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New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a

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New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Nov 2018, 11:04
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This problem can be solved by paying attention to parallelism.

would appear ... and ....
We need to make the thing after "would" to be parallel to "appear". Hence we need a present tense.
Hence we are left with options D and E

But option D changes the meaning. It seems that the air bag wants to make the passengers afraid.

Correct Option: D E



EDITED to correct a typo. The author intended to say that the correction option is E.

Originally posted by OptimusPrepJanielle on 22 Jun 2016, 21:46.
Last edited by generis on 29 Nov 2018, 11:04, edited 1 time in total.
Corrected a typographical error
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2017, 07:20
The correct answer should be D. As per option E, the sentence is as follows:
A burst of smoke would appear to make a terrified passenger think.

The above implies that the burst smoke would appear with an intention to make the passenger think. This is not the intended meaning. Compare with the following:
I came to give you the news. (The reason for my coming was to give the news.)

Therefore option E is wrong.

OA has been changed to D.
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2017, 22:16
New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a safer air bag , which, unlike previous air bags, eliminated the possibility that a burst of smoke would appear when the bag inflated, and making an already terrified passenger think the car was on fire.

A. inflated, and making.
-- no parallel item with "making"

B. inflated, so that it could make.
-- the air bag is developed to scare people!!

C. inflated and made.
-- This is interesting."And" is a signal for parallelism.With this construction,"eliminated" and "made" are parallel.
However the meaning is as if the airbag terrifies people!!


D. inflated and make.
-- That's it.Here,"would appear" is parallel with (would) make.

E. inflated to make.
-- same as B
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 07:10
I am finding it hard to eliminate E and choose D (the OA)

My view.:
The sentence means that the air bag eliminated something that its predecessors did not.
The bag eliminated the possibility of appearance of smoke when the bag would inflate.
Smoke appearance could terrify the passenger , more so because he would already be terrified of the inflated bag.

Between D&E
I chose E in mock. Reason was that inflation of bag would add to the terror the passenger is already experiencing.
In choice D, is a 'would' hidden ? ---- eliminated the possibility that a burst of smoke would appear when the bag inflated, and 'would' make an already terrified passenger think.
OA is D
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2017, 11:09
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ajay2121988 wrote:
I am finding it hard to eliminate E and choose D (the OA)

My view.:
The sentence means that the air bag eliminated something that its predecessors did not.
The bag eliminated the possibility of appearance of smoke when the bag would inflate.
Smoke appearance could terrify the passenger , more so because he would already be terrified of the inflated bag.

Between D&E
I chose E in mock. Reason was that inflation of bag would add to the terror the passenger is already experiencing.
In choice D, is a 'would' hidden ? ---- eliminated the possibility that a burst of smoke would appear when the bag inflated, and 'would' make an already terrified passenger think.
OA is D


Yes, in D the parallelism is between "appear" and "make". "Would" is outside the structure and covers both: would appear and make.

Option E is wrong because of the infinitive "to make", which a conveys a purpose. The purpose of the burst of smoke is not to make the passenger think. The "thinking" is just a result of the burst of smoke, not on purpose.

I went there to see him...correct: "to see him" is my purpose of going there.
The burst of smoke would appear to make the passenger think... wrong. "to make the passenger think" is NOT the burst's purpose of appearing.
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2018, 23:05
New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a safer air bag , which, unlike previous air bags, eliminated the possibility that a burst of smoke would appear when the bag inflated, and making an already terrified passenger think the car was on fire.

A. inflated, and making - no verb for part after and
B. inflated, so that it could make. - so that is used to show a purpose
C. inflated and made. - parallelism issue - appear is not parallel to made
D. inflated and make - Correct
E. inflated to make. - to make is used to show intent/purpose

Answer D
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 05:20
This problem can be solved by paying attention to parallelism.
We need to make the thing after "would" to be parallel to "appear". So, we need a present tense.
All options except D and E are in either Present continuous or past tense.
Option E changes the meaning. It seems that the air bag wants to make the passengers afraid.
So, we are left with option D. Hence, D is the answer.
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 22:43
This problem can be solved by paying attention to parallelism.
We need to make the thing after "would" to be parallel to "appear". So, we need a present tense.
All options except D and E are in either Present continuous or past tense.
Option E changes the meaning. It seems that the air bag wants to make the passengers afraid.
So, we are left with option D. Hence, D is the answer.
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2019, 04:33
Parallelism still didn't make sense for me and stuck in C, please explain in more detail
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2019, 09:14
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gizemakkan wrote:
Parallelism still didn't make sense for me and stuck in C, please explain in more detail


This is a great example of how much meaning matters in these problems, and of why "parallelism" exists as a principle in order to protect meaning.

