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In the five most important battleground states – New York,

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In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Jul 2014, 13:22
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A
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C
D
E

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Question Stats:

45% (00:53) correct 55% (00:57) wrong based on 862 sessions

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In the five most important battleground states–-New York, California, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts–-Democrats reported $48.7 million in cash on hand, compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million.

A) compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million

B) in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million

C) compared with $35 million for the Republicans

D) compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million

E) in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million

Originally posted by guerrero25 on 18 Jul 2014, 06:58.
Last edited by guerrero25 on 19 Jul 2014, 13:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2014, 09:10
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guerrero25 wrote:
In the five most important battleground states – New York, California, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts – Democrats reported $48.7 million in cash on hand, compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million.

A)compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million

B)in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million

C)compared with $35 million for the Republicans

D)compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million

E)in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million


This is a comparison question - I believe intent of the sentence is to compare the amount.

A)compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million
Incorrect

B)in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million
Incorrect

C)compared with $35 million for the Republicans
Looks OK

D)compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million
Incorrect

E)in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million
Incorrect
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2014, 04:12
guerrero25 wrote:
In the five most important battleground states – New York, California, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts – Democrats reported $48.7 million in cash on hand, compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million.

A)compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million

B)in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million

C)compared with $35 million for the Republicans

D)compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million

E)in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million



The sentence compares $48.7 million reported by Democrats with $35 million reported by the Republicans.

A) $48 million is compared with Republicans  Incorrect
B) $48 million is compared with Republicans  Incorrect
C) $48 million is compared with $35 million  Correct. “for” is used to denote the ellipsis.
D) $48 million is compared with the reporting  Incorrect
E) $48 million is compared with the Republicans’ report Incorrect

To understand more about ellipsis in comparison, please refer to this exercise: while-it-costs-about-the-same-to-run-nuclear-plants-as-other-134755.html#p1198433
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How to exactly find the compared entity? [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2015, 01:38
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In the five most important battleground states – New York, California, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts – Democrats reported $48.7 million in cash on hand, compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million.

A)compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million

B)in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million

C)compared with $35 million for the Republicans

D)compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million

E)in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million


Hi Can anyone let me know is there any thumb rule to exactly find out the compared entities? In the above question, I faced difficulty in identifying the compared entities.
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How to exactly find the compared entity? [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2015, 05:42
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Please underline the necessary part of the sentence first.

X country contains A rupees.
Y country contains B rupees.
This A and B are compared with reference to X and Y.
Please see the intended meaning.

In the five most important battleground states – New York, California, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts – Democrats reported $48.7 million in cash on hand, compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million.

A)compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million..............Democrats cash is compared to Republicans

B)in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million........same as A

C)compared with $35 million for the Republicans

D)compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million............reporting of Republicans of million structure(x of y of z) is flawed.

E)in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million

I got stuck between C and E.
And I felt the usage for the republicans incorrect.
I feel this deviated the intended meaning and chose E.
but from Rich explanation in below link. I understood that E is wrong.
http://www.beatthegmat.com/in-the-five- ... tml#759795
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How to exactly find the compared entity? [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2015, 06:19
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Compared to --> Used to compare different objects. For example, Apple Compared to Orange.
Compared With --> Used to compare similar objects. In the case Cash of Republicans compared with Cash of Democrats.

In the initial sentence Cash was compared to the republicans but the intended meaning is Cash compared with Cash.

Hence narrowed down to C & D. Chose D since "For republicans" in C made me to think other way :(

Also in any comparison question if you are finding any ambiguity in the meaning, use of Pronoun or Verb will fix the error.
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Re: How to exactly find the compared entity? [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2016, 22:57
sowragu wrote:
Compared to --> Used to compare different objects. For example, Apple Compared to Orange.
Compared With --> Used to compare similar objects. In the case Cash of Republicans compared with Cash of Democrats.


If my memory is correct, this was mentioned in MGMAT SC guide. However, this is not entirely correct. GMAT does not mind the subtle difference between the usages of these 2.
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Re: How to exactly find the compared entity? [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2016, 08:34
Alok322 wrote:
sowragu wrote:
Compared to --> Used to compare different objects. For example, Apple Compared to Orange.
Compared With --> Used to compare similar objects. In the case Cash of Republicans compared with Cash of Democrats.


If my memory is correct, this was mentioned in MGMAT SC guide. However, this is not entirely correct. GMAT does not mind the subtle difference between the usages of these 2.


The difference between "compared to" and "compared with" is not because of comparing similar or dissimilar objects, but because of emphasizing similarity or dissimilarity:

A zebra can be COMPARED TO a horse in many ways. (emphasizes similarity)
COMPARED WITH a horse, however, a zebra is very hard to tame. (emphasizes dissimilarity)

The above examples are taken from the Manhattan SC guide. Whatsoever, as you have correctly mentioned, Manhattan guide mentions that:
"The GMAT ignores the traditional distinction between COMPARED TO (emphasizing similarities) and COMPARED WITH (emphasizing differences)."
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2016, 21:53
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This is a comparison question - I believe intent of the sentence is to compare the amount.

