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The day, lunar month, and solar year all have natural, astronomical re

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The day, lunar month, and solar year all have natural, astronomical re [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2017, 06:17
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The day, lunar month, and solar year all have natural, astronomical reasons for existence, while the two units of time that most tyrannize modern workers, the hour and the week, are artificial constructs.

(A) while the two units of time that most tyrannize modern workers, the hour and the week, are artificial constructs.
(B) while the two units of time most especially responsible for tyrannizing modern workers, the hour and the week, being constructed artificially.
(C) whereas the two units of time that most tyrannize modern workers, the hour and the week, are artificial constructs.
(D) whereas the two units that most tyrannize modern workers on the basis of time, the hour and the week, are artificially constructed.
(E) while the hour and the week where constructed artificially, so that they are now the two units of time that most tyrannize modern workers.

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New post 21 May 2017, 06:43
A and C ..How to choose between those...

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Re: The day, lunar month, and solar year all have natural, astronomical re [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2017, 07:07
IN Option C, the Hour and the Week spear after workers, Shouldn't it be closer to time and it does make sense that way.
Also can you tell me why artificially constructed is wrong, it is an adverb that modifies the verb constructed.
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Re: The day, lunar month, and solar year all have natural, astronomical re [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 06:28
sobby wrote:
A and C ..How to choose between those...

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while is used to show contrast between two events at the same time. Whereas is used to show contrast. Here whereas is more appropriate.
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The day, lunar month, and solar year all have natural, astronomical re [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 22:27
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Heseraj wrote:
IN Option C, the Hour and the Week spear after workers, Shouldn't it be closer to time and it does make sense that way.
Also can you tell me why artificially constructed is wrong, it is an adverb that modifies the verb constructed.


(A) while the two units of time that most tyrannize modern workers, the hour and the week, are artificial constructs.
(B) while the two units of time most especially responsible for tyrannizing modern workers, the hour and the week, being constructed artificially.
(C) whereas the two units of time that most tyrannize modern workers, the hour and the week, are artificial constructs.
(D) whereas the two units that most tyrannize modern workers on the basis of time, the hour and the week, are artificially constructed.
(E) while the hour and the week where constructed artificially, so that they are now the two units of time that most tyrannize modern workers.

Just wanna share some thoughts.
I guess you're choosing (E), right? Ya I think it would be better if "the hour and the week" appears closer to "two units of time" as in choice (E). But this is just a "nice to have", not a "must have" thing. So you shouldn't immediately eliminate all other options this way.
Besides, error in (E) is that the clause "while the hour and the week where constructed artificially" doesn't have a main verb.

The following is my reasoning for all options:
(A) "While" should be used to mention 2 things happening at the same time. However, the sentence should deliver contrary meaning; therefore, usage of "while" in this option is not preferred.
(B) The 1st problem is as mentioned in (A). Secondly, this is not a complete sentence, as it doesn't have a main verb (being is not main verb)
(C) "Whereas" is preferred to "while" when expressing contrary meaning.
(D) The option slightly changes original meaning. Originally, it is "two units of time" that most tyrannize modern workers; "time" modifies "units". But in (D), "time" is excluded from the phrase "units of time" and is included in the phrase "on the basis of time" that seems to modify verb phrase "tyrannize modern workers". This is a shift in meaning!
(E) As I said before, this option includes an incomplete sentence.

That's why (C) is the correct answer.
The day, lunar month, and solar year all have natural, astronomical re   [#permalink] 22 May 2017, 22:27
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