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Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American

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Practice Question
Question No.:
Online test bank question number : RC00349-02 ~RC00349-06

Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States. Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government; virtue was to be instilled not only by churches and schools, but by families, where the mother’s role was crucial. Thus, according to Kerber, motherhood became pivotal to the fate of the republic, providing justification for an unprecedented attention to female education.

Introduction of the republican motherhood thesis dramatically changed historiography. Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception. Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750. Pointing to “An Essay on Woman” (1753) as reflecting a shift in view, Woody also claimed that practical education for females had many advocates before the Revolution. Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education, although it may have accelerated earlier trends. Historians’ reliance on Kerber’s “republican motherhood” thesis may have obscured the presence of these trends, making it difficult to determine to what extent the Revolution really changed women’s lives.



1) According to the passage, within the field of educational history, Thomas Woody’s 1929 work was

(A) innovative because it relied on newspaper advertisements as evidence
(B) exceptional in that it concentrated on the period before the American Revolution
(C) unusual in that it focused on educational attitudes rather than on educational practices
(D) controversial in its claims regarding educational opportunities for boys
(E) atypical in that it examined the education of girls



2) According to the passage, Kerber argued that political leaders thought that the form of government adopted by the United States after the American Revolution depended on which of the following for its success?

(A) Women assuming the sole responsibility for instilling political virtue in children
(B) Girls becoming the primary focus of a reformed educational system that emphasized political virtue
(C) The family serving as one of the primary means by which children were imbued with political virtue
(D) The family assuming many of the functions previously performed by schools and churches
(E) Men and women assuming equal responsibility for the management of schools, churches, and the family



3) The passage suggests that, with regard to the history of women’s education in the United States, Kerber’s work differs from Woody’s primarily concerning which of the following?

(A) The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century
(B) The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution
(C) The extent of public resistance to educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution
(D) Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century
(E) Whether women needed to be educated in order to contribute to the success of a republican form of government



4) According to the passage, Kerber maintained that which of the following led to an increase in educational opportunities for women in the United States after the American Revolution?

(A) An unprecedented demand by women for greater educational opportunities in the decades following the Revolution
(B) A new political ideology calling for equality of opportunity between women and men in all aspects of life
(C) A belief that the American educational system could be reformed only if women participated more fully in that system
(D) A belief that women needed to be educated if they were to contribute to the success of the nation’s new form of government
(E) A recognition that women needed to be educated if they were to take an active role in the nation’s schools and churches



5) The passage suggests that Woody would have agreed with which of the following claims regarding “An Essay on Woman”?

(A) It expressed attitudes concerning women's education that were reflected in new educational opportunities for women after 1750.
(B) It persuaded educators to offer greater educational opportunities to women in the 1750s.
(C) It articulated ideas about women's education that would not be realized until after the American Revolution.
(D) It offered one of the most original arguments in favor of women's education in the United States in the eighteenth century.
(E) It presented views about women's education that were still controversial in Woody's own time.



JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rethinking Republican Motherhood: Benjamin Rush and the Young Ladies' Academy of Philadelphia
Margaret A. Nash
Journal of the Early Republic
Vol. 17, No. 2 (Summer, 1997), pp. 171-191 (21 pages)
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press on behalf of the Society for Historians of the Early American Republic
https://www.jstor.org/stable/3124445

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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 22 Jun 2016, 09:48.
Last edited by hazelnut on 25 Oct 2018, 21:20, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States. Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government; virtue was to be instilled not only by churches and schools, but by families, where the mother’s role was crucial. Thus,according to Kerber, motherhood became pivotal to the fate of the republic, providing justification for an unprecedented attention to female education.Introduction of the republican motherhood thesis dramatically changed historiography. Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception. Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750. Pointing to “An Essay on Woman” (1753) as reflecting a shift in view, Woody also claimed that practical education for females had many advocates before the Revolution. Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education, although it may have accelerated earlier trends. Historians’ reliance on Kerber’s “republican motherhood” thesis may have obscured the presence of these trends, making it difficult to determine to what extent the Revolution really changed women’s lives.

3) The passage suggests that, with regard to the history of women’s education in the United States, Kerber’s work differs from Woody’s primarily concerning which of the following?
A. The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century
B. The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution
C. The extent of public resistance to educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution
D. Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century
E. Whether women needed to be educated in order to contribute to the success of a republican form of government

Karber's Points from the passage:-
- Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States.

Woody’s points from the passage:-
- Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception.
- Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750.

With reference to the phrases highlighted above in red & green, the educational opportunities did exist for both boys and gurl prior to the revolution, but the surge of educational opportunities came only after the revolution. Which means women took interest in pursuing educational opportunities

The correct ans is A)
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2016, 02:42
Approx <10 mins, had some interruptions in between
Ans: 1. E
2. C
3. B :(
4. D

I thought I was wrong for Q3, but found to be the same answer as mine :o in other forum of GC pblished in 2007. Please clarify which one is right. Also there is no OA for Q1.
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Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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2
Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States. Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government; virtue was to be instilled not only by churches and schools, but by families, where the mother’s role was crucial. Thus,according to Kerber, motherhood became pivotal to the fate of the republic, providing justification for an unprecedented attention to female education.Introduction of the republican motherhood thesis dramatically changed historiography. Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception. Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750. Pointing to “An Essay on Woman” (1753) as reflecting a shift in view, Woody also claimed that practical education for females had many advocates before the Revolution. Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education, although it may have accelerated earlier trends. Historians’ reliance on Kerber’s “republican motherhood” thesis may have obscured the presence of these trends, making it difficult to determine to what extent the Revolution really changed women’s lives.

3) The passage suggests that, with regard to the history of women’s education in the United States, Kerber’s work differs from Woody’s primarily concerning which of the following?
A. The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century
B. The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution
C. The extent of public resistance to educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution
D. Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century
E. Whether women needed to be educated in order to contribute to the success of a republican form of government

LINDA )
Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States.

Linda's study concluded that revolution changed the education system for women (revolution happened in 1775-1783)

THOMAS WOODY)
1) Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750. Pointing to “An Essay on Woman” (1753) as reflecting a shift in view
2) Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education.

Woody's study tells that changed started happening almost 20 years before the revolution and that revolution has not played an important role in more efforts to educate woman.


NOW DEPENDING ON THE LEVEL OF YOUR EXPERIENCE AND EXPERTISE YOU WOULD EITHER INTERPRET THE QUESTION AS (1) INFERENCE OR (2) MUST BE TRUE
The two most attractive answer in these cases will be

IF YOU THINK THE QUESTION IS ASKING YOU FIND INFERENCE THEN THE ANSWER IS A
REASON :- Education opportunities were equal before and after the revolution. But women only started getting educated after the Revolution. It means earlier woman were not interested in education but after war they become interested in education . Meaning that that women's interest changed in education during the 18th century.
ANSWER IS A:- The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century


IF YOU THINK THE QUESTION IS MUST BE TRUE THEN THE ANSWER IS B
REASON:- Because based on the information given in the passage it can be safely said that Linda considered [u]revolution
to be the main factor of increased woman education, whereas Woody does not consider revolution as the chief cause of woman education but only as an accelerator to the cause.
ANSWR IS B The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution.


p.s:- The term "Suggests"in the question stem implies that it is an "INFERENCE" question .
THE CORRECT ANSWER IS A

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Originally posted by LogicGuru1 on 03 Aug 2016, 05:50.
Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 30 Oct 2018, 13:53, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2016, 02:37
3) The passage suggests that, with regard to the history of women’s education in the United States, Kerber’s work differs from Woody’s primarily concerning which of the following?
A. The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century
B. The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution
C. The extent of public resistance to educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution
D. Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century
E. Whether women needed to be educated in order to contribute to the success of a republican form of government

Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education

Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States.

So they were differed in their timeline (before or after the revolution) not the extent.
I think it should be D and not A.Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century Although I feel instead of during the eighteenth century, it should be "American Revolution"

I dont understand why A, when there is nothing about "women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century or not"

A. The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century : Interest of women is something not discussed.

if extent means timeframe of 18th century, B sound better than A &D.
an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States : Obviously that means support has increased

LogicGuru1
Suggest :"Inference" type of question
most likely to agree with : "Inference" type of question
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New post 18 Aug 2016, 10:21
Could somebody please explain the first question from the passage?
and also explain the 3rd question in a better way.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2016, 16:50
LogicGuru1 wrote:
3) The passage suggests that, with regard to the history of women’s education in the United States, Kerber’s work differs from Woody’s primarily concerning which of the following?
A. The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century
B. The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution
C. The extent of public resistance to educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution
D. Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century
E. Whether women needed to be educated in order to contribute to the success of a republican form of government

LINDA )
1) Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States.

Linda's study concluded that revolution changed the education system for women (revolution happened in 1775-1783)

THOMAS WOODY)
1) Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750. Pointing to “An Essay on Woman” (1753) as reflecting a shift in view
2) Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education.

Woody's study tells that changed started happening almost 20 years before the revolution and that revolution has not played an important role in more efforts to educate woman.

NOW DEPENDING ON HOW YOU INTERPRET THE QUESTION AS :- INFERENCE or MUST BE TRUE the answer will change

IF YOU THINK THE QUESTION IS ASKING YOU FIND INFERENCE THEN THE ANSWER IS A
REASON :- Education opportunities were equal before and after the revolution. But women only started getting educated after the Revolution. It means earlier woman were not interested in education but after war they become interested in education . Meaning that that women's interest changed in education during the 18th century.
ANSWER IS A:- The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century


IF YOU THINK THE QUESTION IS MUST BE TRUE THEN THE ANSWER IS B
REASON:- Because based on the information given in the passage it can be safely said that Linda considered [u]revolution
to be the main factor of increased woman education, whereas Woody does not consider revolution as the chief cause of woman education but only as an accelerator to the cause.
ANSWR IS B The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution.

I will finish this answer as soon as i figure what "suggests" means in the question .

p.s:- Just figured this question. Suggests here implies "INFERENCE" . THE CORRECT ANSWER IS A


Hi,
Could you elaborate how did you com up with the conclusion that "suggest" in this question mean "inference"?
I marked B as answer with the same reasoning as yours in "must be true". Please help. Thanks in advance.
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New post 31 Aug 2016, 20:02
2
ThangLe wrote:
[
Hi,
Could you elaborate how did you com up with the conclusion that "suggest" in this question mean "inference"?
I marked B as answer with the same reasoning as yours in "must be true". Please help. Thanks in advance.


Well,
Because must be true question would not use the term "Suggest" . Suggest is use to ask about inference because
1) SUGGEST means some thing that "can be" derived at using the information which is essentially also the definition of "Inference" .
2) SUGGEST also means hidden conclusions or plausible but not explicitly mentioned secondary information that can be logically guestimated from the available info.

Based on these two criterion I finally think this is a inference question and therefore the correct answer is A and not B
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2016, 08:21
6 mins. All correct. ECAD. 3rd question a bit tricky.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2016, 04:57
3) The passage suggests that, with regard to the history of women’s education in the United States, Kerber’s work differs from Woody’s primarily concerning which of the following?
A. The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century
B. The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution
C. The extent of public resistance to educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution
D. Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century
E. Whether women needed to be educated in order to contribute to the success of a republican form of government

In this Q, Are we not assuming quite a lot to infer Option A that women were not interested. But what if opportunities were not present.To an extent the passage hints at Option B at large. Experts, please clarify.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2017, 01:53
7 min 50 seconds , All correct
Guys OA for 3rd question is B not A . i have checked in the GmatPrep . :)
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2017, 15:30
3
Quote:
Guys OA for 3rd question is B not A . i have checked in the GmatPrep . :)


Thanks, Nightmare007! B is in fact the answer to question #3. Let's compare the works of Kerber and Woody...

The passage states that, "Linda Kerber argued {...} that after the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States." Thus, according to Kerber, there were significantly more educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution than before the American Revolution. Why? Because "the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons". These statements imply that there was more support for educational opportunities for women after the revolution than before the revolution. Notice that Kerber does not say anything about women's interest in actually pursuing those educational opportunities; rather, Kerber's work only suggests that there were more educational opportunities for women and more support for educational opportunities for women after the revolution.

Woody, on the other hand, "found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750" (before the revolution), and he "also claimed that practical education for females had many advocates before the Revolution." Thus, according to Woody, educational opportunities for females and support (ie advocates) for educational opportunities for females increased before the revolution. Again, Woody does not say anything about women's interest in actually pursuing those educational opportunities, so choice A can be eliminated.