Think about what is making a passenger think the car is on fire. Is it the air bag inflating? Is it the safer air bag? Or is it the burst of smoke? Logically it's the burst of smoke, right? An inflating balloon doesn't make anyone think "fire!" nor does a new air bag (which you don't see unless you carve open your steering wheel). So the sentence has to be structured to make it clear that it's the burst of smoke that made people think there was a fire. There are several subject-verb combinations nearby the verb "to make" from the answer choices, but we want the action to be parallel to "a burst of smoke would appear":

"a burst of smoke would appear and (would) make an already terrified passenger think the car was on fire"

Putting "(would) make" parallel to "would appear" clearly connects the verb to the subject "burst of smoke."

Note that other choices put the verb parallel to others, which would then connect them to other nouns. You can't say "would made," so choice C just mis-assigns the verb to another noun:

"...when the air bag inflated and made an already terrified passenger think the car was on fire" (but it's not the bag inflating that creates that fear of fire)

"A new air bag eliminated...and made an already terrified passenger think..." could be another read on "made" but that doesn't make any sense either.

Note that while you can call this parallelism, I think you can also argue that it's just a verb tense problem. Once it's clear that it's the smoke that "would appear and (would) make the driver think the car was on fire" you have to use a verb tense that works with "would" and "make" is the only possibility here.
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2019, 11:17
VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
gizemakkan wrote:
Parallelism still didn't make sense for me and stuck in C, please explain in more detail


This is a great example of how much meaning matters in these problems, and of why "parallelism" exists as a principle in order to protect meaning.

Think about what is making a passenger think the car is on fire. Is it the air bag inflating? Is it the safer air bag? Or is it the burst of smoke? Logically it's the burst of smoke, right? An inflating balloon doesn't make anyone think "fire!" nor does a new air bag (which you don't see unless you carve open your steering wheel). So the sentence has to be structured to make it clear that it's the burst of smoke that made people think there was a fire. There are several subject-verb combinations nearby the verb "to make" from the answer choices, but we want the action to be parallel to "a burst of smoke would appear":

"a burst of smoke would appear and (would) make an already terrified passenger think the car was on fire"

Putting "(would) make" parallel to "would appear" clearly connects the verb to the subject "burst of smoke."

Note that other choices put the verb parallel to others, which would then connect them to other nouns. You can't say "would made," so choice C just mis-assigns the verb to another noun:

"...when the air bag inflated and made an already terrified passenger think the car was on fire" (but it's not the bag inflating that creates that fear of fire)

"A new air bag eliminated...and made an already terrified passenger think..." could be another read on "made" but that doesn't make any sense either.

Note that while you can call this parallelism, I think you can also argue that it's just a verb tense problem. Once it's clear that it's the smoke that "would appear and (would) make the driver think the car was on fire" you have to use a verb tense that works with "would" and "make" is the only possibility here.


That's one of the best possible explanations. Made sense to me to understand the logic.
Might be others are saying same but this one is most clear and concise in making one understand.
Thank you very much Brian.
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2019, 17:23
New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a safer air bag , which, unlike previous air bags, eliminated the possibility that a burst of smoke would appear when the bag inflated, and making an already terrified passenger think the car was on fire.

simple sentence: a burst of smoke would appear when the bag inflated, and making

(A) inflated, and making --> "making" isn't parallel to "appear"
(B) inflated, so that it could make --> "it could make" isn't parallel to "appear"
(C) inflated and made--> "made" isn't parallel to "appear"
(D) inflated and make --> correct: parallel to appear
(E) inflated to make--> "to make" isn't parallel to "appear"
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Re: New items developed for automobiles in the 1997 model year included a   [#permalink] 20 Mar 2019, 17:23

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