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In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is

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In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2008, 09:27
3
1
17
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

59% (00:46) correct 41% (00:52) wrong based on 575 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 40
Page: 659

In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact, and hence the bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.

(A) instead of
(B) as opposed to
(C) in contrast with
(D) rather than at
(E) as against being at

The corrected sentence must contrast an effect of spot-welding with an effect of adhesive-bonding.

To do so logically and grammatically, it must describe the effects in parallel terms.

When inserted into the sentence, D produces the parallel construction over a broad surface rather than at a series.

Having no word such as over or at indicate location, choices A, B, and C fail to complete the parallel and so illogically draw a contrast between surface and series.

In E, as against being is a wordy and unidiomatic way to establish the intended contrast.

Choice D is best.

https://www.nytimes.com/1987/07/08/business/business-technology-advances.html

An additional advantage of adhesive bonding over spot welding is that the contact is continuous, spreading the strength over a broad surface rather than at a series of joined points with no strength in between. While common adhesive tape requires a force of only about five pounds per square inch to detach it from a surface, some structural adhesives in use can withstand forces of up to 3,000 pounds per square inch. This compares with about 700 pounds per square inch for spot welds.

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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2010, 00:12
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this is not a prallelism question. this is purely a meaning based question.

option A misses out the preposition at, which is necessary to describe where the bonding is affected. ‘is effected continuously over a broad surface rather than (at) a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between’. We need something to pin point a location which can only be done by ‘over’, ‘on’, ‘in’ and ‘at’.

'and hence the bonding, is a non-essential modifier in the midddle.

In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact, [strike]and hence the bonding,[/strike] is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2008, 10:10
nmohindru wrote:
spriya wrote:
In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact, and hence the bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.

(A) instead of
(B) as opposed to
(C) in contrast with
(D) rather than at
(E) as against being at


I will go with C "in contrast with". Any reason why this shouldnt be true?


one advantage of ..... is that the contact [is effected cont over a board] rathar than at a seriers

one advantage of ..... is that the contact [is effected cont over a board] in contrast with a seriers

Contact at a series of regularly spaced points is better that with a series of regularly spaced points

Hope this help!
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2008, 10:12
rao_1857 wrote:
nmohindru wrote:
spriya wrote:
In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact, and hence the bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.

(A) instead of
(B) as opposed to
(C) in contrast with
(D) rather than at
(E) as against being at


I will go with C "in contrast with". Any reason why this shouldnt be true?


one advantage of ..... is that the contact [is effected cont over a board] rathar than at a seriers

one advantage of ..... is that the contact [is effected cont over a board] in contrast with a seriers

Contact at a series of regularly spaced points is better that with a series of regularly spaced points

Hope this help!

yes this does help
rather than at :
here i believe at plays an important role effected over....rather than at a series of

OA is D
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2008, 10:55
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spriya wrote:
In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact, and hence the bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.

(A) instead of
(B) as opposed to
(C) in contrast with
(D) rather than at
(E) as against being at



In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact, and hence the bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.

instead of --used for replacement
I want coffe instead of tea .
rather than -- used to preference.



A)
= ...advantage of X over Y is that the contact.. is effected continously "over a broad surface" (O) instead of
"a series of regulary spaced points..." (S)
O and S are not parallel. also "instead of" is incorrec here.

D) ...advantage of X over Y is that the contact.. is effected continously "over a broad surface" (O) rather than
"at a series of regulary spaced points..." (S)
O and S are ll... and also rather than makes sense here.

correct me if i am wrong
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2010, 11:17
Any idea what is significance of comma after bonding ? doesn't it breaks the flow of sentence ?

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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2010, 02:39
I selected B because it brings in a contrast. Why is B wrong. I believe its making more sense by meaning and its parallel too. Please some one throw some light on this [58 sec]
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2010, 22:51
"in contrast to " is the correct idiom.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2010, 22:59
4
In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact, and hence the
bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.
(A) instead of
(B) as opposed to
(C) in contrast with
(D) rather than at
(E) as against being at

Source --> OG 10

I understood
A - Wrong, Because a contrast is needed in this sentence so instead of is not appropriate
C - Wrong, In contrast with -- Unidiomatic
E - Wrong, Being not correct

Now i am confused between Option B and D, I feel Option B could have also been helpful in reflecting the contrast and thus the right answer.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2010, 02:44
From the GMAT point of view, I think the important Idioms are: 'Instead of' and 'rather than'. The Idioms 'In contrast to' and 'As opposed to' are not as important as the former in GMAT. This distinction would have been unnecessary, but for the fact that meanings of 3 out of the 4 idioms above are fairly similar. So strictly from the GMAT POV, I would chose 'Rather than' if I knew for sure 'Instead of' is incorrect AC.

Taking the sentence out of the GMAT Context I would definitely prefer B - 'As opposed to' over 'Rather than at'.

If an expert can shed some light over the usage then it will be really helpfull.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2010, 02:54
One more reason that I think goes in favour of D is Parallelism.

Sentence:
In metalwork one advantage [strike]of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding[/strike] is that the contact[strike], and hence the bonding,[/strike] is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series [strike]of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between[/strike].

I have struck out all the Middle Men.
Now to maintain the Parallelism, the correct structure should be:
Phrase starting with Preposition < Idiom > Phrase starting with preposition.
Option A: Does not maintain the above structure as 'Instead of' is the preposition and hence the phrase does not start with a preposition
Option B: Same problem structure is not maintained because 'As opposed to' entirely is the idiom.
Option C: Same problem structure is not maintained because 'In contrast to' entirely is the idiom.
Option D: CORRECT - The structure is perfectly maintained as 'Rather Than' is the idiom and hence the next Phrase begins with the preposition 'At'
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New post 08 Oct 2010, 11:19
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Aside the fact that the big boss always prefers rather than over instead of, beyond GMAT too I will rather not like to use expressions such as opposed to and as against in issues of comparison. In my opinion and as per custom, you can use as against or as opposed to when you are opposed to or against something materially or conceptually. The element of dislike or repudiation should be innate in such contexts. For example, when I say that I am opposed to smoking either within office or in the public or when state that I am against public display of affection, I am meaning to say that I just don’t like them. But you can not use the same expressions to say tha admission in business schools this year has been nearly 150 thousand as opposed to or as against 100 thousands last year as if the relevant years are fighting between themselves. In these cases. proper diction requires to say that admission in business schools has been nearly 150 thousand this year in comparison to ( or as compared to or in contrast to blah, blah )100 thousand last year. Have I made my point?
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2011, 06:22
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E is out "being"
B is awkward out
C - "in contrast with" is used to compare like things. It is inappropriate in this context
A - instead of cannot be used to compare clauses

D remains.

Moreover the comparison is

bonding is effected continuously over a broad surface rather than at a series of regularly spaced points

whichscore wrote:
In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact,
and hence the bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series
of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.
(A) instead of
(B) as opposed to
(C) in contrast with
(D) rather than at
(E) as against being at
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2015, 14:12
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whichscore wrote:
In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact,
and hence the bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series
of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.
(A) instead of
(B) as opposed to
(C) in contrast with
(D) rather than at
(E) as against being at


How to decide between instead of and rather than here??
I think the verb is effected makes it necessary to use rather than and not instead of.

Experts pls comment on that.
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New post 28 Nov 2015, 02:19
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‘Instead of’ means ‘in the place of’. In contexts when we have a dilemma of choosing between one or the other 'rather than' is more befitting.

In metal work one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is that the contact, and hence the bonding, is effected continuously over a broad surface in the place of a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between

We can see how 'rather than' fits in better. I have hardly seen 'instead of' being approved by GMAT in such circumstances.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2016, 06:04
What is the idiom being tested here?
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2016, 04:34
gmatser1 wrote:
What is the idiom being tested here?


In this example - One aspect is the use of "Rather Than" preferred to "Instead of"

Meaning : Rather Than = Preference

Technically: Rather than is a parallel marker. X rather than Y.

X = Continuously over (idiom) a broad surface

Y = At a series of regularly spaced points

Hope this helps.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2016, 07:47
I think the point is:

The comparison of contact. Whether contact is continuous or at regularly spaced points. The meaning of the sentence is trying to point out contact done continuously is better than done regularly spaced.

For choices A, B, which sounds pretty reasonable at first glance, you reject them for not having at

Only D makes the meaning complete.

The sentence goes:
contact, blah blah blah, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series
of regularly spaced points
with no bonding

Compares contact effected continuously to a series of regularly spaced points. <--- This doesnt make any sense whether it is A, B or C.

Not sure if I am putting my point across correctly.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2016, 07:52
scottleey wrote:
I think the point is:

The comparison of contact. Whether contact is continuous or at regularly spaced points. The meaning of the sentence is trying to point out contact done continuously is better than done regularly spaced.

For choices A, B, which sounds pretty reasonable at first glance, you reject them for not having at

Only D makes the meaning complete.

The sentence goes:
contact, blah blah blah, is effected continuously over a broad surface instead of a series
of regularly spaced points
with no bonding

Compares contact effected continuously to a series of regularly spaced points. <--- This doesnt make any sense whether it is A, B or C.

Not sure if I am putting my point across correctly.


Yes, I agree with your view. I would just like to try to put it across a bit more clearly, if I can.

The comparison markers here are
X instead of Y
X rather than Y

The comparison is between the two processes by which "the contact is effected":

Process 1 (X): The contact is effected continuously over a broad surface.
Process 2 (Y): The contact is effected at a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.

Hence the compared elements are continuously over a broad surface and at a series of regularly spaced points with no bonding in between.

Moreover, the usage of "instead of" is restricted to nouns only, whereas "rather than" is more versatile and can be used for comparing not just nouns, nut also other elements such as participles, phrases etc. Hence "rather than" is the correct choice here.

The correct answer is D, which takes care of both the above issues.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2016, 05:25
The main point, to note, in this question is the difference between "rather than" and instead of.
RATHER THAN
When we use rather than, the word or a clause immediately following the word "of" is noun or a noun phrase.
for eg. I prefer ice cream instead of cola drink.

INSTEAD OF
Instead of compares noun/verb.

hope this helps.
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Re: In metalwork one advantage of adhesive-bonding over spot-welding is &nbs [#permalink] 25 Jul 2016, 05:25

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