A)compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million
Incorrect

B)in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million
Incorrect

C)compared with $35 million for the Republicans
Looks OK

D)compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million
Incorrect

E)in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million
Incorrect

C is cool
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2017, 02:49
Hello, mikemcgarry,

can you please explain these issues in details?

I can't understand how A is wrong, How cash is compared here....

Thanks in advance :)
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2017, 16:52
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guerrero25 wrote:
In the five most important battleground states–-New York, California, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts–-Democrats reported $48.7 million in cash on hand, compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million.

A) compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million

B) in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million

C) compared with $35 million for the Republicans

D) compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million

E) in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million

nahid78 wrote:
Hello, mikemcgarry,

can you please explain these issues in details?

I can't understand how A is wrong, How cash is compared here....

Thanks in advance :)

Dear nahid78,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

For a few reasons, I don't think this is the best question. Veritas often has excellent questions, but this one is not one of their finest. This is irrelevant for a test taker such as yourself, but the subject matter of GMAT CR questions is usually quite realistic. In fact, since the 1980s, neither NY nor CA nor MA has been a "battleground" state in a US Presidential election---in 1992 through 2016, all three of those states have been no-doubt blue states from the get-go. The subject is "contrary to fact" in a way that a real GMAT CR questions would not be. Again, this is a concern for question writers, but it is irrelevant for a student trying to answer the question.

My friend, think about it this way: what comes immediately before the underlined section? "$48.7 million in cash on hand." That's the first term of the comparison. We want to compare money to money, so most obvious choice for the second term would be money as well. The only answer choice that directly sets up money as the second term of the comparison is (C). That is the obvious choice for the OA.

I will say, though, that "Democrats" is close enough to the underlined section, and has rhetorical prominence as the subject, that (A) is plausible. It's hard to say that (A) is totally wrong. This is also why I have criticisms of this question. In a good practice SC question, each of the four incorrect answers should be definitively wrong for a clear reason. This is not the case here.

My friend, if you were confused between (A) & (C), it was not entirely your fault.

Here's a higher quality practice question:
The income categories

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2017, 05:42
dealguy007 wrote:
i think A uses the comparison and modifies Republicans correctly.

Only C does proper comparison of the amounts
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2017, 13:00
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Of course, C compares cash to cash. However, the problem with C is that it is not clear who reported for the Republicans. It looks as if Democrats reported both their own cash balance the Republican's cash balance. This is not tenable. If C were "compared with $35 million reported by the Republicans", it would mean better.
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2017, 06:20
guerrero25 wrote:
In the five most important battleground states–-New York, California, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts–-Democrats reported $48.7 million in cash on hand, compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million.

A) compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million

B) in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million

C) compared with $35 million for the Republicans

D) compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million

E) in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million


Comparison is between the cash in hand reported by Democrats and Republicans.

Option A is making a comparison between Money and Republicans. Hence, incorrect.

Option C makes the right comparison, hence correct.
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Re: In the five most important battleground states – New York, [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2017, 02:08
guerrero25 wrote:
In the five most important battleground states–-New York, California, Illinois, Ohio, and Massachusetts–-Democrats reported $48.7 million in cash on hand, compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million.

A) compared to the Republicans, who reported $35 million

B) in comparison to the Republicans, with $35 million

C) compared with $35 million for the Republicans

D) compared with the reporting of the Republicans of $35 million

E) in comparison to the Republicans’ report of having $35 million


OFFICIAL SOLUTION



In any comparison problem such as this, it is essential that you ask “what is the goal of the comparison ” and “what is being compared”. The goal of this comparison is simply to compare the amount of cash on hand for one group versus the amount on hand for another. In (A) and (B), the sentences illogically compare the $48.7 million with the Republicans themselves. While many people will think that (D) and (E) correct this problem, they are still illogical – you cannot compare the amount of money with the “reporting” or the “report”. Also, both (D) and (E) use improper and awkward diction "reporting of…of" and “Republicans’ report of having” are incorrect. Only (C) makes a proper, simple, and concise comparison between the amount of money on hand for the two groups. Answer is (C).
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Re: How to exactly find the compared entity? [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2018, 18:44
compare $ money to $ money
Hence (C) is correct.
You don't compare money to Republicans, who are people.
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Re: How to exactly find the compared entity? [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 04:10
"Compare with" is correct idiom

We need verb here so "compared" should be used instead of comparison

C is best choice ,D is wordy and awkward

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Re: How to exactly find the compared entity?   [#permalink] 09 May 2018, 04:10
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In the five most important battleground states – New York,

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