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# Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore

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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
This is a tough one. Any explanation for A&E?

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
I like this question.

A is clearly wrong because content of the advertisement is irrelevant here...
Rest are easy I presume.
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
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Queen199212 wrote:
This is a tough one. Any explanation for A&E?

Posted from my mobile device

(A) Advertisements should not be allowed to show people doing things that endanger their health
Option A is incorrect, as it is valid for ads that SHOW people DOING things that endanger their health.
A cigarette company could advertise its cigarettes WITHOUT showing people who are smoking. In such case, the author's conclusion will not hold true.

Option E, on the other hand, is airtight!
As "cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard" - this option is correct
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Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
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Lol these are just such arbitrary explanations. Consensus here is that A should be gone because it doesn’t have to show people smoking. E says ads should only show healthful products. Lol so financial products and services that have nothing to do with health can’t be advertised? Lol this is all just gibberish.

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Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
sislam04 wrote:
Lol these are just such arbitrary explanations. Consensus here is that A should be gone because it doesn’t have to show people smoking. E says ads should only show healthful products. Lol so financial products and services that have nothing to do with health can’t be advertised? Lol this is all just gibberish.

Posted from my mobile device

sislam04, I see your point but A is worse than E for the reasons cited by other members. If E is true, you simply cannot show an advertisement that promotes smoking. If A is true, you could still show advertisements that promote smoking. Also, I kind of agree with your point about advertisements related to health neutral products, but we have to pick the best out of the 5.
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
straight A and E

But A has: show people doing things - which is not something that is addressed in the argument.
Hence, E.
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore, government should ban all advertisements that promote smoking.

Which one of the following principles, if established, most strongly supports the argument?

(A) Advertisements should not be allowed to show people doing things that endanger their health

Cigarette smoking -> health hazard - > ban advertisements that promote smoking.

A can be eliminated as "people doing things that endanger their health" or endangering health is different from health hazard.

A Redbull energy add wherein a Dare Devil is doing stunts in bike is an act where the person is endangering his health but it is not health Hazard.

The question's reasoning structure is that smoking is health hazard hence advertisement should be banned hence A can be eliminated.
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
Hello expert,
Can you shed some light on this question? Especially on A and E. I read through the thread, but sorry I feel a little bit far fetched.
This is an official question and deserves your attention. Thanks
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
Mavisdu1017 wrote:
Hello expert,
Can you shed some light on this question? Especially on A and E. I read through the thread, but sorry I feel a little bit far fetched.
This is an official question and deserves your attention. Thanks

When I first read, I thought A was probably going to be right, but then I saw E.

It's very tricky! But here's my big advice: read *specifically*, don't assume anything that isn't explicit, and look out for subtle differences in similar ideas (particularly, look for things that NARROW THE SCOPE or BROADEN THE SCOPE of a topic).

The argument says we should ban ALL advertisements that promote smoking. Reread A and see if you can see how A NARROWS THE SCOPE of our discussion:

Quote:
(A) Advertisements should not be allowed to show people doing things that endanger their health

Do you see the shift?

Advertisers can (and very often do) advertise their product without showing people smoking. It can just be a picture of the cigarettes, or just a picture of the brand logo. The argument needs to ban those, too.

Well if cigarettes aren't healthy, and E is true, then definitely, NO smoking advertisements should be allowed, since ALL smoking advertisements promote an unhealthy product.
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
ReedArnoldMPREP wrote:
Mavisdu1017 wrote:
Hello expert,
Can you shed some light on this question? Especially on A and E. I read through the thread, but sorry I feel a little bit far fetched.
This is an official question and deserves your attention. Thanks

When I first read, I thought A was probably going to be right, but then I saw E.

It's very tricky! But here's my big advice: read *specifically*, don't assume anything that isn't explicit, and look out for subtle differences in similar ideas (particularly, look for things that NARROW THE SCOPE or BROADEN THE SCOPE of a topic).

