GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 14 Oct 2019, 23:51

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Jan 2007
Posts: 608
Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 15 Jun 2018, 09:02
1
10
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:10) correct 39% (01:21) wrong based on 502 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner in each of the four previous years. We can conclude from this that Maria trained hard.

The conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?


(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained.

(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the sailboat race.

(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she trained hard.

(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat race.

(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria.

Originally posted by vshaunak@gmail.com on 06 Jul 2007, 03:25.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Jun 2018, 09:02, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jun 2006
Posts: 84
Reviews Badge
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jul 2007, 14:33
I go for C
if not assumed the conclusion does not follow
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 29 Jan 2007
Posts: 71
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jul 2007, 15:09
1
C it is .
Use of word "only if" .
If there are more reasons other than hard training when Maria can beat sue then we cannot conclude that training hard is the only reason for Maria's win
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 630
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2007, 08:12
B is a trap and weakens the argument.
C is the answer.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 04 May 2013
Posts: 268
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Human Resources
Schools: XLRI GM"18
GPA: 4
WE: Human Resources (Human Resources)
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2014, 08:23
4
Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner in each of the four previous years. We can conclude from this that Maria trained hard.
The conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?


This is a CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP-----
Assumptions- Training hard ONLY led to Maria's win.......
Nothing else led to Maria's win



(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained....cant say what applies for Sue... we only know what applies for Maria.
(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the sailboat race.....cant say about future..... this time she won because she trained hard...WOULD does not invoke a total sence of certainty.....
(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she trained hard..... .... Training hard ONLY led to Maria's win.......
Nothing else led to Maria's win.....correct

(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat race..... ..cant say what applies for Sue... we only know what applies for Maria.
(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria.......not an assumption.

IMO "C"...............

KUDOS IF YOU PLEASE............
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Status: Student
Joined: 26 Aug 2013
Posts: 167
Location: France
Concentration: Finance, General Management
Schools: EMLYON FT'16
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V32
GPA: 3.44
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jan 2014, 16:02
Agree with C.

If X happens than Y will happen;

here it only works in one direction.

therefore, if Y happens, than X did not necessary happen too.

Answer C.
_________________
Think outside the box
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 371
Location: France
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
WE: Real Estate (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Reviews Badge
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Nov 2015, 04:15
Paris75 wrote:
Agree with C.

If X happens than Y will happen;

here it only works in one direction.

therefore, if Y happens, than X did not necessary happen too.

Answer C.


not thAn, thEn dear :-D

Otherwise, C as well. This is the conditional clause that validates the conclusion without a doubt.
_________________
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 615
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Apr 2017, 08:15
2
Now let's look at B vs C.

B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the race.

Does this prove that Maria MUST HAVE trained hard? No - just because training hard is one way to win the race doesn't mean that it's the ONLY way to win the race. For example, maybe Sue broke her leg at the starting line. Since (B) doesn't eliminate other possible paths to victory, it doesn't PROVE the conclusion.

C) Maria could beat a four-time winner ONLY IF she trained hard.

Well, we know that Maria beat Sue, a four-time winner. If we add in a new piece of evidence that the ONLY WAY to do so is to train hard, then it MUST BE TRUE that Maria trained hard. Accordingly, (C) proves the conclusion.
_________________
Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch
Intern
Intern
User avatar
S
Status: Target 760
Joined: 20 Aug 2014
Posts: 49
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Economics
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V40
GPA: 3.6
WE: Corporate Finance (Commercial Banking)
Reviews Badge
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2018, 01:32
Okay ! so the contention of doubt is between B and C.
Before that, always remember that winning does not necessarily mean that the person has worked hard, may be the competitor gave up or was not prepared.

B: "if" .. This is a mistaken reversal of what is needed. We know this, but does it necessarily mean that she worked hard? If leads us to a probabilistic situation
C: Adding this choice to premise takes us to the conclusion.
CR & LSAT Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: He came. He saw. He conquered. -- Studying for the LSAT -- Corruptus in Extremis
Joined: 31 Jul 2017
Posts: 776
Location: United States (MA)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Reviews Badge
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2018, 08:17
For anyone wondering, this is actually an LSAT JUSTIFY question, and NOT an assumption question. The OA is correct, but it is worth pointing out in case there is any confusion moving forward
_________________
D-Day: November 18th, 2017

My CR Guide: Here

My RC Guide: Here

Need an expert to grade your AWA? Go: Here

Want to be a moderator? We may want you to be one! See how: Here
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 11 Apr 2018
Posts: 125
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2018, 21:27
Conclusion: Because Maria trained hard, she could beat Sue, who was champion for 4 years.

Assumption: If Maria did not train hard, she couldn't beat Sue in the race.

(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained. - Negating this statement does not break conclusion.

(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the sailboat race. - Cannot tell about this based on given premise.

(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she trained hard. - Yes, clearly the assumption.

(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat race. - Cannot comment on Sue from given Premise.

(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria. - We cannot comment who is fast from the given premise.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Dec 2018
Posts: 169
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2019, 21:36
Option C is correct. But how do I eliminate option B.

Negation of B
If Maria didn't train hard, she would win the sailboat race.
So this breaks the conclusion that Maria trained hard.

Please clarify my doubt.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2856
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Mar 2019, 05:58
mallya12 wrote:
Option C is correct. But how do I eliminate option B.

Negation of B
If Maria didn't train hard, she would win the sailboat race.
So this breaks the conclusion that Maria trained hard.

Please clarify my doubt.

anairamitch1804 has done a nice job explaining (B) vs (C) in this post. Let us know if you have any further questions!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Dec 2018
Posts: 169
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Mar 2019, 02:57
GMATNinja wrote:
mallya12 wrote:
Option C is correct. But how do I eliminate option B.

Negation of B
If Maria didn't train hard, she would win the sailboat race.
So this breaks the conclusion that Maria trained hard.

Please clarify my doubt.

anairamitch1804 has done a nice job explaining (B) vs (C) in this post. Let us know if you have any further questions!


I didn't understand clearly, say if there was an option choice which stated Maria trained hard, so she will win the race would this be the right answer. how do I use negation technique to eliminate between B and C?

Thank You :)
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner   [#permalink] 18 Mar 2019, 02:57
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne