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In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu

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In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2020, 04:06
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Question Stats:

35% (01:28) correct 65% (01:27) wrong based on 171 sessions

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In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(A) In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(B) In addition to the revised curriculum that had been requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(C) The students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted in addition to the revised curriculum they requested last semester.

(D) Added to the revised curriculum that was requested last semester by the students, they are now demanding the institution of a new grading system.

(E) Added to the new curriculum requested last semester, the students have now demanded the institution of a new grading system.

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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2020, 12:04
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In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(A) In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(B) In addition to the revised curriculum that had been requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(C) The students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted in addition to the revised curriculum they requested last semester.

(D) Added to the revised curriculum that was requested last semester by the students, they are now demanding the institution of a new grading system.

(E) Added to the new curriculum requested last semester, the students have now demanded the institution of a new grading system.

D and E are using Verbed modifiers incorrectly, since they and the students (Subjects of the main clause respectively) can not be added to the curriculum. Hence they are out

in B tense had been requested doesn't go with any past tense verb and is unnecessary. Hence out

Between A and C the difference is subtle but that of a meaning.

In C the students are demanding that (that clause includes in addition to the revised curriculum - something students requested earlier not that they are demanding now)

A clears it up clearly that In addition to the curriculum, students are now demanding. Hence Correct.
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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2020, 13:09
shameekv1989 wrote:
In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(A) In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(B) In addition to the revised curriculum that had been requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(C) The students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted in addition to the revised curriculum they requested last semester.

(D) Added to the revised curriculum that was requested last semester by the students, they are now demanding the institution of a new grading system.

(E) Added to the new curriculum requested last semester, the students have now demanded the institution of a new grading system.

D and E are using Verbed modifiers incorrectly, since they and the students (Subjects of the main clause respectively) can not be added to the curriculum. Hence they are out

in B tense had been requested doesn't go with any past tense verb and is unnecessary. Hence out

Between A and C the difference is subtle but that of a meaning.

In C the students are demanding that (that clause includes in addition to the revised curriculum - something students requested earlier not that they are demanding now)

A clears it up clearly that In addition to the curriculum, students are now demanding. Hence Correct.

Hi shameekv1989 ,
Option C clearly states that the revised curriculum was requested last year. In fact, it is much clearer than option A in which it is unclear who requested for revised curriculum. C removes this ambiguity by using a pronoun-they-which clearly refers to the subject-the students.
Any thoughts?

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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2020, 13:25
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Doer01 wrote:
shameekv1989 wrote:
In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(A) In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(B) In addition to the revised curriculum that had been requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(C) The students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted in addition to the revised curriculum they requested last semester.

(D) Added to the revised curriculum that was requested last semester by the students, they are now demanding the institution of a new grading system.

(E) Added to the new curriculum requested last semester, the students have now demanded the institution of a new grading system.

D and E are using Verbed modifiers incorrectly, since they and the students (Subjects of the main clause respectively) can not be added to the curriculum. Hence they are out

in B tense had been requested doesn't go with any past tense verb and is unnecessary. Hence out

Between A and C the difference is subtle but that of a meaning.

In C the students are demanding that (that clause includes in addition to the revised curriculum - something students requested earlier not that they are demanding now)

A clears it up clearly that In addition to the curriculum, students are now demanding. Hence Correct.

Hi shameekv1989 ,
Option C clearly states that the revised curriculum was requested last year. In fact, it is much clearer than option A in which it is unclear who requested for revised curriculum. C removes this ambiguity by using a pronoun-they-which clearly refers to the subject-the students.
Any thoughts?

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Doer01

Your argument makes more sense.. I probably perceived In addition to ... as an adverbial modifier whereas it makes more sense as an adjectival modifier.

In A) it seems students in addition to curriculum (in addition to what you noted above about who requested curriculum)

in C) it is much clearer plus in addition to is next to the grading be instituted..
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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2020, 00:11
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This is one more example in which reading attentively is the way to the right answer choice.

First split: meaning and incorrect use of modifiers. In D & E "Added to..." modifies students, which is wrong: it should modify the revised curriculum.

B is out as use of past perfect is totally unnecessary here.

Between A & C, C has a little subtle error that a superficial read would not spot.

In C --> " The students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted in addition to the revised curriculum (that) they requested last semester. " we are missing a pronoun that correctly modifies the revised curriculum.

In A -->" In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted. the verb requested is a passive voice and it is used as an Adjective that correctly modifies the revised curriculum
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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2020, 00:16
Doer01 I believe I was correct in my reasoning for option A

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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2020, 05:58
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Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

SajjadAhmad wrote:
In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(A) In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(B) In addition to the revised curriculum that had been requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(C) The students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted in addition to the revised curriculum they requested last semester.

(D) Added to the revised curriculum that was requested last semester by the students, they are now demanding the institution of a new grading system.

(E) Added to the new curriculum requested last semester, the students have now demanded the institution of a new grading system.



Choice A: This answer choice maintains proper tense and pronoun use throughout the sentence and conveys the intended meaning of the sentence. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice B: This answer choice incorrectly uses the past perfect tense; the past perfect tense is used to refer to earlier of multiple events that happened in the past, and in this sentence, only one event is described as having occurred in the past. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice C: This answer choice suffers from a very slight change in meaning; the phrase "instituted in addition to the revised curriculum" implies that the students are demanding that the new grading system be added to the revised curriculum, rather than the intended meaning that the students are making another separate demand for a new grading system. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice D: This answer choice features a modifier error; the phrase "Added to the revised curriculum that was requested last semester by the students" modifies "they", referring to students. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice features a modifier error; the phrase "Added to the new curriculum requested last semester" modifies "students", implying that students were added to the curriculum. As this implication is clearly illogical, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, A is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Past Perfect Tense - Use of Had" on GMAT, you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):



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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2020, 15:10
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In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

Meaning: after requesting a revised curriculum, the students now want a new grading system.

(A) In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

(B) In addition to the revised curriculum that had been requested last semester, the students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted.

Use of past perfect is redundant because the sequence of events is quite clear with the use of now.

(C) The students are now demanding that a new grading system be instituted in addition to the revised curriculum they requested last semester.

(D) Added to the revised curriculum that was requested last semester by the students, they are now demanding the institution of a new grading system.

Use of a complex gerund (the institution) changes the meaning.

(E) Added to the new curriculum requested last semester, the students have now demanded the institution of a new grading system.


C,D,E all change the meaning by saying that the grading system will be added to the curriculum.

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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2020, 08:40
Official Explanation

(B) uses an incorrect verb tense “had been requested.”

(C) is wordy and also changes the logic of the sentence by saying that the grading system is somehow to be added to the curriculum.

(E) commits the same error.

(D) is awkward and needlessly uses the passive voice.

The correct answer is (A).

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Re: In addition to the revised curriculum requested last semester, the stu   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2020, 08:40
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