GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 25 Apr 2019, 19:36

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 129
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 11 Oct 2017, 22:52
3
20
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

63% (01:47) correct 37% (01:53) wrong based on 971 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

Originally posted by dixitraghav on 30 May 2010, 10:06.
Last edited by Mahmud6 on 11 Oct 2017, 22:52, edited 2 times in total.
OA not provided
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
B
Affiliations: SPG
Joined: 15 Nov 2006
Posts: 299
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2010, 10:14
I would go with D. This is strongly related to the conclusion.
Current Student
avatar
Affiliations: ?
Joined: 20 Jul 2009
Posts: 175
Location: Africa/Europe
Schools: Kellogg; Ross ($$); Tuck
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2010, 11:10
For me it's A or E.

One monk made a mistake and the result is ALL subsequent copies will be corrected. was this monk the only one to make the subsequent copies? mabe a copy existed before the Middle Ages....

If this monk made all the copies, can we traced them back for correction?..hum

I think I will go for A

OA?
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Aug 2007
Posts: 720
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 May 2010, 23:13
2
Please dont post the OA so early.

IMO E.
This is an Defender Assumption based question.

When you read the stimulus you will find that the author has presented his views fairly without missing some key assumptions. But, in the end, he makes a broad generalization based conclusion. We are asked to support the conclusion with an additional premise which is stated in E.

E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

If you negate this, it will become:
All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic cannot be traced back to the flawed copy.

If the copies cannot be traced back then how can all copies be corrected. The conclusion fals apart.


dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Jun 2012
Posts: 32
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Aug 2013, 08:01
ykaiim wrote:
Please dont post the OA so early.

IMO E.
This is an Defender Assumption based question.

When you read the stimulus you will find that the author has presented his views fairly without missing some key assumptions. But, in the end, he makes a broad generalization based conclusion. We are asked to support the conclusion with an additional premise which is stated in E.

E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

If you negate this, it will become:
All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic cannot be traced back to the flawed copy.

If the copies cannot be traced back then how can all copies be corrected. The conclusion fals apart.


dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.


Lets look at A

Lets say some copies of Plato's republic predates Middle ages , that means "NOT ALL" copies needs to be replaced and again the conclusion is destroyed. What do you have to say about it ?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Apr 2013
Posts: 79
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Aug 2013, 08:30
1
1
dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.



A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages. At least one copy, prior to the mistake copy, has to exist or it's unlikely that the mistake would have been found.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected. The question stem only covers Plato's Republic.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text. Again already covered in the question stem.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week. Stated in the question stem.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy. Not previous included in the question stem. The fact all copies can be traced to the flawed copy is important information supporting the conclusion.
_________________
I do not beg for kudos.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jan 2013
Posts: 36
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2013, 02:56
smartmanav wrote:
ykaiim wrote:
Please dont post the OA so early.

IMO E.
This is an Defender Assumption based question.

When you read the stimulus you will find that the author has presented his views fairly without missing some key assumptions. But, in the end, he makes a broad generalization based conclusion. We are asked to support the conclusion with an additional premise which is stated in E.

E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

If you negate this, it will become:
All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic cannot be traced back to the flawed copy.

If the copies cannot be traced back then how can all copies be corrected. The conclusion fals apart.


dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.


Lets look at A

Lets say some copies of Plato's republic predates Middle ages , that means "NOT ALL" copies needs to be replaced and again the conclusion is destroyed. What do you have to say about it ?



The author clearly mentioned 'All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.' The copies which are prior to medival age need not be corrected.

But i dont think that E is correct one too... the author simply stated that books need to be corrected, how these books can be corrected, is it possible or not is out of scope here
Kaplan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 25 Aug 2009
Posts: 636
Location: Cambridge, MA
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2013, 19:12
3
adityapagadala wrote:
The author clearly mentioned 'All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.' The copies which are prior to medival age need not be corrected.

But i dont think that E is correct one too... the author simply stated that books need to be corrected, how these books can be corrected, is it possible or not is out of scope here

The author thinks the books must be corrected because of an error in a single medieval copy. If some books didn't stem from that copy, then those books won't have the monk's error, and won't need correcting! Thus, the information in choice (E) is necessary for the author's conclusion to hold--without it, we have no reason to fix any copies that trace their lineage to a different monastery.

Hope this helps!
_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Status: Bouncing back from failure
Joined: 08 Mar 2010
Posts: 66
Schools: Wharton,MIT, Tepper, Kelly,
WE 1: 7 years- Service Managament, poject Management, Business Consultant- Retail
Reviews Badge
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 May 2014, 01:55
dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?
A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.


"All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected" - author's reasoning of the correction. Author is not concluding on how to implement the correction.
However, option E -"All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy" this option tells how to implement the fix. and Implementing the correction is out of scope.

Please help me to understand.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Status: I am ready!
Joined: 05 Nov 2014
Posts: 43
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jun 2015, 12:48
Let's look at d & e as others can be eliminated easily..
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
If no one has ever noticed this before then obviously all subsequent books of this lineage need to be corrected(whether there are only a few or many or none or whether they can be traced or not is a whole different matter)


E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy
What if some one has observed this mistake before and has already corrected it before any subsequent copies were even made?


EDIT: Its crystal clear to me now. Answer is definitely 'E'.. thank you all for the nice discussions.
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 06 Jun 2013
Posts: 155
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: Tuck
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.6
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jul 2017, 09:21
E is the correct answer as it talks about the subsequent copies of Plato's Republic that can be traced back to the flawed copy.
and the conclusion says all these flawed copies need to be corrected.
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 4129
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Apr 2019, 04:37
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many   [#permalink] 17 Apr 2019, 04:37
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.