the first paragraph about how top management decision-making affects whether firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(C) To provide evidence supporting a theory introduced in the first paragraph about what makes firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plants
(D) To qualify an assertion made in the preceding sentence about how top management decision-making affects the likelihood that firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(E) To explain a distinction relied on in the second paragraph regarding two different kinds of strategic missions

The first paragraph tell us that "top management decision sharing... may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans." Refuting that statement would involve arguing that decision sharing does NOT increase the likelihood or that decision sharing DECREASES the likelihood.

Looking at the second paragraph:

Quote:
Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies.

This does NOT say that decision-sharing among firms with build strategies does NOT increase the likelihood. Instead, it tells us that, among firms using decision sharing, firms with harvest are MORE likely to adhere to plans than firms with build.

There can still be a positive relationship among firms with build strategies. However, the relationship is more positive among firms with harvest strategies. The author is not DISPUTING the idea that decision sharing increases the likelihood of adhering to plans. Instead, the author is limiting/modifying (i.e. qualifying) that idea.

It's like saying that people who play a lot of video games are, in general, more likely to develop good problem solving skills. But then you QUALIFY that statement by saying, "However, the type of video game is important... People who play strategy games are more likely to develop good problem solving skills than people who play mindless games on their phones."

Are you REFUTING the idea that playing video games leads to better problem solving skills? Nope -- you're simply limiting/modifying (i.e. qualifying) that statement.

I hope that helps!


Thanks for the wonderful explanation GMATNinja. This really did help a lot.
+1
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 27 Mar 2018
Posts: 5
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jun 2018, 23:27
Question 5 answer cannot be B. Two Strategies rather than theories have been compared in the passage.
E is correct

Posted from my mobile device
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 09 Mar 2016
Posts: 1220
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2018, 04:34
hazelnut wrote:
Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood.  However, theory and limited research suggest that the process through which such plans emerge may play a part.  In particular, top management decision sharing—consensus-oriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.

However, the relationship between top management decision-sharing and adherence to plans may be affected by a firm’s strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits). At one end of the strategic mission continuum, “build” strategies are pursued when a firm desires to increase its market share and is willing to sacrifice short-term profits to do so. At the other end, “harvest” strategies are used when a firm is willing to sacrifice marked share for short-term profitability and cash-flow maximization. Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies.  In a study of strategic practices in several large firms, managers in harvest strategy scenarios were more able to adhere to their business plans. As one of the managers in the study explained it, this is partly because “Typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year.” Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies; it may therefore be easier to reach agreement on a particular course of action through decision-sharing, which will in turn tend to promote adherence to plans. Conversely, in a “build” strategy scenario, individual leadership, rather than decision-sharing, may promote adherence to plans. Build strategies—which typically require leaders with strong personal visions for a firm’s future, rather than the negotiated compromise of the team-based decision—may be most closely adhered to when implemented in the context of a clear strategic vision of an individual leader, rather than through the practice of decision-sharing.

VRC000400-01
1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence (lines 17-24) of the second paragraph of the passage?

(A) To answer a question posed in the first sentence of the passage about why firms adopt particular strategic missions
(B) To refute an argument made in the first paragraph about how top management decision-making affects whether firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(C) To provide evidence supporting a theory introduced in the first paragraph about what makes firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plants
(D) To qualify an assertion made in the preceding sentence about how top management decision-making affects the likelihood that firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(E) To explain a distinction relied on in the second paragraph regarding two different kinds of strategic missions



VRC000400-03
2. It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following firms would be most likely to adhere to it strategic plans?

(A) One that is pursuing a build strategy and whose strategic plans were developed through the process of decision-sharing
(B) One that is pursuing a harvest strategy and whose strategic plans were developed through the process of decision-sharing
(C) One that is pursuing a harvest strategy and whose strategic-plans were developed by an individual leader with a strong personal vision for the firm's future
(D) One that does not fluctuate between build and harvest strategies
(E) One that has a long-established practice of top-management decision-sharing



VRC000400-04
3. The author includes the quotation in lines 44-47 [“Typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year.”] of the passage most probably in order to

(A) lend support to the claim that firms utilizing harvest strategies may be more likely to adhere to their strategic plans
(B) suggest a reason that many managers of large firm prefer harvest strategies to build strategies
(C) provide an example of a firm that adhered to its strategic plan because of the degree of its managers’ commitment
(D) demonstrate that managers implementing harvest strategies generally have better strategic options than do managers implementing build strategies
(E) give an example of a large firm that successfully implemented a harvest strategy



VRC000400-06
4. According to the theory and research discussed in the first paragraph of the passage, which of the following may be true of firms that use teams to develop their strategic plans?

