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The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de

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The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2012, 10:41
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising debts, instructed Neith's CEO to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but terminating as well the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were draining valuable funds from the Neith.


(A) to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but terminating as well the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were

(B) to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, which in the past year were

(C) not only to downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but also terminating the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year was

(D) not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, which in the past year was

(E) not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also terminating the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were

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Re: The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2012, 11:16
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The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising debts, instructed Neith's CEO to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but terminating as well the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were draining valuable funds from the Neith.
(A) to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but terminating as well the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were
(B) to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, which in the past year were
(C) not only to downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but also terminating the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year was
(D) not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, which in the past year wavers
(E) not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also terminating the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were

First, we should read the meaning of the sentence, "laying off over 5000 employees" modified the verb "to downsize significantly" and is not the same logical parallel item. Moreover, we scan through the parallel item with the marker "not only A, but also B", we will spot the correct one as choice D.
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Re: The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2012, 15:01
IMO D ,
agree with tuanquang269 's explanation.

check out for ---(i)not only... but also(ii) ..laying off...
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Re: The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2012, 18:25
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1. The first reasoning is that Arachne Corp.’ is a non-human singular entity; so, we need- which was- D is the only choice with the combination.
2. Second split on correlative //ism; not only to… but also to. D is once again the only choice with that combination
I think two splits are good enough. But to know the tenets of grammar thoroughly

3. Modification; to downsize is through the process of laying off; so laying off needn’t be parallel to downsize.This leaves D and E. Between D and E, we can eliminate E either on correlative conjunction or on SV mismatch of the verb were.
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Re: The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2012, 18:47
I will explain why the correct option is correct.

(D) not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, which in the past year wavers

Do not fall for the trap of making all the elements parallel ( downsize, laying, terminate).
Parallelism is only required between downsize and terminate.

Clause , +'ing form can 1. describe the clause or 2. present the result.
In the sentence above, laying off describer how the downsizing will happen.

Hence in D to downsize is parallel with to terminate.
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Re: The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2012, 10:58
Vote for D, can any one help me with understanding sentence structure ???

The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising debts, instructed Neith's CEO not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, which in the past year was draining valuable funds from the Neith.

Main Clause
The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising debts, instructed Neith's CEO not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited,

Subject: The board
Verb: instructed (not sure)

"not only.. but also" (coordinating conjunction)

Worried is verb-ed modifiers
laying - verb-ing modifer - modifies the clause "not only to downsize significantly"

Subordinate clause:
which in the past year was draining valuable funds from the Neith.
here "which" refers to "Arachne Unlimited"
subject: which
verb: was draining
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Re: The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2020, 05:29
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

mikemcgarry wrote:
The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising debts, instructed Neith's CEO to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but terminating as well the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were draining valuable funds from the Neith.

(A) to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but terminating as well the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were

(B) to not only downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, which in the past year were

(C) not only to downsize significantly, to lay off over 5000 employees around the country, but also terminating the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year was

(D) not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also to terminate the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, which in the past year was

(E) not only to downsize significantly, laying off over 5000 employees around the country, but also terminating the Neith's relationship with Arachne Unlimited, who in the past year were


Choice A: Option A suffers from a number of errors, including two parallelism errors; "downsize" does not parallel "terminating" but does parallel "to lay off". However, as "to lay off over..." is a subordinate phrase its verb should not be parallel to the primary clause's. We can also see a subject-verb disagreement between "were" and "Arachne Unlimited. Additionally, "who" should not be used to refer to "Arachne Unlimited" as a company is a non-human entity. Thus, Option A is incorrect.

Choice B: Option B shares the first parallelism error, maintaining parallelism in a subordinate clause, and subject-verb agreement error of Option A. Thus, Option B is incorrect.

Choice C: Option C also suffers from the parallelism and subject-verb agreement errors found in Option A. Thus, Option C is incorrect.

Choice D: Option D maintains parallelism and subject-verb agreement throughout the sentence and is quite concise. Thus, Option D is correct.

Choice E: Option E repeats the subject-verb agreement error that Option A committed and fails to maintain parallelism between "to downsize" and "terminating". Thus, Option E is incorrect.

Hence, D is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of using "Which", Who, Whose, and Where on GMAT”, you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



To understand the concept of “Collective, Countable, and Uncountable Nouns on GMAT”, you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):



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Re: The board of trustees, worried about the Neith corporation's rising de   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2020, 05:29
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