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Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput

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Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Therefore, children who spent all their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumption?


A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.

B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.

C) Children who do not spend all of their after-school hours playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.

D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills.

E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development

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Originally posted by rahulraao on 05 Oct 2005, 17:06.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Jun 2019, 21:25, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2005, 18:21
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Clearly C

Conclusion: playing computer games decreases interpersonal communication
Evidence: children playing computers spend less time talking with people

In order to increase personal skills, children must play less computer (evidence), But also use this time to talk with people (assumptio)

The rest of the answers kinda miss the point ;)
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2005, 18:33
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C is the best choice. The conclusion states thtat children who spend all their spare time playing computer gams will have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children. This is based on an assumption that children who do not spend all their time playing computer games spend at least some time talking to other people.
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New post 05 Oct 2005, 22:22
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(A) out of scope
(B) Doesn't help.
(C) True because the argument assumes that there are only 2 choices.
(D) It is about 'interpersonal' communication skills that the argument says the students lack.
(E) out of scope.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2012, 23:36
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Archit143 wrote:
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumption?

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.

B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.

C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.

D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's aquisistion of communication skills.

E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development

I know this question is discussed on this forum i am posting i have got a doubt regarding option A is not an example of Defender type model as discussed in Powerscore under heading of Assumption.............Please help


Option (A) is not an assumption. Our argument does not tell us that children who do not play computer games watch television/listen to music instead. We do not know what the other kids do and what activities do/do not hinder interpersonal communication. All we are assuming is that children who do not play computer games do spend some time talking to people and hence their interpersonal skills are better.

You can use Assumption Negation Technique with option A.

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.
Negate A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music hinder the development of communication skills in children.

Can our conclusion still be true? Sure! Who said that children who do not play computer games watch TV instead? Children who do not play computer games could be interacting with other people for some time. They could have better interpersonal communication skills.

Since option (A) is not necessary for our conclusion to be true, it is not an assumption.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2013, 01:19
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The conclusion is children who spent all their time after school hours playing computers are less experienced than the other children. The assumption lies on the children who do not play computer games that simply their activities is at least giving them more allowance to practice social skills...

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.
This is a little tempting... When I was answering this I initially kept it until I found a better answer, but this could be dismissed because the author did not assume that only computer games does that... hence, this is far out to the author's assumption....

B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.
I ignored be simply because I cannot dismiss it and at the same time, I cannot accept it as the answer. Keep this for now.

C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.
Bingo! This is what we are looking for. If children who do not play computer games still did not talk with people then they are no better than the other children. This needs to be assumed for the conclusion to be valid. Best answer.

D and E are irrelevant
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2013, 12:06
This is an easy one. The argument says that playing computer games prevents the time spent doing so from being spent interacting with others. This clearly assumes that were the games not to be played, at least some of that time would be spent in interacting with others. Lets look at the options and verify.

Looking at the options, we can easily pick out C and eliminate the others. Therefore C is the correct answer.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2014, 08:46
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rahulraao wrote:
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumption?

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.
B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.
C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.
D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills.
E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development


Taking more time to answer CR question. . eps Assumption type.

Conclusion: children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.
Evidence: computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children.

Assumption:
1) only Talking to people will help to increase the Communication skills.
2) Children have only spare time to play Computer games or Talk with people.
3) If children play comp games then they cannot talk with people.

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children. - Passive activity has nothing to do with talking with people - Weakener
B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people. - - Weakeners
C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people. - Correct one. When people do not spend playing cricket then they spend talking with peoples. Same as assumption 3
D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills. - Irrelevant - Formal instruction contributes little or nothing
E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development - Irrelevant - Mental skill is not spoke here.
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New post 13 Aug 2014, 07:26
Conclusion: Children who spend all their spare time playing computer games have less experience in interpersonal skills than other children have.

The argument compares interpersonal skills of two groups of children.
Negating the correct answer, that is answer choice (C), :

Children who do not spend all none of their after-school hours not playing computer games spend at least some none of that time talking with other people.

In other words, children who spend after-school hours not playing computer games spend none of that time talking with other people.

Negating the answer choice (C) states just opposite of conclusion, therefore choice (C) is the correct assumption.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2014, 06:59
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Experts,

The conclusion of the above questions states that , "Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have"

What if the conclusion was , "Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have poor experience in interpersonal communication ". Will Option D be a correct answer choice in that case? I am asking this because I eliminated option D on the basis that th conclusion referes to a comparison between two types of children, one who plays games during spare time and one who do not. If this comparison is removed (this is not talked about in premise as well) then option D can be an assumption because then the argument will take the shape of a causal relationship, spare time games -> poor communication skills and Option D defends this conclusion.