(A) They are more to pursue build strategies rather than harvest strategies.
(B) They are less likely to have a well-defined strategic mission than are firms with individual leaders.
(C) They are less to deviate from their strategic plans because team members may be more committed to the plans.
(D) They generally follow a similar pattern in alternating efforts to increase revenues and market share with efforts to generate short-term profits.
(E) They are less likely to adhere to their strategic plans because they tend to lack a clear strategic vision.



VRC000400-07
5. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) identify some of the obstacles that make it difficult for firms to adhere to their strategic business plans
(B) compare two different theories concerning why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans
(C) evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method of implementing the strategic mission of a business
(D) discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages of build and harvest strategies among several large firms
(E) examine some of the factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their strategic plans




GMATNinja hello there,

can you please give advise/some tips about how to approach the question type " primary purpose of the passage" i was between C and E and chose C :-) i mostly seem to answer incorectly this type of questions/. the rest questions i answered correctly.

thank you and have a nice weekend :)
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutors
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 3235
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2018, 12:26
1
dave13 wrote:
GMATNinja hello there,

can you please give advise/some tips about how to approach the question type " primary purpose of the passage" i was between C and E and chose C :-) i mostly seem to answer incorectly this type of questions/. the rest questions i answered correctly.

thank you and have a nice weekend :)

If primary purpose questions are a persistent issue, that's generally a sign that you're not being completely effective in reading the passage itself.

You've probably already seen our beginner's guide to RC, but if you're executing really, really well on the techniques in that article, then you should be fine on primary purpose questions. Basically, if you stop at the end of every paragraph and fully engage in understanding the author's purpose -- and how each paragraph connects to the previous paragraph -- then by the time you finish the passage, you should have a pretty solid understanding of what the author's overall purpose is with the passage. If you've done that, then the primary purpose questions should be straightforward.

Put another way: if you're missing primary purpose questions, it leads me to suspect that when you read a passage, you're letting it turn into a gigantic puddle of facts. And that's exactly the opposite of what you want to do.

But beyond that, there's really no special technique for tackling primary purpose questions. You'll have success on those questions if you're reading the passages the right way.

This might not be the answer you had in mind, but I hope it helps a bit!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutors @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 16 Jun 2018
Posts: 10
GMAT 1: 600 Q36 V37
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2018, 02:25
Hi GMAT Ninja,

Can you explain why E is the incorrect choice in Q.1?

The second paragraph does talk about the difference in the two different kinds of strategic missions?

While I am also not completely convinced, would be helpful if you can provide an insight into this?

Thanks in advance!!

pikolo2510 wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hey GMATNinja

Can you explain question #1?

I selected B. My reasoning is as follows: -

The last line of the first paragraph says that decision sharing by top management will eventually increase the likelihood of companies to adhere to their respective plans.

But, The first line of the second paragraph says that the "strategic mission",coupled with decision sharing, of the company is an important factor that may affect the adherence to their respective plans.

I eliminated D because I don't think it is "qualifying" an assertion made in the previous sentence. Rather it is refuting saying that decision making along with the strategic mission will affect the likelihood, and not only decision making alone will affect the likelihood. The usage of "however" as well is an indicator of change or shift or refute the previous line.

Hence I selected option B. Let me know your thoughts

Quote:
1. Which of the following best describes the function of the first sentence (lines 17-24) of the second paragraph of the passage?

(A) To answer a question posed in the first sentence of the passage about why firms adopt particular strategic missions
(B) To refute an argument made in the first paragraph about how top management decision-making affects whether firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(C) To provide evidence supporting a theory introduced in the first paragraph about what makes firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plants
(D) To qualify an assertion made in the preceding sentence about how top management decision-making affects the likelihood that firms will adhere to their strategic plans
(E) To explain a distinction relied on in the second paragraph regarding two different kinds of strategic missions

The first paragraph tell us that "top management decision sharing... may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans." Refuting that statement would involve arguing that decision sharing does NOT increase the likelihood or that decision sharing DECREASES the likelihood.

Looking at the second paragraph:

Quote:
Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies.

This does NOT say that decision-sharing among firms with build strategies does NOT increase the likelihood. Instead, it tells us that, among firms using decision sharing, firms with harvest are MORE likely to adhere to plans than firms with build.

There can still be a positive relationship among firms with build strategies. However, the relationship is more positive among firms with harvest strategies. The author is not DISPUTING the idea that decision sharing increases the likelihood of adhering to plans. Instead, the author is limiting/modifying (i.e. qualifying) that idea.

It's like saying that people who play a lot of video games are, in general, more likely to develop good problem solving skills. But then you QUALIFY that statement by saying, "However, the type of video game is important... People who play strategy games are more likely to develop good problem solving skills than people who play mindless games on their phones."

Are you REFUTING the idea that playing video games leads to better problem solving skills? Nope -- you're simply limiting/modifying (i.e. qualifying) that statement.

I hope that helps!


Thanks for the wonderful explanation GMATNinja. This really did help a lot.
+1
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2018, 02:25

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 24 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly un

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne