GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 23 Jan 2020, 16:36

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Aug 2009
Posts: 439
Schools: Harvard, Columbia, Stern, Booth, LSB,
In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Sep 2013, 03:22
3
22
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:00) correct 31% (01:02) wrong based on 624 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as predicted by their mathematical formulas, it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of a series of irregular points on the surface.

(B) as compared with
(C) in contrast with
(D) rather than to
(E) as against being at

Similar Question from OG : LINK
Manager
Joined: 14 Dec 2011
Posts: 176
GPA: 3.46
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Sep 2013, 04:13
IMO D.

In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as predicted by their mathematical formulas, it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of a series of irregular points on the surface.
A) instead of ----Not a proper comparison
B) as compared with ----Not a proper comparison
C) in contrast with ----Not a proper comparison
D) rather than to --- Correct. Heat applied over the surface.. rather than to a series of irregular points on the surface.
E) as against being at ----Awkward
SVP
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2272
Location: New York, NY
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Sep 2013, 09:34
4
fameatop wrote:
In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as predicted by their mathematical formulas, it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of a series of irregular points on the surface.
B) as compared with
C) in contrast with
D) rather than to
E) as against being at

OA will be posted after discussion

Note the keywords OVER and either (OF/WITH/TO/AT)

The structure boils down to:

"it is important the heat be applied evenly (OVER X) rather than (TO Y)"

The effective meaning is:

"it is important the heat be applied evenly OVER X"

rather than

"it is important the heat be applied evenly TO a series of irregular points on the surface."
Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2012
Posts: 178
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Oct 2013, 00:22
Would it be safe to assume that just as GMAT doesn't prefer 'being', it doesn't prefer 'instead of'.
Intern
Joined: 08 Aug 2014
Posts: 14
Location: Georgia
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V39
GPA: 3.97
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2014, 00:13
1
The question is about what is being compared?
First 3 answers are the same, and they don't compare location to the location.
You need some preposition to say that the heat is applied to some location.
So correct is D
Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1344
Location: Malaysia
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2017, 23:46
1
1
fameatop wrote:
In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as predicted by their mathematical formulas, it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of a series of irregular points on the surface.
B) as compared with
C) in contrast with
D) rather than to
E) as against being at

As you can see from this problem, it is critical to determine precisely what is being compared. What is being compared in this sentence? $$Where$$ the heat is being applied. If you said “location,” you’re partially correct, but with a significant piece missing. In the first portion of the comparison, the heat is being applied “over the total surface area.” Yes, “the total surface area” is the location of the application, but the word “over” is just as important.

Without a preposition to introduce the location in the second portion of the comparison (“to a series of irregular points”), the comparison lacks equivalency of form. To be properly compared, the heat must be applied evenly:

1. over the entire surface area

rather than

2. to a series of irregular points.

None of the other answer choices (except answer choice E, which is clearly wrong because of the poor diction (“as against being”) contain the necessary preposition of location to make an exact comparison between the same things: where the heat is being applied. The correct answer choice is D.
_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Senior Manager
Status: Countdown Begins...
Joined: 03 Jul 2016
Posts: 275
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 580 Q48 V22
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Feb 2017, 21:28
1
AR15J wrote:
Why is choice A incorrect?

Please go through this post: https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/rather-than-accept-the-conventional-wisdom-that-the-earth-t1177.html
It explains that RAHER THAN is a conjunction and hence can be followed by anything but INSTEAD OF is a complex preposition which should be followed by a noun. The noun can be a gerund as well.

With this, use of INSTEAD OF could be correct if we had the sentence as:

it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of applying it to a series of irregular points on the surface.

Another post for reference : http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.in/2006/06/rather-than-vs-instead-of.html
Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2016
Posts: 254
Location: India
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Feb 2017, 03:52
RMD007 wrote:
AR15J wrote:
Why is choice A incorrect?

Please go through this post: https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/rather-than-accept-the-conventional-wisdom-that-the-earth-t1177.html
It explains that RAHER THAN is a conjunction and hence can be followed by anything but INSTEAD OF is a complex preposition which should be followed by a noun. The noun can be a gerund as well.

With this, use of INSTEAD OF could be correct if we had the sentence as:

it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of applying it to a series of irregular points on the surface.

Another post for reference : http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.in/2006/06/rather-than-vs-instead-of.html

Thanks RD.

But, as you explained, instead of is used for noun

I take milk instead of coffee in the breakfast-- correct used for noun

In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as predicted by their mathematical formulas, it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of a series of irregular points on the surface.

both "total surface area" and "a series of irregular points on the surface" are nouns, so we should be allowed to use "instead of" in this case. Did I misunderstand anything ? Please help !
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2842
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Feb 2017, 06:29
AR15J wrote:
RMD007 wrote:
AR15J wrote:
Why is choice A incorrect?

Please go through this post: https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/rather-than-accept-the-conventional-wisdom-that-the-earth-t1177.html
It explains that RAHER THAN is a conjunction and hence can be followed by anything but INSTEAD OF is a complex preposition which should be followed by a noun. The noun can be a gerund as well.

With this, use of INSTEAD OF could be correct if we had the sentence as:

it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of applying it to a series of irregular points on the surface.

Another post for reference : http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.in/2006/06/rather-than-vs-instead-of.html

Thanks RD.

But, as you explained, instead of is used for noun

I take milk instead of coffee in the breakfast-- correct used for noun

In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as predicted by their mathematical formulas, it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of a series of irregular points on the surface.

both "total surface area" and "a series of irregular points on the surface" are nouns, so we should be allowed to use "instead of" in this case. Did I misunderstand anything ? Please help !

If you use "instead of", the parallelsim must be between two noun phrases (as you correctly identified):

1. the total surface area of the flask
AND
2. a series of irregular points on the surface

The preposition "over" then covers both the above noun phrases. However the usage "OVER a series of points..." is idiomatically incorrect. The correct usage is "TO a series of points....." (Correct usage: over a surface, to a point). Thus the parallelsim should be made between two prepositional phrases:

1. over the total surface area of the flask
AND
2. to a series of irregular points on the surface

Thus use of "rather than" becomes mandatory.
Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1344
Location: Malaysia
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Mar 2017, 06:47
sayantanc2k wrote:
If you use "instead of", the parallelsim must be between two noun phrases (as you correctly identified):

1. the total surface area of the flask
AND
2. a series of irregular points on the surface

The preposition "over" then covers both the above noun phrases. However the usage "OVER a series of points..." is idiomatically incorrect. The correct usage is "TO a series of points....." (Correct usage: over a surface, to a point). Thus the parallelsim should be made between two prepositional phrases:

1. over the total surface area of the flask
AND
2. to a series of irregular points on the surface

Thus use of "rather than" becomes mandatory.

Dear sayantanc2k, I believe the correct phrasal verb that used for the comparison shall be apply sth to sth.

You may refer the screenshot from Cambridge Dictionary.
Attachments

Untitled2.jpg [ 148.38 KiB | Viewed 3400 times ]

_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Manager
Joined: 25 Jan 2018
Posts: 83
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jun 2018, 02:59
In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as predicted by their mathematical formulas, it is important the heat be applied evenly over the total surface area of the flask instead of a series of irregular points on the surface.
-- apply heat over x instead of y. -- this is incorrect. Also "instead" is used when we substitute. It will be good to use rather.
B) as compared with
-- this is not a correct idiom - "as compared to" is correct. Even after this correction, we will have comparison error as A.
C) in contrast with
-- comparison error as A.
D) rather than to
E) as against being at
-- illogical.
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 8119
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 21:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: In order to ensure that chemical reaction in the lab behave as   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2019, 21:59
Display posts from previous: Sort by