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# The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic

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The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2015, 04:24
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (01:07) correct 54% (01:48) wrong based on 471 sessions

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The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic Technologies clearly established that, for every dollar invested in research and development, including experimental research that is not initially linked with any product, it caused HT to gain nearly six dollars in profits from sales over the next seven years.

A) it caused HT to gain nearly six dollars in profits from sales over the next seven years
B) caused them to gain nearly six dollars in profits from sales over the next seven years
C) nearly six dollars in profits, over the next seven years, resulted from its sales
D) over the next seven years, it gained nearly six dollars in profits from sales
E) resulted in six dollars in profits, over the next seven years, in their sales

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Re: The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2015, 08:23
1
Note: HT is singular

A) it caused HT to gain nearly six dollars in profits from sales over the next seven years --- 'it' has no referent and is also redundant. ,
B) caused them to gain nearly six dollars in profits from sales over the next seven years – ‘them’ is wrong pronoun
C) nearly six dollars in profits, over the next seven years, resulted from its sales--- over the next seven years rightly modifies the dollars gained in profits from sales. Best choice
D) over the next seven years, it gained nearly six dollars in profits from sales ---the next seven years seems to modify the dollars invested in research. Investment here is a continuous occurrence and not limited to just over the next seven years.
E) resulted in six dollars in profits, over the next seven years, in their sales --- ‘their’ is wrong pronoun

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Re: The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2015, 07:12
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Hi daagh,

Isn't the question also testing the idiom 'For every X,Y' , where X and Y should be parallel ? In this case 'For every dollar', only "C" seems to be parallel.

Thanks!
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Re: The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2015, 07:19
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sytabish wrote:
Hi daagh,

Isn't the question also testing the idiom 'For every X,Y' , where X and Y should be parallel ? In this case 'For every dollar', only "C" seems to be parallel.

Thanks!

Hello sytabish
You are absolutely right

OE from Magoosh:
This question uses an unusual idiom. I will write the structure as "For every # X, # …", where the number sign, #, is meant to represent any number. Typically, the first noun, "# X" has a modifying clause of some kind. The second number, by itself, is the subject of the independent clause.

Here, the first number is one: "for every dollar [modifier]. The subject of clause that follows must be the corresponding number of dollars ---- here, "nearly six dollars". Only choice (C) makes the noun "nearly six dollars" the subject of the final clause in the sentence. (C) is the answer.
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Re: The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2016, 00:09
What is it's referring to in C?
I am not able to make up the relevance of it.

It can refer to the one dollar or the R&D. Because sale of 1 dollar is senseless hence " its" refers to what is something I am unable to decipher.

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AB
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The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2016, 22:24
ankushbagwale wrote:
What is it's referring to in C?
I am not able to make up the relevance of it.

It can refer to the one dollar or the R&D. Because sale of 1 dollar is senseless hence " its" refers to what is something I am unable to decipher.

Regards,
AB

"Its sales" refers to "Harmonc Technologies' sales".

HT invests 1\$ in R&D; this invesment causes the profit from its (HT's) sales to go up by 6\$.
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Re: The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2017, 19:23
sayantanc2k wrote:
ankushbagwale wrote:
What is it's referring to in C?
I am not able to make up the relevance of it.

It can refer to the one dollar or the R&D. Because sale of 1 dollar is senseless hence " its" refers to what is something I am unable to decipher.

Regards,
AB

"Its sales" refers to "Harmonc Technologies' sales".

HT invests 1\$ in R&D; this invesment causes the profit from its (HT's) sales to go up by 6\$.

The original sentence says that the R&D helped it to "gain" 6dollars in profits for every dollar spent. However, answer choice C simply states that \$6 in profits resulted from sales and not an increase in the existing profits. Isn't this ambiguous to the original meaning?
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Re: The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2017, 21:14
Hello @daagh and @sayantanc2k , Could you please explain me the difference between option c and option d. Although I went through the explanation of what @daagh posted but was not clear on the modifying part , after some rigorous analysis I understood it. Is there any other way where I can differentiate between the two options and select the correct one?

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Re: The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2017, 22:51
Imo C
Correct idiom is for X,Y
I have a question regarding C
Its is referring to what in C .

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The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 18 May 2018, 18:23
I have a strong feeling the OA C) is not correct. The use of "its" does not seem to refer to anything logical. Definitely not HT.

With the OA, the statement reads:

The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic Technologies clearly established that, for every dollar invested in research and development...nearly six dollars in profits, over the next seven years, resulted from its sales.

Here, "its" seem to refer to dollar, which isnt logical. Too awkward to be correct.

Also just using the correct idiom should not automatically make the answer right.

Originally posted by sagarraj1986 on 18 May 2018, 11:34.
Last edited by sagarraj1986 on 18 May 2018, 18:23, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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18 May 2018, 11:52
The correct answer is C as it used the correct idiom "For every X, Y"
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The CFO's detailed analysis of the twenty-three years of Harmonic  [#permalink]

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19 May 2018, 09:25

MAGOOSH OE:

This question uses an unusual idiom. I will write the structure as "For every # X, # …", where the number sign, #, is meant to represent any number. Typically, the first noun, "# X" has a modifying clause of some kind. The second number, by itself, is the subject of the independent clause.

Here, the first number is one: "for every dollar [modifier]. The subject of clause that follows must be the corresponding number of dollars ---- here, "nearly six dollars". Only choice (C) makes the noun "nearly six dollars" the subject of the final clause in the sentence. (C) is the answer.
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