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QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella

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QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 148: Critical Reasoning


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Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella bacteria can cause serious food poisoning. Capsaicin, the chemical that gives chili peppers their hot flavor, has antibacterial properties. Chickens do not have taste receptors for capsaicin and will readily eat feed laced with capsaicin. When chickens were fed such feed and then exposed to salmonella bacteria, relatively few of them became contaminated with salmonella.

In deciding whether the feed would be useful in raising salmonella-free chicken for retail sale, it would be most helpful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether feeding capsaicin to chickens affects the taste of their meat
(B) Whether eating capsaicin reduces the risk of salmonella poisoning for humans
(C) Whether chicken is more prone to salmonella contamination than other kinds of meat
(D) Whether appropriate cooking of chicken contaminated with salmonella can always prevent food poisoning
(E) Whether capsaicin can be obtained only from chili peppers

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QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 06:31
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The passage itself doesn't have a conclusion, but we are trying to select an answer choice that would help us determine whether the capsaicin-laced feed would be useful in raising salmonella-free chicken for retail sale. So we need to select an answer choice that represents information that would help us make that determination. Before we do that, make sure you read the passage carefully and pay close attention to the author's word choice:

  • "Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella bacteria can cause serious food poisoning." - The meat from contaminated chickens CAN cause serious food poisoning, but it doesn't ALWAYS cause serious food poisoning.
  • "Capsaicin, the chemical that gives chili peppers their hot flavor, has antibacterial properties. Chickens do not have taste receptors for capsaicin and will readily eat feed laced with capsaicin." - This tells us that capsaicin MIGHT help fight salmonella bacteria (since it has antibacterial properties). Chickens will readily consume capsaicin. So it would not be hard to get chickens to consume a substance that MIGHT help fight salmonella.
  • "When chickens were fed such feed and then exposed to salmonella bacteria, relatively few of them became contaminated with salmonella." - Great, so when chickens are fed capsaicin and THEN exposed to salmonella (AFTER ingesting the capsaicin), few of them contracted salmonella. Note that this does not necessary mean that capsaicin will fight salmonella that the chicken already has.

Quote:
(A) Whether feeding capsaicin to chickens affects the taste of their meat

We are trying to decide whether feeding capsaicin to chickens would help us raise salmonella-free chicken for retail sale. What if meat from chickens that consume capsaicin tastes awful (or just very different than normal chicken meat)? Sure, the meat would be salmonella-free, but if it tastes weird, consumers might not purchase the chicken. In that case, feeding capsaicin to chickens would not be a useful solution for raising chickens for retail sale. But if the chicken meat tastes the same with or without the capsaicin, then this could be an effective solution. Determining whether feeding capsaicin to chickens affects the taste of their meat would be useful in making the decision, so keep (A).

Quote:
(B) Whether eating capsaicin reduces the risk of salmonella poisoning for humans

We are trying to decide whether capsaicin-laced feed would be useful in raising salmonella-free chickens for retail sale. In making that decision, we don't care whether capsaicin can be consumed by humans to reduce the risk of salmonella. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) Whether chicken is more prone to salmonella contamination than other kinds of meat

We are not trying to compare chicken meat to other kinds of meat. We are simply trying to determine whether capsaicin-laced feed would help raise salmonella-free chickens. Determining whether chicken is more prone to salmonella contamination than other kinds of meat would NOT help, so eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) Whether appropriate cooking of chicken contaminated with salmonella can always prevent food poisoning

Even if appropriate cooking could prevent food poisoning, that wouldn't help us determine whether capsaicin can help us SELL salmonella-free chickens. True, choice (D) might make this question irrelevant, but you have to stick to what's being asked. We need information that would help us decide whether the capsaicin-laced feed would be useful in RAISING salmonella-free chicken for retail sale, and (D) doesn't help.

Quote:
(E) Whether capsaicin can be obtained only from chili peppers

We don't care where the capsaicin comes from. All that matters is whether capsaicin-laced feed is an effective solution for raising salmonella-free chickens for retail sale. Choice (E) is irrelevant and can be eliminated.

(A) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 07:14
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 148: Critical Reasoning


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Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella bacteria can cause serious food poisoning. Capsaicin, the chemical that gives chili peppers their hot flavor, has antibacterial properties. Chickens do not have taste receptors for capsaicin and will readily eat feed laced with capsaicin. When chickens were fed such feed and then exposed to salmonella bacteria, relatively few of them became contaminated with salmonella.

In deciding whether the feed would be useful in raising salmonella-free chicken for retail sale, it would be most helpful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether feeding capsaicin to chickens affects the taste of their meat
(B) Whether eating capsaicin reduces the risk of salmonella poisoning for humans
(C) Whether chicken is more prone to salmonella contamination than other kinds of meat
(D) Whether appropriate cooking of chicken contaminated with salmonella can always prevent food poisoning
(E) Whether capsaicin can be obtained only from chili peppers

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


If we want to decide whether the feed would be useful in raising salmonella-free chicken for retail sale, then the taste of chicken meat should not vary post the consumption of Capsaicin by chickens. If it varies, then people will look for other meat but if it doesn't then food poisoning caused by the bacteria will be taken care by the antibacterial properties of capsaicin - Option A

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Re: QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 10:55
Analysing the options
A talks about the taste of meat which is important for consumers

B talks about effect of capsican on human. Not relevant

C Not concerned about other kinds of meat

D We need to determine the effect of capsican, no need to find other method

E irrelevant

Correct option A

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QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 11:59
I think the ans is A.

We want an option that will help us decide if this feed will be useful for chickens. People will for sure consume this if adding the peppers does not affect the taste of the meat. If it is effected,people might or might not consume this,hence potential dampener of this strategy. lets explore the others , anyway.
B) Whether eating capsaicin reduces the risk of salmonella poisoning for humans: the idea being discussed is how to make thechickenbacteria free, we are not concerned here if humans can avoid salmonella poisoning.
(C) Whether chicken is more prone to salmonella contamination than other kinds of meat - again bleh. We are not concerned with other kinda of meat. We are just concerned about making chicken risk free and safe for consumption by humans.
(D) Whether appropriate cooking of chicken contaminated with salmonella can always prevent food poisoning : Sure it might be a way to prevent poisoning, but we want to raise chicken without the bacteria in the first place.
(E) Whether capsaicin can be obtained only from chili peppers : Sure we may or may not obtain casaicin from other sources, but here we are out to prove that chilli peppers will be successful or not. this does not in any way prove that aforementioned strategy will not be useful.

Hope this line of reasoning is OK. :)

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QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 13:58
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 148: Critical Reasoning


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Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella bacteria can cause serious food poisoning. Capsaicin, the chemical that gives chili peppers their hot flavor, has antibacterial properties. Chickens do not have taste receptors for capsaicin and will readily eat feed laced with capsaicin. When chickens were fed such feed and then exposed to salmonella bacteria, relatively few of them became contaminated with salmonella.

In deciding whether the feed would be useful in raising salmonella-free chicken for retail sale, it would be most helpful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether feeding capsaicin to chickens affects the taste of their meat
(B) Whether eating capsaicin reduces the risk of salmonella poisoning for humans
(C) Whether chicken is more prone to salmonella contamination than other kinds of meat
(D) Whether appropriate cooking of chicken contaminated with salmonella can always prevent food poisoning
(E) Whether capsaicin can be obtained only from chili peppers

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


We can apply the variance test in answer choice A.

(A) Whether feeding capsaicin to chickens affects the taste of their meat--> If yes, the business is affected and the whole purpose is defeated.

Whether feeding capsaicin to chickens affects the taste of their meat ---> If no, the purpose is met .
Thus this option is the answer .

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Re: QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2017, 07:50
IMO A

B,C,D and E are not helpful in determining.

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Re: QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2017, 20:51
sometimes, I feel like gmat is absurd b/c of such questions.
I guess my complaints will make no improvement to my gmat score.

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Re: QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2017, 08:18
Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella bacteria can cause serious food poisoning. Capsaicin, the chemical that gives chili peppers their hot flavor, has antibacterial properties. Chickens do not have taste receptors for capsaicin and will readily eat feed laced with capsaicin. When chickens were fed such feed and then exposed to salmonella bacteria, relatively few of them became contaminated with salmonella.

In deciding whether the feed would be useful in raising salmonella-free chicken for retail sale, it would be most helpful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether feeding capsaicin to chickens affects the taste of their meat If the feed alters the taste in such a way that people don't want to eat the chicken, then the feed would be inappropriate for retail-sale bound chicken. On the other hand, if the feed doesn't affect taste negatively, then the chickens would be appropriate for retail.
(B) Whether eating capsaicin reduces the risk of salmonella poisoning for humans Irrelevant. What does this have to do with raising salmonella-free chicken for retail sale?
(C) Whether chicken is more prone to salmonella contamination than other kinds of meat Other meats? Irrelevant
(D) Whether appropriate cooking of chicken contaminated with salmonella can always prevent food poisoning Irrelevant. We are concerned about whether the feed is appropriate for raising chicken for retail sale, not how to cook salmonella-contaminated chicken
(E) Whether capsaicin can be obtained only from chili peppers Irrelevant. The source of capsaicin doesn't affect argument.


A.

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Re: QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 17:18
chesstitans wrote:
sometimes, I feel like gmat is absurd b/c of such questions.

I agree!

chesstitans wrote:
I guess my complaints will make no improvement to my gmat score.

I agree even more! ;)
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Re: QOTD: Meat from chickens contaminated with salmonella   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2017, 17:18
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