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# South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia

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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
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I pick B too. However, I have a question why does the sentence say "increases in population". Isn't population singular? So, shouldn't it be "an increase in population" ?

Is increases being tied to "two-thirds" here? How can that be?

Thanks.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
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hsampath wrote:
I pick B too. However, I have a question why does the sentence say "increases in population". Isn't population singular? So, shouldn't it be "an increase in population" ?

Is increases being tied to "two-thirds" here? How can that be?

Thanks.

probably it represents the growth in several increments
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Ans: B is correct

The usage in this context "rather than increases in the population" correctly indicates that the growth in the church membership is from the increase in the population.
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[quote="mehtakaustubh"]South Korea has witnessed the world’s most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing A rather than B ,Aand B are not parallel

(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population conversions A rather than B parallel,also the modifier coming from conversions ........is correctly modifying church member expanding. So its the best option.

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population’s increasing parallelism error

(D) is from conversions instead of population increases modifier error

(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population modifier error
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
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mm007 wrote:
South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing
(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population
(C) coming from conversions instead of the populationâ€™s increasing
(D) is from conversions instead of population increases
(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population

Here a comparison is used so , rather than must be used ( options C & D can be rejected )

 Rather than is generally used in 'parallel' structures. e.g - with two nouns, adjectives, adverbs, infinitives or -ing forms.

So , the usage " conversions rather than increases in the population " is absolutely correct and answer must be (B)
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
Hi, though I got this answer right, I still don't clearly understand the rather/instead split.
Went all around Google and I back here - blank et confused.

Could some kind soul clarify? What do you mean rather is used to show preference and instead is used for options? Wouldn't preference be out of options too? :S
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
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hibobotamuss wrote:
Hi, though I got this answer right, I still don't clearly understand the rather/instead split.
Went all around Google and I back here - blank et confused.

Could some kind soul clarify? What do you mean rather is used to show preference and instead is used for options? Wouldn't preference be out of options too? :S

https://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idio ... omparison/
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
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Two splits here -
1. "rather than" vs "instead of".
"Instead of" is used to compare nouns

2. coming from/is coming from
We need coming from since "fully two-thirds of the growth ..." is a modifier
Hence (D) and (E) are out.

(A) Incorrect - "rather than the population increasing"
(C) Incorrect - "instead of the population’s increasing"

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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
GMATNinja

Hi Charles,

Am I correct in stating that D and E would require a coordinating conjunction to be correct given the presence of the finite verb?
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
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dcummins wrote:
GMATNinja

Hi Charles,

Am I correct in stating that D and E would require a coordinating conjunction to be correct given the presence of the finite verb?

Yes!

"Fully two-thirds of the growth is from conversions" is a complete thought (independent clause), so we would indeed need a comma+conjunction. (Or, in theory, a semicolon, but a second semicolon would do unfortunate things to this particular sentence.)
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
GMATNinja wrote:
dcummins wrote:
GMATNinja

Hi Charles,

Am I correct in stating that D and E would require a coordinating conjunction to be correct given the presence of the finite verb?

Yes!

"Fully two-thirds of the growth is from conversions" is a complete thought (independent clause), so we would indeed need a comma+conjunction. (Or, in theory, a semicolon, but a second semicolon would do unfortunate things to this particular sentence.)

Hi GMATNinja

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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
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mm007 wrote:
South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing

(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population's increasing

(D) is from conversions instead of population increases (require comma + conjunction or semicolon )

(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing -->population increasing is incorrect. conversions rather than population increasing is incorrect comparison

(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population --> conversions is compared with increases which is valid

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population's increasing --> possessive for increasing is incorrect

(D) is from conversions instead of population increases --> introducing an other verb "is" makes a run on sentence --> church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth is blah blah blah

(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population --> same mistake as D

B it is
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
azhrhasan wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
dcummins wrote:
GMATNinja

Hi Charles,

Am I correct in stating that D and E would require a coordinating conjunction to be correct given the presence of the finite verb?

Yes!

"Fully two-thirds of the growth is from conversions" is a complete thought (independent clause), so we would indeed need a comma+conjunction. (Or, in theory, a semicolon, but a second semicolon would do unfortunate things to this particular sentence.)

Hi GMATNinja

We're just talking about run-on sentences here. "Church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth is from conversions." is just as bad as, "Mike likes going to the beach, most beaches in New Jersey are crowded."

Here's an article about run-on sentences by mikemcgarry. The Manhattan Sentence Correction book (Guide 8) might also help.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing

Not paralle! "conversations" is noun whereas " population increasing" is not. If someone has to say that the latter is a noun. Here is the explanation: since the word "increase" itself could be a noun, the "increasing" which is used as a noun here is wrong --> always use "increase" (the original form) when we want a noun, and the rule applies to many others as well.

(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population

Correct usage of noun "increases" in comparison with the one in A.

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population's increasing

in gmat, when there is another seemingly correct answer choice that includes rather than, go with that one! Rather than is better than instead of in gmat. In addition, instead of can only be followed by nouns.
"population's increasing" has a similar problem as in A. The same explanation could also be applied here.

(D) is from conversions instead of population increases

same as C. In addition, run-on sentence.

(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population

Run-on.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
Should "conversions"(noun) be parallel to "populations increasing"(noun)?
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia [#permalink]
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lakshya14 wrote:
Should "conversions"(noun) be parallel to "populations increasing"(noun)?

Yes, as with a not/but construction, we generally want X and Y to be parallel when using the phrase "X rather than Y".

In choice (B), "conversions" and "increases" are both nouns, so the parallelism is totally fine.

I hope that helps!
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