GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Aug 2018, 03:47

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 56
According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 25 Mar 2018, 16:23
4
27
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

57% (00:48) correct 43% (00:59) wrong based on 1297 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Edit: This discussion has retired. Find the new thread HERE

The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 90
Page: 264

According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in

Originally posted by chalven on 19 Jun 2009, 17:17.
Last edited by GMATNinjaTwo on 25 Mar 2018, 16:23, edited 1 time in total.
locked
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3186
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2017, 10:59
6
4
Shiv2016 wrote:
Hello experts

What is the subject for 'are' in this sentence?

Thanks

Consider the following structure:

I own as many shirts as you own.
I own as many shirts as are owned by you.
I own 4 shirts, as many as are owned by you.

The latter clause in the second and the third sentences are written in passive (the object of the first clause is the subject of the second clause) - the subject (shirts) is omitted from the second clause in the third sentence.

Similarly, in option E the subject "people" has been omitted. The following sentences are written in an analogous way:

Companies are providing training to as many people as colleges enroll.
Companies are providing training to as many people as are enrolled in colleges.
Companies are providing training to 8 million people, as many as are enrolled in colleges.
Director
Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small
Joined: 14 Jul 2010
Posts: 549
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Aug 2011, 07:35
13
10
The sentence compares people with nation's four year enrollment (Countable noun with countable noun). Equivalent and Equal are used to modify uncountable noun. Such as water, sugar. As many as is used to modify countable noun.

In D people are improperly compared with enrollment.
_________________

Collections:-
PSof OG solved by GC members: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-ps-with-solution-from-gmatclub-110005.html
DS of OG solved by GC members: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-ds-with-solution-from-gmatclub-110004.html
100 GMAT PREP Quantitative collection http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-problem-collections-114358.html
Collections of work/rate problems with solutions http://gmatclub.com/forum/collections-of-work-rate-problem-with-solutions-118919.html
Mixture problems in a file with best solutions: http://gmatclub.com/forum/mixture-problems-with-best-and-easy-solutions-all-together-124644.html

##### General Discussion
Retired Moderator
Status: The last round
Joined: 18 Jun 2009
Posts: 1241
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 680 Q48 V34
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2009, 02:08
3
3
yesiwill wrote:
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.
(A) equivalent to the enrollment of----eight million people are compared with enrollment
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in-----eight million people are equivalent to those.. wrong comparison
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in----Wordy, awkword
(D) as many as the enrollment of------wrong comparison again
(E) as many as are enrolled in----OK to me

So "E" for me.
Kindly correct my concepts if I am wrong here!!
_________________
Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2009
Posts: 175
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 29 Jul 2009, 04:56
7
1
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.
(A) equivalent to the enrollment of compares quantity with process of enrolling
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in compares quantity with people
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in compares quantity with people
(D) as many as the enrollment of better, although still compares uncomparable things (quantity with process)
(E) as many as are enrolled in Right one!

What is OA?

P.S. Please underline the part of the sentence which is under question.

Originally posted by DenisSh on 29 Jul 2009, 04:30.
Last edited by DenisSh on 29 Jul 2009, 04:56, edited 1 time in total.
Retired Moderator
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1354
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Oct 2010, 20:34
IMO is B.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of - Wrong comparison. You have to compare people with people.
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in - CORRECT.
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in - Equivalent is better. We are comparing quantities.
(D) as many as the enrollment of - Changes the meaning. Colleges and universities cannot enroll. People do.
(E) as many as are enrolled in - Ackward.
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

VP
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1124
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Oct 2010, 21:11
2
6
First some tips -

1. Whenever there is a multiplication kind of comparison, such as I am 2 times as old as my sister, use- as comparison verb as. And not as two times greater than or so.

2. Whenever there is addition or subtraction kind of comparison,such as I am 2 years older than my sister, use - Verb + er, than and not 'as comparison verb as'.

I believe if you follow this structure of multiplication and addition/subtraction you will sail through this easily.
More on this is available in Manhattan Sentence Correction the latest version.

Coming to the question.
By POE - C and E prevail.

C : eight million people, a number has been compared with 'those' which refers to people and not a number. Hence eliminated.

E: as many as clearly shows the same number of people are present in the 4 year colleges and the universities.

Hence IMO : E.
_________________

Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

VP
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1124
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Oct 2010, 21:34
2
scheol79 wrote:
amit2k9 wrote:
First some tips -

1. Whenever there is a multiplication kind of comparison, such as I am 2 times as old as my sister, use- as comparison verb as. And not as two times greater than or so.

2. Whenever there is addition or subtraction kind of comparison,such as I am 2 years older than my sister, use - Verb + er, than and not 'as comparison verb as'.

I believe if you follow this structure of multiplication and addition/subtraction you will sail through this easily.
More on this is available in Manhattan Sentence Correction the latest version.

Coming to the question.
By POE - C and E prevail.

C : eight million people, a number has been compared with 'those' which refers to people and not a number. Hence eliminated.

E: as many as clearly shows the same number of people are present in the 4 year colleges and the universities.

Hence IMO : E.

Thanks, but what I have some trouble with is what are being compared.

D. the enrollment of vs E. are enrolled in.

I thought the number of people were compared to the number of enrollment, so I answered D.

I just find 'as many as are enrolled in' awkward.

