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A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths

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A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2007, 01:28
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 744
Page: 697

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

(A) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
(B) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
(C) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
(D) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
(E) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

https://www.nytimes.com/1994/01/23/weekinreview/ideas-trends-adam-smith-was-no-gordon-gekko.html

Smith, a Scottish university professor, tutor to a duke and, finally, customs official, lived from 1723 to 1790. A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, his two major books, "The Theory of Moral Sentiments" and "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations" are to democratic capitalism what Marx's "Das Kapital" was to socialism.
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Dec 2017, 01:09
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solidcolor wrote:
A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what



Rules tested- Modifier and idiomatic expression.

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

"A leading ... enlightenment" incorrectly modifies the "books". Use of apostrophe is deceptive.

A, B and C can be eliminated on this.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
"A is to B like X is to Y" is Unidiomatic

C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
"A is to B just as X is to Y" is Unidiomatic

In Option D and E, "Adam smith" is correctly modified however D is unidiomatic.

D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
"A is to B similar to X is to Y" is unidiomatic

E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

Correct idiomatic expression is "A is to B what X is to Y"

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Originally posted by CrackVerbalGMAT on 16 Jan 2014, 23:33.
Last edited by CrackVerbalGMAT on 13 Dec 2017, 01:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2007, 07:01
Picking E here. Adam Smith need to be subject not possesive.
I am not very clear of difference between "similar to" and "what" here but I chose "what" because it show degree of importance.

Anyone with better answers...
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2013, 11:50
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possessive modifier, options a, b and c go off.
In D similar is redundant.
So e
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2014, 02:11
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solidcolor wrote:
A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what


His books are not a leading figure, so A/B/C gone. "similar to" is wrong idiomatically, in this context. "two books... that are to... what [this other book].. is to" is correct parallelism, so E is correct.
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2014, 09:32
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A leading figure in the Scottish Enlightenment describes Adam Smith, not his two books, so the name of Adam Smith must immediately follow the opening phrase. The comparison between Smith's books and Marx's book is expressed as a ratio, so the correct idiomatic expression is x is to y what a is to b.
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2014, 00:35
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E is right because "Correct idiomatic expression is "A is to B what X is to Y"", thanks to USAteam and CrackverbalGMAT
Could you guys explain what does the idiom mean? Example? Is the idiom the same as " A is about B, as X is about Y" ?
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2014, 03:02
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vad3tha wrote:
E is right because "Correct idiomatic expression is "A is to B what X is to Y"", thanks to USAteam and CrackverbalGMAT
Could you guys explain what does the idiom mean? Example? Is the idiom the same as " A is about B, as X is about Y" ?


This idiom is used to draw an analogy or parallel.
For instance, Lebanon is similar to Switzerland in terms of financial power, diversity, mountainous terrain and the popularity of skiing, So one could say:
Lebanon is to the Middle East what Switzerland is to Europe.

Hope this makes things clear.

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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 09:01
rohitmanglik wrote:
Do we have any idiom related to "similar"? What is the correct usage of "similar"?
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
possessive modifier, options a, b and c go off.
In D similar is redundant.
So e


We can see:
SIMILAR (adjective)
Ex: Twitter and Facebook are similar services.
SIMILAR (to somebody/something)
Mr A’s ideas about writing the report are similar to Mr B’s.

In the answer D
Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to Marx’s Das Kapitalis to socialism -> not correct
In the answer E
Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what....
-> It precisely expresses idiomatic structure ( ....to DEMOCRATIC CAPITALISM what.....to SOCIALISM)
Hope it helps!
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2016, 18:29
+1 for E.
Split 1 : The modifier in the beginning of sentence refer's to Adam Smith. So A, B and C are out as Adam Smith's is actually acting as an adjective and not as a noun.
Split 2 : D has a redundant similar to. X is to ABC what Y is to EFG is the correct idiomatic usage.

E is the winner
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2016, 05:19
SPLIT1) MODIFIERS: RIGHT AFTER THE COMMA, YOU MUST DEFINE WHAT IS THE FIRST PART OF THE SENTENCE TALKING ABOUT. IN THIS CASE IT IS ADAM SMITH. THIS IS MY LOGIC FOR GETTING RID OF A, B AND C.

SPLIT2) IDIOM: "A is to B what X is to Y"" IS THE CORRECT IDIOM. D IS OUT.

