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Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al

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Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2018, 12:38
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Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to alternate routes, and because of the city's persistent bridge construction, officials have been claiming for months that the traffic will be diverted for another 6 months.

A because of the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic will

B with the city's road construction persisting, city officials claimed for months that the traffic

C because the city persists with road construction, city officials claimed for months that the traffic would

D due to the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic

E due to the reality of the city's persistent road construction, city officials claimed for months that the traffic will

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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2018, 01:45
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I think it is D... subjunctive.. claim... for months present perfect... have been.. plz let us know the OA
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2018, 22:13
b,c,d,e are wrong on the basis that they changed the meaning of the sentence.

In the main sentence. construction of bridges is discussed but in the wrong choices. It discusses the construction of roads
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 05:26
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Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to alternate routes, and because of the city's persistent bridge construction, officials have been claiming for months that the traffic will be diverted for another 6 months.

A because of the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic will (Correct)

B with the city's road construction persisting, city officials claimed for months that the traffic (command subjunctive after traffic is unacceptable, and prepositional phrase is not acceptable to modify later clause)

C because the city persists with road construction, city officials claimed for months that the traffic would ( since its a fact that city officials and not a probability "would is unacceptable here)

D due to the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic (subjunctive error as B)

E due to the reality of the city's persistent road construction, city officials claimed for months that the traffic will ( changed meaning as action is taking place to this day)
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2018, 08:58
bishalpodder wrote:
I think it is D... subjunctive.. claim... for months present perfect... have been.. plz let us know the OA


you should have known that "because of" is preferred over "due to" most of the time in gmat. There are many official gmat questions in which "due to" is correct, you will know if you have heavy practices. On gmatclub, there are many articles about this issue, you can look up for it.

With + noun + verbing is wrong 95% the time.
C has wrong tense, so A is the answer.
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2018, 21:26
Hi GmatNinja

Could you please resolve why A us preferable to choice D

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Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2018, 22:58
aaba wrote:
Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to alternate routes, and because of the city's persistent bridge construction, officials have been claiming for months that the traffic will be diverted for another 6 months.



A because of the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic will

B with the city's road construction persisting, city officials claimed for months that the traffic

C because the city persists with road construction, city officials claimed for months that the traffic would

D due to the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic

E due to the reality of the city's persistent road construction, city officials claimed for months that the traffic will


This link may help : https://e-gmat.com/blogs/due-to-vs-because-of/

We can't use "due to" at place of "because of".

Rule says : "due to" is a noun modifier and "because of" is a verb modifier. If the sentence makes clear sense when we replace "due to" with "caused by", then due to is correct.

In D, caused by the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic . This makes no sense.

Also we need "will" at the end.
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2018, 22:05
Due to modifies noun.

Here "have been claiming for months that the traffic will" is a verb + clause

therefore you cannot use due to. You have to use "because of".

You can say:

The endless 6-months delay ... modifier ... is due to the persistent construction.
Here, "due to" modifies "the delay", which is a noun, the subject.
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2018, 11:16
Quote:
Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to alternate routes, and because of the city's persistent bridge construction, officials have been claiming for months that the traffic will be diverted for another 6 months.

A because of the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic will

B with the city's road construction persisting, city officials claimed for months that the traffic

C because the city persists with road construction, city officials claimed for months that the traffic would

D due to the city's persistent road construction, city officials have been claiming for months that the traffic

E due to the reality of the city's persistent road construction, city officials claimed for months that the traffic will

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Approach -

1) Eliminate E --> past with future is incorrect.
2) Eliminate D --> due to is a noun modifier, replacing caused by with due to doesn't make sense.
3) Eliminate B and C --> the second part of sentence in past doesn't make sense
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2018, 08:06
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Remove B, C, and E for using past tense for something that seems to be happening even now.

Between A and D, use of because of is wrong in A. D is the final answer.
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2018, 08:24
Hi Experts,

I think D should be the answer as it's related to subjunctive mood. "Claim" should take verb's base form.
Also, please share some light on because of vs. due to enigma :(
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2018, 08:26
daagh wrote:
Remove B, C, and E for using past tense for something that seems to be happening even now.

Between A and D, use of because of is wrong in A. D is the final answer.

Hi daagh,

Still getting stumped by "Due to Vs. Because of" enigma. I chose A options.

Please share some light on it.
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2018, 10:36
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1. GMAT Sentence Correction: the “Due To” Mistake

'Due to' is an adjective and hence has to modify a noun. 'Because of' is an adverbial phrase and hence has to modify some action.
How does it happen in the real context?

His late arrival was due to the engine failure
Here the adjectival phrase 'due to' modifies the noun arrival.
It will be wrong to say that he arrived late due to the engine failure.

Similarly, it will be wrong to say that his arrival was delayed because of engine failure.

