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The Federal Reserve announcement said

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The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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"That" is required ==> only A, C, E remain.
Because the Fed said that <== past tense. Thus, the past perfect tense - "had accelerated" - is correct

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.


that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Correct.

• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
Wrong. Need "that".

• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong. Tense problem.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2013, 06:36
Hi

To begin with "say/said" doesn't always requires "that". However..all options except A &E have parallelism error. Both the subordinate clauses require "that" for parallelism to indicate that both these things were said.

Now that we are left with A & E option A has "had accelerated" whereas option "E" has "accelerated"...can somebody plz explain why should it be "had accelerated"?
I understand that past participle is used with an action is earlier in the past and simple past for the later one. But this is applicable only when two events in the past are related. In this question how can we say they are related/or require a sequence in which events occurred.
I am generally stuck in choices like these...plz help!!

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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Hi Nikhil,

Let me see if I can help.

The part of the passage pertinent to your question is this

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated


I've highlighted the two verbs.

The key thing as you say is the difference with whether you need 'had'. And you're also correct in the meaning of the two different tenses.

What you've missed is the connection between 'said' and 'accelerated' - the acceleration needs to have happened prior to the saying - or else that would not make sense.

Said is simple past, so accelerated needs to be in the tense that indicates it was done before the simple past. So you need 'had'

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2013, 11:02
nikhil09 wrote:
Hi
To begin with "say/said" doesn't always requires "that"

Can you quote any sentence where "said" does not require "that" (in the correct option). I am under the impression it always does require "that".

nikhil09 wrote:
I understand that past participle is used with an action is earlier in the past and simple past for the later one.

Very minor thing. I believe you mean "past perfect" and not "past participle".

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2014, 09:14
So can we safely assume

1: 'said' in a sentence like above always require ‘that’ after it?
2: If anyone said anything that has happened in the past then we must use past perfect tense for the event being talked about.

Thanks for your help!!!

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2015, 14:41
Hi,

One more question concerning the verb tense. Why is the present tense "remain" correct. Shouldn't it be switched to "remained" like in the following example:

Peter: “I work in the garden.”
Peter said that he worked in the garden.

What do I get wrong?

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The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2015, 23:38
Hello @plumber 250

Please explain this :

There is a word " AFTER " , which is mentioned in the statement

So , why do we still require - past perfect- "had accelerated " in the sentence ??

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2015, 03:56
1991sehwag wrote:
Hello @plumber 250

Please explain this :

There is a word " AFTER " , which is mentioned in the statement

So , why do we still require - past perfect- "had accelerated " in the sentence ??

The sentence is trying to express the sequence of the following events: (i) Federal Reserve's announcement (ii) acceleration of growth

Hence, in this sentence, "after" does not seem to have any correlation with past perfect. So, basically both the sentences below (one "with after" and another one "without after") are correctly using Past perfect.

(i) The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated
(ii) The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2015, 02:13
Hi guys!
I understand why "that" is required but could please explain the difference between "little signs" and "few signs". I guess "little" is an adjective and "few" is a unit of measurement, we use it dealing with countable item. Or "little signs" is the same as "little hope"? I don't get the difference. Thanks!
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2015, 10:05
Konstantin1983 wrote:
Hi guys!
I understand why "that" is required but could please explain the difference between "little signs" and "few signs". I guess "little" is an adjective and "few" is a unit of measurement, we use it dealing with countable item. Or "little signs" is the same as "little hope"? I don't get the difference. Thanks!

"little" is used for uncountables while "few" is used for "countables".

So, "little hope" is ok, because "hope" is uncountable.

However, "little signs" is incorrect, because "signs" is countable and so, we should use "few signs".

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The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2015, 12:14
pqhai wrote:
"That" is required ==> only A, C, E remain.
Because the Fed said that <== past tense. Thus, the past perfect tense - "had accelerated" - is correct

The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.


that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Correct.

• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
Wrong. Need "that".

• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
Wrong. Tense problem.

Hope it helps.


totally agree with this. that's how I got to the answer. Just want to add smth. C uses "little" for countable noun signs. this is incorrect.

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2015, 13:40
VerbalHow wrote:
Konstantin1983 wrote:
Hi guys!
I understand why "that" is required but could please explain the difference between "little signs" and "few signs". I guess "little" is an adjective and "few" is a unit of measurement, we use it dealing with countable item. Or "little signs" is the same as "little hope"? I don't get the difference. Thanks!

"little" is used for uncountables while "few" is used for "countables".

So, "little hope" is ok, because "hope" is uncountable.

However, "little signs" is incorrect, because "signs" is countable and so, we should use "few signs".

Thanks! Now i got it. I was confused by the phrase "little signs". I though that "little" could be used to describe volume. Now it is easy to see that we can eliminate B,C,D. And we are down to A or E
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2015, 11:58
Konstantin1983 wrote:
Thanks! Now i got it. I was confused by the phrase "little signs". I though that "little" could be used to describe volume. Now it is easy to see that we can eliminate B,C,D. And we are down to A or E

Good to know it helped Konstantin!

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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VerbalHow wrote:
Konstantin1983 wrote:
Thanks! Now i got it. I was confused by the phrase "little signs". I though that "little" could be used to describe volume. Now it is easy to see that we can eliminate B,C,D. And we are down to A or E

Good to know it helped Konstantin!

Yes VerbalHow thanks! Together we can beat the GMAT!=)))
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2015, 22:34
POE.
C and D are out because "little". With countable nouns, such as "signs", "few" should be used. Additionally, D needs "that".
B also out because no "that".
E is out because wrong tense sequencing, announcement and acceleration seems to take place at the same time.

CORRECT option - A.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2015, 00:26
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.
"That" is necessary. Eliminate B and D.
• A that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• C that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little "little can't be used with "signs" (countable)
• E that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few need past perfect tense for the verb accelerate, since the acceleration happened prior to the reporting of that acceleration
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2015, 04:49
VERY HARD
normaly the object clause is in past tense when the main clause is in past .

this is an example that the tense in object clause can be past perfect and present while the tense in main clause is in past.

this case happen rarely but do happen logically

terribly hard.
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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2016, 00:20
Hi,

I have a question regarding the present tense in which the second phrase is using: 'that the policy makers remain concerned...'

How could we use present tense in this sentence, 'said' is a past action so following it must be a past tense. The Fed could not know whether policy makers still remain concerned or not.

Verbal Expert pls help me if I am wrong.

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2016, 05:01
pradeepss wrote:
The Federal Reserve announcement said that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few signs of higher energy prices driving up the cost of other goods so far.

• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few
• that growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• growth had accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are little
• that growth accelerated after slowing in the second quarter and that the policy makers remain concerned about the prospects of inflation, even though there are few



Hi

Can someone explain that, can we also eliminate the answer choices on choosing between few and little which are there at the end.

Thanks
Himanshu

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Re: The Federal Reserve announcement said   [#permalink] 07 May 2016, 05:01

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