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South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia

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South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Oct 2018, 04:31
2
7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:14) correct 31% (01:18) wrong based on 674 sessions

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South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.


(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing

(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population's increasing

(D) is from conversions instead of population increases

(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population

Originally posted by mm007 on 23 Dec 2006, 21:58.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Oct 2018, 04:31, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2006, 07:01
I pick B too. However, I have a question why does the sentence say "increases in population". Isn't population singular? So, shouldn't it be "an increase in population" ?

Is increases being tied to "two-thirds" here? How can that be?

Thanks.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2006, 07:14
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hsampath wrote:
I pick B too. However, I have a question why does the sentence say "increases in population". Isn't population singular? So, shouldn't it be "an increase in population" ?

Is increases being tied to "two-thirds" here? How can that be?

Thanks.


probably it represents the growth in several increments
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2011, 16:17
Ans: B is correct

The usage in this context "rather than increases in the population" correctly indicates that the growth in the church membership is from the increase in the population.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2011, 10:01
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mehtakaustubh wrote:
South Korea has witnessed the world’s most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing

(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population’s increasing

(D) is from conversions instead of population increases

(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population


Two splits here -
1. "rather than" vs "instead of".
"Instead of" is used to compare nouns

2. coming from/is coming from
We need coming from since "fully two-thirds of the growth ..." is a modifier
Hence (D) and (E) are out.

(A) Incorrect - "rather than the population increasing"
(C) Incorrect - "instead of the population’s increasing"

(B) is the answer.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2011, 10:23
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[quote="mehtakaustubh"]South Korea has witnessed the world’s most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing A rather than B ,Aand B are not parallel

(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population conversions A rather than B parallel,also the modifier coming from conversions ........is correctly modifying church member expanding. So its the best option.

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population’s increasing parallelism error

(D) is from conversions instead of population increases modifier error

(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population modifier error
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2011, 03:07
mehtakaustubh wrote:
South Korea has witnessed the world’s most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing

(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population’s increasing

(D) is from conversions instead of population increases

(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population


"rather than" is more correct, "instead of" will refuse the growth of Christian coming from increase in population.

"conversions" is action noun, so it should parallel with other action noun, "increases" win. The correct choice here is B.
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Re: SC pls explain usage of Rather vs instead of based on this Q  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2011, 10:26
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ekshyam wrote:
South Korea has witnessed the world’s most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.
(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing
(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population
(C) coming from conversions instead of the population’s increasing
(D) is from conversions instead of population increases
(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population


My simple thought is:
X rather than Y => X >Y

X instead of Y => X and no Y (definitely no Y). In rather than, we can have little Y, but ensure that X>Y

Based on this sentence. (D) and (E) will make run-on errors, so I will eliminated

Thinking about the meaning of sentence, church membership is expanding ..., 2/3 growth coming from (conversions) X rather than/instead of Y ( increases in the population). Of course 2/3 growth still can come from Y, so we use "rather than" is better. Eliminate (C).

Between (A) and (B), we have to choose which items are paralleled each other. "conversion" parallels with "increase" or "population". Certainly, "increase" wins. So, Choice (B) is the final choice.

Hope that helps.
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Re: SC pls explain usage of Rather vs instead of based on this Q  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2011, 03:41
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rather than is used to show preference while instead of is used to show options.

Here rather than usage is the right one.

A - population increasing is wrong - conversions should be compared with something similar
C/D - instead of is wrong
E - increasing the population is wrong.

IMO B.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2013, 07:21
South Korea has witnessed the world’s most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.



(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing
(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population

Parallel markers:
from _______ rather than ________

(C) coming from conversions instead of the population’s increasing
(D) is from conversions instead of population increases
(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2013, 09:56
WE do not need to care about "rather than", and "instead of" for this problem.

- "increase in something" is idiom

the second thing is the use of doing

when there is a noun, we do not use "doing" to refer to a general action but use the noun. when there is no noun (there is no "learnation"), we have to use "doing" to refer to a general action. but remember, "doing" is often used to refer to an action of a specific noun in the sentence. for example

I learn english by speaking it all day.
in this sentence, "speaking" refers to "I".

there is justification for the use "increasing" in this sentence because there is noun "increase". This is gmat rule, which is shown in many gmatprep questions. we have to infer this rule by studying gmatprep questions because no grammar books explain this rule.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2016, 11:04
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mm007 wrote:
South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christian congregations; church membership is expanding by 6.6 percent a year, fully two-thirds of the growth coming from conversions rather than the population increasing.

(A) coming from conversions rather than the population increasing
(B) coming from conversions rather than increases in the population
(C) coming from conversions instead of the population’s increasing
(D) is from conversions instead of population increases
(E) is from conversions rather than increasing the population


Here a comparison is used so , rather than must be used ( options C & D can be rejected )

Rather than is generally used in 'parallel' structures. e.g - with two nouns, adjectives, adverbs, infinitives or -ing forms.


So , the usage " conversions rather than increases in the population " is absolutely correct and answer must be (B)
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 06:21
Hi, though I got this answer right, I still don't clearly understand the rather/instead split.
Went all around Google and I back here - blank et confused.

Could some kind soul clarify? What do you mean rather is used to show preference and instead is used for options? Wouldn't preference be out of options too? :S
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 07:24
hibobotamuss wrote:
Hi, though I got this answer right, I still don't clearly understand the rather/instead split.
Went all around Google and I back here - blank et confused.

Could some kind soul clarify? What do you mean rather is used to show preference and instead is used for options? Wouldn't preference be out of options too? :S


Please go through the following links -

http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.com/2006/0 ... ad-of.html

https://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idio ... omparison/
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2019, 01:07
Two splits here -
1. "rather than" vs "instead of".
"Instead of" is used to compare nouns

2. coming from/is coming from
We need coming from since "fully two-thirds of the growth ..." is a modifier
Hence (D) and (E) are out.

(A) Incorrect - "rather than the population increasing"
(C) Incorrect - "instead of the population’s increasing"

(B) is the answer.
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2019, 23:56
GMATNinja

Hi Charles,

Am I correct in stating that D and E would require a coordinating conjunction to be correct given the presence of the finite verb?
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2019, 13:39
dcummins wrote:
GMATNinja

Hi Charles,

Am I correct in stating that D and E would require a coordinating conjunction to be correct given the presence of the finite verb?

Yes!

"Fully two-thirds of the growth is from conversions" is a complete thought (independent clause), so we would indeed need a comma+conjunction. (Or, in theory, a semicolon, but a second semicolon would do unfortunate things to this particular sentence.)
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Re: South Korea has witnessed the world's most dramatic growth of Christia   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2019, 13:39
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