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Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town

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Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2013, 03:35
4
16
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:05) correct 53% (01:18) wrong based on 688 sessions

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Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town council has ordered that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built.

(A) that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built

(B) the downtown parking rules to be changed, with a new parking garage being built

(C) that the downtown parking rules should be changed and a new parking garage built

(D) that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage to be built

(E) that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage is built

Solution: A

Explanation: In assessing this difficult sentence correction problem, you should first consider the obvious decision points between the answer choices.

The most obvious is the choice between “order x to be y” vs. “order that x be y…”

The key is not the choice of idioms (which the GMAT rarely tests unless it is a very well known idiom) but rather the parallelism that follows.

Answer choice (A) is correct, as it is the only one that maintains parallelism with one of the two idioms:

“the town council has ordered that the rules be changed and a new garage (be) built.”

The trick (and what keeps most students from picking it) is that the second “be” is understood and does not have to be written to maintain parallelism.

Even if you do not like (A) at first, the other choices contain fatal flaws that would bring you back to the original.

In (B), the prepositional phrase “with a new parking garage being built” has nothing to logically modify and does not convey the meaning that the town council has ordered two different things. Also, the “being built” is illogical: the town council cannot order something being built.

In (C) the “should” is redundant: you can never say “order that x should do y” - the verb “order” already implies should/must.

In (D), the first portion is correct but the “to be” in the second portion is not parallel with the original structure of “be”.

In (E) the verb “is” in the second portion needs to be the verb form “be”.

You say: “the town council ordered that the garage BE built” not the “town council ordered that the garage IS built.”
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Re: Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2013, 04:33
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A classic case of command subjunctive mood. . Three things are essential to expose subjunctives here. 1. An expression that exposes mandateness explicitly or implictly.2. The connecting subordinate conjunction ‘that’. and 3. the base form of the verb in the sub-clause

A. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built ------- Correct choice that satisfies all the three norms of the command subjunctive. Here built means ‘ be built’

B. the downtown parking rules to be changed, with a new parking garage being built ----hanges meaning to say that council ordered the rules and it also implies that the new garage is already being built. c

C. that the downtown parking rules should be changed and a new parking garage built. ---- Should be changed is not a subjunctive mood idiom.

D. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage to be built. --- infinitives have no place in subjunctives

E. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage is built.----'
is built' is not part of of subjunctive idiom.
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Re: Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2013, 03:48
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Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town council has ordered that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built.

"order" is one of those verbs (think, say,...) that require "that" in 99% of the cases. To understand the cases in which is not necessary consider the following case
Paul says that (something); Paul says "(his words)". So out B.

C stands out because uses "should". If you decide on something, your decision will not be expressed by "should ": your decision "is" not "should be". Out C

Lets analyze A D E together:
A. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built.
D. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage to be built.
E. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage is built.

Their only difference is the final verb. To pick the correct one we must mantain the parallelism:
be changed and (...) A) build D)to be built E)is built
A mantains the structure. A is correct
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Re: Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2018, 00:32
Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town council has ordered that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built.

A. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built.

B. the downtown parking rules to be changed, with a new parking garage being built.

C. that the downtown parking rules should be changed and a new parking garage built.

D. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage to be built.

E. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage is built.
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Re: Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2018, 03:15
nahid78 wrote:
Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town council has ordered that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built.

A. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built.

B. the downtown parking rules to be changed, with a new parking garage being built.

C. that the downtown parking rules should be changed and a new parking garage built.

D. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage to be built.

E. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage is built.


Good question, I think the underlined sentence is in command subjunctive form. However, I don't remember the specifics of sentence construction in this form. I will be glad if anyone could share a link to blog post for this sentence form.
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Re: Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2018, 10:43
daagh wrote:
A classic case of command subjunctive mood. . Three things are essential to expose subjunctives here. 1. An expression that exposes mandateness explicitly or implictly.2. The connecting subordinate conjunction ‘that’. and 3. the base form of the verb in the sub-clause

A. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built ------- Correct choice that satisfies all the three norms of the command subjunctive. Here built means ‘ be built’

B. the downtown parking rules to be changed, with a new parking garage being built ----hanges meaning to say that council ordered the rules and it also implies that the new garage is already being built. c

C. that the downtown parking rules should be changed and a new parking garage built. ---- Should be changed is not a subjunctive mood idiom.

D. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage to be built. --- infinitives have no place in subjunctives

E. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage is built.----'
is built' is not part of of subjunctive idiom.


Hi,
Can you please explain why we shouldn’t repeat be/is in E option?.

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Re: Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2018, 02:06
Iamnowjust wrote:
daagh wrote:
A classic case of command subjunctive mood. . Three things are essential to expose subjunctives here. 1. An expression that exposes mandateness explicitly or implictly.2. The connecting subordinate conjunction ‘that’. and 3. the base form of the verb in the sub-clause

A. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage built ------- Correct choice that satisfies all the three norms of the command subjunctive. Here built means ‘ be built’

B. the downtown parking rules to be changed, with a new parking garage being built ----hanges meaning to say that council ordered the rules and it also implies that the new garage is already being built. c

C. that the downtown parking rules should be changed and a new parking garage built. ---- Should be changed is not a subjunctive mood idiom.

D. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage to be built. --- infinitives have no place in subjunctives

E. that the downtown parking rules be changed and a new parking garage is built.----'
is built' is not part of of subjunctive idiom.


Hi,
Can you please explain why we shouldn’t repeat be/is in E option?.

Posted from my mobile device



Hi Iamnowjust ,

The usage of 'Order' (a trigger word) followed by 'that' must ensure a subjunctive verb (i.e a plural verb) , and hence, the usage of singular word 'is' is incorrect.
Also as daagh mentioned " Here built means ‘ be built’ "
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Re: Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2018, 01:05
Veritas official explanation:-


Explanation: In assessing this difficult sentence correction problem, you should first consider the obvious decision points between the answer choices. The most obvious is the choice between “order x to be y” vs. “order that x be y…” The key is not the choice of idioms (which the GMAT rarely tests unless it is a very well known idiom) but rather the parallelism that follows. Answer choice (A) is correct, as it is the only one that maintains parallelism with one of the two idioms: “the town council has ordered that the rules be changed and a new garage ( be) built.” The trick (and what keeps most students from picking it) is that the second “be” is understood and does not have to be written to maintain parallelism. Even if you do not like (A) at first, the other choices contain fatal flaws that would bring you back to the original. In (B), the prepositional phrase “with a new parking garage being built” has nothing to logically modify and does not convey the meaning that the town council has ordered two different things. Also, the “being built” is illogical: the town council cannot order something being built. In (C) the “should” is redundant: you can never say “order that x should do y” - the verb “order” already implies should/must. In (D), the first portion is correct but the “to be” in the second portion is not parallel with the original structure of “be”. In (E) the verb “is” in the second portion needs to be the verb form “be”. You say: “the town council ordered that the garage BE built” not the “town council ordered that the garage IS built.”
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Re: Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town &nbs [#permalink] 30 Aug 2018, 01:05
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Even though many local residents disagree with the decision, the town

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