Please advise if above is correct as it will help me to judge my reasoning.
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New post 20 Sep 2014, 08:36
nitin6305 wrote:
Experts,

The conclusion of the above questions states that , "Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have"

What if the conclusion was , "Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have poor experience in interpersonal communication ". Will Option D be a correct answer choice in that case? I am asking this because I eliminated option D on the basis that th conclusion referes to a comparison between two types of children, one who plays games during spare time and one who do not. If this comparison is removed (this is not talked about in premise as well) then option D can be an assumption because then the argument will take the shape of a causal relationship, spare time games -> poor communication skills and Option D defends this conclusion.

Please advise if above is correct as it will help me to judge my reasoning.


Even though advice is sought from experts, I would like to add my line of reasoning.

The premise in the argument states that "After-school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking with people. " Clearly, after-school hours spent talking with people are hours not spent playing computer games.

In order to make option D as assumption, then modified argument must have conclusion: "Therefore, school going children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have".

The statement in option D then adds necessary input.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2016, 00:07
Argument Analysis:

Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children. An opinion
After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. A background information.
Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have. Conclusion – has a comparison

Assumptions:
a. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Games are not interactive and does not encourage communication.
b. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Solo games does not need more people.
c. Less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have: Other children who do not play computer games or who do not spent their full spare time go out and talk to people. They do not participate in painting, swimming or any other activities that limit their interaction with people to the same level as games do.

Question Stem
The argument depends on which of the following assumption?

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children. Good but this is not required to be assumed
B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people. Let them choose but argument is about the impact of that selection.
C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people. Correct
D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills. Not concerned about any other method.
E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development. Bothered about communication at the moment.
Option C
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2016, 10:17
Quote:
C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people. Correct


I got it right for three reasons

1) This is an Explanation argument (look for P.O.S.E. on Forum) which asserts that Assumptions for this group relate - among other options - that Event A is the only cause of B. Clearly, among the five options, this is the only one with this format

2) When you negate it, you must do in the two parts :

Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.
Children who ---- spend all their after hour playing computer games spend NONE of that time talking with other people.

3) P.O.E.ing
the reasons stated by the previous users are quite good

P.S. Remember that GMAT is intended to make your life harder and not easier. The answer structure is always the same. Search for "fallacies" and how to fix them.
http://www.800score.com/guidec3.html
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2017, 02:39
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

Video Games = Under-developed communication skills in children
Assumption: Children = talking time WHO dont play video games
Rigorous POE

The argument depends on which of the following assumption?

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.
Well they do. Because ultimately the person is not going out and talking to people.

B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.
Having opportunities do not result in developed communication skill.

C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.
This is what they assumed and so therefore concluded that video games are not letting children talk to other people

D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills.
Formal Instruction is not even considered as one of the reasons here.

E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development
We do not care about mental skills. But about the communication skills.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2019, 21:17
The argument is that children who spend all their spare time playing computer games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

This is because:
- computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children; and
- time spent after school playing games is time spent not talking to people

The argument compares the social skills of children who video game to children who don't. The assumption made in this comparison is that the children who don't video game don't contradict any of the premises set by the author. That is - they spend time talking to people.

A- Don't get tricked (As I almost was) into over-assuming and thinking that 'passive activities' includes computer games. Even if it did, this statement is beside the scope of the argument.
B - This is another tricky answer as people can be conned into thinking that the author has assumed that "other children" have opportunities to be social. B obscures the premise as we are only concerned with kids who play and kids who dont
C - this is the correct assumption.

In order for the author's argument (his comparison) to be airtight, there must be evidence that the two comparison groups pass his tests. That is, that the "other children" actually socialise.

Can try negating this to see if it weakens the conclusion:
Children who do spend all their after-school hours playing computer games spend at none of that time talking with other people.

This completely nullifies the basis of the author's comparison.

D - formal instruction is irrelevant to the argument

E- intellectual development is irrelevant. We are dealing with social development.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2019, 21:45
Though not an answer, but a general tip(from Powerscore Bible) for any CR question :
  • Read Carefully.
  • Take special note of Modifiers
  • Give special attention to words like at
  • Read like a detective, as if there is some crime which has happened and you have the responsibility to find the convict

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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, comput   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2019, 21:45
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