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# QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended

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QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 09:18
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36% (01:58) correct 64% (01:53) wrong based on 2037 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 25: Sentence Correction

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Since the end of the recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

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QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 09:19
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13
This is fun, we're already seeing some disagreement on this one!

There are a bunch of moving parts on this question, but one of the major issues is the verb tense. "Since the end of the recession..." requires present perfect tense. Other than that, we have some fun stuff with pronouns ("that of") and some little meaning-based issues.

Quote:
A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

The verb tense is OK here, but there are a couple of weird bits. "Recently extended recession" doesn't really make a whole ton of sense, considering that we know that the recession is already over. (Head-nod to this official GMAT question with a similar phrase in it.) "Five-year high levels" isn't necessarily wrong, but it's definitely not ideal: "five-year highs" is much clearer.

If you're not totally certain about these two issues, you could be conservative and hang onto (A) for now, but we'll see that there's a better choice below.

Quote:
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

The "recently extended recession" issue is the same as in (A). And more importantly, the verb tense is definitely wrong: "Since the end of the recession... prices rose" doesn't work, since we need present perfect tense here ("have risen") to indicate that the action continues into the present. Eliminate (B).

Notice also that there's no reason to care about the difference between "each" and "all", since those words are not subjects, and therefore do not affect the form of the verb.

Quote:
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.

I'm still not crazy about "five-year high levels", but the bigger issue here is the pronoun phrase "that of." "That" is a singular pronoun here, but it's clearly trying to refer back to the plural noun "prices." Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

(D) has the same verb error as we saw in (B). So we can ditch (D) as well.
Quote:
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

This looks good! The verb, pronoun, and meaning errors are all fixed in (E), so this one is the correct answer.
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##### General Discussion
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 09:48
IMO its C
It has corrected several mistakes pointed below:

Since the end of recent, extended recession - clearly indicates the recession has ended unlike the original which is unclear in usage.
Prices for all...have risen to - corrected tense
prices of all...including that of... parallelism correction

Waiting for OA.
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 11:20
1
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 25: Sentence Correction

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Since the end of the recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

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will go with E
In C , i found few issue:
High levels seems redundant.
that cannot point to plural prices
including can modify commodities -as in E
Please correct me , if i am wrong ..
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 12:04
1
Since the end of the recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

IMO B
A is redundant .
B is correct .
C should use recently to modify extended.
D has the same error as C
E again has the same error
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2017, 01:32
GMATNinja wrote:
This is fun, we're already seeing some disagreement on this one!

There are a bunch of moving parts on this question, but one of the major issues is the verb tense. "Since the end of the recession..." requires present perfect tense. Other than that, we have some fun stuff with pronouns ("that of") and some little meaning-based issues.

Quote:
A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

The verb tense is OK here, but there are a couple of weird bits. "Recently extended recession" doesn't really make a whole ton of sense, considering that we know that the recession is already over. (Head-nod to this official GMAT question with a similar phrase in it.) "Five-year high levels" isn't necessarily wrong, but it's definitely not ideal: "five-year highs" is much clearer.

If you're not totally certain about these two issues, you could be conservative and hang onto (A) for now, but we'll see that there's a better choice below.

Quote:
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

The "recently extended recession" issue is the same as in (A). And more importantly, the verb tense is definitely wrong: "Since the end of the recession... prices rose" doesn't work, since we need present perfect tense here ("have risen") to indicate that the action continues into the present. Eliminate (B).

Notice also that there's no reason to care about the difference between "each" and "all", since those words are not subjects, and therefore do not affect the form of the verb.

Quote:
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.

I'm still not crazy about "five-year high levels", but the bigger issue here is the pronoun phrase "that of." "That" is a singular pronoun here, but it's clearly trying to refer back to the plural noun "prices." Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

(D) has the same verb error as we saw in (B). So we can ditch (D) as well.
Quote:
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

This looks good! The verb, pronoun, and meaning errors are all fixed in (E), so this one is the correct answer.

Hi GMATNinja

Is the comma between recent and extended correct in Option E ?
The reference from OG question that is mentioned in your response does NOT have a comma between recent and extended..
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 06:36
1
GMATNinja wrote:
This is fun, we're already seeing some disagreement on this one!

There are a bunch of moving parts on this question, but one of the major issues is the verb tense. "Since the end of the recession..." requires present perfect tense. Other than that, we have some fun stuff with pronouns ("that of") and some little meaning-based issues.

