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Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was

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Re: Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2016, 23:54
anyone can help pronoun issue?

why it refers to Morocco in B, IMO, pronoun "it " is ambiguous, because the pronoun "it" can refer to Morocco, also Strait or Gibraltar

thanks in advance

have a nice day
>_~
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Re: Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2016, 07:10
zoezhuyan wrote:
anyone can help pronoun issue?

why it refers to Morocco in B, IMO, pronoun "it " is ambiguous, because the pronoun "it" can refer to Morocco, also Strait or Gibraltar

thanks in advance

have a nice day
>_~


There is a causation relation in this sentence.

Why Morocco was of interest to the French?... because without Morocco, the French would be at a disadvantage.

From the context of the sentence the logical antecedent of "it" is "Morocco".
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Re: Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2017, 00:25
Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was also of interest to the French throughout the first half of the twentieth century because they assumed that if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure.

(A) if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure - the if clause uses simple past tense , so the then clause should have "would+verb"
(B) without it their grip on Algeria would never be secure - This choice changes the “if-then” construction into conditional would. However, it clearly conveys the meaning that without holding “Morocco” the French grip would never be secure on Algeria.
(C) their grip on Algeria was not ever secure if they did not hold it - Antecedent of it is unclear - It can refer to either “Algeria” or “Morocco”.
(D) without that, they could never be secure about their grip on Algeria - Pronoun it should be used to refer to Morocco ; to state a hypothetical scenario we need to use "would +verb"
(E) never would their grip on Algeria be secure if they did not hold it - Antecedent of it is unclear - It can refer to either “Algeria” or “Morocco”.

Answer B
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Re: Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2017, 06:33
Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was also of interest to the French throughout the first half of the twentieth century because they assumed that if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure.

(A) if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure
'would' instead of 'was'
(B) without it their grip on Algeria would never be secure
simple. meaning is not distorted. Correct.

(C) their grip on Algeria was not ever secure if they did not hold it
Complex.wordy.
(D) without that, they could never be secure about their grip on Algeria
assumed that without that, ?
not clear construction of sentence.

(E) never would their grip on Algeria be secure if they did not hold it
Wrong construction of sentence.
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Re: Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 06:11
kizito2001 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 88
Page: 690

Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was also of interest to the French throughout the first half of the twentieth century because they assumed that if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure.

(A) if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure
(B) without it their grip on Algeria would never be secure
(C) their grip on Algeria was not ever secure if they did not hold it
(D) without that, they could never be secure about their grip on Algeria
(E) never would their grip on Algeria be secure if they did not hold it


First Glance

The underline begins with the word if. Some kind of conditional verb structure might be an issue.

Issues

(1) Verb: was

The original sentence uses the conditional structure if X, (then) Y. Conditional structures require certain verb tenses, depending on the intended meaning of the sentence. (Note: Some answers don't specifically use the word if, but the conditional nature of the meaning is still clear.)

In this case, the if portion is in past tense (if they did not hold it) and the full meaning is hypothetical: They did not know what was going to happen after that. The second half of the structure, then, should be in the present conditional form: Their grip would be insecure. Answers (A) and (C) both incorrectly use simple past was for the conditional portion of the sentence; eliminate them.

(2) Pronoun: it; that

Four of the five answers use the pronoun it; answer (D) uses the pronoun that. The word it is a personal pronoun; the word that is a demonstrative pronoun.

When demonstrative pronouns are used alone, not in conjunction with a noun, such as "that car", they should not refer to a noun that is located within the same main clause. In answer (D), the pronoun that refers to Morocco, which is in the same main clause. Eliminate answer (D).

The other four all use it, so they must all be correct, right? Not so fast. Answers (A) and (B) do correctly use it; first, the noun Morocco appears, then the pronoun it, which refers to Morocco, and finally Algeria (so it's clear that it does not refer to Algeria). In answers (C) and (E), however, the pronoun it does not appear until the end of the sentence. Do the French need to hold Morocco or Algeria? The sentence is no longer clear. Eliminate answers (C) and (E).

(3) Meaning

The original sentence says that their grip was insecure. Answer (B) conveys a similar meaning, this time with the correct conditional tense: Their grip would never be secure. In both cases, the grip is the thing that is (or is not) secure. Answer (D) changes this structure: The French could never be secure about their grip. What's the difference?

The meaning in answer (D) no longer indicates whether the grip actually is secure. Rather, this choice talks about how the French feel about the situation. For example: The dog could not be secure about his grip on the bone (he wasn't sure he had a good grip on the bone). The dog's grip on the bone was not secure (he definitely did not have a good grip on the bone). The two sentences convey different meanings. Eliminate answer (D).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) fixes the initial tense error by changing was to the conditional would be.
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Re: Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2018, 16:24
Hi guys. I just want to check the if-then rule.

If simple past then condition will have Simple past or use of would. is this rule correct?

If the above said if-then rule for simple Past is correct then can anyone explain why option A and Option E are wrong.
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Re: Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2018, 09:42
Rocket7 wrote:
If simple past then condition will have Simple past or use of would. is this rule correct?

Hi Rocket7, both can be correct, in specific contexts.

i) Condition in simple past, followed by simple past: In ancient Egypt, if a person committed crime, he was stoned. (both events happening in the past, depicting a generally true condition in the past)

ii) Condition in simple past, followed by usage of would: Jack realized that if he did not work hard, he would fail. (Prediction of future, made in the past)

Quote:
If the above said if-then rule for simple Past is correct then can anyone explain why option A and Option E are wrong.

The context here conforms to prediction of future, made in the past (their grip on Algeria would never be secure). Hence, option A (Condition in simple past, followed by simple past) is not correct.

You would notice that E is just needlessly an inverted conditional.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Hypothetical Conditional, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2018, 09:42

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