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# The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r

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The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2016, 12:31
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The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee roasting firm, of a complaint regarding the smoke from its roaster. Recently enacted air quality regulations requires machine roasting more than 10 pounds of coffee to be equipped with expensive smoke-dissipating afterburners. The firm, however, roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a time. Nevertheless, the company has decided to purchase and install an afterburner.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the firm’s decision?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.

OG 2017 New Question
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 17:09
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AbdurRakib wrote:
The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee roasting firm, of a complaint regarding the smoke from its roaster. Recently enacted air quality regulations requires machine roasting more than 10 pounds of coffee to be equipped with expensive smoke-dissipating afterburners. The firm, however, roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a time. Nevertheless, the company has decided to purchase and install an afterburner.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the firm’s decision?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.

OG 2017 New Question

Dear AbdurRakib,
I'm happy to respond. This is a great question!

Hmm. They are taking a step that exceeds the literal requirements of the law. Why are they doing this?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
Hmm. Tempting. We don't know how often the air quality board meets and determines regulations. If they meet every month, and pass new regulations every month, then it would make sense to be extra-cautious because the rules could change at any time. On the other hand, if it meets once every seven years, and the composition is completely different each time it meets, then there's no guarantee that the same or a similar decision would be reached then, and its far enough away that it wouldn't be a cause for concern. We simply can't be sure about this.

B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
Hmm. This would be a reason NOT to get the afterburner. This is a weakener, and the question is looking for a strengthener: a typically GMAT CR trap.

C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
Maybe, or maybe the afterburner, although more expensive initially, can be used with any size burner, and so can continue to be used as they upgrade equipment. We can't be sure.

D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
Hmm. We don't know whether there were complaints or whether the air quality board just went gungho on this issue without external prompting.

E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.
Aha! Publicity about a smell: very interesting. Does the smell of coffee roasting has negative health effects? I doubt it, but there's news about the board enacting regulations, it's reasonable that it might stir a current of fear, because the general public is always eager to find new things to fear. Give people fear associated with a smell, then they will have a conniption anytime they smell this smell. It's easy to imagine a chain of events that could negatively impact the store, and hence a reason why they would want to eliminate any trace of the smell, so as not to call attention to themselves on this issue.

Choice (E) is the best answer.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 17:36
mikemcgarry wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee roasting firm, of a complaint regarding the smoke from its roaster. Recently enacted air quality regulations requires machine roasting more than 10 pounds of coffee to be equipped with expensive smoke-dissipating afterburners. The firm, however, roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a time. Nevertheless, the company has decided to purchase and install an afterburner.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the firm’s decision?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.

OG 2017 New Question

Dear AbdurRakib,
I'm happy to respond. This is a great question!

Hmm. They are taking a step that exceeds the literal requirements of the law. Why are they doing this?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
Hmm. Tempting. We don't know how often the air quality board meets and determines regulations. If they meet every month, and pass new regulations every month, then it would make sense to be extra-cautious because the rules could change at any time. On the other hand, if it meets once every seven years, and the composition is completely different each time it meets, then there's no guarantee that the same or a similar decision would be reached then, and its far enough away that it wouldn't be a cause for concern. We can choose this.

B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
Hmm. This would be a reason NOT to get the afterburner. This is a weakener, and the question is looking for a strengthener: a typically GMAT CR trap.

C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
Maybe, or maybe the afterburner, although more expensive initially, can be used with any size burner, and so can continue to be used as they upgrade equipment. We can't be sure.

D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
Hmm. We don't know whether there were complaints or whether the air quality board just went gungho on this issue without external prompting.

E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.
Aha! Publicity about a smell: very interesting. Does the smell of coffee roasting has negative health effects? I doubt it, but there's news about the board enacting regulations, it's reasonable that it might stir a current of fear, because the general public is always eager to find new things to fear. Give people fear associated with a smell, then they will have a conniption anytime they smell this smell. It's easy to imagine a chain of events that could negatively impact the store, and hence a reason why they would want to eliminate any trace of the smell, so as not to call attention to themselves on this issue.

Choice (E) is the best answer.