More examples of due to and because of usage

He could not eat due to digestive problems -- wrong
He could not eat because of digestive problems -- correct
He scored low due to carelessness - wrong
His score was low due to carelessness: correct


Mark correct or incorrect

Her brilliant performance was because of her coach's rigorous training
Her brilliant performance was due to her coach's rigorous training

She performed brilliantly due to her coach's rigorous training
She performed brilliantly because of her coach's rigorous training

Some banks have heavily lost because of inadequate supervision
Some banks have heavily lost due to inadequate supervision

Some banks' heavy losses are due to inadequate supervision
Some banks' heavy losses are because of inadequate supervision


Most examples are taken from Magoosh <https://magoosh.com/gmat/2016/gmat-sentence-correction-due-mistake/>

(choose the answer first and then cross check with Magoosh Blog)


In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for cleaning and repairing due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing and fungus was growing in the walls.

A. due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing
B. due to moisture that tourists had exhaled, thereby raising its humidity to such levels that salt from the stone would crystallize
C. because tourists were exhaling moisture, which had raised the humidity within them to levels such that salt from the stone would crystallize
D. because of moisture that was exhaled by tourists raising the humidity within them to levels so high as to make the salt from the stone crystallize
E. because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised the humidity within them to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing


2) In the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, was obliterated due to an ambush by the Basque army, an event made famous in La Chanson de Roland.

(A) In the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, was obliterated due to an ambush by the Basque army, an event made famous in La Chanson de Roland
(B) In the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, the Basque army ambushed the Frankish army, the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, was obliterated, and the event was made famous in La Chanson de Roland
(C) La Chanson de Roland made famous the obliteration, due to an ambush by the Basque army, of the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778
(D) In La Chanson de Roland, the Basque army ambushed the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, and obliterated them, and this event was famous at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778
(E) In the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, ambushed and obliterated by the Basque army, an event made famous in La Chanson de Roland

3. The number of acres destroyed by wildfires, which have become an ongoing threat due to drought and booming population density, have increased dramatically over the past several years, prompting major concern among local politicians.

A have become an ongoing threat due to drought and booming population density, have increased
B have become an ongoing threat due to drought and booming population density, have been increasing
C has become an ongoing threat because of drought and booming population density, has increased
D have become an ongoing threat due to drought and booming population density, has increased
E. have become an ongoing threat because of drought and booming population density, has increased


4) None of the typical physical properties, such as color, hardness, and melting point, of the element Astatine is known because, due to its high radioactivity, it almost immediate decays into something else.

(A) known because, due to its high radioactivity, it almost immediately decays into something else
(B) known due to the fact that it decays almost immediately into something else because of its high radioactivity
(C) known if, because of its high radioactivity, it almost immediately decays into something else
(D) known: because of its high radioactivity, it almost immediately decays into something else
(E) known: due to its high radioactivity, it almost immediately decays into something else


5) The motion of the Sun in the sky, as well as the Moon and planets and stars, are because of the rotation of the Earth: everything rises in the East and sets in the West.

(A) are because of
(B) is because of
(C) are caused by
(D) is due to
(E) are due to

6. According to classical Marxism, the class struggle, caused by economic inequity, bringing about the universal workers’ revolution that would end history.

(A) struggle, caused by economic inequity, bringing about the universal workers’ revolution that would end history
(B) struggle, due to economic inequity, would bring about the universal workers’ revolution, thereby ending history
(C) struggle, which was brought about by economic inequity, causing the universal workers’ revolution that would end history
(D) struggle was because of economic inequity, and it would bring about the universal workers’ revolution and the end of history
(E) struggle was due to economic inequity, bringing about the universal workers’ revolution and ending history


7) In 1865, the then-revolutionary sound of Wagner’s opera Tristan und Isolde was due to the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord.”

(A) In 1865, the then-revolutionary sound of Wagner’s opera Tristan und Isolde was due to the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord.”
(B) In 1865, Wagner created what was then a revolutionary sound in his opera Tristan und Isolde, this sound caused by the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord.”
(C) In 1865, the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord” was causing the then-revolutionary sound of Wagner’s opera Tristan und Isolde.
(D) Because of the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord,” Wagner’s 1865 opera, Tristan und Isolde, had a then-revolutionary sound.
(E) The relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord” has caused the then-revolutionary sound of Wagner’s 1865 opera Tristan und Isolde.
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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2018, 07:32
daagh wrote:
anuj

1. GMAT Sentence Correction: the “Due To” Mistake

'Due to' is an adjective and hence has to modify a noun. 'Because of' is an adverbial phrase and hence has to modify some action.
How does it happen in the real context?

His late arrival was due to the engine failure
Here the adjectival phrase 'due to' modifies the noun arrival.
It will be wrong to say that he arrived late due to the engine failure.

Similarly, it will be wrong to say that his arrival was delayed because of engine failure.

More examples of due to and because of usage

He could not eat due to digestive problems -- wrong
He could not eat because of digestive problems -- correct
He scored low due to carelessness - wrong
His score was low due to carelessness: correct


Mark correct or incorrect

Her brilliant performance was because of her coach's rigorous training
Her brilliant performance was due to her coach's rigorous training

She performed brilliantly due to her coach's rigorous training
She performed brilliantly because of her coach's rigorous training

Some banks have heavily lost because of inadequate supervision
Some banks have heavily lost due to inadequate supervision

Some banks' heavy losses are due to inadequate supervision
Some banks' heavy losses are because of inadequate supervision


Most examples are taken from Magoosh <https://magoosh.com/gmat/2016/gmat-sentence-correction-due-mistake/>

(choose the answer first and then cross check with Magoosh Blog)


In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for cleaning and repairing due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing and fungus was growing in the walls.

A. due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing
B. due to moisture that tourists had exhaled, thereby raising its humidity to such levels that salt from the stone would crystallize
C. because tourists were exhaling moisture, which had raised the humidity within them to levels such that salt from the stone would crystallize
D. because of moisture that was exhaled by tourists raising the humidity within them to levels so high as to make the salt from the stone crystallize
E. because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised the humidity within them to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing


2) In the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, was obliterated due to an ambush by the Basque army, an event made famous in La Chanson de Roland.

(A) In the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, was obliterated due to an ambush by the Basque army, an event made famous in La Chanson de Roland
(B) In the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, the Basque army ambushed the Frankish army, the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, was obliterated, and the event was made famous in La Chanson de Roland
(C) La Chanson de Roland made famous the obliteration, due to an ambush by the Basque army, of the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778
(D) In La Chanson de Roland, the Basque army ambushed the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, and obliterated them, and this event was famous at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778
(E) In the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778, the rearguard of the Frankish army, under the command of Roland, ambushed and obliterated by the Basque army, an event made famous in La Chanson de Roland

3. The number of acres destroyed by wildfires, which have become an ongoing threat due to drought and booming population density, have increased dramatically over the past several years, prompting major concern among local politicians.

A have become an ongoing threat due to drought and booming population density, have increased
B have become an ongoing threat due to drought and booming population density, have been increasing
C has become an ongoing threat because of drought and booming population density, has increased
D have become an ongoing threat due to drought and booming population density, has increased
E. have become an ongoing threat because of drought and booming population density, has increased


4) None of the typical physical properties, such as color, hardness, and melting point, of the element Astatine is known because, due to its high radioactivity, it almost immediate decays into something else.

(A) known because, due to its high radioactivity, it almost immediately decays into something else
(B) known due to the fact that it decays almost immediately into something else because of its high radioactivity
(C) known if, because of its high radioactivity, it almost immediately decays into something else
(D) known: because of its high radioactivity, it almost immediately decays into something else
(E) known: due to its high radioactivity, it almost immediately decays into something else


5) The motion of the Sun in the sky, as well as the Moon and planets and stars, are because of the rotation of the Earth: everything rises in the East and sets in the West.

(A) are because of
(B) is because of
(C) are caused by
(D) is due to
(E) are due to

6. According to classical Marxism, the class struggle, caused by economic inequity, bringing about the universal workers’ revolution that would end history.

(A) struggle, caused by economic inequity, bringing about the universal workers’ revolution that would end history
(B) struggle, due to economic inequity, would bring about the universal workers’ revolution, thereby ending history
(C) struggle, which was brought about by economic inequity, causing the universal workers’ revolution that would end history
(D) struggle was because of economic inequity, and it would bring about the universal workers’ revolution and the end of history
(E) struggle was due to economic inequity, bringing about the universal workers’ revolution and ending history


7) In 1865, the then-revolutionary sound of Wagner’s opera Tristan und Isolde was due to the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord.”

(A) In 1865, the then-revolutionary sound of Wagner’s opera Tristan und Isolde was due to the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord.”
(B) In 1865, Wagner created what was then a revolutionary sound in his opera Tristan und Isolde, this sound caused by the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord.”
(C) In 1865, the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord” was causing the then-revolutionary sound of Wagner’s opera Tristan und Isolde.
(D) Because of the relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord,” Wagner’s 1865 opera, Tristan und Isolde, had a then-revolutionary sound.
(E) The relative atonality of the so-called “Tristan chord” has caused the then-revolutionary sound of Wagner’s 1865 opera Tristan und Isolde.


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Re: Since 2015, Seattle has diverted its downtown automobile traffic to al &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jul 2018, 07:32
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