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Industry representatives maintain that the new

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Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2017, 18:41
2
30
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

16% (01:33) correct 84% (01:39) wrong based on 724 sessions

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Industry representatives maintain that the new privacy and data protection policies the regulatory body requires that all social networking sites contain no provisions for the transfer of user data to foreign governments.

(A) requires that all social networking sites

(B) require that all social networking sites

(C) requires of all social networking sites

(D) requires all social networking sites to

(E) require all social networking sites to

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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2017, 19:31
4
4
Industry representatives maintain that the new privacy and data protection policies the regulatory body requires that all social networking sites contain no provisions for the transfer of user data to foreign governments.

(A) requires that all social networking sites

(B) require that all social networking sites

(C) requires of all social networking sites

(D) requires all social networking sites to

(E) require all social networking sites to

The correct answer is B.

This sentence is testing our knowledge on subject verb agreement and subjunctives.

The formula for using subjunctive is subject + verb + that + subject + verb in simple form. . .

So C, D and E are ruled out.

A is out because we need a plural verb.


SUBJUNCTIVE

The subjunctive is used to indicate that one person wants another person to do something. The simple form of the verb is used after certain other verbs and that is always used. If that is omitted then it changes the structure of the second verb to the infinitive.

We require that he come to the office.
We require him to come to the office.

The following verbs in the below list are used in a subjunctive sentence.
advise
ask
command
decree
demand
insist
move
order
prefer
propose
recommend
request
require
stipulate
suggest
urge

NOTE: The verb want is not included in the above list. Want is not used in a subjunctive sentence.

In the following formula, substitute one of the verbs from the list (in any tense).
subject + verb + that + subject + verb in simple form. . .

The pilot requested that everyone fasten their seatbelts.
My mother insists that I practice piano for an hour every day after school.
The general commanded that his men charge up the hill.
I propose that you do odd jobs to earn enough money for the trip.
The powerful king decreed that his birthday be a national holiday.

Impersonal expressions which have the same meaning as the verbs above use a form of the verb be followed by certain adjectives. This form of the subjunctive also uses a simple form of the verb following it.
advised
important
mandatory
necessary
obligatory
proposed
recommended
required
suggested
urgent
imperative

In the following formula, substitute one of the adjectives from the list above. The verb be can be in any singular tense (which agrees with the subject it).
.
it + be + adjective + that + subject + verb in simple form. . .
It was advised that we wear our lifejackets because of the bad weather.
It is obligatory that you present your passport at the airport.
It is important that they catch the first train.
It has been suggested that we arrive early for the ceremony.
It was proposed that the mayor attend the meeting at city hall
.

The entire bold part is taken from the GMAT club grammar book.

Thank you.

Please press kudos if the above post has helped you in anyway. :-)
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2017, 19:14
IMO B subjunctive require + that + base form of verb

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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2017, 11:42
4
1
AjiteshArun wrote:
Industry representatives maintain that the new privacy and data protection policies the regulatory body requires that all social networking sites contain no provisions for the transfer of user data to foreign governments.

(A) requires that all social networking sites

(B) require that all social networking sites

(C) requires of all social networking sites

(D) requires all social networking sites to

(E) require all social networking sites to


Here is my point of view why (C) is the correct answer.

Industry representatives maintain that the new privacy and data protection policies (that) the regulatory body requires of all social networking sites contain no provisions for the transfer of user data to foreign governments.

blue: "that" here is a relative pronoun, so we can ommit it.
green without commas means that there are many "new privacy and data protection policies", but we are talking only about that "that the regulatory body requires of all social networking sites"

"requires" refers to a singular "the regulatory body"

hence,

B and E can be easily eliminated because "requires" needs to be used instead of "require"

"contain" refers to "new privacy and data protection policies", not to "sites"

in A, D, "contain" refers to "sites", and therefore, changes the meaning. Eliminate both.

Hope it helps. 8-)
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 05:56
Please explain why it should not be C as subjunctive "maintain that" needs require.
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 18:35
Need explanation regards what's the difference between A,C & D. Any help would be great . Thanks
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 22:04
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Please, someone, explain the correct answer C. egmat @abhimana @experts mike
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2018, 12:22
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This sentence isn't using the subjunctive. "Requires" is part of a modifier applying to "policies."

Sentence core (stripped of modifier): Representatives maintain that the policies contain no provisions.

Now adding the relevant modifier: Representatives maintain that the policies (the body requires of sites) contain no provisions.

This intent might be clearer if the non-underlined portion said "that the regulatory body requires" or "required by the regulatory body." However, folks need to be careful about assuming that every use of the word "requires" indicates the subjunctive. Most words have a number of different uses and meanings across several different parts of speech!
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2018, 18:12
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Hi,
Is this an idiom concept here for 'requires of' not able to understand why not requires to y requires of!!!!!!!
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 08:21
Can someone please explain in detail why is option C the correct answer here?
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2018, 22:56
1
I can elaborate on my earlier explanation. If we take the modifiers out, we have this:

Representatives maintain that the policies contain no provisions.

Unfortunately, all of that is outside the underlined portion, so it doesn't eliminate any choices. Now we need to put the modifier back in. Again, this modifier isn't phrased very clearly, but it is meant to modify policies. In other words, which policies are we talking about? The policies the regulatory body requires.

Since the regulatory body is the subject, we need the singular "requires." That cuts B and E.

Now, before looking at the rest, remember that "contain" is not part of this modifier; it's the main verb of the sentence! So our modifier ends with the underlined portion. Can we refer to "the policies the regulatory body requires that all social networking sites"? No--that doesn't make sense. We also don't want D, which ends with "to," again trying to grab that verb "contain" that is not part of the modifier. So, can we refer to "the policies the regulatory body requires of all social networking sites"? Yes, these are policies required by the regulatory body, and that body requires these policies of all sites. ("Requires of" is a valid idiom for this situation.)

That's a tangled one, for sure, but I hope this helps!
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2018, 09:51
Can you explain why D is incorrect.?
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Re: Industry representatives maintain that the new &nbs [#permalink] 07 Aug 2018, 09:51
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