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Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as c

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Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as c  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Apr 2019, 08:42
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Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as computers and videotape have enabled artists to vary their forms of expression. For example, video art can now achieve images whose effect is produced by “digitalization”: breaking up the picture using computerized information processing. Such new technologies create new ways of seeing and hearing by adding different dimensions to older forms, rather than replacing those forms. Consider Locale, a film about a modern dance company. The camera operator wore a SteadicamTM, an uncomplicated device that allows a camera to be mounted on a person so that the camera remains steady no matter how the operator moves. The SteadicamTM captures the dance in ways impossible with traditional mounts. Such new equipment also allows for the preservation of previously unrecordable aspects of performances, thus enriching archives.

By Contrast, others claim that technology subverts the artistic enterprise: that artistic efforts achieved with machines preempt human creativity, rather than being inspired by it. The originality of musical performance, for example, might suffer, as musicians would be deprived of the opportunity to spontaneously change pieces of music before live audiences. Some even worry that technology will eliminate live performance altogether; performances will be recorded for home viewing, abolishing the relationship between performer and audience. But these negative views assume both that technology poses an unprecedented challenge to the arts and that we are not committed enough to the artistic enterprise to preserve the live performance, assumptions that seem unnecessarily cynical. In fact, technology has traditionally assisted our capacity for creative expression and can refine our notions of any give art form.

For example, the portable camera and the snapshot were developed at the same time as the rise of impressionist painting in the nineteenth century. These photographic technologies encouraged a new appreciation. In addition, impressionist artists like Degas studied the elements of light and movement captured by instantaneous photography and used their new understanding of the way our perceptions distort reality to try to more accurately capture realty in their work. Since photos can capture the “moments” of a movement, such as a hand partially raised in a gesture of greeting, Impressionist artists were inspired to paint such moments in order to more effectively convey the quality of spontaneous human action. Photography freed artists from the preconception that a subject should be painted in a static, artificial entirety, and inspired them to capture the random and fragmentary qualities of our world. Finally, since photography preempted painting as the means of obtaining portraits, painters had more freedom to vary their subject matter, thus giving rise to the abstract creations characteristic of modern art.
Q1. Which one of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?

(A) The progress of art relies primarily on technology.
(B) Technological innovation can be beneficial to art.
(C) There are risks associated with using technology to create art.
(D) Technology will transform the way the public responds to art.
(E) The relationship between art and technology has a lengthy history.


Q2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author shares which one of the following opinions with the opponents of the use of new technology in art?

(A) The live performance is an important aspect of the artistic enterprise.
(B) The public’s commitment to the artistic enterprise is questionable.
(C) Recent technological innovations present an entirely new sort of challenge to art.
(D) Technological innovations of the past have been very useful to artists.
(E) The performing arts are especially vulnerable to technological innovation.


Q3. Which one of the following, if true, would most undermine the position held by opponents of the use of new technology in art concerning the effect of technology on live performance?

(A) Surveys show that when recordings of performances are made available for home viewing, the public becomes far more knowledgeable about different performing artists.
(B) Surveys show that some people feel comfortable responding spontaneously to artistic performances when they are viewing recordings of those performances at home.
(C) After a live performance, sales of recordings for home viewing of the particular performing artist generally increase.
(D) The distribution of recordings of artists’ performances has begun to attract many new audience members to their live performances.
(E) Musicians are less apt to make creative changes in musical pieces during recorded performances than during live performances.


Q4. The author uses the example of the SteadicamTM primarily in order to suggest that

(A) the filming of performances should not be limited by inadequate equipment
(B) new technologies do not need to be very complex in order to benefit art
(C) the interaction of a traditional art form with a new technology will change attitudes toward technology in general
(D) the replacement of a traditional technology with a new technology will transform definitions of a traditional art form
(E) new technology does not so much preempt as enhance a traditional art form


Q5. According to the passage, proponents of the use of new electronic technology in the arts claim that which one of the following is true?

(A) Most people who reject the use of electronic technology in art forget that machines require a person to operate them.
(B) Electronic technology allows for the expansion of archives because longer performances can be recorded.
(C) Electronic technology assists artists in finding new ways to present their material.
(D) Electronic technology makes the practice of any art form more efficient by speeding up the creative process.
(E) Modern dance is the art form that will probably benefit most from the use of electronic technology.