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Hi Mike,

Can you elaborate more why Choice C is incorrect? I did not understand to what 'small one' refers?? I understood it as 'to replace the roaster with other roaster with small size'. Am I correct?

Thanks
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 20:25
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Mo2men wrote:
mikemcgarry wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee roasting firm, of a complaint regarding the smoke from its roaster. Recently enacted air quality regulations requires machine roasting more than 10 pounds of coffee to be equipped with expensive smoke-dissipating afterburners. The firm, however, roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a time. Nevertheless, the company has decided to purchase and install an afterburner.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the firm’s decision?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.

OG 2017 New Question

Dear AbdurRakib,
I'm happy to respond. This is a great question!

Hmm. They are taking a step that exceeds the literal requirements of the law. Why are they doing this?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
Hmm. Tempting. We don't know how often the air quality board meets and determines regulations. If they meet every month, and pass new regulations every month, then it would make sense to be extra-cautious because the rules could change at any time. On the other hand, if it meets once every seven years, and the composition is completely different each time it meets, then there's no guarantee that the same or a similar decision would be reached then, and its far enough away that it wouldn't be a cause for concern. We can choose this.

B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
Hmm. This would be a reason NOT to get the afterburner. This is a weakener, and the question is looking for a strengthener: a typically GMAT CR trap.

C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
Maybe, or maybe the afterburner, although more expensive initially, can be used with any size burner, and so can continue to be used as they upgrade equipment. We can't be sure.

D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
Hmm. We don't know whether there were complaints or whether the air quality board just went gungho on this issue without external prompting.

E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.
Aha! Publicity about a smell: very interesting. Does the smell of coffee roasting has negative health effects? I doubt it, but there's news about the board enacting regulations, it's reasonable that it might stir a current of fear, because the general public is always eager to find new things to fear. Give people fear associated with a smell, then they will have a conniption anytime they smell this smell. It's easy to imagine a chain of events that could negatively impact the store, and hence a reason why they would want to eliminate any trace of the smell, so as not to call attention to themselves on this issue.

Choice (E) is the best answer.

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Hi Mike,

Can you elaborate more why Choice C is incorrect? I did not understand to what 'small one' refers?? I understood it as 'to replace the roaster with other roaster with small size'. Am I correct?

Thanks

Hi Mo2men,

the choice C says-
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.

But the size is already smaller than what makes it mandatory to have a afterburner..
If the size was more than 10, this choice would make sense....
So when there is no mandatory requirement of afterburner, the COST part does not come into play
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2016, 22:37
Air quality board has informed Coffee Roast(CR) firm about a complaint regarding Smoke from its roaster
New air regulations requires machines roasting > 10 pounds to be be equipped with afterburners
CR's roaster roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a time
However , CR has decided to purchase and install an afterburner .

Strengthener

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time. iSWAT - This is an appealing answer choice , but we are not sure whether and if at all the rule for 5 pound roaster will be implemented .
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered. Incorrect - If the flavor of coffee is altered , there is very high probability that consumers will not favor this . This is a weakener
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one. - Irrelevant - Since as of now the regulation is only for 10 pound and above roaster .
D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners. Out of Scope
E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales. - Correct Answer
This option makes sense as CR has a reason to fear that negative publicity might decrease sales .

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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2016, 06:58
The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee roasting firm, of a complaint regarding the smoke from its roaster. Recently enacted air quality regulations requires machine roasting more than 10 pounds of coffee to be equipped with expensive smoke-dissipating afterburners. The firm, however, roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a time. Nevertheless, the company has decided to purchase and install an afterburner.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the firm’s decision?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered -- Irrelevant
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one -- The limit is 10 pound and the firm is already roasting < 10 not required to have afterburner. why would firm think about replacing roaster at first place?

D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
Its saying about the firm on which rules are applicable -- Irrelevant

E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.
-- Only reason for firm to purchase and install afterburner-- Right Choice
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2016, 07:11
While it is clear answer choice E is acceptable, I think it is still confusing why answer choice A should be eliminated.

