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A proposed ordinance would impose a 10 p.m. curfew on all city residen

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A proposed ordinance would impose a 10 p.m. curfew on all city residen  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 08:38
2
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A
B
C
D
E

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  5% (low)

Question Stats:

86% (01:29) correct 14% (01:58) wrong based on 188 sessions

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A proposed ordinance would impose a 10 p.m. curfew on all city residents under the age of 18 in response to increasing thefts by adolescents. However, a city councilman argued that because the majority of adolescents who steal do so during the day, the curfew would have a negligible impact on the total value of property stolen.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument drawn by the councilman above?

A) Most adolescents who steal do not have the knowledge required to disable alarm systems.
B) Because adolescent offenders commit only a fraction of the city's thefts, the ordinance would have only a minimal effect on the amount of property stolen.
C) The cost to stores of hiring more security guards would be greater than the cost incurred to replace items stolen by adolescents.
D) In the city where the ordinance was proposed, the average time required by the police department to respond to a reported theft was lower than the national average.
E) The value of property stolen by adolescents between midnight and 4 a.m. represents the vast majority of the value of all property stolen by adolescents.

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Re: A proposed ordinance would impose a 10 p.m. curfew on all city residen  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2018, 02:35
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bkpolymers1617 wrote:
A proposed ordinance would impose a 10 p.m. curfew on all city residents under the age of 18 in response to increasing thefts by adolescents. However, a city councilman argued that because the majority of adolescents who steal do so during the day, the curfew would have a negligible impact on the total value of property stolen.


Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument drawn by the councilman above?


A) Most adolescents who steal do not have the knowledge required to disable alarm systems.

B) Because adolescent offenders commit only a fraction of the city's thefts, the ordinance would have only a minimal effect on the amount of property stolen.

C) The cost to stores of hiring more security guards would be greater than the cost incurred to replace items stolen by adolescents.

D) In the city where the ordinance was proposed, the average time required by the police department to respond to a reported theft was lower than the national average.

E) The value of property stolen by adolescents between midnight and 4am represents the vast majority of the value of all property stolen by adolescents.


A. Out of scope

B. Fraction of theft does not affect the value of property. People can steal more in singe chance than they do in many chances.
It seems a strengthener.

C and D are Out of scope

E. Correct

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Re: A proposed ordinance would impose a 10 p.m. curfew on all city residen  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2018, 22:34
E) The value of property stolen by adolescents between midnight and 4 a.m. represents the vast majority of the value of all property stolen by adolescents.- Thus, proposed ordinance will work and reduce the theft. hence, argument weakened.
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Re: A proposed ordinance would impose a 10 p.m. curfew on all city residen  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2018, 22:07
This asks for something that weakens a conclusion, so it's a Weaken question.

The city has imposed a curfew on teenagers to combat the rise in theft by adolescents. A councilman concludes that it won't help lower the value of property stolen, based on the evidence that the majority of thefts by adolescents happen during the daytime.

Notice the switch between what is discussed in the councilman's evidence and his conclusion: in the evidence he discusses the incidence of thefts, but then he draws a conclusion regarding the value of property stolen. Therefore, he assumes that the value of the goods stolen is correlated with the incidence of theft. However, if adolescents steal goods of much greater value at night, then the curfew would have an impact on the total value of the property stolen, and the argument would be weakened.

(E) points out that the value of goods stolen at night is much greater, so it's the correct answer.

(A) and (D) are irrelevant to the argument; the councilman does not discuss alarm systems or police response times.

If anything, (B) strengthens the councilman's argument against the curfew by further pointing out that the curfew would be unnecessary. Since this is a Weaken question, eliminate choice (B).

(C) is an irrelevant comparison; the relative costs of replacing stolen goods and security guards have nothing to do with a curfew.
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Re: A proposed ordinance would impose a 10 p.m. curfew on all city residen   [#permalink] 12 Oct 2018, 22:07
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