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Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th

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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2016, 09:07
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to he fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to he fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
(E) Because even tin islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

Here is how I came to B
A) 'they' is ambigious does they refer to the islets or the provisions
B)
C) empower said that whenever there is a mid sentence verb[ing] it is almost always wrong (why i ruled it out)
D) 'this' ambigious
E) which modifier is wrong
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2016, 18:44
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kivalo wrote:
How do you guys go about solving long sentences like this one? It takes a lot of time to read it, understand intended meaning and find splits. Although many guides say it's better not to do so, I find that in the end, to save time, I solve long sentences by picking what feels right.


If you are going to choose an answer choice in the way you have mentioned, you may as well treat a wrong answer choice as a right one. In this particular question there are glaring errors (refer the colored keywords in red) that could easily be eliminated by POE.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

Even if you take 30 seconds to read the original sentence, you can easily eliminate the wrong answer choices in less than a minute.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2016, 23:44
Vyshak wrote:
kivalo wrote:
How do you guys go about solving long sentences like this one? It takes a lot of time to read it, understand intended meaning and find splits. Although many guides say it's better not to do so, I find that in the end, to save time, I solve long sentences by picking what feels right.


If you are going to choose an answer choice in the way you have mentioned, you may as well treat a wrong answer choice as a right one. In this particular question there are glaring errors (refer the colored keywords in red) that could easily be eliminated by POE.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

Even if you take 30 seconds to read the original sentence, you can easily eliminate the wrong answer choices in less than a minute.



Vyshak
There is no grammatical error in B , but I did not choose B because , according to me, it actually changes the meaning.
In original choice , along with the other choices except B, meaning says provision of new code , but in B, meaning says code itself provides

please help me here
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2016, 09:00
My question is the misplaced modifier. The misplaced modifier in C, D and E. Gary from Magoosh, if you would expand on your analysis for the misplaced modifier, that would be great!

Also if someone can double check the split4 from below, I appreciate your feedback.

Split1) What is the subject of the sentence. Answer: the new maritime code. Ideally we like to have the subject of the sentence in the beginning of the sentence. C,D and E are out.

Split2) Direct use of the word Provide = verb = direct. VS the word provision = noun = indirect. A,C,D and E are out.

Split3) "they" does not have a clear antecedent in option A. So A is out.

Split4) C and E say "is already stimulating" change the meaning of the original sentence. Stimulated = verb action, Stimulating = adjective describing a noun?
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2017, 00:06
lalania1 wrote:
My question is the misplaced modifier. The misplaced modifier in C, D and E. Gary from Magoosh, if you would expand on your analysis for the misplaced modifier, that would be great!

Also if someone can double check the split4 from below, I appreciate your feedback.

Split1) What is the subject of the sentence. Answer: the new maritime code. Ideally we like to have the subject of the sentence in the beginning of the sentence. C,D and E are out.

Split2) Direct use of the word Provide = verb = direct. VS the word provision = noun = indirect. A,C,D and E are out.

Split3) "they" does not have a clear antecedent in option A. So A is out.

Split4) C and E say "is already stimulating" change the meaning of the original sentence. Stimulated = verb action, Stimulating = adjective describing a noun?



Hi,
I do not think you can be so technical for eliminating answer choices. Meaning and basic GMAT criterias are enough.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated

'They' doesn't have clear antecedent . It can refer to tiny islets , fisheries and oil fields . S-V agreement error : provides should be verb of new maritime code.

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated

No error . 'It' clearly refers to 'the new maritime code'

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating

Changes the original meaning of the sentence. Original sentence have cause and effect relation whereas this option lacks that.

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
this is not modifying anything here .

(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

Changes the meaning of the sentence . Originally this is a present perfect event over a time period not present continuous.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2017, 01:46
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
--> correct.

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
--> fragment.

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated

(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating
--> fragment.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 19:07
A and E are out because of unclear pronouns
C is wrong because it changes the meaning; there is no cause relation in C and the subject has been changed from "code" to "tiny isles..."
B and D are left.
B is correct while D is wrong. Ones can see that "because" and "this" together cannot give any sense to the whole sentence.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 05:47
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2017, 09:46
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2017, 12:14
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis
for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international
disputes over uninhabited islands.

A. Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the
basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
It’s the new maritime code that stimulated international disputes over UI.
So the use of the pronoun “they” and verb “have” is incorrect.

B. Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the
fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
Correct

C. Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under
provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
the ver-ing modifier phrase “already stimulated …” illogically modifies the “tiny islets”…

D. Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas
under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
Ambiguous reference “this”
After the “because …” clause, the sentence is expected to tell the “effect” of the “cause” explained in “because” clause..but it is not the case here ..


E. Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas
under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating
After the “because …” clause, the sentence is expected to tell the “effect” of the “cause” explained in “because” clause..but it is not the case here ..
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 22:53
In this sentence, provisions and provide are redundant.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 13:22
gmattokyo wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 13th Edition, 2012

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 115

Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated

(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating


Sentence Analysis
The sentence starts with ‘because’, so we can expect some reasoning followed by a consequence of that reasoning. It says “because there are provisions of the maritime code that provide”. We notice that “provide” is plural, so it must refer to “provisions”, not “code”.

It says these provisions allow that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields. And then after a comma, it begins another clause. It says these provisions (logically, ‘they’ should refer to provisions) have already stimulated international disputes. This part is the consequence of the reasoning given in the ‘because’ clause.

The overall structure of the sentence is:

These provisions have stimulated disputes because there are provisions that provide…
Does the structure sound logical? No. Right?

The structure should have been:

These provisions have stimulated disputes because these provisions provide…
Now, the reasoning is clear why these provisions have stimulated disputes. In the original sentence, the reasoning seems to be around the existence of the provisions.

Therefore, the original sentence doesn’t communicate the intended meaning clearly.

Option Analysis
(A) Incorrect. For the reason described above.

(B) Correct. The structure of the sentence is sound now. The sentence has done away with provisions and directly talk about the code. This is a very slight change in meaning; however, it is acceptable since in any case, the provisions were there in the code.

(C) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

It seems “under provisions of the new maritime code” modifies large sea areas, meaning that these areas were under the provisions of the code. Clearly, unintended.
The comma + verb-ing modifier at the end of a clause modifies the preceding clause and needs to make sense with the subject of the preceding clause. However, in this case, clearly, tiny islets cannot be stimulating disputes. Therefore, the modification is incorrect.

(D) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

Error no. 1 of option C
The antecedent for “this” is not clear. If we say that “this” refers to the entire ‘because clause’, then the structure of the sentence will be:
X, X has already stimulated…

First X for the ‘because clause’ and second X for ‘this’.

Clearly, the structure is incorrect.

(E) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

Error no. 1 of option C
No main clause. The sentence starts with a dependent ‘because’ clause and ends with a relative clause modifying ‘code’. There is no main clause.
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Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2017, 11:10
Hi Experts,

Although i got this question correct, i have some queries listed inline against each option,which is basically how i came to the correct answer choice. please let me know if my understanding is correct. :think: :think:

Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.


(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
1.That Provide- SV agreement error. That refers to new maritime code a singular noun and hence requires a singular verb provides.
2. Pronoun antecedent of they can be either new provisions or tiny islets
3.Provisions... that provide sounds incorrect

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
1. Corrects SV agreement error and removes wordiness.
2.Now pronoun it correctly refers to new maritime code

Correct

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating

1. This is not correct Sentence structure. <Dependent Clause, Modifier> No Independent clause

"Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating international disputes over uninhabited islands."

2.Incorrect modifier placement of under provisions of the new maritime code.
3. Stimulating is incorrectly associated with Tiny islets. As per context it should be maritime code.


(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
1. Incorrect use of "This" a demonstrative pronoun requires a Noun to be attached with.
2.Incorrect modifier placement of under provisions of the new maritime code.


(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

1. This is not correct Sentence structure. <Dependent Clause, Dependent clause> No Independent clause
2.Incorrect modifier placement of under provisions of the new maritime code.
3. Verb tense error
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2017, 05:03
gmattokyo wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 13th Edition, 2012

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 115

Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated

(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating


why C is wrong?
I thing "already" is wrong. it can not go with doing like simulating because it show an action which happened.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2018, 16:30
Hello.

Quick question guys. Does a sentence has to contain an independent clause in order to be a correct sentence? I am of the view that it does. If that's the case then which is the Independent clause in option B? Appreciate the help.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2018, 19:40
Rocket7 wrote:
Hello.

Quick question guys. Does a sentence has to contain an independent clause in order to be a correct sentence? I am of the view that it does. If that's the case then which is the Independent clause in option B? Appreciate the help.


Yes, a sentence MUST have an independent clause for it to be correct.

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated

"Because... areas" - Dependent Clause starting with a subordinating conjunction - because.
"It has already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands." - Independent Clause

Hope this helps!
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2018, 23:28
Hi Experts, I think in A "that" could refer back to "provisions", so I don't think that's enough to mark A wrong. Could you please tell what other errors are in A? Thanks.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2018, 01:36
sdlife wrote:
Hi Experts, I think in A "that" could refer back to "provisions", so I don't think that's enough to mark A wrong. Could you please tell what other errors are in A? Thanks.


1. The pronoun "they" is ambiguous.
2. The usage "there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide" is wordy - the structure in B "the new maritime code provides" is more concise.
Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide th   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2018, 01:36

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