We can, however, infer that Kerber believed that support for educational opportunities for women increased after the revolution and that Woody believed that support for educational opportunities for women increased before the revolution. Thus, the passage suggests that Woody's work would describe a higher level of support for educational opportunities for girls (females) prior to the American Revolution than Kerber's work would describe. Thus, choice B is appropriate.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 01:50
Hi @Gmatninja, Experts,

IF the option D for the 3rd question mentioned the revolution instead of 18th century, it would have been correct, right ?
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 09:09
kunal1608 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja, Experts,

IF the option D for the 3rd question mentioned the revolution instead of 18th century, it would have been correct, right ?

Quote:
3) The passage suggests that, with regard to the history of women’s education in the United States, Kerber’s work differs from Woody’s primarily concerning which of the following?

A. The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century
B. The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution
C. The extent of public resistance to educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution
D. Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century
E. Whether women needed to be educated in order to contribute to the success of a republican form of government

Kerber argued that the change occurred because of the Revolution. "Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education, although it may have accelerated earlier trends." Woody believed that the shift in attitudes occurred before the Revolution (in the 1750s). So, yes, choice (D) could potentially be edited into a correct answer by referring to the Revolution instead of the 18th century.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 13:18
GMATNinja wrote:
kunal1608 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja, Experts,

IF the option D for the 3rd question mentioned the revolution instead of 18th century, it would have been correct, right ?

Quote:
3) The passage suggests that, with regard to the history of women’s education in the United States, Kerber’s work differs from Woody’s primarily concerning which of the following?

A. The extent to which women were interested in pursuing educational opportunities in the eighteenth century
B. The extent of the support for educational opportunities for girls prior to the American Revolution
C. The extent of public resistance to educational opportunities for women after the American Revolution
D. Whether attitudes toward women’s educational opportunities changed during the eighteenth century
E. Whether women needed to be educated in order to contribute to the success of a republican form of government

Kerber argued that the change occurred because of the Revolution. "Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education, although it may have accelerated earlier trends." Woody believed that the shift in attitudes occurred before the Revolution (in the 1750s). So, yes, choice (D) could potentially be edited into a correct answer by referring to the Revolution instead of the 18th century.



Hello
I was just wrong about question 1, and I don't get it yet
could explain choice B&C why are wrong?
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2017, 20:28
soodia wrote:
Hello
I was just wrong about question 1, and I don't get it yet
could explain choice B&C why are wrong?

Quote:
1) According to the passage, within the field of educational history, Thomas Woody’s 1929 work was

A. innovative because it relied on newspaper advertisements as evidence
B. exceptional in that it concentrated on the period before the American Revolution
C. unusual in that it focused on educational attitudes rather than on educational practices
D. controversial in its claims regarding educational opportunities for boys
E. atypical in that it examined the education of girls

The key is in this portion: "Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception."
Most other educational historians of the time barely mentioned women and girls. Since Woody's work was an exception, it must have given attention to the education of women and girls. This fits with choice (E).

As for choice (B), Woody's work was not an exception because of the time period on which it was focused. In other words, there may have been numerous works focused on that time period. What made Woody's exceptional was that it mentioned women and girls.

As for choice (C), this would imply that most other educational historians focused on educational practices while Woody's work focused on education attitudes. This is not a difference described in the passage. Rather, as shown in the portion above, the difference was that Woody's work examined the education of girls and women.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2017, 18:22
Hi GMATNinja, hazelnut,

For question

4) According to the passage, Kerber maintained that which of the following led to an increase in educational opportunities for women in the United States after the American Revolution?

Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government

Hence D. Am'I right?

Can you please explain question

2) According to the passage, Kerber argued that political leaders thought that the form of government adopted by the United States after the American Revolution depended on which of the following for its success?

A. Women assuming the sole responsibility for instilling political virtue in children
B. Girls becoming the primary focus of a reformed educational system that emphasized political virtue
C. The family serving as one of the primary means by which children were imbued with political virtue
D. The family assuming many of the functions previously performed by schools and churches
E. Men an women assuming equal responsibility for the management of schools, churches, and the family

Why not B?
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2017, 23:21
1
GMATNinja wrote:
soodia wrote:
Hello
I was just wrong about question 1, and I don't get it yet
could explain choice B&C why are wrong?