Option D,

'the enrollment of' is clearly missing a subject such as those etc. Moreover, the second clause of the sentence goes like this - about .. the enrollment of 4 year colleges and universities.

Here enrollment appears to be a subject as it is being compared with a number - 8 million or so in the first clause of the sentence. Hence, you can clearly eliminate this option.

Always, check for the objects being compared first and then check the comparison verb.
_________________

Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

Manager
Joined: 04 Sep 2010
Posts: 51
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 May 2011, 20:24
E looks better in all of the options due to above mentioned reasons but I also have concerns about construction of sentence, Can anybody explain?
after comma about as many as are enrolled....; How before comma and after comma parts of the sentences are connected?
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Sep 2011
Posts: 342
Location: United States
WE: Corporate Finance (Manufacturing)
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2013, 12:54
suryav wrote:
hi,
option A&B have word 'equivalent' which calls for concision issue....
also where ever there is a comparision ,we can straightaway reject the option having equivalent(personal experience).

pls explain y C is wrong.

br//suryav

Hello,

Baten80 had a nice explanation for C in an earlier discussion of the same problem; "equivalent" and "equal" modify uncountable nouns, while "as many as" modifies countable nouns.
In this problem, population is countable, so "as many as" must be used.

Indeed "equal" sounds alright, and I'm sure I use it to modify countable nouns in my own speech; however, it is not grammatically correct.
I hope this helps. Please don't hesitate to correct me if I'm wrong. Thanks!

http://gmatclub.com/forum/according-to-a-study-by-the-carnegie-foundation-for-the-81568.html
Intern
Joined: 18 Feb 2013
Posts: 9
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2013, 15:17
I am always confused with these question (A and E here for me, I could eliminate C)

Are we comparing numbers or entities. I felt A compared numbers where as E compared entities (people). In E, we have as many as, which is poeple.

GyanOne thinks otherwise. Can someone please help here? This is one concept that I need to get correct.

Thanks for help
Manager
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 185
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jan 2014, 03:15
1
2
yesiwill wrote:
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.
(A) equivalent to the enrollment of
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in

"equivalent to the enrollment" messes up the comparison. You want to compare people to people. A is gone.

"the equivalent of those enrolled", you're equating people to "those enrolled", which doesn't make sense. B is gone.

"equal to those who are enrolled", in what way are they "equal"? Equal implies that the traits of X and Y are equal, or that the beliefs of X and Y are equal. But you don't want to compare traits/beliefs of X and Y, you want to compare X to Y. So, C is gone

"as many as the enrollment" compares the people to the enrollment. Doesn't make sense, so D is gone.

E "as many as are enrolled in" is a perfect segway into the non-underlined part to the right, this portion connects the traits of the 8 million people to the enrolled people in american colleges. That's the intended comparison.
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2010
Posts: 314
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Mar 2014, 21:37
1
'about' has to be followed by 'as' in this case

Went for D.

But, I think E is the right answer because we are talking about the number of people.
Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 211
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2014, 23:03
I agree E is best

but I do not understand the pattern of E. There is no verb "to be" in the first half of comparision, why we can used "are" in the second half.

pls, explain
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2013
Posts: 61
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Mar 2014, 00:58
goodyear2013 wrote:
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nations four-year colleges and universities.

A. equivalent to the enrollment of
B. the equivalent of those enrolled in
C. equal to those who are enrolled in
D. as many as the enrollment of
E. as many as are enrolled in

I believe that comparison is between nouns (no. of people helped by companies and no. of people enrolled ) and not between verbs. So "to be" form of verb has to be used only on any one side of comparison.
Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 211
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Mar 2014, 22:28
WE need 2 things to use ellipsis.
- the elliptical part must be present somewhere in the sentence
- we need a parallelism to make the reader able to infer what is elliptical

choice E meet the first standard but do not meet the second. How the verb "are" is correct . there is no form of "to be" in the first half of comparision, how we can infer that the subject of "were" is what it should be.
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2013
Posts: 61
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Mar 2014, 22:51
Now just have a look at following sentence. I have replaced the compared figure with "E":

companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly as many people as are enrolled in nations four-year colleges and universities.

Hope this addresses 2nd standard of parallelism..
Current Student
Joined: 06 Aug 2012
Posts: 54
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Finance
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V41
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Mar 2014, 09:57
3
3
I go with E.

In this question, we compare "nearly eight million people" with the number of people enrolling the nations four-year colleges. So:
A. Compare "people" with "the enrollment" -> wrong
B. Wrong word for comparison: the equivalent of
C. Wrong comparison: "equal" is used for uncountable nouns.
D. Compare "people" with "the enrollment" -> wrong
Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 211
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 May 2014, 02:14
E should be understood that

as many as the number of persons who are enroled...

but why do we can make and elliptical sentence like E? what is the rule of ellipsis applied in choice E. pls explain this
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Director
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 903
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jun 2014, 06:47
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

The modifier "about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities" modifies "eight million people". So the modifier should talk about a number and not the enrollment.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of - Comparing enrollment to number - Incorrect
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in - Comparing number to enrollment - Incorrect
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in - Comparing number to people who are enrolled in - Incorrect
(D) as many as the enrollment of - Comparing number and enrollment - Incorrect
(E) as many as are enrolled in - Comparing number and number - Correct
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal

My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961

Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the &nbs [#permalink] 28 Jun 2014, 06:47

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 49 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.