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With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared

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With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2010, 13:13
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With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared that they would impose silence about proprietary results on their in-house researchers and their academic consultants. This Constraint, in turn, would slow the development of biological science and engineering.

Which of the following, if true, would tend to weaken most seriously the prediction of scientific secrecy described above?

A) Biotechnological research funded by industry has reached some conclusions that are of major scientific importance.

B) When the results of scientific research are kept secret, independent researchers are unable to build on those results.

C) Since the research priorities of biotechnology companies are not the same as those of academic institutions, the financial support of research by such companies distorts the research agenda.

D) To enhance the companies' standing in the scientific community, the biotechnology companies encourage employees to publish their results, especially results that are important.

E) Biotechnology companies devote some of their research resources to problems that are of fundamental scientific importance and that are not expected to produce immediate practical applications.


Guys... i am not agreed with the OA, please help me to understand the reasoning behind the OA.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Biotechnology Companies OG-11 #23 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2010, 13:38
D is the direct negation of the fear mentioned in the argument, thus will weaken the prediction the most amongst all choices listed here.

amod243 wrote:
With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared that they would impose silence about proprietary results on their in-house researchers and their academic consultants. This Constraint, in turn, would slow the development of biological science and engineering.

Which of the following, if true, would tend to weaken most seriously the prediction of scientific secrecy described above?

A) Biotechnological research funded by industry has reached some conclusions that are of major scientific importance.

B) When the results of scientific research are kept secret, independent researchers are unable to build on those results.

C) Since the research priorities of biotechnology companies are not the same as those of academic institutions, the financial support of research by such companies distorts the research agenda.

D) To enhance the companies' standing in the scientific community, the biotechnology companies encourage employees to publish their results, especially results that are important.

E) Biotechnology companies devote some of their research resources to problems that are of fundamental scientific importance and that are not expected to produce immediate practical applications.


Guys... i am not agreed with the OA, please help me to understand the reasoning behind the OA.

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Re: Biotechnology Companies OG-11 #23 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2010, 14:07
IMO D. Publishing results negates the fear.
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Re: Biotechnology Companies OG-11 #23 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2010, 23:36
Conclusion: Development of biological science and engineering will slow.
Evidence: It is feared that biotech companies would impose silence on their researchers

How to weaken this? Attack the evidence. Show that actually, biotech companies *will not* silence their researchers.

D: Biotech companies want to increase their prestige. To do this, they will actually encourage their researchers to share information.

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Re: Biotechnology Companies OG-11 #23 [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2010, 08:59
as said above D directly contradicts
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Re: Biotechnology Companies OG-11 #23 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2010, 10:37
D..this weakens the slowness mentioned in the conclusion.

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With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared that they would impose silence about proprietary results on their in-house researchers and their academic consultants. This Constraint, in turn, would slow the development of biological science and engineering.

Which of the following, if true, would tend to weaken most seriously the prediction of scientific secrecy described above?

A) Biotechnological research funded by industry has reached some conclusions that are of major scientific importance.

B) When the results of scientific research are kept secret, independent researchers are unable to build on those results.

C) Since the research priorities of biotechnology companies are not the same as those of academic institutions, the financial support of research by such companies distorts the research agenda.

D) To enhance the companies' standing in the scientific community, the biotechnology companies encourage employees to publish their results, especially results that are important.

E) Biotechnology companies devote some of their research resources to problems that are of fundamental scientific importance and that are not expected to produce immediate practical applications.

What is meant by "the prediction of scientific secrecy described above:"
Doesnt it mean the conclusion "imposing silence about proprietary results on their in-house researchers and their academic consultants would slow the development of biological science and engineering. " ?
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Re: Prediction of secrecy ? ? ? [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2010, 10:36
The prediction of scientific secrecy is simply the way of referring to the initial statement.

In this one all you need to know is that

1. In house and academic consultants may be kept silent
2. If kept silent it would hurt the field of study from advancing

A. Incorrect. If anything this strengthens the argument since important things will be kept secret

B. Incorrect. This clearly strengthens the argument.

C. Incorrect. Out of scope. Financial reasons have no bearing on the outcome

D. Correct. This states that the prediction is basically false. They will not be kept silent, especially in important research, and their results will be made public to other firms

E. Incorrect. Even if the results are unimportant short term they are still going to slow down others using those results to advance technology.

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Re: Prediction of secrecy ? ? ? [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2010, 00:39
fitzgerald23 wrote:
The prediction of scientific secrecy is simply the way of referring to the initial statement.

In this one all you need to know is that

1. In house and academic consultants may be kept silent
2. If kept silent it would hurt the field of study from advancing

A. Incorrect. If anything this strengthens the argument since important things will be kept secret

B. Incorrect. This clearly strengthens the argument.

C. Incorrect. Out of scope. Financial reasons have no bearing on the outcome

D. Correct. This states that the prediction is basically false. They will not be kept silent, especially in important research, and their results will be made public to other firms

E. Incorrect. Even if the results are unimportant short term they are still going to slow down others using those results to advance technology.