Q6. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would agree with which one of the following statements regarding changes in painting since the nineteenth century?

(A) The artistic experiments of the nineteenth century led painters to use a variety of methods in creating portraits, which they then applied to other subject matter.
(B) The nineteenth-century knowledge of light and movement provided by photography inspired the abstract works characteristic of modern art.
(C) Once painters no longer felt that they had to paint conventional portraits, they turned exclusively to abstract portraiture.
(D) Once painters were less limited to the impressionist style, they were able to experiment with a variety of styles of abstract art.
(E) Once painters painted fewer conventional portraits, they had greater opportunity to move beyond the literal depiction of objects.



  • Source: LSAT Official PrepTest 9 (October 1993)
  • Difficulty Level: 700

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Originally posted by GmatWizard on 13 Jan 2019, 09:15.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 05 Apr 2019, 08:42, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as c  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 09:41
Got the 6th one wrong.As always LSAT questions are really good ones.

Some help for Q6).How can E be inferred.I am lost totally on this one.
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Re: Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as c  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 09:48
+1 kudos to the posts containing answer explanations of all questions
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Re: Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as c  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2019, 05:18
redskull1 wrote:
Got the 6th one wrong.As always LSAT questions are really good ones.

Some help for Q6).How can E be inferred.I am lost totally on this one.

Choice E is inferred from the last line - Finally, since photography preempted painting as the means of obtaining portraits, painters had more freedom to vary their subject matter, thus giving rise to the abstract creations characteristic of modern art. In other words, Photographic technologies enabled painters to free some time from painting portraits (literal depiction of objects) and hence painters were able to focus more on other subject matters. LSAT uses sneaky synonyms to confuse test takers. :)
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Re: Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as c  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2019, 06:08
4
6 mins 24 secs... got 5 out of 6. As always, LSAT passages are a delight to read.:-)

A passage with a clear tone: Positive towards tech impact on art:
The passage begins with stating the most people believe that technology has a huge impact on art and the way the artist works. Gives an example of how steadycam has affected film making by "captures the dance in ways impossible with traditional mounts. " and leads to ways to capture movements which were hitherto unrecordable. Author proceeds to give the view from across the aisle which claims that technology hinders art forms to only quickly discredit it. Here we get the opinion of the author about the issue. The author ends with a detailed example of how snapshot and still photography positively impacted the artists of the nineteenth century which in turn gave birth to the modern art form.


It is essential to realize the opinion of the author to be able to answer this.
Q1. Which one of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?
(A) The progress of art relies primarily on technology. Too strong and not at all what is depicted in the passage
(B) Technological innovation can be beneficial to art. Bingo - the author uses two examples to convey this idea.
(C) There are risks associated with using technology to create art. TRAP - real-world trap - this could be true but this is too detailed to be the main idea of the entire passage.
(D) Technology will transform the way the public responds to art. TRAP - partially the main idea... public as well as the art itself is transformed and mainly in a beneficial way.
(E) The relationship between art and technology has a lengthy history. TRUE, but not the main point as the passage is talking about the influence of technology on art.

Inference type and one must be careful to read "with the opponents of the view that author supports"
Q2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author shares which one of the following opinions with the opponents of the use of new technology in art?
(A) The live performance is an important aspect of the artistic enterprise. Perfect - both the author and the opponents of the view he supports agree that live performances are an important aspect of musical art, just the take on how technology affects live performances differ
(B) The public’s commitment to the artistic enterprise is questionable. Blatantly wrong!
(C) Recent technological innovations present an entirely new sort of challenge to art. Author does not agree with this
(D) Technological innovations of the past have been very useful to artists. Opponents do not agree with this view.
(E) The performing arts are especially vulnerable to technological innovation. Author does not agree.