I think the reason answer choice A is not convincing is that it includes a possibility whose likelihood is unclear. In contrast, the fear in answer choice E is real.
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2016, 02:13
AbdurRakib wrote:
The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee roasting firm, of a complaint regarding the smoke from its roaster. Recently enacted air quality regulations requires machine roasting more than 10 pounds of coffee to be equipped with expensive smoke-dissipating afterburners. The firm, however, roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a time. Nevertheless, the company has decided to purchase and install an afterburner.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the firm’s decision?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.

OG 2017 New Question

Premise: The coffee roasting company is ready to replace the burner even if they are producing less than 8 pounds coffee.
We need to support the companies decision.

Of the given options, only option E and C come close.

If there is negative publicity of the coffee, the people might no buy it.
Hence the company is ready to replace the burner and end the complaint even if it does not need to to avoid bad reputation.

Regarding option C, the company is not trying to contain the cost here moreover, there are already roasting less than 10 pounds hence no need to replace the burner.
Hence we do not need to worry about it.

Correct option: E
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2016, 11:16
HanoiGMATtutor
The answers A just says untill settling on the new air quality regulations,the board had debated whether to require after burners.....at a time.

Kindly note the usage "debated whether" :a debate need not always result in implementing policies.Debate refers to discussing merits and demerits!!so there is no conclusive action that the company will install the afterburner !!
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2017, 13:31
E is the best answer. C is not because the current size is already below the expected size.
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 20:04
I'm struggling between A and E. Maybe E is stronger than A because E represents a direct current impact, i.e. negative publicity to lost in sales, while A only represents a possibility in the future 'at a time'. For A, even if the board imposed a stricter rule on smaller volume roaster, how the impact affects the company is subject to further discussion. Therefore, the cause and effect of A is too far as compared to that of E.
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2018, 22:55
ChristineZhu wrote:
I'm struggling between A and E. Maybe E is stronger than A because E represents a direct current impact, i.e. negative publicity to lost in sales, while A only represents a possibility in the future 'at a time'. For A, even if the board imposed a stricter rule on smaller volume roaster, how the impact affects the company is subject to further discussion. Therefore, the cause and effect of A is too far as compared to that of E.

here OPTION A:tells the board DEBATED .so no conclusive evidence that the 5 pound restriction will be implemented.so no need to spend on after-burn
option E:its about reputation as the negative publicity can cost the company.a strong reason to install an afterburn
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Re: The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2018, 08:18
The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee roasting firm, of a complaint regarding the smoke from its roaster. Recently enacted air quality regulations requires machine roasting more than 10 pounds of coffee to be equipped with expensive smoke-dissipating afterburners. The firm, however, roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a time. Nevertheless, the company has decided to purchase and install an afterburner.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the firm’s decision?

A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time.
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered.
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one.
D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners.
E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales.

This is a strengthen the argument question.
Like weaken, strengthen questions also require us to isolate the conclusion. As we will be looking for the answer that makes our belief stronger on the premise-conclusion relationship such as analogies, survey, reports, statistical data etc.
Protect the missing information
a) by keeping any option that fills the gap
b) by eliminating the answer that attacks the missing information

conclusion: Despite the fact that the roasts only 8 pounds of coffee at a timethe company has decided to purchase and install an afterburner. Why would it do that?

E talks about negative publicity, which can be a reason for some customer to not to come to the coffee shop, consequently the coffee shop loosing it's sales.
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The air quality board recently informed Coffee Roast, a small coffee r [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2018, 08:06
A) Until setting on the new air quality regulations, the board had debated whether to require afterburners for machines roasting more than 5 pounds of coffee at a time. - Shell Game Answer...This may or may not be implemented
B) Coffee roasted in a machine equipped with an afterburner has its flavor subtly altered. Weakener, Reverse Answer Choice
C) The cost to the firm of an afterburner is less than the cost of replacing its roaster with a smaller one. Costing does not matters here as already the size is less than 10 pounds so is not relevant here
D) Fewer complaints are reported in areas that maintain strict rules regarding afterburners. Out of Scope
E) The firm has reason to fear that negative publicity regarding the complaints could result in lost sales. CORRECT, As Although Company roasts only 8 pounds of coffee , still it has decided to install afterburner because the Company fears that negative publicity shall lead to decrease in sales
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