NOTE: I AM GOING TO SOUND FANCY WITH THIS, BUT HECK I GET IT NOW = AN APPOSITIVE PHRASE AT THE BEGINNING OF A SENTENCE ALWAYS MODIFIES THE SUBJECT.
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2017, 05:59
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solidcolor wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 744
Page: 697

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what


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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 10:55
CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
solidcolor wrote:
A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what



Rules tested- Modifier and idiomatic expression.

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

"A leading ... enlightenment" incorrectly modifies the "books". Use of apostrophe is deceptive.

A, B and C can be eliminated on this.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
"A is to B like X is to Y" is Unidiomatic

C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
"A is to B just as X is to Y" is Unidiomatic

In Option D and E, "Adam smith" is correctly modified however D is unidiomatic.

D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
"A is to B similar to X is to Y" is unidiomatic

E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

Correct idiomatic expression is "A is to B what X is to Y"

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Substituting the phrases into the correct idiomatic expression "A is to B what X is to Y" ,

A = Adam Smith wrote two major books
B = democratic capitalism

X = Marx’s Das Kapital
Y = socialism

Aren't A and X supposed to be parallel?
Here A and X are not parallel.
Can you help me understand?

Many thanks!!
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 09:08
The original sentence incorrectly compares a 'leading figure' to 'books'. Using this flaw we can eliminate A,B and C

Knowing the idiomatic form X is/are to Y what A is/are to B, we can see that answer D has an unnecessary 'similar to'.
Hence the correct answer is E
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 21:56
solidcolor wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 744
Page: 697

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

(A) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
(B) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
(C) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
(D) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
(E) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what


A, B, C incorrectly use the possessive- we are trying to modify Adam Smith- who is a leading figure in the Scottish Englightenment? Adam Smith.

The idiom here is "so as x to y."

E
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 09:14
A, B & C - Modifier Issue so out

D - incorrect idiom

E - Correct to "A is to B what X is to Y"
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 03:58
Wouldn't there have to be a comma after "Adam Smith" though in (E)? I was reluctant to choose E because I noticed that by restructuring the sentence you would inevitably have to use a comma, e.g. "Adam smith, a leading figure in the Scottish Enlightenment, wrote two major books......
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 16:26
Would anybody tell me what does "what" in correct answer represent? Why there is "what" between "to democratic capitalism" and "Marx's Das Kapital is to socialism"?
What role does it play?

Thank You in advance!
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A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 14:51
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Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one problem at a time, and narrow it down to the correct answer! Before we dive in, let's take a look at the original question, and highlight any major differences between the options in orange:

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

(A) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
(B) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
(C) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
(D) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
(E) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

After a quick glance over the options, there are 2 main things we can focus on:

1. Adam Smith's two major books / Adam Smith (modifier-antecedent agreement)
2. what / like / just as / similar to / what (idiom structure; comparisons)


Let's start with #1 on our list because it will eliminate 2-3 options rather quickly. If we look at the entire sentence, we see that it begins with a modifier:

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

Who/what was a leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment? Adam Smith, or Adam Smith's books? It makes the most sense for it to be Adam Smith, right? That means whatever comes after the modifier needs to clearly show that it's referring to Adam Smith only:

(A) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
(B) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
(C) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
(D) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
(E) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

We can easily eliminate options A, B, & C because the modifier is trying to refer to "Adam Smith's two major books" instead of just Adam Smith himself.

Now that we only have 2 options left, let's focus on #2 on our list: idiom structure with comparisons! To make this easier to spot, I added the ending of the original sentence to round out the comparison:

(D) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

This is INCORRECT because it doesn't follow the correct idiom structure for comparing items:

INCORRECT = X is to Y similar to A is to B

(E) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

This is CORRECT because it uses the proper idiom structure for comparing items:

CORRECT = X is to Y what A is to B

There you have it - option E is the correct choice!


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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 20:37
A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

(A) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what

Scottish enlightenment should not be parallel with Adam Smith’s two major books. So WRONG

(B) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like

Same As A

(C) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as

Same AS A
(D) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to

Capitalism is not similar with Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism. X similar to Y, Is the proper idiom.So WRONG.

(E) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

CORRECT ANSWER: Capitalism and this what is modifying again the capitalism Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.
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Re: A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smiths   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2019, 20:37

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