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# Much like humans, when male dolphins woo

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Senior Manager
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Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 09 Sep 2014, 01:20
2
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:26) correct 46% (01:31) wrong based on 409 sessions

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Much like humans, when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response.

A when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response
B male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response
C male dolphins wooing females, those who offer gifts to potential mates have a greater likelihood of receiving a positive response
D when male dolphins are wooing females, dolphins who offer gifts to potential mates are likely to receive a more positive response
E male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate

Originally posted by JarvisR on 09 Sep 2014, 00:00.
Last edited by Gnpth on 09 Sep 2014, 01:20, edited 1 time in total.
formatted the topic
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 00:57
JarvisR wrote:
Much like humans, when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response.

A when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response
B male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response
C male dolphins wooing females, those who offer gifts to potential mates have a greater likelihood of receiving a positive response
D when male dolphins are wooing females, dolphins who offer gifts to potential mates are likely to receive a more positive response
E male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate

Source: 800Score.

It must be E !!!
Hows B can be ans ???
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 01:55
lastshot wrote:
JarvisR wrote:
Much like humans, when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response.

A when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response
B male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response
C male dolphins wooing females, those who offer gifts to potential mates have a greater likelihood of receiving a positive response
D when male dolphins are wooing females, dolphins who offer gifts to potential mates are likely to receive a more positive response
E male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate

Source: 800Score.

It must be E !!!
Hows B can be ans ???

Hi,
Can u plz explain each of the options and reason to cross it out.
Rgds.
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 07:16
JarvisR wrote:
Much like humans, when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response.

A when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response
B male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response
C male dolphins wooing females, those who offer gifts to potential mates have a greater likelihood of receiving a positive response
D when male dolphins are wooing females, dolphins who offer gifts to potential mates are likely to receive a more positive response
E male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate

The trick here in lies the noun after the comma ...the comparison is done between humans and male dolphins so eliminate A,D
In C likelihood of receiving is wrong ...
between B and D using comparison and the subject as male dolphins we can eliminate D. Also THEY in D has no clear antecedent while THEY in B refers back to male dolphins.

hence B is correct.
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 07:43
A)Incorrect because of wrong comparison. You can't compare humans to when male dolphins
B)This is correct. Proper comparison and proper use of modifier - who offer gifts to the females they are wooing - as well.
C)Incorrect. We don't know what the antecedent of those is. It can be male dolphins, humans or females.
D)Incorrect. Same reason as given in A
E)Incorrect. Well in my opinion, B conveys the idea in much more compact way than E. Other than that, I think the If-Then construction in E is also wrong, although I'm not sure.
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 07:50
what is the source of this question?

B has a wrong structure

Also pronoun ambiguity is not an absolute rule . OG SC have accepted more horrendous option when it comes to pronoun ambiguity (see for instance "the chambers problem in OG 12)

E says: male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate---->"they" is perfectly referring to "male dolphins" as elements in parallel clauses refer to same element by default

Also if "pronoun ambiguity" were so strict then it would be almost impossible to write any complex structure !!
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Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 08:03
what is the source of this question?

B has a wrong structure

Also pronoun ambiguity is not an absolute rule . OG SC have accepted more horrendous option when it comes to pronoun ambiguity (see for instance "the chambers problem in OG 12)

E says: male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate---->"they" is perfectly referring to "male dolphins" as elements in parallel clauses refer to same element by default

Also if "pronoun ambiguity" were so strict then it would be almost impossible to write any complex structure !!

I'm confused by this problem too. Why do you say B is wrong? Could you explain?
Also, in this case IMO pronoun ambiguity does play an important role here in this question. They can refer to any one of the antecedents.
I also looked at the chambers question. There's no ambiguity in that question

EDIT: I'll explain even more
In the chambers question you must be referring to the confusion about the pronoun 'them'? Am I right?

So the correct ans is - In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for cleaning and repair because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised the humidity within them to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing

Here them cannot refer to tourists. Although grammatically them as tourists does make sense, but in terms of meaning it does not make sense.

If we do replace them by tourists
because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised the humidity within tourists to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing (see the sentence doesn't make sense)

But, If we replace them by chambers
because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised the humidity within chambers to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing (now it makes sense)

Thus, there's no pronoun ambiguity here, since only chambers can fit in

Similarly if see this question, they has the following antecedents - male dolphins, humans or females. Now all of these antecedents make sense. Since all of these do make sense grammatically as well as in meaning, there's pronoun ambiguity

Although I don't use the pronoun rule to eliminate answer choices frequently as you'd said that it's not an absolute rule, but IMO it was necessary here.
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 10:57
Quote:
I'm confused by this problem too. Why do you say B is wrong? Could you explain?

yeah sure

B says: male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response

the bold portion in B is wrong .following would be correct : male dolphins who offer gifts to the females whom they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response

the logic is that we should be able to make sense in a SC when a pronoun is replaced by the actual noun to which it is referring .so if u replace the pronoun in original B then following would result : male dolphins who offer gifts to the females male dolphins are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response----.not correct construction
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Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 11:24
Quote:
I'm confused by this problem too. Why do you say B is wrong? Could you explain?

yeah sure

B says: male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response

the bold portion in B is wrong .following would be correct : male dolphins who offer gifts to the females whom they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response

the logic is that we should be able to make sense in a SC when a pronoun is replaced by the actual noun to which it is referring .so if u replace the pronoun in original B then following would result : male dolphins who offer gifts to the females male dolphins are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response----.not correct construction

Hmmm yeah I guess you're right about B, but I'm still not 100% sold on E. We need the OE ASAP.
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Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2014, 12:45
2

well, generally speaking I m polite but this question is really a crap. a junk

Moreover, is a question from 800 score and this source is not the best way to study for this test.

Much like humans, when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response.

A when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response

who ?? which is which ?? who is used for human beings not else

B male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response

they ?? they for dolphins or females. Moreover, is a too long sentence to convey a clear meaning. who ??? dolphins who offers gifts ? why i should have to use who if I have already a subject ?? and so on and so forth........

C male dolphins wooing females, those who offer gifts to potential mates have a greater likelihood of receiving a positive response

who ? once again ??

D when male dolphins are wooing females, dolphins who offer gifts to potential mates are likely to receive a more positive response

who ?? again ?? the third time ???

E male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate

They ?? the referent is ?????

As you can see this is a question to stay 1000 miles far away. You should avoid this question like a plague.
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Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2014, 12:55
1
carcass wrote:

well, genrally speaking Im polite but this question is a really crap. a junk

Moreover, is a question from 800 score and this source is not the best way to study for this test.

Much like humans, when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response.

A when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response

who ?? which is which ?? who is used for human beings not else

B male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response

they ?? they for dolphins or females. Moreover, is a too long sentence to convey a clear meaning. who ??? dolphins who offers gifts ? why i should have to use who if I have already a subject ?? and so on and so forth........

C male dolphins wooing females, those who offer gifts to potential mates have a greater likelihood of receiving a positive response

who ? once again ??

D when male dolphins are wooing females, dolphins who offer gifts to potential mates are likely to receive a more positive response

who ?? again ?? the third time ???

E male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate

They ?? the referent is ?????

As you can see this is a question to stay 1000 miles far away. You should avoid this question like a plague.

Thank you so much for replying Carcass.
I just have one more doubt. Don't you think they only refers to male dolphins? As i think we're supposed to take the 2 together i.e female dolphins and not separate i.e females and dolphins
I'm asking this for the sake of pronoun ambiguity.
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2014, 05:56
1
just for this they is ambiguous ...you do not know which is which ...

moreover in B the structure is really, really bad. There is nothing to learn from such a question
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2015, 07:56
This is a question from 800 score tests and seriously a lot of questions like this have put me off in their mock tests.. Some are insane answers and explanations.
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2015, 09:43
dominicraj wrote:
This is a question from 800 score tests and seriously a lot of questions like this have put me off in their mock tests.. Some are insane answers and explanations.

if you go for 800 score mock test (especially verbal), I am quite sure that during the test day you will end up to take any kind of test rather than GMAT.

Do you know what I mean ??
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2016, 07:11
JarvisR wrote:
Much like humans, when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response.

A when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response
B male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response
C male dolphins wooing females, those who offer gifts to potential mates have a greater likelihood of receiving a positive response
D when male dolphins are wooing females, dolphins who offer gifts to potential mates are likely to receive a more positive response
E male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate

this one seems pretty easy for a 700 level question...
1st error that jumps in the eyes is the opening modifier.
A and D are right away eliminated
C makes the classical no verb error and the whole sentence is structured awkwardly...
E introduces a condition - and thus is right away eliminated.

B seems the best one.
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2016, 07:39
JarvisR wrote:
Much like humans, when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response.

A when male dolphins woo females, those who offer gifts to potential mates are more likely to receive a positive response
B male dolphins who offer gifts to the females they are wooing are more likely to receive a positive response
C male dolphins wooing females, those who offer gifts to potential mates have a greater likelihood of receiving a positive response
D when male dolphins are wooing females, dolphins who offer gifts to potential mates are likely to receive a more positive response
E male dolphins wooing females are more likely to receive positive responses if they offer a gift to the potential mate

@ e-gmat- can someone from E-GMAT have a look at this question and tell whether this question is ambiguous? Had a tough time with "THEY" in option B and E
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2018, 00:08
Hi Experts,

Is conditional usage of "If" wrong in option E ?

Thank you
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Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2018, 06:48
2
saxena21nov wrote:
Hi Experts,

Is conditional usage of "If" wrong in option E ?

Thank you
Arunabh

The usage of "if" is alright in E. E is wrong because it implies that ALL the male dolphins in question would provide ONE gift to ONE female dolphin.

... they (Plural) offer a gift (singular) to the potential mate (singular).
Re: Much like humans, when male dolphins woo   [#permalink] 30 Jan 2018, 06:48
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