GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 24 Aug 2019, 15:16

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 57279
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2019, 03:59
3
33
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (02:06) correct 41% (02:16) wrong based on 968 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students revealed that the plurality of students in an eastern, big-city, private university was liberal, whereas in a state-supported, southern college, the plurality was conservative. Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?

A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors.
B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college.
C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originally from the East.
D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.
E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.

CR41661.01
Verbal Review 2020 NEW QUESTION

_________________
Senior Manager
Status: eternal student
Joined: 06 Mar 2018
Posts: 282
Location: Kazakhstan
GPA: 3.87
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jun 2019, 06:45
8
Bunuel wrote:
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students revealed that the plurality of students in an eastern, big-city, private university was liberal, whereas in a state-supported, southern college, the plurality was conservative. Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?

A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors.
B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college.
C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originally from the East.
D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.
E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.

CR41661.01
Verbal Review 2020 NEW QUESTION

Analysis of the given prompt:

Attachment:

Argument analysis.PNG [ 89.35 KiB | Viewed 4004 times ]

Question stem:

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?

Question type:

Inference (must be true)

A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors.

Analysis of (A): This choice compares political orientations of students with their parents. This orientations similar to parent's when students start college than when they are senior.

Analysis in terms of prompt: If we consider given informations in the given prompt. There is no supportive information about student's parent's political orientation or any comparison between. A is incorrect

B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college.

Analysis of (B): We have some correlation here, senior student's PO (political orientation) depends on his/her experience in college, implying that by time spent in college student tends to change his/her point of view.

Analysis in terms of prompt: We do have some information about trends that that were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students. So difference between senior student and beginner student is on his/her experience gained during the college years. This information supported by the prompt, hence B is correct.

C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originally from the East.

Analysis of (C): We have comparison here, Senior students from South is more likely conservative than Senior students from East.

Analysis in terms of prompt: This is really tricky answer, if we were not VERY careful while reading the stimulus we could have chosen this answer as correct. This answer choice talks about senior students, conservative POs, and East and South originality. All this information exists in the passage but connected in a different way. We don't have comparison in the given stimulus, moreover it is clearly stated that POs of the students have nothing to do with students region of origin. C is incorrect

D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.

Analysis of (D): It states that determining factor about student's PO whether their college is state-supported or private.

Analysis in terms of prompt: So far in the prompt only determining factor of the student's PO is college experience not college type. D is incorrect

E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.

Analysis of (E): There is a tendention for students to become more conservative PO, because of pressure for financial success.

Analysis in terms of prompt: We don't have any information about why senior students choose to be conservative or liberal. E is incorrect

B is the answer
_________________
My SC approach flowchart

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

___________________
"Nothing in this life is to be feared, it is only to be understood"
~ Marie Curie
##### General Discussion
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7754
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2019, 08:44
3
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students revealed that the plurality of students in an eastern, big-city, private university was liberal, whereas in a state-supported, southern college, the plurality was conservative. Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.

The plurality of students in an eastern, big-city, private university was liberal, whereas in a state-supported, southern college, the plurality was conservative.
Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and
the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?

Without looking at the choices, we can say that the trends were acquired in college from the words more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students

Quote:
A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors.

A. The para says that the orientations is independent of region of origin

Quote:
B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college.

B. This is exactly what can be inferred. Correct.

Quote:
C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originally from the East.

C. The para says that the orientations is independent of region of origin

Quote:
D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.

D. Too extreme. The words 'more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students' give us reason to believe that the choice is not correct.

Quote:
E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.

E. Not true, as the senior students in eastern, private university become more liberal with time. Even the reason 'pressures for financial success' is never talked of in the para

B
_________________
Director
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 542
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GPA: 3.97
WE: Project Management (Investment Banking)
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2019, 11:41
2
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students revealed that the plurality of students in an eastern, big-city, private university was liberal, whereas in a state-supported, southern college, the plurality was conservative. Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.

Two conclusions from passage above.

Factors such as university type, region play a role in political views
These view grow from junior to senior level.

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?

A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors. No dicussion for parents . hence out of scope
B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college.Good option since its stated in the line "the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students". Lets keep it
C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originally from the East.From south does not consider type of university university. Missing information
D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.Same as above there are others factors also. such as region
E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.No discussion for financial pressure. Out of scope
IMO it should be B
Intern
Joined: 18 Jan 2018
Posts: 34
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.98
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2019, 20:10
In this question, how are we sure that the political orientation is dependent on the experiences as mentioned in the correct option B?

Thanks!
Manager
Joined: 26 Jan 2016
Posts: 179
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jul 2019, 09:44
1
aalakshaya wrote:
In this question, how are we sure that the political orientation is dependent on the experiences as mentioned in the correct option B?

Thanks!

aalakshaya: As the passage states in hypothesis 'Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.
'
So, any answer choice which infers the difference is due to location is incorrect.
Now think, what is it that separates seniors from beginners. It is the time duration that they have already spent in college and the experience that they have gained.
That's why B.
_________________
Your Kudos can boost my morale..!!

I am on a journey. Gradually I'll there..!!
Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2018
Posts: 88
Location: India
Schools: IIMA
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jul 2019, 11:41
aalakshaya wrote:
In this question, how are we sure that the political orientation is dependent on the experiences as mentioned in the correct option B?

Thanks!

aalakshaya

We can infer the same by reading below excerpt of the prompt.

and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.
_________________
Spread some happiness..Press Kudos!
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2017
Posts: 172
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GPA: 4
WE: Operations (Retail)
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jul 2019, 13:45
Bunuel wrote:
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students revealed that the plurality of students in an eastern, big-city, private university was liberal, whereas in a state-supported, southern college, the plurality was conservative. Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.

CR41661.01
Verbal Review 2020 NEW QUESTION

This is an Inference question. Pls note that in Inference questions(as the name suggests) the goal is to find information from the answer choices that has to 100% compliant with the passage information.
It must also to be noted that no layer of assumption has to be made in Inference question.

Premise- Comparison b/w students PO of south and east campuses; PO is independent of student's region of origin
Goal- Information from answer choices that is 100% compliant with the passage

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?

A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors.- No info. about parents in the passage
B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college.- Bingo! this can be safely taken away from the passage as the passage mentions- PO "trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students"
C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originally from the East.- Clearlr mentioned "Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin" in the argument
D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.- No such claim can be made with 100% certainty
E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.- No such claim can be made with 100% certainty
_________________
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2017
Posts: 172
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GPA: 4
WE: Operations (Retail)
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jul 2019, 13:46
aggvipul wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students revealed that the plurality of students in an eastern, big-city, private university was liberal, whereas in a state-supported, southern college, the plurality was conservative. Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.

CR41661.01
Verbal Review 2020 NEW QUESTION

This is an Inference question. Pls note that in Inference questions(as the name suggests) the goal is to find information from the answer choices that has to 100% compliant with the passage information.
It must also to be noted that no layer of assumption has to be made in Inference question.

Premise- Comparison b/w students PO of south and east campuses; PO is independent of student's region of origin
Goal- Information from answer choices that is 100% compliant with the passage

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?

A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors.- No info. about parents in the passage
B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college.- Bingo! this can be safely taken away from the passage as the passage mentions- PO "trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students"
C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originally from the East.- Clearlr mentioned "Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin" in the argument
D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.- No such claim can be made with 100% certainty
E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.- No such claim can be made with 100% certainty

_________________
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2017
Posts: 172
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GPA: 4
WE: Operations (Retail)
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jul 2019, 13:47
Bunuel wrote:
Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students revealed that the plurality of students in an eastern, big-city, private university was liberal, whereas in a state-supported, southern college, the plurality was conservative. Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin, and the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students.

CR41661.01
Verbal Review 2020 NEW QUESTION

This is an Inference question. Pls note that in Inference questions(as the name suggests) the goal is to find information from the answer choices that has to 100% compliant with the passage information.
It must also to be noted that no layer of assumption has to be made in Inference question.

Premise- Comparison b/w students PO of south and east campuses; PO is independent of student's region of origin
Goal- Information from answer choices that is 100% compliant with the passage

Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?

A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors.- No info. about parents in the passage
B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college.- Bingo! this can be safely taken away from the passage as the passage mentions- PO "trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students"
C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originally from the East.- Clearlr mentioned "Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin" in the argument
D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.- No such claim can be made with 100% certainty
E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.- No such claim can be made with 100% certainty[/uote][/quote]
_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2776
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jul 2019, 07:13
aalakshaya wrote:
In this question, how are we sure that the political orientation is dependent on the experiences as mentioned in the correct option B?

Thanks!

Awesome that this has generated so much discussion! I'll throw in my two cents, just in case somebody finds it helpful.

Here's the thing: we don't have to be sure of anything! The questions asks, "Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the observations stated above?"

Since 1) "orientations were independent of the student's region of origin" and 2) "the trends were much more pronounced in seniors than in beginning students", the data seems to indicate that "the political orientations of college seniors depend significantly on experiences they have had while in college."

Do we know for sure that this is the case? No. Choice (B) makes the most sense, given the information in the passage, so it's the best answer.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal
Senior Manager
Status: Gathering chakra
Joined: 05 Feb 2018
Posts: 384
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2019, 20:19
A. The political orientations of college students are more similar to the political orientations of their parents when the students start college than when the students are seniors.
-- out of scope because parents aren't mentioned anywhere, we can't make this comparison

B. The political orientations of college seniors depend significantlyon experiences they have had while in college.
-- sounded iffy because it's a bit of stretch but all the other choices end up being way worse, this is the only thing we can infer from the argument.

C. A college senior originally from the South is more likely to be politically conservative than is a college senior originallyfrom the East.
-- prompt explicitly says "Orientations were independent of the student's region of origin" so this is completely wrong

D. Whether their college is state-supported or private is the determining factor in college students' political orientations.
-- the strong language ruins it, it's not the only determining factor because the prompt also mentions the east vs. south as well as private vs. public difference, so there's 2 possible factors that contribute.

E. College students tend to become more conservative politically as they become older and are confronted with pressures for financial success.
-- this would be a common sense conclusion but it's out of scope
Re: Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2019, 20:19
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Studies of the political orientations of 1,055 college students reveal

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne