GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 22 Feb 2020, 21:47

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 377
Concentration: Technology, Other
Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

Updated on: 29 Oct 2017, 06:50
4
1
Top Contributor
10
Question 1
00:00

based on 345 sessions

64% (02:56) correct 36% (03:00) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00

based on 324 sessions

77% (00:49) correct 23% (00:51) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00

based on 318 sessions

56% (01:11) correct 44% (01:18) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorised the United States president to provide Great Britain and its allies with weapons and military aid during World War II. In lobbying for the act, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt compared the proposed law to lending one’s neighbor a hose to help put out a house fire, quoting: "I don't say... 'Neighbor, my garden hose cost me \$15; you have to pay me \$15 for it.’ I don't want \$15. I want my garden hose back after the fire is over."

Many isolationist opponents of the act saw it less as a neighbourly gesture and more as a commitment to ultimately join the war, noting that it tied American finances directly to Allied success against Germany. Most historians tend to agree, but view it positively and note that it was an important turning point in a war that at the time was heavily controlled by the Germans. The act, they explain, was the only way that the American wartime industry would have been prepared to supply its own military effort when the U.S. entered the war later that year.

While the Lend-Lease Act formally ended late in 1945, its legacy lived on in the postwar aftermath and beyond. The congressional fear of increased presidential power may have come to fruition; while Congress declined to authorize the Lend-Lease products as gifts, maintaining that Britain would indeed need to pay for them, the executive branch granted discounts as high as 90% to effectively render much of the material gifts. Even so, the final debt remained unpaid until 2006, when the British, after many deferrals, made their final payment to the American government.

According to the passage, which of the following would likely have occurred had the Lend-Lease Act not been passed?

A Germany would have maintained control of World War II well into 1942.
B The United States would have had no financial interest in Allied success in World War II.
C The United States would not have been willing to join the Allied effort in World War II.
D American industry would have been unprepared to support the American war effort.
E Congress would not have approved another act offering to donate military supplies directly to the British.
D.
Paragraph two cites historians as saying the only way that American industry was able to support its war production efforts was that it passe the Lend-Lease act. Therefore, without the Act, industry would have been unable to support it.

Choices A and B are popular incorrect answers. While the Act is a turning point away from German control, it cannot be determined that German control would have lasted as long as choice A says it did. And Choice B also goes too far - "no financial interest" is a strong statement; the passage says that the act tied American financial interests directly to British fortunes in the war, but it doesn't say that there weren't other, perhaps less direct financial ties.

The primary purpose of the passage is to:

A Criticize the isolationists who opposed the Lend-Lease Act
B Point out that the Lend-Lease Act was a positive aspect of Franklin Roosevelt’s legacy
C Discuss the cases made by both those who favored and those who opposed the Lend-Lease Act
D Provide an overview of the history of a significant piece of legislation
E Argue that the British took too long to repay their debts from World War II
D. The author's tone in this passage is explanatory, and he begins with the passage of the Act and ends with the final stage of its history, so it can certainly be inferred that his purpose is to provide an overview of it's history. Choices A and E can be eliminated in large part because of tone, as the author doesn't take a hard stand on the Act at all. And choice C, a popular trap, is also incorrect, as the pros and cons of the Act are only mentioned in paragraph two - the legacy covered in paragraph three goes to show that the author is doing more than just discussing the arguments on either side.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. The British were among the nations that could claim victory in World War II.
B. The passage of the Lend-Lease Act was controversial.
C. The Lend-Lease Act served as a catalyst for American industry to produce military supplies.
D. Historians believe that the Allies could not have won the war without the Lend-Lease Act.
E. The British economy was shaken enough by World War II that it could not afford to repay its Lend-Lease Act debts.
C. The second paragraph notes that historians believe the Lend Lease Act was "the only way that the American wartime industry would have been prepared to supply its own military...", essentially stating that the Lend-Lease Act led to military production. Choice A is incorrect as nowhere in the passage is Britain credited with the WWII win. Choice B is incorrect as the passage does not directly provide information that the act was controversial. The act had opponents, but we cannot infer that there was any true controversy around the act. Choice D is incorrect, as historians only state that production in late 1941 would have been impossible without the act; the choice goes too far in saying that the entire war would have been impossible to win. And choice E also goes too far; all we know is that the final payment was made in 2006, not that it was because Britain couldn't afford to pay it.