Detail question - found in second paragraph
Q3. Which one of the following, if true, would most undermine the position held by opponents of the use of new technology in art concerning the effect of technology on live performance?
(A) Surveys show that when recordings of performances are made available for home viewing, the public becomes far more knowledgeable about different performing artists. Irrelevant - we want something that affects the art itself
(B) Surveys show that some people feel comfortable responding spontaneously to artistic performances when they are viewing recordings of those performances at home. OPPOSITE to what we are looking for. this strengthens the view of the opponents
(C) After a live performance, sales of recordings for home viewing of the particular performing artist generally increase. TRAP - live performances are an important part according to both so we need to tie tech with live performance. Hence this option is irrelevant to strengthening or weakening.
(D) The distribution of recordings of artists’ performances has begun to attract many new audience members to their live performances. BINGO - this ties technology ( distribution of electronic records) to live performance and in a positive way. Hence undermining the critics
(E) Musicians are less apt to make creative changes in musical pieces during recorded performances than during live performances. TRAP! This shows that musicians prefer live performance over recorded performance but it does not show how recorded performance affects live performance and hence this is wrong! I feel for this :-(

Detail from the first paragraph
Q4. The author uses the example of the SteadicamTM primarily in order to suggest that
(A) the filming of performances should not be limited by inadequate equipment Could be true, but this is not why the author mentions it.
(B) new technologies do not need to be very complex in order to benefit art Again off a different tangent all together
(C) the interaction of a traditional art form with a new technology will change attitudes toward technology in general TRAP - the first few words are what we are looking for but the ending is not quite there. We are concerned how thetech affects the art and not the attitudes towards art
(D) the replacement of a traditional technology with a new technology will transform definitions of a traditional art form TRAP - this shows how tech will transform art but does not encapsulate the whole reason.Tech goes with art transforming it and helping it in its current form as well
(E) new technology does not so much preempt as enhance a traditional art form Verbatim from the passage - tech does not preempt the art but guides it

this is the people on the side of the author, or it could also be rephrased at what the author believes is true
Q5. According to the passage, proponents of the use of new electronic technology in the arts claim that which one of the following is true?
(A) Most people who reject the use of electronic technology in art forget that machines require a person to operate them. could be true but not mentioned by the author
(B) Electronic technology allows for the expansion of archives because longer performances can be recorded. first few words are desirable but the last are irrelevant
(C) Electronic technology assists artists in finding new ways to present their material. [color=#00a651]Perfect - this is the crux of what the author believes[/color]
(D) Electronic technology makes the practice of any art form more efficient by speeding up the creative process. TRAP - more efficient and speeding up creative process is too extreme as tech only assists the artist and does not transform art to something unrecognizable
(E) Modern dance is the art form that will probably benefit most from the use of electronic technology. LAughblyfalse, such hyperbole is never mentioned and can't be attributed to anyone in the passage

MANY TRAPS IN THIS ONE! Detail from the last paragraph of the passage - the author gives an example of paintings to show how art can be influenced positively by tech
Q6. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would agree with which one of the following statements regarding changes in painting since the nineteenth century?
(A) The artistic experiments of the nineteenth century led painters to use a variety of methods in creating portraits, which they then applied to other subject matter. Too broad and not related to the what the author has mentioned.
(B) The nineteenth-century knowledge of light and movement provided by photography inspired the abstract works characteristic of modern art. TRAP - "inspired" is too strong here... it just gave them free time to focus and hence develop a new art form
(C) Once painters no longer felt that they had to paint conventional portraits, they turned exclusively to abstract portraiture. TRAP - "exclusively" is too strong here.
(D) Once painters were less limited to the impressionist style, they were able to experiment with a variety of styles of abstract art. TRAP - the impressionist was the resultant and hence this option is wrong else this is the perfect wording we are expecting from the passage
(E) Once painters painted fewer conventional portraits, they had greater opportunity to move beyond the literal depiction of objects. Finally - this is exactly the gist of what the author mentions.

Hope the explanations are helpful. :-)
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Re: Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as c  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 03:55
redskull1 wrote:
Got the 6th one wrong.As always LSAT questions are really good ones.

Some help for Q6).How can E be inferred.I am lost totally on this one.

Same here. Still not very convinced. My choice was D.

Can someone tell me why is D incorrect here?
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Re: Many argue that recent developments in electronic technology such as c   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2019, 03:55
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