Bunuel wrote:
In a certain group of 50 people, how many are doctors who have a law degree?
(1) In the group, 36 people are doctors.
(2) In the group, 18 people have a law degree.
Target question: How many are doctors who have a law degree? Given: There are 50 people When I scan the two statements, I see that we have the ingredients for applying the
Double Matrix methodThis technique can be used for most questions featuring a population in which each member has two characteristics associated with it (aka overlapping sets questions).
Here, we have a population of 50 people, and the two characteristics are:
- Doctor or NOT a doctor
- Has law degree or doesn't have law degree
So, we can set up our double matrix as follows:
NOTE: I have placed a star in the box that represents doctors who have a law degree, since this is what the
target question is asking us about
Statement 1: In the group, 36 people are doctors. If the group has 50 people, and 36 are doctors, we can conclude that there are 14 non-doctors in the group.
Let's add this information to our matrix:
As you can see, there's no way to determine the value that must go in the starred box.
As such, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statement 2: In the group, 18 people have a law degree If 18 of the 50 people have a law degree, than the remaining 32 people do NOT have a law degree.
Let's add this information to our matrix:
As you can see, there's no way to determine the value that must go in the starred box.
As such, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statements 1 and 2 combined When we combine the two statements, we get the following:
There are several ways to complete this matrix. Here are two cases:
case a: In this case,
there are 10 doctors with law degrees.
case a: In this case,
there are 5 doctors with law degrees.
Since we cannot answer the
target question with certainty, the combined statements are NOT SUFFICIENT
Answer: E
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