The argument says we should ban ALL advertisements that promote smoking. Reread A and see if you can see how A NARROWS THE SCOPE of our discussion:

Quote:
(A) Advertisements should not be allowed to show people doing things that endanger their health

Do you see the shift?

Advertisers can (and very often do) advertise their product without showing people smoking. It can just be a picture of the cigarettes, or just a picture of the brand logo. The argument needs to ban those, too.

Well if cigarettes aren't healthy, and E is true, then definitely, NO smoking advertisements should be allowed, since ALL smoking advertisements promote an unhealthy product.

ReedArnoldMPREP thanks for your response sir. Yes I have known A narrows the scope, but what confused me is: whether such a choice can NOT strengthen the argument? although it narrows some scope.
Pls help. Thank you.
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
Mavisdu1017 wrote:
ReedArnoldMPREP wrote:
Mavisdu1017 wrote:
Hello expert,
Can you shed some light on this question? Especially on A and E. I read through the thread, but sorry I feel a little bit far fetched.
This is an official question and deserves your attention. Thanks

When I first read, I thought A was probably going to be right, but then I saw E.

It's very tricky! But here's my big advice: read *specifically*, don't assume anything that isn't explicit, and look out for subtle differences in similar ideas (particularly, look for things that NARROW THE SCOPE or BROADEN THE SCOPE of a topic).

The argument says we should ban ALL advertisements that promote smoking. Reread A and see if you can see how A NARROWS THE SCOPE of our discussion:

Quote:
(A) Advertisements should not be allowed to show people doing things that endanger their health

Do you see the shift?

Advertisers can (and very often do) advertise their product without showing people smoking. It can just be a picture of the cigarettes, or just a picture of the brand logo. The argument needs to ban those, too.

Well if cigarettes aren't healthy, and E is true, then definitely, NO smoking advertisements should be allowed, since ALL smoking advertisements promote an unhealthy product.

ReedArnoldMPREP thanks for your response sir. Yes I have known A narrows the scope, but what confused me is: whether such a choice can NOT strengthen the argument? although it narrows some scope.
Pls help. Thank you.

So a good exercise is to make yourself actually write out why you think an answer does what you think it does. Why do you think 'banning advertisements that show people doing something unhealthy' strengthens that 'All smoking advertisements should be banned.'
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
ReedArnoldMPREP hi sir, this is what I think: I just thought it as a math issue - assume them as 2 sets (option A=set A, while the conclusion=set B), and set A is a subset of set B, as option A narrows some scope of the conclusion. So I think a subset (set A) can support PART of set B (but still support), though can not support the whole set B. Maybe I think too much...
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
Mavisdu1017 wrote:
ReedArnoldMPREP hi sir, this is what I think: I just thought it as a math issue - assume them as 2 sets (option A=set A, while the conclusion=set B), and set A is a subset of set B, as option A narrows some scope of the conclusion. So I think a subset (set A) can support PART of set B (but still support), though can not support the whole set B. Maybe I think too much...

Banning a part does not strengthen banning the whole. I say 'we shouldn't let anyone draw rectangles anymore,' it doesn't strengthen that argument to say 'no one should draw squares.'
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
ReedArnoldMPREP wrote:
Mavisdu1017 wrote:
ReedArnoldMPREP hi sir, this is what I think: I just thought it as a math issue - assume them as 2 sets (option A=set A, while the conclusion=set B), and set A is a subset of set B, as option A narrows some scope of the conclusion. So I think a subset (set A) can support PART of set B (but still support), though can not support the whole set B. Maybe I think too much...

Banning a part does not strengthen banning the whole. I say 'we shouldn't let anyone draw rectangles anymore,' it doesn't strengthen that argument to say 'no one should draw squares.'

Got you and I will remember. Much thanks for your response and patient explanation.
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Re: Cigarette smoking has been shown to be a health hazard; therefore [#permalink]
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