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PARALLELISM: use of un/necessary words

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PARALLELISM: use of un/necessary words [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 02:42
Dear all,

Could anyone clarify me please the following:

1) The consultant is looking for a cafe that has confortable chairs and THAT provides free internet access.

--> I do not understand why the use of THAT is neceessary considering that there is a parallel structure.

2) Many teachers choose to seek employment in the suburbs rather than TO face low salaries in the city.

--> Why here the use of TO is wrong?

3) In california, unlike IN florida, the humidity is moderate.

--> Why we cannot use IN? Because then "unlike" would be comparing clauses?

Thank you very much!!

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PARALLELISM: use of un/necessary words [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 04:15
The consultant is looking for a cafe that has comfortable chairs and THAT provides free internet access.
Meaning: The consultant is looking for a cafe that has comfortable chairs and The consultant is looking for a cafe that provides free internet access.

The consultant is looking for a cafe that has comfortable chairs and provides free internet access.
Meaning: The consultant is looking for a cafe that has comfortable chairs and The consultant provides free internet access.

Many teachers choose to seek employment in the suburbs rather than TO face low salaries in the city.
Meaning: Many teachers choose to seek employment in the suburbs rather than Many teachers choose to face low salaries in the
city.

Many teachers choose to seek employment in the suburbs rather than face low salaries in the city.
Meaning: Many teachers choose to seek employment in the suburbs rather than Many teachers face low salaries in the
city.

In California, unlike IN Florida, the humidity is moderate.
Meaning: Humidity is moderate in California, but Humidity is not moderate in Florida.

In California, unlike IN Florida, the humidity is moderate.
Meaning: Humidity is moderate in California, but Humidity is not moderate Florida.

Hope this helps!!!!!!!

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Re: PARALLELISM: use of un/necessary words [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 10:31
Thank you for your response.! It has helped. Sorry my late repply, i have been spinning around the grammar matter.

Then, regarding the first sentence, if i don’t use “that” and hence I want to mean (even if it doesn’t make much sense):The consultant is looking for a cafe [that has comfortable chairs] and provides free internet access ... I would need to repeat the subject (he; the consultant) after the “and” right? I cannot leave the complex sentence without a subject..?

Thanks a lot!



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Re: PARALLELISM: use of un/necessary words [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2017, 09:36
nuriaa wrote:
Thank you for your response.! It has helped. Sorry my late repply, i have been spinning around the grammar matter.

Then, regarding the first sentence, if i don’t use “that” and hence I want to mean (even if it doesn’t make much sense):The consultant is looking for a cafe [that has comfortable chairs] and provides free internet access ... I would need to repeat the subject (he; the consultant) after the “and” right? I cannot leave the complex sentence without a subject..?

Thanks a lot!



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Hi nuriaa,

The consultant is looking for a cafe [that has comfortable chairs] and provides free internet access

1. The consultant is looking for a cafe and The consultant/he provides free internet access (Correct Sentence)
2. The consultant is looking for a cafe and provides free internet access. (less words same meaning as #1, hence better)

So yes you do not necessarily need The consultant/he after "and".

Parallelism - When you connect two things with a connector then parallelism is all about having the right meaning come across clearly with repeated words removed only if there is no dual meaning coming out.

Explanation of the correct sentence:
The consultant is looking for a cafe that has confortable chairs and THAT provides free internet access.

here are two sentences that have been put in parallel in making of the one above:

The consultant is looking for a cafe that has confortable chairs.
The consultant is looking for a cafe THAT provides free internet access.

now if you blindly remove the repeated words then there might be meaning issue.

as you want to mean that cafe provides free access, you need to start with a THAT after "and". Not using THAT would mean the consultant is looking for something and consultant provides free internet access.
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Re: PARALLELISM: use of un/necessary words [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2017, 09:50
HKD1710 wrote:
nuriaa wrote:
Thank you for your response.! It has helped. Sorry my late repply, i have been spinning around the grammar matter.

Then, regarding the first sentence, if i don’t use “that” and hence I want to mean (even if it doesn’t make much sense):The consultant is looking for a cafe [that has comfortable chairs] and provides free internet access ... I would need to repeat the subject (he; the consultant) after the “and” right? I cannot leave the complex sentence without a subject..?

Thanks a lot!



Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app


Hi nuriaa,

The consultant is looking for a cafe [that has comfortable chairs] and provides free internet access

1. The consultant is looking for a cafe and The consultant/he provides free internet access (Correct Sentence)
2. The consultant is looking for a cafe and provides free internet access. (less words same meaning as #1, hence better)

So yes you do not necessarily need The consultant/he after "and".

Parallelism - When you connect two things with a connector then parallelism is all about having the right meaning come across clearly with repeated words removed only if there is no dual meaning coming out.

Explanation of the correct sentence:
The consultant is looking for a cafe that has confortable chairs and THAT provides free internet access.

here are two sentences that have been put in parallel in making of the one above:

The consultant is looking for a cafe that has confortable chairs.
The consultant is looking for a cafe THAT provides free internet access.

now if you blindly remove the repeated words then there might be meaning issue.

as you want to mean that cafe provides free access, you need to start with a THAT after "and". Not using THAT would mean the consultant is looking for something and consultant provides free internet access.

Correct explanation.
The 'that' helps in unambiguously specifying that the cafe should provide the free access,and not the consultant

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Re: PARALLELISM: use of un/necessary words   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2017, 09:50
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