Quote:
A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

The verb tense is OK here, but there are a couple of weird bits. "Recently extended recession" doesn't really make a whole ton of sense, considering that we know that the recession is already over. (Head-nod to this official GMAT question with a similar phrase in it.) "Five-year high levels" isn't necessarily wrong, but it's definitely not ideal: "five-year highs" is much clearer.

If you're not totally certain about these two issues, you could be conservative and hang onto (A) for now, but we'll see that there's a better choice below.

Quote:
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

The "recently extended recession" issue is the same as in (A). And more importantly, the verb tense is definitely wrong: "Since the end of the recession... prices rose" doesn't work, since we need present perfect tense here ("have risen") to indicate that the action continues into the present. Eliminate (B).

Notice also that there's no reason to care about the difference between "each" and "all", since those words are not subjects, and therefore do not affect the form of the verb.

Quote:
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.

I'm still not crazy about "five-year high levels", but the bigger issue here is the pronoun phrase "that of." "That" is a singular pronoun here, but it's clearly trying to refer back to the plural noun "prices." Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

(D) has the same verb error as we saw in (B). So we can ditch (D) as well.
Quote:
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

This looks good! The verb, pronoun, and meaning errors are all fixed in (E), so this one is the correct answer.

===========================================

Very good explanation but I just want to clear that is "extended recession" is rightly placed???
isn't it is awkward????
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 07:36
Can someone explain "including niche agricultural goods such as" vs "including such niche agricultural goods as"? Isn't the former construction better than the latter? What are the rules surrounding such as and examples?
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 07:58
GMATNinja wrote:
This is fun, we're already seeing some disagreement on this one!

There are a bunch of moving parts on this question, but one of the major issues is the verb tense. "Since the end of the recession..." requires present perfect tense. Other than that, we have some fun stuff with pronouns ("that of") and some little meaning-based issues.

Quote:
A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

The verb tense is OK here, but there are a couple of weird bits. "Recently extended recession" doesn't really make a whole ton of sense, considering that we know that the recession is already over. (Head-nod to this official GMAT question with a similar phrase in it.) "Five-year high levels" isn't necessarily wrong, but it's definitely not ideal: "five-year highs" is much clearer.

If you're not totally certain about these two issues, you could be conservative and hang onto (A) for now, but we'll see that there's a better choice below.

Quote:
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

The "recently extended recession" issue is the same as in (A). And more importantly, the verb tense is definitely wrong: "Since the end of the recession... prices rose" doesn't work, since we need present perfect tense here ("have risen") to indicate that the action continues into the present. Eliminate (B).

Notice also that there's no reason to care about the difference between "each" and "all", since those words are not subjects, and therefore do not affect the form of the verb.

Quote:
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.

I'm still not crazy about "five-year high levels", but the bigger issue here is the pronoun phrase "that of." "That" is a singular pronoun here, but it's clearly trying to refer back to the plural noun "prices." Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

(D) has the same verb error as we saw in (B). So we can ditch (D) as well.
Quote:
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

This looks good! The verb, pronoun, and meaning errors are all fixed in (E), so this one is the correct answer.

GMATNinja Thanks for the explanation , but can you explain as to why " recently extended recession" is wrong vis-a-vis " recent, extended recession" ?? Furthermore what does comma plus including modify ??
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2017, 12:15
mba.2020 wrote:
Can someone explain "including niche agricultural goods such as" vs "including such niche agricultural goods as"? Isn't the former construction better than the latter? What are the rules surrounding such as and examples?

Both are grammatically correct and such structural difference should not be a point of concern.

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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Jun 2017, 22:52
A

Eliminated option C D E
It should be recently extended recession
Left with A and B
Choosing A since effect of recession is still there in present
hence present perfect / present perfect continuous is required (that justifies 'have been rising')

Referred to a similar qstn pointed by GmatNinja from og which explains in detail 'recently' vs 'recent'

Recently -> adverb - cannot modify a noun phrase (extended recession)
Recent -> adjective correctly modifies the noun phrase

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Originally posted by akshata19 on 05 Jun 2017, 21:34.
Last edited by akshata19 on 06 Jun 2017, 22:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2017, 07:24
I am confused between A and E. Can anyone tell whether recently is modifying extended or recession..

