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Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a

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Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2012, 21:13
1
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A
B
C
D
E

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Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity for work, as a hallmark of full maturity.


(a) work, as a hallmark of full maturity

(b) work, as hallmarks to full maturation.

(c) working, to be full maturity's hallmark.

(d) working, as hallmarks to full maturity.

(e) work, as being full maturations's hallmark.


1. What's the difference between work and working in this question?

2. What's wrong with d?

3. Is "hallmarks", which are plural the reason that d isn't correct?
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2012, 21:36
2
Hi

It was a tough choice between A & B

The sentence has to be parallel

Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity for work, as a hallmark of full maturity.

Also we are comparing each, the ability to love & the capacity of work as hallmarks of full maturity hence singular tense of hallmark is required.
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2012, 21:37
The first thing I notice in this question is parallelism. to love ...... for work. working is wrong here.

a. Correct.
b. Hallmarks does seem to fit in here. Not sure of the reasoning behind this.
c. not parallel
d. not parallel
e. being is redundant and the sentence is wordy and awkward

Hope this answers you key question on use of working.
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 06:08
Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity for work, as a hallmark of full maturity.

(a) work, as a hallmark of full maturity
--> CORRECT
(b) work, as hallmarks to full maturation.
subject singular alongwith conserves singularity here

(c) working, to be full maturity's hallmark.
--> awkward

(d) working, as hallmarks to full maturity.
(e) work, as being full maturations's hallmark.
--> awkward at best
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 06:36
1. What's the difference between work and working in this question?
working sounds verb whereas work is noun here, verb is simply not required here.
had it been "capacity for working long hours" , it would have sounded right.

2. What's wrong with d?

3. Is "hallmarks", which are plural the reason that d isn't correct?
Bang on. :wink:
An example
The ability to love, along with the capacity for work is the most sought after quality now days. SINGULAR.
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 22:48
mohankumarbd wrote:
The first thing I notice in this question is parallelism. to love ...... for work. working is wrong here.

a. Correct.
b. Hallmarks does seem to fit in here. Not sure of the reasoning behind this.
c. not parallel
d. not parallel
e. being is redundant and the sentence is wordy and awkward

Hope this answers you key question on use of working.



Isn't "love" in the question a verb?
I think that since "love" is a verb, "working", which is also a verb, should be used for this sentence to be parallel.


one more question, which is not related to the discussion above.

a hallmark OF full maturity or a hallmark TO full maturity.
Are both of the prepositions, to and of, correct?
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2016, 01:52
eybrj2 wrote:
mohankumarbd wrote:
The first thing I notice in this question is parallelism. to love ...... for work. working is wrong here.

a. Correct.
b. Hallmarks does seem to fit in here. Not sure of the reasoning behind this.
c. not parallel
d. not parallel
e. being is redundant and the sentence is wordy and awkward

Hope this answers you key question on use of working.



Isn't "love" in the question a verb?
I think that since "love" is a verb, "working", which is also a verb, should be used for this sentence to be parallel.


one more question, which is not related to the discussion above.

a hallmark OF full maturity or a hallmark TO full maturity.
Are both of the prepositions, to and of, correct?



"Love" is a noun, and for the q in reference the phrase is 'ability to love' as action 1 and "capacity for work' as action 2.
We are focusing on parallelism, so 'capacity for working' would not be in parallel to 'ability to love'. And also 'capacity for working' what ?

As for prepositions, to and of, both are correct depending on the usage.
Hallmark of Full maturity-- here the person has gotten to the benchmark.
Hallmark to Full maturity-- here the person is getting to the benchmark. The benchmark is still Full Maturity but there is one or more qualities yet desired to get there.
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2016, 05:24
eybrj2 wrote:
Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity for work, as a hallmark of full maturity.

(a) work, as a hallmark of full maturity
(b) work, as hallmarks to full maturation.
(c) working, to be full maturity's hallmark.
(d) working, as hallmarks to full maturity.
(e) work, as being full maturations's hallmark.



FOR --> FOR can be followed by FOR + VERB -ING or FOR + NOUN.

1. Can some one help me out how to distinguish whether "WORK" is used as a Noun or Verb + ING form?
2. To + Verb --> Hence, is "Love" used as a verb here?
3. Can "To" be followed by a noun? I m able to relate few examples. (She was born to you.) But the above sentence, I m unable to understand how "LOVE" is acting as a noun?

Someone kindly help me in understanding.
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2016, 05:49
sowragu wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity for work, as a hallmark of full maturity.

(a) work, as a hallmark of full maturity
(b) work, as hallmarks to full maturation.
(c) working, to be full maturity's hallmark.
(d) working, as hallmarks to full maturity.
(e) work, as being full maturations's hallmark.



FOR --> FOR can be followed by FOR + VERB -ING or FOR + NOUN.

1. Can some one help me out how to distinguish whether "WORK" is used as a Noun or Verb + ING form?
2. To + Verb --> Hence, is "Love" used as a verb here?
3. Can "To" be followed by a noun? I m able to relate few examples. (She was born to you.) But the above sentence, I m unable to understand how "LOVE" is acting as a noun?

Someone kindly help me in understanding.


Hi,
here "for WORKING" uses "working" as VERB+ing form, which acts as a gerund here..
the role of a gerund is ofcourse similar to NOUN and here it acts as an OBJECT OF PREPOSITION...

To base form of verb is INFINITIVE and used here accordingly..

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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2016, 06:14
Hi sowragu, chetan has already answered your first question.

sowragu wrote:
2. To + Verb --> Hence, is "Love" used as a verb here?

Yes. The easiest way to understand this, is that ability to love could as well have been ability to drink or ability to laugh. It's easy to identify that drink and laugh are verbs.

Quote:
3. Can "To" be followed by a noun? I m able to relate few examples. (She was born to you.) But the above sentence, I m unable to understand how "LOVE" is acting as a noun?

Yeah this is a bit of a unique thing with to. It can serve as two completely different structures:

i) Infinitives: to + verb. For example: to eat, to run, to go, to love etc.
ii) Prepositions: to + noun. For example: to New York, to SFO, to Mary etc.
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Re: Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 00:33
A vs D

Work vs working

Hallmark vs hallmarks
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Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 07:03
eybrj2 wrote:
Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity for work, as a hallmark of full maturity.



1. What's the difference between work and working in this question?

2. What's wrong with d?

3. Is "hallmarks", which are plural the reason that d isn't correct?



(a) work, as a hallmark of full maturity - Correct: Good parallelism.

(b) work, as hallmarks to full maturation. - Wrong: 1) "X, along Y," is considered a singular subject. Hence, "hallmarks" is wrong. 2) Wrong Preposition: "to" instead of "of"

(c) working, to be full maturity's hallmark. - Wrong: 1) "to be" instead of "as" 2) Parallelism: "love" should be parallel to "work" and not "working". 3) "X's Y" distorts meaning. "Y of X" is better.

(d) working, as hallmarks to full maturity. - Wrong: 1) "X, along Y," is considered a singular subject. Hence, "hallmarks" is wrong. 2) Wrong Preposition: "to" instead of "of" 3) Parallelism: "love" should be parallel to "work" and not "working".

(e) work, as being full maturations's hallmark. - Wrong: 1) "X's Y" distorts meaning. "Y of X" is better. 2) Unnecessary use of "being"
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Freud counted the ability to love, along with the capacity work, as a   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2019, 07:03
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