Hi Fitzgerald , thanks for replying but this is not what i am asking.
I wanna know what does the prediction of secrecy mean ?
Does it mean 1 or 2
1. In house and academic consultants may be kept silent
or
2. If kept silent it would hurt the field of study from advancing
U said Initial statement ie:1
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Re: Prediction of secrecy ? ? ? [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2010, 00:46
Are u eliminating D because 'independent researchers means researchers who dont work for any Biotechnology Company.
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Re: Prediction of secrecy ? ? ? [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2011, 09:18
this is the typical weaken question , i got this wrong. because i could not single out the conclusion.
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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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choice D

Type weaken
Conclusion: The silence of Bio Companies => slow the developement of science
Assumption: keeping secret is vital to the develope of companies

Break the assumption: Bio companies have good reasons to public their finding. Hence choice D is correct

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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2015, 08:25
D it is


they shaer results which are important .So it wouldnt hamper the growth of these companies.

hope it helps

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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2017, 12:45
With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared that they would impose silence about proprietary results on their in-house researchers and their academic consultants. This Constraint, in turn, would slow the development of biological science and engineering.

[b]Weaken the argument - what enhances the development of biological science and engineering.

[/b]


Which of the following, if true, would tend to weaken most seriously the prediction of scientific secrecy described above?

A) Biotechnological research funded by industry has reached some conclusions that are of major scientific importance.
No enhancement.
B) When the results of scientific research are kept secret, independent researchers are unable to build on those results.
No enhancement.

C) Since the research priorities of biotechnology companies are not the same as those of academic institutions, the financial support of research by such companies distorts the research agenda.

Irrelevant.

D) To enhance the companies' standing in the scientific community, the biotechnology companies encourage employees to publish their results, especially results that are important.

Enhancement. YES. Correct.
E) Biotechnology companies devote some of their research resources to problems that are of fundamental scientific importance and that are not expected to produce immediate practical applications.

Does not matter.
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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2017, 13:41
As it is a CR question, lets read the Question stem first. The question is asking to most seriously weaken the prediction of scientific secrecy - which means this is WEAKEN THE ARGUMENT question

Premise:

With emergence of Biotechnology companies, it was feared that it the companies would impose silence about the proprietary results on their in-house research and their academic consultants

Conclusion:
This limitation would slow the development of the biological science and engineering.

As this is a weaken question, we need to look for options which displays that Biotechnology companies are not going to maintain the silence on the proprietary results. Let's go through all the options

A) Biotechnological research funded by industry has reached some conclusions that are of major scientific importance.
- This is good, but that does not answer the question, will companies publish the results?

B) When the results of scientific research are kept secret, independent researchers are unable to build on those results.
- This is would rather support the conclusion and not weaken

C) Since the research priorities of biotechnology companies are not the same as those of academic institutions, the financial support of research by such companies distorts the research agenda.
- This is totally IRRELEVANT as it is still not referring to whether the results will be publicly available

D) To enhance the companies' standing in the scientific community, the biotechnology companies encourage employees to publish their results, especially results that are important.
- Ah! Here comes the option which talks about companies making their data public by encouraging employees to publish their results - This looks like a possible choice, lets read the last answer choice too. D is the CORRECT ANSWER

E) Biotechnology companies devote some of their research resources to problems that are of fundamental scientific importance and that are not expected to produce immediate practical applications.
- This point talk about spending some resources on fundamental research which is not expected to produce immediate practical applications - However, with this again we are not having clear idea whether the results of research will be publicly available or not, hence option can also be ruled out.

So, D is the CORRECT answer.
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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 19:44
amod243, i think it would be most beneficial to pay particular attention here to:
1) "(Biotech companies) would impose silence about proprietary results on their in-house researchers and their academic consultants"
- what does this mean? biotech companies will keep their employees silent. why could this be?
2) "Constraint, in turn, would slow the development of biological science and engineering"
-- ah, this is why biotech companies want to keep their employees silent. this silence will slow down other biological science & engineering improvements made by other companies

now, since this is a weaken question, let's try to break this. (D) does just that. (D) says that biotech companies not only do not constrain their employees, but they ENCOURAGE their employees to publish their results. they do this b/c this will reflect positively on the company and will boost their standing in the scientific community.

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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 08:32
D: We have to weaken that the biological companies want to maintain secrecy about publishing results thereby slowing down the engineering & bio-science.
D option does that by saying that in fact companies encourage employees publishing results to improve their standing in community, this will the NOT slow down engineering & bio-science (based on the cause-effect relationship of the argument)

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Re: With Emergence of Biotechnology Companies, it was feared   [#permalink] 12 Jun 2017, 08:32

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