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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2017, 10:15
Since the end of the recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels. - "have been rising" seems like the wrong tense... looking for "have risen" to indicate that this action was happening the past and ended in the present.
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs. - same tense issue as A..
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels. - "including that of such" is not correct; "have risen" is correct though!
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs. - same issue as A & B
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs. - bingo!
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 18:43
How do we know that the modifier has to be only for recession(i.e noun)? why cant we modify extended with recently?? Both ways the meaning of the sentence makes sense and is grammatically correct. In such cases how do we decide whether the verb or the noun has to be described??
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2018, 06:40
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2018, 09:18
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Since the end of the recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

'Recently' modifies the adjective extended. However, the text wants to convey is that the recession was the recent one and that it was an extended one. That is the reason two coordinate adjectives such as recent and extended are required.

'Five-year highs' is a correct financial jargon; 'five-year high levels' implies that there is a special level named 'five -year high level.'

A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.--- 'recently extended' is wrong diction in the given context.

B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.--- 'recently extended' is wrong.

C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high level -

1. Including 'those of' should have been used rather than 'that of.'
2. five-year high level is not correct diction.

D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs------ Past tense 'rose' is a wrong verb when since has been used.

E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs --- correct.

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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2018, 07:14
daagh wrote:
Since the end of the recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

'Recently' modifies the adjective extended. However, the text wants to convey is that the recession was the recent one and that it was an extended one. That is the reason two coordinate adjectives such as recent and extended are required.

'Five-year highs' is a correct financial jargon; 'five-year high levels' implies that there is a special level named 'five -year high level.'

A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.--- 'recently extended' is wrong diction in the given context.

B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.--- 'recently extended' is wrong.

C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high level -

1. Including 'those of' should have been used rather than 'that of.'
2. five-year high level is not correct diction.

D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs------ Past tense 'rose' is a wrong verb when since has been used.

E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs --- correct.

Thanks, this explanation is helpful but when I read "recently extended recession" and "recent, extended recession" I don't see the difference in meaning?
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2018, 07:44
1
bpdulog, maybe this can help:

I saw the recently extended version of the movie Gladiator.
--> there was a movie, which was recently extended by adding some archive footage or whatever. I saw that thing.

I saw the recent, extended version of the movie Gladiator.
--> there was a recent and extended version of the movie Gladiator that I saw.

Similarly, in this question,

Since the end of the recently extended recession [bla bla]
since the end of [different modifier] recession
--> there was a recession which was extended recently

Since the end of the recent, extended recession [bla bla]
core: since the end of the [modifier] recession
--> there was a recent and extended recession which came to an end...
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2018, 08:13
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bpdulog

Adverbs being modifiers can modify a verb or an adjective but not a noun. In this case, the adverb 'recently' cannot modify recession but only the adjective extended. On the contrary, an adjective cannot modify another adjective but it can modify only a noun. That is the reason both the adjectives 'recent' and 'extended' individually and jointly modify the recession. This is a big difference.
One may frequently encounter such usages in GMAT
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2018, 18:02
Isn't e missing a 'those of'? Without 'those of' wouldn't we be comparing prices with the actual fruits?

GMATNinja wrote:
This is fun, we're already seeing some disagreement on this one!

There are a bunch of moving parts on this question, but one of the major issues is the verb tense. "Since the end of the recession..." requires present perfect tense. Other than that, we have some fun stuff with pronouns ("that of") and some little meaning-based issues.

Quote:
A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

The verb tense is OK here, but there are a couple of weird bits. "Recently extended recession" doesn't really make a whole ton of sense, considering that we know that the recession is already over. (Head-nod to this official GMAT question with a similar phrase in it.) "Five-year high levels" isn't necessarily wrong, but it's definitely not ideal: "five-year highs" is much clearer.

If you're not totally certain about these two issues, you could be conservative and hang onto (A) for now, but we'll see that there's a better choice below.

Quote:
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

The "recently extended recession" issue is the same as in (A). And more importantly, the verb tense is definitely wrong: "Since the end of the recession... prices rose" doesn't work, since we need present perfect tense here ("have risen") to indicate that the action continues into the present. Eliminate (B).

Notice also that there's no reason to care about the difference between "each" and "all", since those words are not subjects, and therefore do not affect the form of the verb.

Quote:
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.

I'm still not crazy about "five-year high levels", but the bigger issue here is the pronoun phrase "that of." "That" is a singular pronoun here, but it's clearly trying to refer back to the plural noun "prices." Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

(D) has the same verb error as we saw in (B). So we can ditch (D) as well.
Quote:
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

This looks good! The verb, pronoun, and meaning errors are all fixed in (E), so this one is the correct answer.
Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jul 2018, 18:02

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