Quote:
1) According to the passage, within the field of educational history, Thomas Woody’s 1929 work was

A. innovative because it relied on newspaper advertisements as evidence
B. exceptional in that it concentrated on the period before the American Revolution
C. unusual in that it focused on educational attitudes rather than on educational practices
D. controversial in its claims regarding educational opportunities for boys
E. atypical in that it examined the education of girls

The key is in this portion: "Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception."
Most other educational historians of the time barely mentioned women and girls. Since Woody's work was an exception, it must have given attention to the education of women and girls. This fits with choice (E).

As for choice (B), Woody's work was not an exception because of the time period on which it was focused. In other words, there may have been numerous works focused on that time period. What made Woody's exceptional was that it mentioned women and girls.

As for choice (C), this would imply that most other educational historians focused on educational practices while Woody's work focused on education attitudes. This is not a difference described in the passage. Rather, as shown in the portion above, the difference was that Woody's work examined the education of girls and women.



Thank you GMATNinja

It was a great help :-)
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Oct 2017, 02:44
1
NandishSS wrote:
Hi GMATNinja, hazelnut,

For question

4) According to the passage, Kerber maintained that which of the following led to an increase in educational opportunities for women in the United States after the American Revolution?

Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government

Hence D. Am'I right?

Can you please explain question

2) According to the passage, Kerber argued that political leaders thought that the form of government adopted by the United States after the American Revolution depended on which of the following for its success?

A. Women assuming the sole responsibility for instilling political virtue in children
B. Girls becoming the primary focus of a reformed educational system that emphasized political virtue
C. The family serving as one of the primary means by which children were imbued with political virtue
D. The family assuming many of the functions previously performed by schools and churches
E. Men an women assuming equal responsibility for the management of schools, churches, and the family

Why not B?


Let me try to answer your questions. :)

Q:4 Yes you are correct.

Just to add on to what you have said, (I have highlighted the portions which points to option D)

After the American Revolution (1775-1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States. Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government.Thus, according to Kerber, motherhood became pivotal to the fate of the republic (the new nation's -- republican form of government), providing justification for an unprecedented attention to female education.

2) According to the passage, Kerber argued that political leaders thought that the form of government adopted by the United States after the American Revolution depended on which of the following for its success?

General Tip : According to the passage questions require you to directly look at the location from where the question is asked and answer directly from the details provided as compared to the Inference questions in which we have to infer instead of directly searching the answer from the details provided.

So, I am citing the location from where this question is asked.

A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government; virtue was to be instilled not only by churches and schools, but by families, where the mother’s role was crucial. This is what option C says,


C. The family serving as one of the primary means by which children were imbued with political virtue. The other means being the churches and schools.

Now coming to option B, I may not be exactly correct, but following is the reason what I thought while solving this question,

B. Girls becoming the primary focus of a reformed educational system that emphasized political virtue.

As can be read from the passage that “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States. That does not mean that educational system relied its emphasis solely on the political virtue. Though, the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons does not imply that the women were the the primary focus of a reformed educational system that emphasized political virtue.


Hope I clear your doubts. Please let me know if you have any questions.

Thanks.
-Varun

Originally posted by aceGMAT21 on 21 Oct 2017, 02:18.
Last edited by aceGMAT21 on 21 Oct 2017, 02:44, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2017, 02:28
Priyavini wrote:
Could somebody please explain the first question from the passage?


1) According to the passage, within the field of educational history, Thomas Woody’s 1929 work was

A. innovative because it relied on newspaper advertisements as evidence
B. exceptional in that it concentrated on the period before the American Revolution
C. unusual in that it focused on educational attitudes rather than on educational practices
D. controversial in its claims regarding educational opportunities for boys
E. atypical in that it examined the education of girls

Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception.

This can be directly answered from the BOLDED PART. Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception to the works of educational historians prior to the American Revolution in that it examined the education of girls while the other works barely mentioned women and girls.

Hope it answers your query!
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Re: Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980’s that after the American &nbs [#permalink] 21 Oct 2017, 02:28

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