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Professor: Each government should do all that it can to improve the

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Professor: Each government should do all that it can to improve the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2018, 10:44
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (01:38) correct 58% (01:44) wrong based on 300 sessions

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Professor: Each government should do all that it can to improve the well-being of all the children in the society it governs. Therefore, governments should help finance high-quality day care since such day care will become available to families of all income levels if and only if it is subsidized.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the Professor’s argument depends?

(A) Only governments that subsidize high-quality day care take interest in the well-being of all the children in the society they govern

(B) Government subsidy of high-quality day care would not be so expensive that it would cause a government to eliminate benefits for adults

(C) High-quality day care should be subsidized only for those who could not otherwise afford it

(D) At least some children would benefit from high-quality day care

(E) Government is a more efficient provider of certain services that is private enterprise

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Re: Professor: Each government should do all that it can to improve the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2018, 13:23
A was close.Became available to all the children is not the same as taking interest in ALL children.I think sample space is the issue with A

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Re: Professor: Each government should do all that it can to improve the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2018, 13:45
B was tempting, but in the end D prevailed.

If the subsidised daycare is helpful to some children, the subsidies are a step towards taking greater care of children in the respective country in general.
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Re: Professor: Each government should do all that it can to improve the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2018, 13:59
vp680 wrote:
Why not a?

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This statement is quite drastic and absolute. We know that gouvernments subsidizing child care are doing so to help children, however we do not have enough information to assume that this course of action is the only measure to improve the children situation.

Hope this helps.

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Professor: Each government should do all that it can to improve the  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2018, 19:14
Professor: Each government should do all that it can to improve the well-being of all the children in the society it governs. Therefore, governments should help finance high-quality day care since such day care will become available to families of all income levels if and only if it is subsidized.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the Professor’s argument depends?

Stimulus : 1. Each govt. should do all that it can to improve the well-being of all the children in the society it governs.
cocnlusion : governments should help finance high-quality day care since such day care will become available to families of all income levels if and only if it is subsidized.
The bold parts are the relevant portion we should focus on.

Author's reasoning:
How does he arrive at the conclusion?
he mentions an obligation towards the well being of the CHILDREN
then he mentions certain high quality day care . Author says the govt. SHOULD finance the day care because the day care wont be possible.

prethink: 1.The author says the govt. should subsidize. why is it an obligation? what if the day care will not improve or be any good to the well being of the children? As govt. is only interested in well being of the children , it should not give a damn about the day care if it does not improve the well being of the children. So autjor assumes that the day care will improve the well being of the children.

2. why does author say the govt should subsidize and why not other private trusties? because the premise states that each govt. should look for the well being of the children.


(A) Only governments that subsidize high-quality day care take interest in the well-being of all the children in the society they govern -- The option is creating a group of govts. (which subsidize daycare) and says that only these govts are interested in well being. Are we given any such categorisation? there may be several govts. which are interested but dont subsidize.

(B) Government subsidy of high-quality day care would not be so expensive that it would cause a government to eliminate benefits for adults--- why wrong? elimination of benefits to adults is not the concern of the govt. period. the stimulus talks only about the well being of the CHILDREN and not the well being of the entire population.

(C) High-quality day care should be subsidized only for those who could not otherwise afford it-- irrelavant. who can afford the daycare is not our concern. WE ARE CONCERNED WITH GOVT'S OBLIGATION.

(D) At least some children would benefit from high-quality day care-- prethinking 1.
negation- no children would benefit from daycare-- then why SHOULD govt. subsidize?? as the entire stimulus depends on the obligation towards the WELL BEING OF CHILDREN. if no benefit is there then why bother?? this answer choice says that atleast some children benefit and hence the obligation stands .

(E) Government is a more efficient provider of certain services than is a private enterprise -- who is more efficient in providng is not our concern as long as services do not include any financial subsidy ,the conclusion is not impacted.
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