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With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Clevela

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Re: With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Clevela  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2018, 21:42
Shivikaa wrote:
Please explain the concept of 'one' when to use 'are' and 'is' ?
Thanks :)

Hi Shivikaa, it isn't strictly about the usage of one, but about the usage of that.

....large number of communities on the Great Lakes that is/are looking to...

Whether the verb should be is or are, depends on what that is modifying. Here, that is modifying communities (plural) and hence, are is the correct verb.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses usage of that, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Clevela  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Jan 2019, 22:35
daagh VeritasKarishmaEducationAisle

And others,

Hi,

1. Isn't Cleveland 'one of' the communities ? Doesn't 'one of' make this singular ? In 'of communities' isn't 'communities' the object of preposition 'of' ?

2. Can 'communities' be object of a preposition and antecedent ? I thought we were supposed to ignore prepositions when looking for SV agreement.

Will appreciate help on this concept.

Thanks.

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Originally posted by altairahmad on 25 Jan 2019, 22:00.
Last edited by altairahmad on 25 Jan 2019, 22:35, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Clevela  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2019, 22:30
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altair
Please find some matter on your doubt.

The “one of the” constructs (X = the students)
Remember the norms about the "one of the" constructs".

1. One of Xs (Xs=students)........................takes a singular verb

One of the students has secured centum (without the relative pronoun that / who etc.)

1. Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.
A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were -- correct choice.
B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was-- This is a hypothetical subjunctive, hence the subjunctive were is required
C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were -- be signed is not correct
D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was -- SV error
E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were--- SV error.

2. One of Xs (Xs = the students) that/who.......takes a plural verb

One of the students that/ who have secured centum (with the relative pronoun that/ who etc)

Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15-years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
Ans: E.

2. With its abundance of noun inflections, Icelandic is one of several Germanic languages that is compact when written but can lengthen considerably when translated into English.
A. is compact when written but can lengthen considerably when translated into English
B. are compact when they are written, but they can lengthen considerably when they are translated in English
C. is compact when written but can lengthen considerably when being translated into English
D. are compact when written but can lengthen considerably in English translation
E. is compact when it is written but can lengthen considerably when translated in English
Ans D

3. With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Cleveland is but one of a large number of communities on the Great Lakes that is looking to its waterfront as a way to improve the quality of urban life and attract new businesses.
A. is looking to its waterfront as a way to improve the quality of urban life and attract
B. is looking at its waterfront to improve the quality of urban life and attract
C. are looking to their waterfronts to improve the quality of urban life and attract
D. are looking to its waterfront as a way of improving the quality of urban life and attracting
E. are looking at their waterfronts as a way they can improve the quality of urban life and attract
Ans C

4. Biologists believe that they have found one of the substances that tell individual genes both when to become active and when to remain quiescent in the earliest phases of an embryo’s development.
A. tell individual genes both when to become active and when to remain
B. tell individual genes both at which time they should become active or should remain
C. tells individual genes both when to become active or remain
D. tells individual genes both when to become active or when to remain
E. will tell an individual gene both about when it should become active and remain
Ans A.

3. Only one of Xs... that + Verb...Plural verb

Only one of the students who / that have secured centum

A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important one, that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.

a) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.
b) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
c) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
d) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like earlier in the decade
e) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade
Ans B.

4. Only one of the Xs ...........Singular verb (without that or who)

Only one of the students has secured centum

The global-warming effect of ocean white caps are one of the many aspects of the ocean environment that are not yet incorporated in any detail into the computer models used for predicting how rising greenhouse gas concentrations could affect climate.
A. The global-warming effect of ocean white caps are one of the many aspects of the ocean environment that are not yet incorporated in any detail into the computer models used for predicting
B. The effect on global warming of ocean white caps are one of the many aspects of the ocean environment not yet incorporated in any detail into computer models, which they use to predict
C. The effect of ocean white caps on global warming is one of the many aspects of the ocean environment that are not yet incorporated in any detail into the computer models used to predict
D. That ocean white caps have an effect on global warming is one of the many aspects of the ocean environment not yet having been incorporated in any detail into the computer models that are used for predicting
E. That ocean white caps have an effect on global warming is one of the many aspects of the ocean environment not yet being incorporated in any detail into computer models, which
Ans: C

5. The only one of the Xs that/who... Singular verb

The only one of the students that/ who has secured centum

1. With a new park, stadium, and entertainment complex along the Delaware River, Trenton, New Jersey, is but one of a large number of communities that is looking to use its waterfront as a way for it to improve the quality of urban life and attract new businesses.

A) is looking to use its waterfront as a way for it to improve the quality of urban life and attract
B) is looking at using its waterfront to improve the quality of urban life and attract
C) are looking to use their waterfronts to improve the quality of urban life and attract
D) are looking to use its waterfront as a way of improving the quality of urban life and attracting
E) are looking at using their waterfronts as a way of improving the quality of urban life and attract.
Ans C

2. One of the earliest known birds with a beak and contour feathers, Confuciusornis sanctus, with large claw-like "thumbs" on its wings, which probably helped them to climb up to a launching position for flight.

A. with large claw-like "thumbs" on its wings, which probably helped them to -- fragment
B. with large claw-like "thumbs" on their wings, which probably helped it to
C. had large claw-like "thumbs" on its wings, which probably helped them
D. had large claw-like "thumbs" on its wings, probably to help it
E. had large claw-like "thumbs" on their wings, probably to help it
Ans: D
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Re: With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Clevela  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2019, 22:56
daagh

Thanks a lot for the detailed reply. The examples helped me put the puzzle together. I really appreciate it.

However, I am still being thrown off by my concept of 'of' being a preposition. Is it that the 'of' used is part of 'number of' rather than 'of communities'. ? Is this usage 'number of' idiomatic ?

Also, as per MGMAT, 'a number of' takes plural verb. How does that fit in here ?

Thanks

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Re: With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Clevela  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2019, 04:09
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When you have a relative pronoun after an object of a preposition, the relative pronoun assumes the number of the noun prior to that.
E.g. the selection board is about to announce the names of the winners who have won the Nobel Prize in 2018.

Here the relative pronoun 'who' antecedes 'the winners', which is the object of the preposition 'of' and turns the object into a subject, assuming the number and gender of the object.

Now let's look at the same example in a different vein.

The selection board is about to announce the name of the winner who has won the Nobel Prize in 2018 for Literature.

Because the object of the proposition is the singular 'winner', the relative pronoun who assumes the singularity of the object.

Takeaway: Please sail with the wind. You are playing GMAT's grammar. The sooner you trust that GMAT is always correct, the easier and earlier you would come of age. On the contrary, if you keep musing about just one doubtful aspect in the hall, then you would be the loser and not the GMAT. In addition, take home the fact that if something were controversial or debatable, GMAT would be the first to keep off that before anybody else would.
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Re: With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Clevela  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2019, 06:29
1
altairahmad wrote:
However, I am still being thrown off by my concept of 'of' being a preposition. Is it that the 'of' used is part of 'number of' rather than 'of communities'. ? Is this usage 'number of' idiomatic ?

Also, as per MGMAT, 'a number of' takes plural verb. How does that fit in here ?

Hi altairahmad, daagh sir has already explained it.

Basically you might be slightly confused between subject-verb agreement and relative pronoun reference.

Following are two different concepts:

- From a subject-verb agreement perspective, words in prepositional phrases cannot be the subjects

- that modifies the nearest word or phrase that makes sense

Let's take an example:

One of every three businesses that fail/fails every year has/have a flawed business model.

The above sentence has two clauses:

1) One of every three businesses has/have a flawed business model.

Should it be has or have? Well, this is a subject-verb agreement issue. Here, businesses cannot be the subject because businesses is a part of the prepositional phrase of every three businesses. Hence one is the subject and so, the correct verb is has.

2) that fail/fails every year

Should it be fail or fails? Well, this is a relative pronoun reference issue. In other words, whether it is fail or fails, depends on what that is modifying. If that modifies something singular, then the correct verb is fails; on the other hand, if that modifies something plural, then the correct verb is fail.

So, what does that modify? As mentioned above, that modifies the nearest word or phrase that makes sense. In this case, that word is businesses. Since businesses is plural, the correct verb is have.

So, the final correct sentence is:

One of every three businesses that fail every year has a flawed business model.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this concept of Subject-Verb agreement, its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Thanks,
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EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

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Re: With its plan to develop seven and a half acres of shore land, Clevela   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2019, 06:29

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