Originally posted by JarvisR on 07 Jul 2016, 03:00.
Last edited by broall on 29 Oct 2017, 06:50, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question, added OAs
Intern
Joined: 24 Sep 2016
Posts: 23
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Nov 2016, 05:05
1
1
JarvisR : Can you explain why C is incorrect for Q-1??
_________________
“Most of the important things in the world have been accomplished by people who have kept on trying when there seemed to be no hope at all.”
Marshall & McDonough Moderator
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1672
Location: India
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Nov 2016, 19:08
emmafoster wrote:
JarvisR : Can you explain why C is incorrect for Q-1??

I believe you are referring to Q3.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. The British were among the nations that could claim victory in World War II. - Incorrect. From the passage we cannot infer who won the WWII. So, even British can't claim the victory in WWII.

B. The passage of the Lend-Lease Act was controversial. - Incorrect. Not supported by the passage.

C. The Lend-Lease Act served as a catalyst for American industry to produce military supplies. - Correct.

D. Historians believe that the Allies could not have won the war without the Lend-Lease Act. - Incorrect. Not supported by the passage. Lend lease act was a turning point in WWII that was dominated by Germans. But we cannot infer that Allies could not have won the war without Lend Lease Act.

E. The British economy was shaken enough by World War II that it could not afford to repay its Lend-Lease Act debts. - Incorrect. Out of scope.

Intern
Joined: 23 Oct 2018
Posts: 4
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

31 Oct 2018, 21:20
Why not B??
With the mentioned line in the last paragraph we can infer that it was controversial.
"The congressional fear of increased presidential power may have come to fruition; while Congress declined to authorize the Lend-Lease products as gifts, maintaining that Britain would indeed need to pay for them"-
Director
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 675
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

02 Nov 2018, 09:38
1
swati793 wrote:
Why not B??
With the mentioned line in the last paragraph we can infer that it was controversial.
"The congressional fear of increased presidential power may have come to fruition; while Congress declined to authorize the Lend-Lease products as gifts, maintaining that Britain would indeed need to pay for them"-

Hi, B is not a correct answer for the Q3 because point B states that the passage of the Act was controversial.
If we read the statement prior to the ones mentioned above, it states that the legacy remained in post-war math and it was the post-war math which was controversial.

While the Lend-Lease Act formally ended late in 1945, its legacy lived on in the post-war aftermath and beyond.
Current Student
Joined: 15 Aug 2016
Posts: 184
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Operations
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.84
WE: Operations (Consulting)
Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Nov 2018, 02:20
4:30
2/3.
Got first one wrong. Marked A instead of D. Can someone explain this? When the passage clearly states that "it was an important turning point in a war that at the time was heavily controlled by the Germans". This means the Germans would have kept control if the Americans hadnt provided them with the supplies.
Senior PS Moderator
Status: It always seems impossible until it's done.
Joined: 16 Sep 2016
Posts: 727
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V40
GMAT 2: 770 Q51 V42
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

20 Dec 2018, 02:23
4mins 38 sec got 2 out of 3. Got the second one wrong.

Mick1005, in Q1: The option A states that Germans would have had control of WWII well into 1942. Whereas the act was passed in Mar 1941, which means a number of other things could have happened in that time period which can still make option A invalid. ( for ex. a new act launched after lend and lease did not go thru and then Germans defeated by that one, or the germans implode and lose the war on their own)

whereas D: "American industry would have been unprepared to support the American war effort." Is directly mentioned in the second passage in what historians believe.

Hence D is the stronger candidate and the OA.

Best,
_________________
Regards,

“Do. Or do not. There is no try.” - Yoda (The Empire Strikes Back)
Manager
Joined: 22 Sep 2018
Posts: 236
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

31 Dec 2018, 13:23
I'd like to challenge the OA provided for question 1. OA provide (D) states "American industry would have been unprepared to support the American war effort." In the passage, it says "The act, they explain, was the only way that the American wartime industry would have been prepared to supply its own military effort when the U.S. entered the war later that year."

Two things that I believe justify the OA to be incorrect:

1) American wartime industry is not the same as American industry. How can we make the assumption that we are referring only to the wartime industry?
2) Supply and support have two different meanings. Supply is more along the lines of providing equipment/weapon, while support is a moral backing of the cause. The two are not the same

I believe B would be a better answer. B states "The United States would have had no financial interest in Allied success in World War II." The statement in the passage that directly reflects this answer says "more as a commitment to ultimately join the war, noting that it tied American finances directly to Allied success against Germany"

I would love to know where my thinking went wrong.. If anyone can shed light on this I would appreciate it greatly. Thank you!
Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2018
Posts: 164
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

20 May 2019, 23:29
Confused between B and C.

"isolationist opponents of the act saw it less...Most historians tend to agree, but view it positively.."
I choose B because of this.
Why is C right?

"the Lend-Lease Act served as a catalyst for American industry to produce military supplies." Even without the lend-lease act American industry would produce military supplies. The act only helped the American wartime industry to prepare.

I am confused a bit. Please explain B and C.
Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2019
Posts: 82
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Business Development (Computer Software)
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

22 May 2019, 01:36
mallya12 wrote:
Confused between B and C.

"isolationist opponents of the act saw it less...Most historians tend to agree, but view it positively.."
I choose B because of this.
Why is C right?

"the Lend-Lease Act served as a catalyst for American industry to produce military supplies." Even without the lend-lease act American industry would produce military supplies. The act only helped the American wartime industry to prepare.

I am confused a bit. Please explain B and C.

I think a point to eliminate 'Option B' is that the passage(itself) is not controversial, but the lend-lease Act.

Hope it Helps

Thanks = Kudos
Intern
Joined: 20 Aug 2019
Posts: 44
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized  [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Jan 2020, 18:48

Question 1
D. Paragraph two cites historians as saying the only way that American industry was able to support its war production efforts was that it passe the Lend-Lease act. Therefore, without the Act, industry would have been unable to support it.

Choices A and B are popular incorrect answers. While the Act is a turning point away from German control, it cannot be determined that German control would have lasted as long as choice A says it did. And Choice B also goes too far - "no financial interest" is a strong statement; the passage says that the act tied American financial interests directly to British fortunes in the war, but it doesn't say that there weren't other, perhaps less direct financial ties.

Question 2
D. The author's tone in this passage is explanatory, and he begins with the passage of the Act and ends with the final stage of its history, so it can certainly be inferred that his purpose is to provide an overview of it's history. Choices A and E can be eliminated in large part because of tone, as the author doesn't take a hard stand on the Act at all. And choice C, a popular trap, is also incorrect, as the pros and cons of the Act are only mentioned in paragraph two - the legacy covered in paragraph three goes to show that the author is doing more than just discussing the arguments on either side.

Question 3
C. The second paragraph notes that historians believe the Lend Lease Act was "the only way that the American wartime industry would have been prepared to supply its own military...", essentially stating that the Lend-Lease Act led to military production. Choice A is incorrect as nowhere in the passage is Britain credited with the WWII win. Choice B is incorrect as the passage does not directly provide information that the act was controversial. The act had opponents, but we cannot infer that there was any true controversy around the act. Choice D is incorrect, as historians only state that production in late 1941 would have been impossible without the act; the choice goes too far in saying that the entire war would have been impossible to win. And choice E also goes too far; all we know is that the final payment was made in 2006, not that it was because Britain couldn't afford to pay it.
Re: Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized   [#permalink] 19 Jan 2020, 18:48
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Enacted on March 11, 1941, the Lend-Lease Act authorized

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne